Albanian History

Historical Events

  • 1443-11-28 Albanian George Kastriotis Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in Middle Albania from the Ottomans and raise the Albanian flag.
  • 1909-04-13 In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • 1912-09-15 War between Turkey & Montenegro breaks out in Albania
  • 1912-11-27 Albanian National Flag adopted
  • 1912-11-28 Ismail Qemali declares Albania independent from Turkey
  • 1913-04-22 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
  • 1913-05-06 King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, northern Albania
  • 1913-05-30 New country of Albania, forms
  • 1913-07-29 Albania becomes sovereignty under prince Wilhelm von Wied
  • 1913-08-13 Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
  • 1913-09-23 Serbian troops march into Albania
  • 1913-12-13 British foreign minister Sir Edward Grey proposes that southern Albania be divided between Greece and Albania with compensation to Greece in the Aegean islands
  • 1914-03-07 Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania
  • 1914-09-03 Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
  • 1915-11-24 Serbian leader flees to Albania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923-08-31 Mussolini orders the Greek Government to apologize for the deaths of an Italian general and his staff on the Greco-Albanian border

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1924-12-24 Albania becomes a republic (ex-premier Ahmed Zogoe's coup)
  • 1924-12-27 Albania is declared a dictatorship under Ahmed Beg Zofu
  • 1925-01-21 Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe president
  • 1925-01-22 Albania Republic proclaimed under Pres Achmed Zogu
  • 1926-07-30 Albanian boundaries deduced
  • 1926-11-27 Italian & Albania sign peace treaty
  • 1927-03-10 Albania mobilizes due to threats from the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • 1928-09-01 Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zogu I as king
  • 1936-11-09 Albanian government of Frasheri falls
  • 1939-04-07 Italy invades Albania
  • 1939-04-08 King Zog I of Albania flees
  • 1939-04-10 Grens mobilization due to Italian invasion in Albania
  • 1940-04-12 Italy annexes Albania
  • 1941-01-03 Italian counter offensive in Albania
  • 1941-02-28 British-Italian dogfight above Albania
  • 1941-11-08 The Albanian Communist Party is founded.
  • 1944-05-24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania anti fascists
  • 1944-11-29 Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • 1945-11-10 General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania
  • 1946-01-11 Enver Hoxha declares People's Rep of Albania with himself dictator
  • 1946-10-22 2 British ships sink near Albania
  • 1949-04-09 UN Intl Court of Justice held Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel & awards Britain damages
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1961-02-19 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
  • 1961-12-10 USSR & Albania break diplomatic relations
  • 1967-02-06 Cultural Revolution in Albania
  • 1968-09-12 Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
  • 1968-09-13 Albania leaves Warsaw pact
  • 1970-11-18 Netherlands & Albania form diplomatic relations
  • 1976-12-27 Albania constitution goes into effect
  • 1978-07-13 Albania drops diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China
  • 1981-03-26 Police & Albanian demonstrators battle in Kosovo, Yugoslavia
  • 1985-04-13 Ramiz Alia succeeds Enver Hoxha as party leader of Albania
  • 1991-02-20 A gigantic statue of Albania's long-time dictator, Enver Hoxha, is brought down in the Albanian capital, Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters.
  • 1991-03-31 Albania offers 1st multi-party election in 50 years
  • 1991-06-04 1st post WW II non-communist government in Albania
  • 1992-04-04 Sali Berisha becomes president/Alexander Meksi premier of Albania
  • 1997-11-28 First public appearance of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), an ethnic Albanian guerrilla group that fought for the independence of Kosovo from Serbia.
  • 1998-11-28 The people of Albania vote for their new Constitution in a referendum.
  • 1999-01-15 The Racak incident: 45 Albanians in the Kosovo village of Racak are killed by Yugoslav security forces.
  • 1999-04-14 NATO mistakenly bombs a convoy of ethnic Albanian refugees - Yugoslav officials say 75 people are killed.
  • 2001-08-01 An agreement is reached on the position of the minority Albanian language in the Republic of Macedonia.
  • 2009-04-01 Croatia and Albania joined NATO
  • 2012-05-21 13 people are killed and 22 people injured after a bus falls 80 metres off a cliff in Albania
  • 2013-09-15 Edi Rama is elected Prime Minister of Albania
  • 2015-05-09 A gun fight erupts in Macedonian town of Kumanovo between police and Albanian separatists adding to the government crisis

