Famous People Born in 1878

  • Jan 1 Edwin Franko Goldman, composer
  • Jan 1 Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)
  • Jan 4 Alfred Edgar Coppard, England, writer (Black Dogs & Other Stories)
  • Jan 4 Augustus John, Welsh painter (d. 1961)
  • Jan 6 Carl Sandburg, US, poet/biographer of Lincoln (The People, Yes)
  • Jan 6 Dame Adeline Genée, Danish-British ballerina (d. 1970)
  • Jan 9 John Broadus Watson, Travelers Rest South Carolina, American Psychologist (behaviorism approach)
  • Jan 11 Theodorus Pangalos, Greek general/dictator (1926)
  • Jan 12 Ferenc Molnar, Hungarian/US playwright (A Pal Utrai Fiuk)
  • Jan 13 Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist (d. 1967)
  • Jan 14 Victor A D Segalen, [Max Anely], French writer
  • Jan 15 Johanna Muller-Hermann, composer
  • Jan 16 Harry Carey [Henry DeWitt Carey II], American actor (Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Jan 16 Robert Garbe, German poet (Gorniek)
  • Jan 17 Oscar Apfel, actor (Abraham Lincoln, Inspiration, Before Dawn), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jan 18 Hendrik Baels, Belgian politician
  • Jan 19 Herbert Chapman, English football player and manager (d. 1934)
  • Jan 20 Finlay Currie, Scotland, actor (Quo Vadis, Ivanhoe, Avengers)
  • Jan 21 Egon Friedell, Austria, journalist/actor/writer (Der Partylowe)
  • Jan 22 Constance Collier, Windsor England, actress/writer (Kitty, Whirlpool)
  • Jan 22 Francis Picabia, French painter/illustrator
  • Jan 23 Oton Zupancic, Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom)
  • Jan 23 Rutland Boughton, composer
  • Jan 25 Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-born television pioneer (d. 1975)
  • Jan 26 A W "Dave" Nourse, cricketer ("Grand Old Man" of South African cricket)
  • Jan 28 Walter Kollo [Kollodziepski], German composer (Der Juxbaron)
  • Jan 29 Barney Oldfield, Ohio, daredevil
  • Jan 30 Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (d. 1940)
  • Jan 31 Willem J M van Eysinga, Dutch international law jurist
  • Feb 1 Hattie Wyatt Caraway, politician/teacher/1st woman elected to senate
  • Feb 1 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)
  • Feb 2 Christian Gauss, educator/writer (Phi Beta Kappa award namesake)
  • Feb 2 Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (d. 1955)
  • Feb 3 Joseph Gordon Coates, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1925-28), born in Ruatuna (d. 1943)
  • Feb 5 André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (d. 1935)
  • Feb 6 Waclaw Gieburowski, composer
  • Feb 7 Ossip Gabrilovich, composer
  • Feb 8 Martin Buber, German/Israeli philosopher/theologist (Ich und Du)
  • Feb 14 Julius Nieuwland, Hansbeke Belgium, Belgian-American Chemist (inventor of neoprene)
  • Feb 16 Selim Palmgren, Finnish pianist/composer/conductor (Peter Schlemihl)
  • Feb 21 Fritz Cortolezis, composer
  • Feb 21 The Mother, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1973)
  • Feb 22 Walter Ritz, Swiss physicist (d. 1909)
  • Feb 23 Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
  • Feb 27 Alvan T. Fuller, 50th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • Feb 28 Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (d. 1929)
  • Feb 28 Artur Kapp, Estonian composer (d. 1952)
  • Mar 1 Gabriel Edouard Xavier Dupont, composer
  • Mar 2 Wander J de Haas, Dutch physicist/son-in-law of Lorentz
  • Mar 2 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1944)
  • Mar 4 Egbert Van Alstyne, American songwriter and pianist (d. 1951)
  • Mar 4 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian philosopher (d. 1947)
  • Mar 7 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • Mar 10 Karel van de Woestijne, Flemish writer/poet (God at Sea)
  • Mar 12 Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
  • Mar 12 Joseph Gustav Mraczek, composer
  • Mar 14 Carel T Scharten, Dutch poet/writer (Forces of the Future)
  • Mar 15 Hanson Carter, cricketer (Yorkshire Aussie WK of early 20th century)
  • Mar 15 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41)
  • Mar 16 Clemens A Graaf von Galen, cardinal/bishop of Munster/anti-nazi
  • Mar 16 Henry B Walthall, Shelby City AL, actor (Birth of a Nation, Klondike)
  • Mar 21 Thurlow Weed Lieurance, composer
  • Mar 22 Michel Théato, Luxembourgian athlete (d. 1919)
  • Mar 23 Franz Schrecker, Austrian composer (Der ferne Klang, Der Schatzgräber)
  • Mar 24 Top Naeff, [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff], Dutch writer
  • Mar 25 Henry graaf de Baillet-Latour, Belgian President of IOC (1925-42)
  • Mar 25 Theodore Samuel Holland, composer
  • Mar 31 Jack Johnson,1st African American heavyweight boxing champ (1908-1915)
  • Apr 1 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
  • Apr 2 Émilie Charmy, Saint-Etienne France, avant-garde artist
  • Apr 6 Carl Emil Theodor Ehrenberg, composer
  • Apr 6 Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)
  • Apr 7 C M M Hathorn, cricketer (South African Test centurion in 1905-06)
  • Apr 7 Jozef C Bittremieux, Flemish theologist (Virgin & Mother of God)
  • Apr 8 Rudolf Nelson, composer
  • Apr 12 Richard B Goldschmidt, German/US zoologist
  • Apr 15 Robert Walser, Swiss writer, born in Biel (d. 1956)
  • Apr 16 R E "Tip" Foster, cricketer (287 on debut England v Aust SCG 1903)
  • Apr 21 Albert Weisgerber, German painter/graphic artist
  • Apr 22 Kitty Gordon, Folkestone England, entertainer
  • Apr 24 Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (d. 1958)
  • Apr 26 Ethel Griffies, actress (Billy Liar, Birds, We Live Again)
  • Apr 26 Saint Rafael Guízar Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop
  • Apr 27 Frank Alvin Gotch, American professional wrestler (d. 1917)
  • Apr 28 Lionel Barrymore, [Blythe], actor (Free Soul, Dr Kildare), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • May 10 Gustav Stresemann, German chancellor (1923, Nobel 1926)
  • May 11 Jan Machiel Reyskens, oldest male resident of the Netherlands, (d. 1990 aged 111)
  • May 14 James L. Wilkinson, American baseball executive (d. 1964)
  • May 15 Francisco Pujol, composer
  • May 16 Taylor Holmes, actor (Tobor the Great, Beware My Lovely), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • May 19 Adam von Ahn Carse, composer
  • May 21 Glenn Hammond Curtiss, US, inventor (hydroplane)
  • May 21 Louis L H de Visser, Dutch MP (CPN)
  • May 24 Lillian Moller Gilbreth, engineer (CIOS Gold Medal-1954)
  • May 25 Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, actor (Stormy Weather, Little Colonel)
  • May 28 Paul Pelliot, French sinologist (d. 1945)
  • May 30 Mike Donlin, American baseball player (d. 1933)
  • Jun 1 John Masefield, British writer and poet (Salt-Water Ballads), Poet Laureate (1930-67), born in Ledbury, Herefordshire (d. 1967)
  • Jun 4 Frank N D Buchman, US theologist (Moral Rearmament)
  • Jun 5 Franklyn Farnum, actor (Cowboy & Bandit, Scarlet Car, Frontier Days)
  • Jun 5 [Francisco] Pancho Villa, Mexico, revolutionary/guerrilla leader
  • Jun 6 Vincent de Moro-Giafferi, French criminal attorney (d. 1956)
  • Jun 12 James O Curwood, US, journalist/writer (Kazan the wolfdog)
  • Jun 15 Eduard R Verkade, Dutch actor/director/critic (Pygmalion)
  • Jun 17 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), born in Champigny-sur-Marne (d. 1932)
  • Jun 19 James M Kilroe, priest of St Mary Star of the Sea, in the Bronx
  • Jun 25 Jean Gallon, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1959)
  • Jun 26 Albert Siklos, composer
  • Jun 26 Ernest Torrence, actor (Hunchback of Notre Dame), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Jun 27 Jean François van Royen, Dutch bibliophile/secretary-general of PTT

