Famous People Born in 1878

  • Jan 1st Edwin Franko Goldman, composer
  • Jan 1st Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)
  • Jan 4th Alfred Edgar Coppard, England, writer (Black Dogs & Other Stories)
  • Jan 4th Augustus John, Welsh painter (d. 1961)
  • Jan 6th Carl Sandburg, US, poet/biographer of Lincoln (The People, Yes)
  • Jan 6th Dame Adeline Genée, Danish-British ballerina (d. 1970)
  • Jan 9th John Broadus Watson, Travelers Rest South Carolina, American Psychologist (behaviorism approach)
  • Jan 11th Theodorus Pangalos, Greek general/dictator (1926)
  • Jan 12th Ferenc Molnar, Hungarian/US playwright (A Pal Utrai Fiuk)
  • Jan 13th Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist (d. 1967)
  • Jan 14th Victor A D Segalen, [Max Anely], French writer
  • Jan 15th Johanna Muller-Hermann, composer
  • Jan 16th Harry Carey [Henry DeWitt Carey II], American actor (Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Jan 16th Robert Garbe, German poet (Gorniek)
  • Jan 17th Oscar Apfel, actor (Abraham Lincoln, Inspiration, Before Dawn), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jan 18th Hendrik Baels, Belgian politician
  • Jan 19th Herbert Chapman, English football player and manager (d. 1934)
  • Jan 20th Finlay Currie, Scotland, actor (Quo Vadis, Ivanhoe, Avengers)
  • Jan 21st Egon Friedell, Austria, journalist/actor/writer (Der Partylowe)
  • Jan 22nd Constance Collier, Windsor England, actress/writer (Kitty, Whirlpool)
  • Jan 22nd Francis Picabia, French painter/illustrator
  • Jan 23rd Oton Zupancic, Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom)
  • Jan 23rd Rutland Boughton, composer
  • Jan 25th Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-born television pioneer (d. 1975)
  • Jan 26th A W "Dave" Nourse, cricketer ("Grand Old Man" of South African cricket)
  • Jan 28th Walter Kollo [Kollodziepski], German composer (Der Juxbaron)
  • Jan 29th Barney Oldfield, Ohio, daredevil
  • Jan 30th Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (d. 1940)
  • Jan 31st Willem J M van Eysinga, Dutch international law jurist
  • Feb 1st Hattie Wyatt Caraway, politician/teacher/1st woman elected to senate
  • Feb 1st Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)
  • Feb 2nd Christian Gauss, educator/writer (Phi Beta Kappa award namesake)
  • Feb 2nd Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (d. 1955)
  • Feb 3rd Joseph Gordon Coates, PM of New Zealand (1925-28)
  • Feb 5th André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (d. 1935)
  • Feb 6th Waclaw Gieburowski, composer
  • Feb 7th Ossip Gabrilovich, composer
  • Feb 8th Martin Buber, German/Israeli philosopher/theologist (Ich und Du)
  • Feb 14th Julius Nieuwland, Hansbeke Belgium, Belgian-American Chemist (inventor of neoprene)
  • Feb 16th Selim Palmgren, Finnish pianist/composer/conductor (Peter Schlemihl)
  • Feb 21st Fritz Cortolezis, composer
  • Feb 21st The Mother, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1973)
  • Feb 22nd Walter Ritz, Swiss physicist (d. 1909)
  • Feb 23rd Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
  • Feb 27th Alvan T. Fuller, 50th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • Feb 28th Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (d. 1929)
  • Feb 28th Artur Kapp, Estonian composer (d. 1952)
  • Mar 1st Gabriel Edouard Xavier Dupont, composer
  • Mar 2nd Wander J de Haas, Dutch physicist/son-in-law of Lorentz
  • Mar 2nd William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1944)
  • Mar 4th Egbert Van Alstyne, American songwriter and pianist (d. 1951)
  • Mar 4th Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian philosopher (d. 1947)
  • Mar 7th Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • Mar 10th Karel van de Woestijne, Flemish writer/poet (God at Sea)
  • Mar 12th Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
  • Mar 12th Joseph Gustav Mraczek, composer
  • Mar 14th Carel T Scharten, Dutch poet/writer (Forces of the Future)
  • Mar 15th Hanson Carter, cricketer (Yorkshire Aussie WK of early 20th century)
  • Mar 15th Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41)
  • Mar 16th Clemens A Graaf von Galen, cardinal/bishop of Munster/anti-nazi
  • Mar 16th Henry B Walthall, Shelby City AL, actor (Birth of a Nation, Klondike)
  • Mar 21st Thurlow Weed Lieurance, composer
  • Mar 22nd Michel Théato, Luxembourgian athlete (d. 1919)
  • Mar 23rd Franz Schrecker, Austrian composer (Der ferne Klang, Der Schatzgräber)
  • Mar 24th Top Naeff, [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff], Dutch writer
  • Mar 25th Henry graaf de Baillet-Latour, Belgian pres of IOC (1925-42)
  • Mar 25th Theodore Samuel Holland, composer
  • Mar 31st Jack Johnson,1st African American heavyweight boxing champ (1908-1915)
  • Apr 1st Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
  • Apr 2nd Émilie Charmy, Saint-Etienne France, avant-garde artist
  • Apr 6th Carl Emil Theodor Ehrenberg, composer
  • Apr 6th Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)
  • Apr 7th C M M Hathorn, cricketer (South African Test centurion in 1905-06)
  • Apr 7th Jozef C Bittremieux, Flemish theologist (Virgin & Mother of God)
  • Apr 8th Rudolf Nelson, composer
  • Apr 12th Richard B Goldschmidt, German/US zoologist
  • Apr 15th Robert Walser, writer
  • Apr 16th R E "Tip" Foster, cricketer (287 on debut England v Aust SCG 1903)
  • Apr 21st Albert Weisgerber, German painter/graphic artist
  • Apr 22nd Kitty Gordon, Folkestone England, entertainer
  • Apr 24th Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (d. 1958)
  • Apr 26th Ethel Griffies, actress (Billy Liar, Birds, We Live Again)
  • Apr 26th Saint Rafael Guízar Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop
  • Apr 27th Frank Alvin Gotch, American professional wrestler (d. 1917)
  • Apr 28th Lionel Barrymore, [Blythe], Phila, actor (Free Soul, Dr Kildare)
  • May 10th Gustav Stresemann, German chancellor (1923, Nobel 1926)
  • May 11th Jan Machiel Reyskens, oldest male resident of the Netherlands, (d. 1990 aged 111)
  • May 14th James L. Wilkinson, American baseball executive (d. 1964)
  • May 15th Francisco Pujol, composer
  • May 16th Taylor Holmes, actor (Tobor the Great, Beware My Lovely), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • May 19th Adam von Ahn Carse, composer
  • May 21st Glenn Hammond Curtiss, US, inventor (hydroplane)
  • May 21st Louis L H de Visser, Dutch MP (CPN)
  • May 24th Lillian Moller Gilbreth, engineer (CIOS Gold Medal-1954)
  • May 25th Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, actor (Stormy Weather, Little Colonel)
  • May 28th Paul Pelliot, French sinologist (d. 1945)
  • May 30th Mike Donlin, American baseball player (d. 1933)
  • Jun 1st John Masefield, British writer and poet (Salt-Water Ballads), Poet Laureate (1930-67), born in Ledbury, Herefordshire (d. 1967)
  • Jun 4th Frank N D Buchman, US theologist (Moral Rearmament)
  • Jun 5th Franklyn Farnum, actor (Cowboy & Bandit, Scarlet Car, Frontier Days)
  • Jun 5th [Francisco] Pancho Villa, Mexico, revolutionary/guerrilla leader
  • Jun 6th Vincent de Moro-Giafferi, French criminal attorney (d. 1956)
  • Jun 12th James O Curwood, US, journalist/writer (Kazan the wolfdog)
  • Jun 15th Eduard R Verkade, Dutch actor/director/critic (Pygmalion)
  • Jun 17th Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), born in Champigny-sur-Marne (d. 1932)
  • Jun 19th James M Kilroe, priest of St Mary Star of the Sea, in the Bronx
  • Jun 25th Jean Gallon, composer
  • Jun 26th Albert Siklos, composer
  • Jun 26th Ernest Torrence, actor (Hunchback of Notre Dame), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Jun 27th Jean François van Royen, Dutch bibliophile/secretary-general of PTT

