Algerian History

Algeria: Algiers

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 143

  • 1631-06-20 The sack of Baltimore: the Irish village of Baltimore is attacked by Algerian pirates.
  • 1815-06-17 Stephen Decatur conquerors Algerian frigate Mashouda
  • 1815-06-30 US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
  • 1830-06-12 Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch.
  • 1830-07-05 France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest
  • 1831-03-10 The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.
  • 1846-10-10 Alexis de Tocqueville writes about "Algerian problem"
  • 1867-01-31 Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria
  • 1881-04-25 French troops occupy Algeria & Tunisia
  • 1901-07-20 Morocco signs an agreement with France fixing Morocco's frontier with Algeria, a French colony
  • 1914-08-04 German fleet under admiral Souchon fire on Algerian coast
  • 1940-07-03 British Royal Navy sinks French fleet in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, to prevent Germany seizing it.
  • 1940-07-04 British destroys French battle fleet at Oran, Algeria, 1267 die
  • 1942-10-22 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
  • 1942-10-22 US gens Clark & Lemnitzer & French gen Mast meet secretly in Algeria
  • 1942-11-10 US-British troops occupies Oran, Algeria
  • 1942-11-14 Last Vichy-French troops in Algeria surrender
  • 1943-02-10 "Manifesto of Algerian People" calls for equality & self-determination
  • 1945-03-31 3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine
  • 1954-09-09 Earthquake strikes Orleansville Algeria: 1,400 killed
  • 1954-09-10 12 second shock kills 1,460 in Orleansville Algeria
  • 1954-10-31 Algerian Revolution against French begins
  • 1954-11-01 The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence against France.
  • 1954-11-24 France sends 20,000 soldiers to Algeria
  • 1955-08-20 Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco & Algeria
  • 1956-02-09 R Lacoste follows Catroux as premier of Algeria
  • 1956-03-27 French commandos land in Algeria
  • 1956-04-01 Violent clashes in Algeria, kills at least 380
  • 1956-04-11 French government decides to send 200,000 reservists to Algeria
  • 1956-05-07 Battle at Oran, Algeria, kills 300
  • 1956-05-10 French government sends 50,000 reservists to Algeria
  • 1956-07-05 France raises tobacco tax 20% due to war in Algeria
  • 1957-05-29 Algerian rebels kill 336 collaborators
  • 1957-06-16 French offensive in Algeria
  • 1957-09-30 French government of Mauroy resigns due to Algeria
  • 1958-05-13 French settlers riot against French army in Algeria
  • 1958-05-17 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Algeria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958-06-06 Premier Charles de Gaulle says Algeria will always be French