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 3 George M. Cohan, American father of musical comedy (Phantom President, Give My Regards to Broadway), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1942)

Composer George M. Cohan
Composer
George M. Cohan
  • Jul 5 Joseph Holbrooke, English pianist/conductor/composer
  • Jul 6 Eino Leino, Finnish poet (d. 1926)
  • Jul 8 Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
  • Jul 15 Willem Paerels, Neth/Belgian painter/graphic artist
  • Jul 17 Henri Zagwijn, composer
  • Jul 19 Robert H Woltjer, classical/AR-1st-Member of parliament (About Plato)
  • Jul 22 Lucien Febvre, French historian (Un destin: Martin Luther)
  • Jul 24 Lord Dunsany, [Edward JMD Plunkett], Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods)
  • Jul 25 Heinrich Gebhard, German-born American composer, born in Sobernheim, Rhineland-Palatinate (d.1963)
  • Jul 27 Th to de Weeme, painter
  • Jul 29 Don Marquis, Ill, journalist/poet (archy & mehitabel) (d. 1937)
  • Aug 2 Aino J M Kallas, Finnish writer (White Ship, Estonian Tales)
  • Aug 2 Princess Ingeborg, of Sweden
  • Aug 3 Constantino Gaito, composer
  • Aug 10 Alfred Döblin, German writer (d. 1957)
  • Aug 13 Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev, composer
  • Aug 13 Salomon "Sam" de Wolff, Dutch zionist/socialist theorist
  • Aug 14 Harald Kidde, Danish writer (Aage og Else)
  • Aug 15 Pjotr N Wrangel, Russian baron/general (White Armies, WW II)
  • Aug 17 Reg Duff, cricketer (Australian bat, century on debut 1902)
  • Aug 18 Fritz Brun, Swiss composer and conductor, born in Lucerne (d. 1959)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 19 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of the Philippines (1935-42), born in Baler, Aurora, Philippines (d. 1944)