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 3rd George M. Cohan, American father of musical comedy (Phantom President, Give My Regards to Broadway), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1942)

Composer George M. Cohan
Composer
George M. Cohan
  • Jul 5th Joseph Holbrooke, English pianist/conductor/composer
  • Jul 6th Eino Leino, Finnish poet (d. 1926)
  • Jul 8th Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
  • Jul 15th Willem Paerels, Neth/Belgian painter/graphic artist
  • Jul 17th Henri Zagwijn, composer
  • Jul 19th Robert H Woltjer, classical/AR-1st-Member of parliament (About Plato)
  • Jul 22nd Lucien Febvre, French historian (Un destin: Martin Luther)
  • Jul 24th Lord Dunsany, [Edward JMD Plunkett], Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods)
  • Jul 25th Heinrich Gebhard, German-born American composer, born in Sobernheim, Rhineland-Palatinate (d.1963)
  • Jul 27th Th to de Weeme, painter
  • Jul 29th Don Marquis, Ill, journalist/poet (archy & mehitabel) (d. 1937)
  • Aug 2nd Aino J M Kallas, Finnish writer (White Ship, Estonian Tales)
  • Aug 2nd Princess Ingeborg, of Sweden
  • Aug 3rd Constantino Gaito, composer
  • Aug 10th Alfred Döblin, German writer (d. 1957)
  • Aug 13th Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev, composer
  • Aug 13th Salomon "Sam" de Wolff, Dutch zionist/socialist theorist
  • Aug 14th Harald Kidde, Danish writer (Aage og Else)
  • Aug 15th Pjotr N Wrangel, Russian baron/general (White Armies, WW II)
  • Aug 17th Reg Duff, cricketer (Australian bat, century on debut 1902)
  • Aug 18th Fritz Brun, Swiss composer and conductor, born in Lucerne (d. 1959)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 19th Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of Philippines (1935-42)

