- 1715 King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.
- 1939 WW II starts, Germany invades Poland, takes Danzig
- 1941 Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow star of David
- 1945 Japan surrenders ending WW II (US date, 2nd September in Japan)
- 1969 Libyan revolution, Colonel Moammar Gadhafi deposes King Idris
UN announces Earth's population has hit 3 billion
On This Day in 1962