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon
  • Aug 27 Joseph John Richards, composer
  • Aug 28 George Hoyt Whipple, Ashland New Hampshire, American physician and biomedical researcher (Nobel-1934)
  • Aug 30 Paul Hazard, French literature historian
  • Aug 31 Albert Riemenschneider, composer
  • Aug 31 Frank Jarvis, American athlete (d. 1933)
  • Sep 1 Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1942)
  • Sep 2 Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr
  • Sep 9 Adelaide Crapsey, American poet (d. 1914)
  • Sep 9 Sergio Osmeña, 4th President of the Philippines (d. 1961)
  • Sep 16 Karl Albiker, German sculptor (German Art, female nudes)
  • Sep 17 Vincenzo Tommasini, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 20 Upton Beall Sinclair, US writer (Jungle), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1968)

  • Sep 22 Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese Prime Minister (1946-54), born in Yokosuka (d. 1967)
  • Sep 24 C. F. Ramuz, Swiss writer (d. 1947)
  • Oct 1 Othmar Spann, Austria economist/sociologist (Geschichtsfilosofie)
  • Oct 2 Francois C Schlumberger, French physicist
  • Oct 5 Louise Dresser, [Kerlin], Evansville IN, actress (Maid of Salem)
  • Oct 9 Robert Warwick, [Bien], actor (Falcon's Adventure), born in Sacramento, California
  • Oct 12 Karl Buresch, Austria politician
  • Oct 13 Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest (d. 1952)
  • Oct 15 Paul Reynaud, premier France (May-June 1940)
  • Oct 16 Carlos Pedrell, composer
  • Oct 16 Maxey Long, American athlete (d. 1959)
  • Oct 17 Andrei N Rimski-Korssakov, Russian musicologist/son of Nikolai
  • Oct 17 Henri Mulet, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1967)
  • Oct 18 James Truslow Adams, historian (Pul-1921, Founding of New England)
  • Oct 24 Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram)
  • Oct 25 Nico van Suchtelen, Dutch publisher
  • Oct 29 Alex E von Falkenhausen, German general (China, WW II)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 1 Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine jurist (Nobel Peace Prize 1936), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1959)

Nobel Peace Laureate Carlos Saavedra Lamas
Nobel Peace Laureate
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
  • Nov 1 Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter (d. 1925)
  • Nov 6 Ernest Irving, English composer
  • Nov 7 Lise Meitner, Austrian/Swedish physicist (Protactinium)
  • Nov 8 Marshall Walter "Major" Taylor, world champion cyclist (1899)
  • Nov 13 John C Kielstra, Dutch economist/governor of Suriname (1933-44)
  • Nov 13 Max Dehn, German mathematician (d. 1952)
  • Nov 14 Leopold Staff, Polish poet (d. 1957)
  • Nov 14 Julie Manet, French painter, daughter of Berthe Morisot (d. 1966)
  • Nov 15 Bela Reinitz, composer
  • Nov 17 Grace Abbott, Grand Island Neb, social worker (US Children Bureau)
  • Nov 21 Gustav Radbruch, German lawyer/minister of Justice
  • Nov 23 Andre Caplet, composer
  • Nov 23 Ernest J King, US fleet admiral/Chief of Naval Operations (WW II)
  • Nov 23 Holcombe Ward, tennis champ (US Open-1904)
  • Nov 24 Mark N Tod, English classicist/historian
  • Nov 25 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), born in Magdeburg (d. 1945)
  • Nov 27 Mabel Wheeler Daniels, composer
  • Nov 27 Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet (d. 1948).
  • Nov 28 Jozef van Mierlo, Belgian Jesuit/literary (Hadewych)
  • Dec 1 Arthur B Spingarn, US NAACP-chairman (1940-65)
  • Dec 5 Arrigo Pedrollo, composer
  • Dec 7 Akiko Yosano, Japan, poet (Tangled Hair)
  • Dec 10 Rajaji, India's freedom fighter and the first Governor General of independent India (d. 1972)
  • Dec 15 Hans Carossa, German writer, born in Tölz, Bavaria (d. 1956)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 18 Joseph Stalin [Josef], Gori, Russian Empire, Premier of the Soviet Union (1941-1953), (d. 1953)

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Dec 19 Anton Lajovic, composer
  • Dec 21 Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish philosopher and mathematician (d. 1956)
  • Dec 23 Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (d. 1972)
  • Dec 25 W Starling Burgess, yacht designer (America Cup's Enterprise)
  • Dec 25 Louis Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver (d. 1941)
  • Dec 26 Isaiah Bowman, US, geography/co-founder (Geographical Review)
  • Dec 30 William Aberhart, Canadian politician (d. 1943)
  • Dec 31 Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan author/poet (El Crimen del Otro)
  • Dec 31 Elizabeth Arden, Canadian businesswoman (d. 1966)