IBM in History

Historical Events

  • 1911-06-15 Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924-02-14 Thomas J. Watson renames the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) as International Business Machines (IBM)

Businessman and Entrepreneur Thomas J. Watson
Businessman and Entrepreneur
Thomas J. Watson
  • 1924-03-05 Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM
  • 1944-08-07 IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).
  • 1954-01-07 Georgetown-IBM experiment, 1st public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held at IBM's head office in New York
  • 1954-05-24 IBM announces vacuum tube "electronic" brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour
  • 1956-09-13 IBM introduces the RAMAC 305, 1st commercial computer with a hard drive that uses magnetic disk storage, weighs over a ton
  • 1964-04-07 IBM announces the System/360.
  • 1969-07-08 IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer
  • 1970-09-13 IBM announces System 370 computer
  • 1977-12-29 Ronald Ribman's "Cold Storage" premieres in NYC
  • 1979-09-09 31st Emmy Awards: Taxi, Lou Grant, Ron Leibman & Ruth Gordon win
  • 1981-08-12 IBM introduces its first Personal Computer (PC & PC-DOS version 1.0)
  • 1982-01-08 Justice Dept withdraws antitrust suit against IBM, pending since
  • 1982-05-07 IBM releases PC-DOS version 1.1
  • 1982-10-27 IBM ROM is capable of EGA graphics
  • 1983-03-08 IBM releases PC DOS version 2.0
  • 1983-10-20 IBM-PC DOS Version 2.1 released
  • 1984-08-14 IBM releases PC DOS version 3.0
  • 1985-03-07 IBM-PC DOS Version 3.1 (update) released
  • 1985-12-30 IBM-PC DOS Version 3.2 released
  • 1986-04-17 IBM produces 1st megabit-chip
  • 1986-07-07 IBM-PC DOS Version 3.2 (updated) released
  • 1986-08-06 Phil Katz releases PKARC version 1.0, for IBM
  • 1986-10-21 IBM re-forms in South Africa
  • 1987-03-17 IBM releases PC-DOS version 3.3
  • 1987-04-02 IBM introduces PS/2 & OS/2
  • 1987-07-24 IBM-PC DOS Version 3.3 (updated) released
  • 1988-07-28 IBM announces price hike on older models
  • 1988-08-16 IBM introduces software for artificial intelligence
  • 1988-09-30 IBM announces shipment of 3 millionth PS/2 personal computer
  • 1989-01-18 IBM announces earnings up 10.4% in 1988
  • 1992-01-19 IBM announces a nearly $5B loss for 1992
  • 1996-02-10 IBM computer Deep Blue becomes the first computer to win a game of chess against a reigning (human) chess champion, Gary Kasparov
  • 1997-05-03 Garry Kasparov begins chess match with IBM supercomputer Deep Blue

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874-02-17 Thomas J. Watson, Sr., American businessman (Chairman and CEO of IBM, 1914-1956), born in Campbell, New York (d. 1956)

Businessman and Entrepreneur Thomas J. Watson
Businessman and Entrepreneur
Thomas J. Watson
  • 1889-04-16 Charles 'Charlie' Chaplin, British actor and comedian (City Lights, Gold Rush), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1910-08-20 Eero Saarinen, Finnish-American architect (IBM Building, MIT Chapel), born in Kirkkonummi, Finland (d. 1961)

Famous Deaths


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956-06-19 Thomas J. Watson, Sr., American businessman (Chairman and CEO of IBM, 1914-1956), dies at 87

Businessman and Entrepreneur Thomas J. Watson
Businessman and Entrepreneur
Thomas J. Watson
  • 1974-07-26 Arthur K Watson, US businessman (IBM), dies at 55
  • 1993-12-31 Thomas J. Watson Jr., American businessman and politician (President of IBM, 1952-1971, US Ambassador to the Soviet Union, 1979-1981), dies of a stroke at 79