Famous People Born in 1844

  • Jan 4 Thomas H Rollinson, composer
  • Jan 7 Marie-Bernarde Soubirous, [St Bernadette of Lourdes], saint/visionary
  • Jan 14 Clara Kathleen Rogers, composer
  • Jan 16 Ismail Qemali, Albanian nationalist (d. 1919)
  • Jan 20 Johan Peter Selmer, composer
  • Jan 25 Frederick E Kitziger, composer
  • Jan 30 Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing, German gen/gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17)
  • Feb 1 Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiospermen)
  • Feb 1 Granville Stanley Hall, US, psychologist
  • Feb 2 Leander Schlegel, composer
  • Feb 17 A Montgomery Ward, found mail-order business (Montgomery Ward)
  • Feb 18 Willem Maris, Dutch painter (Hague School)
  • Feb 20 Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann, Austria, physicist (statistical mechanics)
  • Feb 20 Joshua Slocum, Canadian seaman and adventurer (d. 1909)
  • Feb 21 Charles-Marie Widor, Lyons France, composer/prof (Paris Conservatory)
  • Feb 22 Kazamierz Julian Kratzer, composer
  • Mar 2 Hermanus J A M Schaepman, clergyman/Dutch politician
  • Mar 4 Josip Jurcic, Slovenian writer (10th Brother)
  • Mar 6 Nicolai Rimski-Korsakov, composer (Flight of the Bumble Bee) (NS 3/18)
  • Mar 7 Anthony Comstock, New Canaan Ct, anti-vice crusader/philatelist
  • Mar 10 Pablo Martin M de Sarasate y Navascuez, composer (Spanish Dancing)
  • Mar 14 King Umberto I, of Italy (1878-1900)
  • Mar 15 Bransby Cooper, cricketer (in Dhaka Batsman in Australia's 1st Test)
  • Mar 18 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Tikhvin Russia, composer (Scheherazade)
  • Mar 19 Minna Canth, Finland, playwright (The Pastor's Family) and social activist
  • Mar 23 Eugene Gigout, composer
  • Mar 27 Alophus Washington Greely, US, Arctic explorer
  • Mar 30 Paul M Verlaine, France, lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur)
  • Mar 31 Andrew Lang, Scotland, author (The Blue Fairy Book)
  • Apr 6 Joseph Ludwig, composer
  • Apr 16 Anatole France, writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921)
  • Apr 22 Lewis Thornton Powell, would-be assassin of Secretary of State William H. Seward (d. 1865)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 2 Elijah McCoy, Canadian-American inventor of African descent, notable for his 57 US patents (lubrication of steam engines), born in Colchester, Ontario (d. 1929)

Inventor Elijah McCoy
Inventor
Elijah McCoy
  • May 3 Edouard A Drumont, French anti-semitic journalist
  • May 3 Richard D'Oyly Carte, England, opera impresario (Ivanhoe)
  • May 8 Hermann Gradener, composer
  • May 9 [Maria] Catharina Beersmans, Belgian actress (Bad Herders)
  • May 17 Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (d. 1918)
  • May 20 Henri Julien Felix Rousseau, French ambassador/painter (Dream)
  • May 22 Mary Cassatt, US, Impressionist painter (Woman Bathing)
  • May 23 `Abdu'l-Bahá, Successor to Prophet of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1921)
  • May 28 Leon Felix Augustin Joseph Vasseur, composer
  • May 30 Louis Varney, composer
  • Jun 1 Galusha Pennypacker, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1916)
  • Jun 1 John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)
  • Jun 3 Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet
  • Jun 3 Emile Paladilhe, composer
  • Jun 3 Garret Augustus Hobart, (R) 24th US VP (1897-99)
  • Jun 6 Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (d. 1905)
  • Jun 10 J Albert Neuhuys, Dutch painter (Haagse school)
  • Jun 10 Karl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen)
  • Jun 14 Edouard Naville, Swiss egyptologist
  • Jun 21 Ernest F Cambier, Belgian colonial pioneer (1st railway Congo)
  • Jul 1 Verney L Cameroon, English explorer (Tanganyika)
  • Jul 8 Mary Johnson Lincoln, educator (Boston Cooking School)
  • Jul 11 Peter I Karadjordjevic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia
  • Jul 22 William Archibald Spooner, reverend/inventor (spoonerisms), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 25 Thomas Eakins, American artist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins
  • Jul 28 Gerard Manley Hopkins, England, poet (Windhover)
  • Jul 31 Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist/archaeologist
  • Aug 6 Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1900)
  • Aug 7 Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist (d. 1911)
  • Aug 17 Menelik II, King of Ethiopia (1896-1913)
  • Aug 22 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer whose disastrous expedition provided evidence to support the theory of trans-Arctic oceanic drift, born in New York City
  • Aug 29 Edward Carpenter, English poet (d. 1929)
  • Aug 30 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum)
  • Sep 10 Abel Hoadley, Australian confectioner (d. 1918)
  • Sep 11 George Martin, English composer and organist, born in Lambourn, Berkshire (d. 1916)
  • Sep 20 William H. Illingworth, American photographer (d. 1893)
  • Sep 28 Michael Hertz, composer
  • Sep 28 Robert Stout, NZ Prime Minister (1884-87), born in Shetland Islands Scotland
  • Oct 3 Patrick Manson, "Father of tropical medicine"
  • Oct 5 Francis William Reitz, State President of the Orange Free State (d. 1934)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 11 Henry John Heinz, founded prepared-foods company (Heinz-57 varieties), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1919)

Founder of Heinz Henry John Heinz
Founder of Heinz
Henry John Heinz
  • Oct 12 George W Cable, American writer (Northampton Years)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 15 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • Oct 17 Miguel Nieto, composer
  • Oct 18 Emille-Louis-Victor Mathieu, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 23 Louis Riel, Canadian politician, founder of the province of Manitoba and leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies, born in Red River Colony, Rupert's Land, British North America (d. 1885)

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • Oct 23 Robert S Bridges, England, poet laureate (Eros & Psyche)
  • Oct 23 Robert Bridges, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1913-30), born in Walmer, Kent (d. 1930)
  • Oct 24 Karl Lueger, anti semitic mayor of Vienna
  • Oct 27 Klas Arnoldson, Sweden, politician/pacifist (Nobel 1908)
  • Oct 29 Albert von Rothschild, Austrian banker
  • Oct 30 Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist (d. 1930)
  • Nov 3 Mehmed V Reshad, sultan of Turkey (1909-18)
  • Nov 10 Henry Eyster Jacobs, American theologian (d. 1932)
  • Nov 12 Octave Fouque, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 25 Karl Benz, German inventor, engine designer and automobile manufacturer (Mercedes-Benz), born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1929)

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • Dec 1 Alexandra, Danish princess/Queen of Great Britain/Ireland
  • Dec 1 Alfred Cellier, composer
  • Dec 4 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1914)
  • Dec 5 John Frederick Bridge, composer
  • Dec 18 Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist
  • Dec 22 Izydor Lotto, composer