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1958-09-20 Ferhat Abbas forms Algerian government in exile (Cairo)
  • 1958-10-23 De Gaulle offers Algerians defiance "peace of the brave"
  • 1959-01-13 French President Charles de Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 Algerians sentenced to death
  • 1959-04-12 France Observator reports torture practice by French army in Algeria
  • 1959-09-16 French President Charles de Gaulle recognizes Algerian right of self determination
  • 1960-01-24 Algeria uprises against French president De Gaulle
  • 1960-02-13 France performs 1st nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
  • 1960-04-01 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds, Algeria
  • 1961-01-08 The French vote for Algerian independence from French rule in the wake of seven years of guerrilla war
  • 1961-04-21 French army revolts in Algeria
  • 1961-04-22 Uprising of French parachutist of Gen Salan/Challe in Algeria
  • 1961-04-25 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
  • 1961-04-26 French paratroopers' revolt suppressed in Algeria
  • 1961-10-17 Battle of Paris-police kill 210 Algerians
  • 1961-11-07 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • 1962-01-23 Libya, Morocco, Algeria & Tunisia plan to form United Arab Maghreb
  • 1962-02-05 French President de Gaulle calls for Algeria's independence
  • 1962-02-08 In Paris, 8 people killed at a protest against independence for the French colony Algeria
  • 1962-02-18 France & Algerian Muslims negotiate truce to end 7 year war
  • 1962-03-18 Algerian War ends after 7½ yrs (250,000 die), Ben Bella flees
  • 1962-04-08 Accords of Evian (Algeria) accepted by referendum in France
  • 1962-05-01 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • 1962-05-02 OAS strikes in Algeria
  • 1962-06-30 French Foreign Legion leaves Algeria
  • 1962-06-30 Premier Ben Khedda disbands Algerian Liberation Army fighters
  • 1962-07-01 Algeria votes for independence from France
  • 1962-07-03 Algerian Revolution against French rule ends (Algeria gains independence on 5th July)
  • 1962-07-05 96 murder at massacre in Oran, Algeria
  • 1962-07-05 Algeria gains independence after 132 years of French rule
  • 1962-07-06 Emir Said al-Djazairi takes van Algerian throne in Syria
  • 1962-07-15 Algeria becomes member of Arab League
  • 1962-09-20 Ben Bella wins 1st elections in independent Algeria
  • 1962-09-29 Algerian government of Ben Bella forms
  • 1962-10-08 Algeria admitted as 109th member of UN
  • 1962-10-09 Battles to decide Algeria-Morocco boundary kills 130
  • 1963-03-18 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker, Algeria
  • 1963-03-30 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • 1963-09-08 Algerian population accepts constitution
  • 1963-09-15 Ben Bella elected 1st president of Algeria
  • 1963-10-14 Algeria & Morocco border conflict
  • 1963-10-20 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • 1963-10-30 Morocco & Algeria sign cease fire
  • 1964-06-15 Last French troops leave Algeria
  • 1964-07-23 Egyptian munition ship "Star of Alexandria" explodes at dockside in Bone, Algeria. 100 die, 160 injured, $20 million damage
  • 1964-11-28 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • 1965-02-27 France performs Underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • 1965-05-30 France performs nuclear test at Ecker Algeria (Underground)
  • 1965-06-19 Algerian coup under colonel Houari Boumedienne, pres Ben Bella fired
  • 1965-10-01 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • 1965-12-13 Algerian president Boumedienne visits Moscow
  • 1966-02-16 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker, Algeria
  • 1967-06-30 Moise Tsjombe kidnapped to Algeria
  • 1968-07-02 An El Al Israeli airliner is hijacked and diverted to Algeria by three armed members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)
  • 1971-02-24 Algeria nationalizes 51 percent of French oil concessions
  • 1974-02-12 Heads of state of Algeria, Egypt, Syria, and Saudi Arabia discuss oil strategy in view of the progress in Arab-Israeli disengagement
  • 1976-01-27 Morocco-Algeria battles in West Sahara
  • 1976-03-07 Morocco & Mauretania break diplomatic relations with Algeria
  • 1976-11-22 Algeria Constitution goes into effect
  • 1977-12-05 Egypt breaks off diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq & South Yemen
  • 1979-02-07 Colonel Benjedid Chadli succeeds pres Boumedienne in Algeria
  • 1979-07-04 Algerian ex-president Ben Bella freed
  • 1980-04-20 Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria as hundreds of Berber political activists are arrested.

Famous Birthdays

  • 1655-02-07 Jean-Francois Regnard, French comedy writer (Slave in Algeria)
  • 1669-06-24 Francois van Aerssen, Dutch vice-admiral (Suriname/Algeria)
  • 1808-09-06 Abd al-Qadir, Algerian political and military leader (d. 1883)
  • 1845-04-05 Jules M Cambon, French gov-gen of Algeria/ambassador
  • 1867-01-21 Maxime Weygard, French general/gov-gen (Algeria)
  • 1892-06-30 Pierre Blanchar, Philippeville Algeria, actor (Magnificent Sinner)
  • 1898-10-15 Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian athlete (d. 1951)
  • 1899-06-10 Raoul Salan, Fr/Indochina/Algeria (leader OAS)
  • 1899-10-24 Ferhat Abbas, Algerian pharmacist/MP chairman (1962-63)
  • 1900-03-24 June [Algeria Junius] Clark, musician trumpet
  • 1913-03-04 Taos Amrouche, Algerian writer and singer (d. 1976)
  • 1913-07-27 Vittorio Sereni, Italian poet (Diario d'Algeria)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913-11-07 Albert Camus, Algeria, author (The Just-Nobel 1957), (d. 1960)

Author Albert Camus
Author
Albert Camus
  • 1914-05-04 Emmanuel Robles, Algerian-Fren journalist/playwright (Lesson Hauteurs)
  • 1917-04-04 Joseph Ortiz, French-Algerian extremist (barricade uprising)
  • 1918-12-25 Ahmed Ben Bella, Maghnia, Algeria, politician, first President of Algeria, (d. 2012)
  • 1919-06-23 Muhammad Boudiaf, Algerian political leader (d. 1992)
  • 1921-01-01 Alain Mimoun O'Kacha, Algerian/French cross country (Oly-gold-1956), (d. 2013)
  • 1927-08-23 Houari Boumedienne, president of Algeria (1965-78)
  • 1932-05-10 Francoise Fabian, Hussein Dey Algeria, actress (Happy New Year)
  • 1932-08-23 Houari Boumedienne, President of Algeria (d. 1978)
  • 1933-03-30 Jean-Claude Brialy, Aumale Algeria, actor (Circle of Love, