Famous People Born in 1854

  • Jan 1 James Frazer, Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
  • Jan 6 Sherlock Holmes, Mycroft, fictional detective (via Arthur Conan Doyle)
  • Jan 9 Jennie Jerome, American society beauty and mother of Winston Churchill (d. 1921)
  • Jan 10 Heinrich Köselitz [Peter Gast], German composer, born in Annaberg(d. 1918)
  • Jan 18 Thomas A Watson, needed by Bell, inventor assistant (Telephone)
  • Jan 29 Willem PC Knuttel, Dutch bibliographer/librarian
  • Feb 9 Aletta [Henriette] Jacobs, 1st Dutch female physician
  • Feb 9 Edward Carson, 1st Baron Carson, lawyer/leader (Irish Unionist Party)
  • Feb 16 Oscar Fetras, composer
  • Feb 17 Friedrich A Krupp, German arms manufacturer
  • Feb 20 Louis F M van Westerhoven, actor/singer/opera director (Youth)
  • Feb 24 Franz Courtens, Flemish painter (Golden Rain)
  • Feb 28 Juliusz Zarebski, composer
  • Mar 4 Sir Napier Shaw, British meteorologist (d. 1945)
  • Mar 8 Tom Felix Horan, cricketer (Ireland Pioneering Aust all-rounder)
  • Mar 14 Paul Ehrlich, Germany, bacteriologist (Nobel-1908)
  • Mar 14 Thomas Riley Marshall, (D) 28th VP (1913-21)
  • Mar 14 Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian writer (d. 1920)
  • Mar 14 John Lane, British publisher (d. 1925)
  • Mar 15 Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician; Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • Mar 21 Alick A C Bannerman, cricketer (bro of Charles, Australia 1878-1893)
  • Mar 23 Alfred Milner, Giessen Germany, British governor (Cape colony)
  • Mar 26 Braulio Dueno Colon, composer
  • Mar 31 Dugald Clerk, inventor (2-stroke motorcycle engine)
  • Apr 1 Bill Traylor, American artist (d. 1949)
  • Apr 5 Vicente Goicoechea Errasti, composer
  • Apr 9 Seaborn M Denson, composer
  • Apr 10 Jozef M T Orelio, baritone
  • Apr 11 Hugh Massie, cricketer (Australian batsman of the 1880's)
  • Apr 13 Richard T Ely, US economist (Hard Times)
  • Apr 21 Eusapia Palladino, Italian spiritual medium, born in Minervino Murge, Apulia (d. 1918)
  • Apr 21 Wladyslaw Rzepko, composer
  • Apr 21 William Stang, Roman Catholic Bishop (d. 1907)
  • Apr 22 Henri-Marie Lafontaine, Belgium, international lawyer (Nobel 1913)
  • Apr 29 Henri Poincaré, France, mathematician/astronomer/philosopher
  • May 5 Antonio Smareglia, composer
  • May 11 John Blackham, cricketer (Australia's 1st wicketkeeper)
  • May 11 Ottmar Mergenthaler, Hachtel Germany, inventor (linotype)
  • May 13 Louis H Chrispijn, Dutch director (Lost & Found, Silvia Silombra)
  • May 13 Paul Klengel, composer
  • May 18 Bernard Zweers, Dutch composer (To my Fatherland)
  • May 24 Louis Mountbatten, admiral (WW I)
  • May 24 John Riley Banister, American law officer and cowboy (d. 1918)
  • May 27 Georges Eekhoud, Belgian writer (Jeune Belgium)
  • Jun 8 Douglas Colin Cameron, Canadian politician (d. 1921)
  • Jun 9 Gerardus J P J Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society)
  • Jun 13 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine)
  • Jun 14 Frederik Rung, composer
  • Jun 18 Edward Wyllis Scripps, publisher/journalist
  • Jun 19 Alfredo Catalani, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 26 Robert Borden, 8th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1911-20), born in Grand-Pre, Nova Scotia (d. 1937)

8th Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden
8th Prime Minister of Canada
Robert Borden
  • Jul 3 Leoš Janáček, Czech composer (d. 1928)
  • Jul 4 Heinrich Zollner, composer
  • Jul 4 Victor Babeş, Romanian bacteriologist (d. 1926)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 12 George Eastman, American inventor (Kodak camera) and founder of the Eastman Kodak Company, born in Waterville, New York (d. 1932)

