Famous People Born in 1856

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  • Jan 6th Giuseppe Martucci, composer
  • Jan 9th Anton Askerc, Slavic priest/poet (Primoz Trubar)
  • Jan 9th Lizette Woodworth Reese, US poet (Branch of May, Tears)
  • Jan 9th Stevan Mokranjac, composer
  • Jan 11th Christian August Sinding, Kongsberg Norway, composer
  • Jan 12th John Singer Sargent, US, portrait painter (Wyndham Sisters)
  • Jan 14th J. F. Archibald, Australian journalist and publisher (d. 1919)
  • Jan 18th John Hyatt Brewer, composer
  • Feb 2nd Makar Grigori Ekmalyan, composer
  • Feb 5th Otto Brahm, German critic/founder (Neue Deutsche Rundschau)
  • Feb 14th Frank Harris, England, journalist/writer (My Life & Loves)
  • Feb 15th Frank Harris, Galway England, writer
  • Feb 15th Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist (d. 1926)
  • Feb 16th Willem Kes, Dutch violinist/composer/conductor (Parkorkest Amsterdam)
  • Feb 16th Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (d. 1944)
  • Feb 21st Hendrik P Berlage, architect (Stock exchange Amsterdam)
  • Feb 25th Charles Lang Freer, art collector; endowed Freer Gallery [or 1876]
  • Mar 1st Florimond Fonteyne, Flemish priest/politician (Volkseeuw)
  • Mar 4th Toru Dutt, English and French poet and author (d. 1877)
  • Mar 4th Alfred William Rich, English painter (d. 1921)
  • Mar 7th Matilde Serao, [Tuffolina], Italian writer (Land of Cockayne)
  • Mar 8th Bramwell Booth, the 2nd General of The Salvation Army (d. 1929)
  • Mar 8th Tom Roberts, Australian artist (d. 1931)
  • Mar 9th Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (d. 1928)
  • Mar 16th E Louis YY Napoleon Bonaparte, French/English prince
  • Mar 17th Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (d. 1910)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 20th Frederick Winslow Taylor, American mechanical engineer and the father of scientific management, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1915)

Mechanical Engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor
Mechanical Engineer
Frederick Winslow Taylor
  • Mar 20th Sir John Lavery, Irish artist (d. 1941)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 21st Henry Ossian Flipper, American soldier, former slave and first African American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1877, born in Thomasville, Georgia (d. 1940)

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • Mar 26th David Alfred Thomas, Glamorganshire UK, 1st Viscount Rhondda
  • Apr 1st Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 5th Booker T. Washington, American education pioneer and 1st African American on a US stamp, born in Hale's Ford, Virginia (d. 1915)

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • Apr 11th Arthur Shrewsbury, cricketer (dominant England bat late 19th cent)
  • Apr 11th Constantly Lievens, Flemish missionary in India
  • Apr 12th William M Conway, English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen)
  • Apr 22nd [Marie] Louise Hens, Flemish actress (Two Orphans)
  • Apr 24th Henri POBJ Pétain, French marshal (Verdun/Vichy regime)
  • Apr 26th Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1930)
  • May 6th Robert Edwin Peary, US, arctic explorer (North Pole-Apr 6 1909)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 6th Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and father of psychology, born in Freiberg, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • May 13th Peter Henry Emerson, 1st to promote photography as an independent art
  • May 13th Tom O'Rourke, American boxing manager (d. 1938)
  • May 15th Lyman Frank Baum, NY, children's book author (Wizard of Oz)
  • May 20th Henri E Cross [Delacroix], French painter
  • May 25th Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general (d. 1942)
  • May 26th George Templeton Strong, composer
  • Jun 8th Natalia Janotha, composer
  • Jun 14th Andrey Markov, Russia, mathematician (Markov Chain)
  • Jun 19th Elbert Hubbard, US, editor/publisher/author (Message to Garcia)
  • Jun 22nd Henry Rider Haggard, Norfolk, England, author (King Solomon's Mine, She, Dawn)
  • Jun 30th Gerrit Kalff, writer (history of Dutch writers)
  • Jul 6th Edward Anseele, Belgian minister of Rail/PTT
  • Jul 7th George Hearne, cricketer (brother of Frank & Alec, Test for England)
  • Jul 9th Daniel Guggenheim, US (Guggenheim Museum)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 10th Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil, born in Smiljan, Austrian Empire (now Croatia) (d. 1943)

