Famous People Born in 1844

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  • Jan 4th Thomas H Rollinson, composer
  • Jan 7th Marie-Bernarde Soubirous, [St Bernadette of Lourdes], saint/visionary
  • Jan 14th Clara Kathleen Rogers, composer
  • Jan 16th Ismail Qemali, Albanian nationalist (d. 1919)
  • Jan 20th Johan Peter Selmer, composer
  • Jan 25th Frederick E Kitziger, composer
  • Jan 30th Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing, German gen/gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17)
  • Feb 1st Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiospermen)
  • Feb 1st Granville Stanley Hall, US, psychologist
  • Feb 2nd Leander Schlegel, composer
  • Feb 17th A Montgomery Ward, found mail-order business (Montgomery Ward)
  • Feb 18th Willem Maris, Dutch painter (Hague School)
  • Feb 20th Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann, Austria, physicist (statistical mechanics)
  • Feb 20th Joshua Slocum, Canadian seaman and adventurer (d. 1909)
  • Feb 21st Charles-Marie Widor, Lyons France, composer/prof (Paris Conservatory)
  • Feb 22nd Kazamierz Julian Kratzer, composer
  • Mar 2nd Hermanus J A M Schaepman, clergyman/Dutch politician
  • Mar 4th Josip Jurcic, Slovenian writer (10th Brother)
  • Mar 6th Nicolai Rimski-Korsakov, composer (Flight of the Bumble Bee) (NS 3/18)
  • Mar 7th Anthony Comstock, New Canaan Ct, anti-vice crusader/philatelist
  • Mar 10th Pablo Martin M de Sarasate y Navascuez, composer (Spanish Dancing)
  • Mar 14th King Umberto I, of Italy (1878-1900)
  • Mar 15th Bransby Cooper, cricketer (in Dhaka Batsman in Australia's 1st Test)
  • Mar 18th Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Tikhvin Russia, composer (Scheherazade)
  • Mar 19th Minna Canth, Finland, playwright (The Pastor's Family) and social activist
  • Mar 23rd Eugene Gigout, composer
  • Mar 27th Alophus Washington Greely, US, Arctic explorer
  • Mar 30th Paul M Verlaine, France, lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur)
  • Mar 31st Andrew Lang, Scotland, author (The Blue Fairy Book)
  • Apr 6th Joseph Ludwig, composer
  • Apr 16th Anatole France, writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921)
  • Apr 22nd Lewis Thornton Powell, would-be assassin of Secretary of State William H. Seward (d. 1865)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 2nd Elijah McCoy, Canadian-American inventor of African descent, notable for his 57 US patents (lubrication of steam engines), born in Colchester, Ontario (d. 1929)

Inventor Elijah McCoy
Elijah McCoy
  • May 3rd Edouard A Drumont, French anti-semitic journalist
  • May 3rd Richard D'Oyly Carte, England, opera impresario (Ivanhoe)
  • May 8th Hermann Gradener, composer
  • May 9th [Maria] Catharina Beersmans, Belgian actress (Bad Herders)
  • May 17th Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (d. 1918)
  • May 20th Henri Julien Felix Rousseau, French ambassador/painter (Dream)
  • May 22nd Mary Cassatt, US, Impressionist painter (Woman Bathing)
  • May 23rd `Abdu'l-Bahá, Successor to Prophet of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1921)
  • May 28th Leon Felix Augustin Joseph Vasseur, composer
  • May 30th Louis Varney, composer
  • Jun 1st Galusha Pennypacker, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1916)
  • Jun 1st John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)
  • Jun 3rd Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet
  • Jun 3rd Emile Paladilhe, composer
  • Jun 3rd Garret Augustus Hobart, (R) 24th US VP (1897-99)
  • Jun 6th Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (d. 1905)
  • Jun 10th J Albert Neuhuys, Dutch painter (Haagse school)
  • Jun 10th Karl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen)
  • Jun 14th Edouard Naville, Swiss egyptologist
  • Jun 21st Ernest F Cambier, Belgian colonial pioneer (1st railway Congo)
  • Jul 1st Verney L Cameroon, English explorer (Tanganyika)
  • Jul 8th Mary Johnson Lincoln, educator (Boston Cooking School)
  • Jul 11th Peter I Karadjordjevic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia
  • Jul 22nd William Archibald Spooner, reverend/inventor (spoonerisms), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 25th Thomas Eakins, American artist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Painter Thomas Eakins
Thomas Eakins
  • Jul 28th Gerard Manley Hopkins, England, poet (Windhover)
  • Jul 31st Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist/archaeologist
  • Aug 6th Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1900)
  • Aug 7th Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist (d. 1911)
  • Aug 17th Menelik II, King of Ethiopia (1896-1913)
  • Aug 22nd George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer whose disastrous expedition provided evidence to support the theory of trans-Arctic oceanic drift, born in New York City
  • Aug 29th Edward Carpenter, English poet (d. 1929)
  • Aug 30th Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum)
  • Sep 10th Abel Hoadley, Australian confectioner (d. 1918)
  • Sep 11th George Martin, English composer and organist, born in Lambourn, Berkshire (d. 1916)
  • Sep 20th William H. Illingworth, American photographer (d. 1893)
  • Sep 28th Michael Hertz, composer
  • Sep 28th Robert Stout, Shetland Islands Scotland, NZ prime minister (1884-87)
  • Oct 3rd Patrick Manson, "Father of tropical medicine"
  • Oct 5th Francis William Reitz, State President of the Orange Free State (d. 1934)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 11th Henry John Heinz, founded prepared-foods company (Heinz-57 varieties), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1919)

Founder of Heinz Henry John Heinz
Founder of Heinz
Henry John Heinz
  • Oct 12th George W Cable, American writer (Northampton Years)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 15th Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • Oct 17th Miguel Nieto, composer
  • Oct 18th Emille-Louis-Victor Mathieu, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 23rd Louis Riel, Manitoba, leader of insurrection of Metis

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel
  • Oct 23rd Robert S Bridges, England, poet laureate (Eros & Psyche)
  • Oct 23rd Robert Bridges, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1913-30), born in Walmer, Kent (d. 1930)
  • Oct 24th Karl Lueger, anti semitic mayor of Vienna
  • Oct 27th Klas Arnoldson, Sweden, politician/pacifist (Nobel 1908)
  • Oct 29th Albert von Rothschild, Austrian banker
  • Oct 30th Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist (d. 1930)
  • Nov 3rd Mehmed V Reshad, sultan of Turkey (1909-18)
  • Nov 10th Henry Eyster Jacobs, American theologian (d. 1932)
  • Nov 12th Octave Fouque, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 25th Karl Benz, German inventor, engine designer and automobile manufacturer (Mercedes-Benz), born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1929)

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • Dec 1st Alexandra, Danish princess/Queen of Great Britain/Ireland
  • Dec 1st Alfred Cellier, composer
  • Dec 4th Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1914)
  • Dec 5th John Frederick Bridge, composer
  • Dec 18th Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist
  • Dec 22nd Izydor Lotto, composer