- 1526 Battle of Mohács: decisive battle - Hungarian empire conquered by Ottomans led by Suleiman the Magnificent
- 1533 Francisco Pizarro orders death of last Incan King of Peru, Atahualpa
- 1825 Portugal recognizes the Independence of Brazil
- 1842 Great Britain & China sign Treaty of Nanking, ends Opium war
- 2005 Hurricane Katrina makes its 2nd landfall as a category 3 hurricane devastating much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to Florida Panhandle. Kills more than 1,836, causes over $115 billion in damage.
Seismic sea waves created by Krakatoa eruption create a rise in English Channel 32 hrs after explosion
On This Day in 1883