Famous Birthdays

  • 1814-11-08 Girolamo/Jeromin de Rada, Albanian poet (Skanderbeku)
  • 1844-01-16 Ismail Qemali, Albanian nationalist (d. 1919)
  • 1846-05-25 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer(d. 1900)
  • 1856-07-21 Harry A P Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania)
  • 1882-01-06 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop (d. 1965)
  • 1895-10-08 King Zog I, of Albania (1928-1939)
  • 1908-10-16 Enver Hoxha, post-war leader of Albania (1944-85)
  • 1913-01-10 Mehmet Shehu, Albanian politician (d. 1981)
  • 1916-08-15 Aleks Çaçi, Albanian writer
  • 1925-10-18 Ramiz Alia, political leader of Albania
  • 1927-07-19 Jan Myrdal, Swedish writer/journalist (Albania Defiant)
  • 1933-05-07 Nexhmije Pagarusha, Albanian singer
  • 1936-01-27 Ismail Kadare, Albanian author/poet (Dimri i Madh)
  • 1939-03-07 Panajot Pano, Albania's most outstanding football player of the past 50 years born in Durres
  • 1944-10-15 Sali Berisha, President of Albania
  • 1949-11-02 Simon Augustini, Albanian politician
  • 1955-11-28 Adem Jashari, Albanian freedom fighter
  • 1973-07-17 Tony Dovolani, Albanian ballroom dancer
  • 1981-06-20 Ardian Gashi, Albanian-Norwegian footballer
  • 1983-06-16 Armend Dallku, Albanian footballer
  • 1985-07-12 Luiz Ejlli, Albanian singer
  • 1987-05-04 Anjeza Shahini, Albanian singer

Famous Deaths

  • 1468-01-17 Skanderbeg, Albanian leader (b. 1405)
  • 1661-10-31 Mehmed Koprulu, Albanian great vizier of Turkey, dies
  • 1900-10-20 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet (b. 1846)
  • 1903-02-28 Girolamo/Jeromin de Rada, Albanian poet, dies at 88
  • 1920-06-13 Essad Pasja, Albanian military man/minister, murdered at peace confer
  • 1936-02-03 Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, consort of William of Wied, Prince of Albania (b.1885)
  • 1942-05-05 Qemal Stafa, Albanian politician (b. 1920)
  • 1944-07-19 Harry CA Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania), dies at 87
  • 1949-06-11 Koci Xoxe, Albanian vice-premier, executed
  • 1958-08-13 Otto Witte, acrobat and, purportedly, King of Albania (b. 1868)
  • 1961-04-09 Zog I, [Ahmed Zogu], King of Albania (1925-39), dies at 65
  • 1965-03-13 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1981-12-18 Mehmet Shehu, PM Albania (1954-81)/"US-Russ spy", commits suicide
  • 1985-04-11 Enver Hoxha, party leader/premier of Albania, dies at 76
  • 1985-04-14 Enver Hoxha, Albanian leader (1944-85), dies
  • 1997-10-13 Adil Carcani, prime minister of Albania (1982-91), dies
  • 2002-10-22 Queen Geraldina of the Albanians (b. 1915)
  • 2011-10-07 Ramiz Alia, the former communist leader and first president of the Albanian pluralist (b. 1925)
  • 2011-11-30 Leka, Crown Prince of Albania, referred to as King Leka I by Albanian monarchists (b. 1939)