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • Jul 14 Alexander Alexandrovich Kopilov, composer
  • Jul 19 Daniel Josephus Jitta, Dutch High Court lawyer
  • Jul 29 Georg Kerschensteiner, German educator (Theory of Education)
  • Jul 31 Jose Canalejas contributes Mendez, premier of Spain (1910-12)
  • Aug 2 Francis Marion Crawford, British author
  • Aug 3 Fernand de La Tombelle, composer
  • Aug 10 J Scott Lidgett, theologist, born in London, England
  • Aug 12 Alfred Gilbert, sculptor/goldsmith
  • Aug 12 Johannes P Kelly, Dutch [Kellij], actor/operetta writer
  • Aug 22 Milan I, King of Serbia
  • Aug 23 Moritz Moszkowski, composer
  • Aug 24 Nikolay Vladimirovich Scherbachov, composer
  • Aug 26 Arnold Fothergill, England cricketer (d. 1932)
  • Sep 1 Engelbert Humperdinck, German opera composer (Hänsel und Gretel), born in Siegburg, Westphalia (d. 1921)
  • Sep 2 Hans Jæger, Norwegian writer and political activist (d. 1910)
  • Sep 8 Willem M van Rossum, Dutch cardinal/prefect of Propaganda File
  • Sep 10 Anton CR Dreesmann, German/Neth manufacturer (Vroom & Dreesman)
  • Sep 17 Hans Muller, music historian
  • Sep 17 David Dunbar Buick, American automobile pioneer (d. 1929)
  • Sep 23 Cornelis W Lely, Dutch engineer/gov of Suriname (1902-05)
  • Sep 28 Adam Sedgwick, Norwich England, English zoologist (Peripatus)
  • Sep 29 Martin Pluddemann, composer
  • Oct 3 William Crawford Gorgas, US, Surgeon-Gen, help cure yellow fever
  • Oct 7 Christiaan R de Wet, South African rebel leader, politician and general in the Boer War
  • Oct 10 Jeronimo Gimenez y Bellido, composer
  • Oct 16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 16 Oscar Wilde, [Fingal O'Flahertie Wills], (The Picture of Dorian Gray), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1900)

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • Oct 18 Bill Murdoch, cricketer (great pioneer of Australian Test cricket)
  • Oct 18 Salomon August Andrée, Swedish engineer, balloonist and polar explorer, born in Gränna, Sweden (d. 1897)
  • Oct 20 Alphonse Allais, French author/humorist (Pass the Bile)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 20 Arthur Rimbaud, French poet and adventurer (Illuminations), born in Charleville, France (d. 1891)

  • Oct 24 Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom, chemist (Heterogenen Gleichgewichte)
  • Oct 26 August T C Kiehl, Dutch actor (Pearl of Zaandam)
  • Oct 26 C. W. Post, American manufacturer of breakfast cereals, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1914)
  • Oct 27 Sir William Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade (d. 1914)
  • Oct 31 Georg A Erman, German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt)
  • Nov 3 Jokichi Takamine, Takaoka Toyama, Japanese-American Biochemist who isolated adrenalin (epinephrine), which causes the body to respond to emergencies, the first pure hormone isolated from natural sources
  • Nov 5 Paul Sabatier, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
  • Nov 5 Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (d. 1920)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 6 John Philip Sousa, march king (Stars & Stripes Forever), born in Washington, D.C.

  • Nov 8 Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (d. 1919)
  • Nov 9 Joseph Miroslav Weber, composer
  • Nov 13 George Whitfield Chadwick, composer (Judi Van Winke), born in Lowell, Massachusetts
  • Nov 16 Jules van de Heuvel, Belgian lawyer/politician
  • Nov 17 Louis HG Lyautey, French minister of Defense (1916-17)
  • Nov 21 Benedict XV, [Giacomo PGB marques della Chiessa], 258th Pope (1914-22)
  • Nov 27 Aloys L earl von Aehrenthal, Austrian minister of Foreign affairs
  • Nov 28 Gottlieb J Haberlandt, Hungarians/German botanist
  • Dec 9 Pekka Hannikainen, composer
  • Dec 23 Henry B. Guppy, British botanist (d. 1926)