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon
  • Aug 27th Joseph John Richards, composer
  • Aug 28th George Hoyt Whipple, Ashland New Hampshire, American physician and biomedical researcher (Nobel-1934)
  • Aug 30th Paul Hazard, French literature historian
  • Aug 31st Albert Riemenschneider, composer
  • Aug 31st Frank Jarvis, American athlete (d. 1933)
  • Sep 1st Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1942)
  • Sep 2nd Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr
  • Sep 9th Adelaide Crapsey, American poet (d. 1914)
  • Sep 9th Sergio Osmeña, 4th President of the Philippines (d. 1961)
  • Sep 16th Karl Albiker, German sculptor (German Art, female nudes)
  • Sep 17th Vincenzo Tommasini, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 20th Upton Beall Sinclair, US writer (Jungle), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1968)

  • Sep 22nd Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese PM (most of 1946-54)
  • Sep 24th C. F. Ramuz, Swiss writer (d. 1947)
  • Oct 1st Othmar Spann, Austria economist/sociologist (Geschichtsfilosofie)
  • Oct 2nd Francois C Schlumberger, French physicist
  • Oct 5th Louise Dresser, [Kerlin], Evansville IN, actress (Maid of Salem)
  • Oct 9th Robert Warwick, [Bien], actor (Falcon's Adventure), born in Sacramento, California
  • Oct 12th Karl Buresch, Austria politician
  • Oct 13th Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest (d. 1952)
  • Oct 15th Paul Reynaud, premier France (May-June 1940)
  • Oct 16th Carlos Pedrell, composer
  • Oct 16th Maxey Long, American athlete (d. 1959)
  • Oct 17th Andrei N Rimski-Korssakov, Russian musicologist/son of Nikolai
  • Oct 17th Henri Mulet, composer
  • Oct 18th James Truslow Adams, historian (Pul-1921, Founding of New England)
  • Oct 24th Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram)
  • Oct 25th Nico van Suchtelen, Dutch publisher
  • Oct 29th Alex E von Falkenhausen, German general (China, WW II)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 1st Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Buenos Aires, jurist (Nobel Peace Prize 1936), (d. 1959)

Nobel Peace Laureate Carlos Saavedra Lamas
Nobel Peace Laureate
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
  • Nov 1st Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter (d. 1925)
  • Nov 6th Ernest Irving, English composer
  • Nov 7th Lise Meitner, Austrian/Swedish physicist (Protactinium)
  • Nov 8th Marshall Walter "Major" Taylor, world champion cyclist (1899)
  • Nov 13th John C Kielstra, Dutch economist/governor of Suriname (1933-44)
  • Nov 13th Max Dehn, German mathematician (d. 1952)
  • Nov 14th Leopold Staff, Polish poet (d. 1957)
  • Nov 14th Julie Manet, French painter, daughter of Berthe Morisot (d. 1966)
  • Nov 15th Bela Reinitz, composer
  • Nov 17th Grace Abbott, Grand Island Neb, social worker (US Children Bureau)
  • Nov 21st Gustav Radbruch, German lawyer/minister of Justice
  • Nov 23rd Andre Caplet, composer
  • Nov 23rd Ernest J King, US fleet admiral/Chief of Naval Operations (WW II)
  • Nov 23rd Holcombe Ward, tennis champ (US Open-1904)
  • Nov 24th Mark N Tod, English classicist/historian
  • Nov 25th Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), born in Magdeburg (d. 1945)
  • Nov 27th Mabel Wheeler Daniels, composer
  • Nov 27th Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet (d. 1948).
  • Nov 28th Jozef van Mierlo, Belgian Jesuit/literary (Hadewych)
  • Dec 1st Arthur B Spingarn, US NAACP-chairman (1940-65)
  • Dec 5th Arrigo Pedrollo, composer
  • Dec 7th Akiko Yosano, Japan, poet (Tangled Hair)
  • Dec 10th Rajaji, India's freedom fighter and the first Governor General of independent India (d. 1972)
  • Dec 15th Hans Carossa, German writer, born in Tölz, Bavaria (d. 1956)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 18th Joseph Stalin [Josef], Gori, Russian Empire, Premier of the Soviet Union (1941-1953), (d. 1953)

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Dec 19th Anton Lajovic, composer
  • Dec 21st Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish philosopher and mathematician (d. 1956)
  • Dec 23rd Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (d. 1972)
  • Dec 25th W Starling Burgess, yacht designer (America Cup's Enterprise)
  • Dec 25th Louis Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver (d. 1941)
  • Dec 26th Isaiah Bowman, US, geography/co-founder (Geographical Review)
  • Dec 30th William Aberhart, Canadian politician (d. 1943)
  • Dec 31st Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan author/poet (El Crimen del Otro)
  • Dec 31st Elizabeth Arden, Canadian businesswoman (d. 1966)