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • Jul 15th Owen Dunell, cricketer (South Africa's 1st Test captain)
  • Jul 21st Harry A P Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania)
  • Jul 21st Louise Blanchard Bethune, 1st US woman architect
  • Jul 23rd Arthur H Bird, composer
  • Jul 23rd Bal Gangadhar Tilak, British-Indian Hindi leader
  • Jul 24th Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician (d. 1941)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 26th George Bernard Shaw, dramatist (Pygmalion-Nobel 1925), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)

  • Jul 30th Richard B Haldane, British viscount/lord-chancellor (Life of A Smith)
  • Aug 1st George Coulthard, Former Australian rules footballer and cricketer (d. 1883)
  • Aug 3rd Alfred Deakin, 2nd Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1919)
  • Aug 10th Paul Geisler, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 10th Edward L. Doheny, American oil tycoon, born in Fond du lac, Wisconsin

Oil Tycoon Edward L. Doheny
Oil Tycoon
Edward L. Doheny
  • Aug 12th "Diamond Jim" Brady, American financier (d. 1917)
  • Aug 15th J Keir Hardie, 1st Labour representative in British Parliament
  • Aug 17th Violet Paget, [Vernon Lee], British author (Satan the master)
  • Aug 18th Charles Hutchison Gabriel, composer
  • Aug 18th Jan Karol Gali, composer
  • Aug 20th Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet/interpreter (Laodania) [NS Sept 1]
  • Aug 20th Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, Sorbian writer (d. 1909)
  • Aug 24th Felix Mottl, composer
  • Aug 27th Iwan Franko, Ukrainian writer and political activist, born in Nahuievychi, Galicia (d. 1916)
  • Aug 30th Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (d. 1927)
  • Aug 31st Nikoghayos Fadeyi Tigranyan, composer
  • Sep 1st Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (d. 1953)
  • Sep 2nd Yang Hsiu-ch'ing, commander in chief of Taiping Rebellion

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 3rd Louis Sullivan, American architect (father of skyscrapers), born in Boston, Massachusetts

Architect and Father of Skyscrapers Louis Sullivan
Architect and Father of Skyscrapers
Louis Sullivan
  • Sep 5th Jacobus C J Hermans, actor (7th Command)
  • Sep 12th Johann Heinrich Beck, composer
  • Sep 23rd William Archer, Scotland, writer (Green Goddess)
  • Sep 28th Edward Herbert Thompson, Mass, archaeologist (Mayan civilization)
  • Sep 28th Kate Douglas Wiggins, author (Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm)
  • Sep 30th Andrejs Jurjans, composer
  • Oct 15th R G Nivelle, French military man
  • Oct 25th Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (d. 1936)
  • Oct 28th Franz Xavier Arens, composer
  • Nov 3rd Jim McCormick, Scottish-born American baseball player, born in Glasgow (d. 1918)
  • Nov 6th Nicholas Nikolajevitsj, ruler of Russia
  • Nov 7th Semyon Zonovyevich Alapin, Vilna, tied for chess 1st place (1878)
  • Nov 13th Louis D Brandeis, Mass, 68th Supreme Court Justice (1916-39)
  • Nov 13th Sigwart Aspestrand, composer
  • Nov 18th Nikolai Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia (d. 1929)
  • Nov 22nd Heber J Grant, Salt Lake City, 7th pres of Mormon church
  • Nov 25th Sergei Ivanovich Taneyev, Russia, composer (Oresteia)
  • Nov 28th Alexandr Dmitriyevich Kastal'sky, composer
  • Nov 29th Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, German Chancellor/premier Prussia
  • Dec 2nd Robert Kajanus, composer
  • Dec 11th Georgi V Plechanov, Russian revolutionary theorist
  • Dec 13th Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1920)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 18th J. J. Thomson, physicist discovered electron (Nobel 1906), born in Manchester, England

Physicist J. J. Thomson
Physicist
J. J. Thomson

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 22nd Frank Kellogg, US Secretary of State (1925-29), tried to outlaw war (Nobel 1929), born in Potsdam, New York (d. 1937)

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • Dec 25th Hans von Bartels, German painter (d. 1913)
  • Dec 27th Andre Gedalge, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 28th [Thomas] Woodrow Wilson, Staunton Va, 28th (D) US President (1913-21), Nobel Peace Prize 1919

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Dec 29th Thomas J Stieltjes, mathematician (Stieltjes integral)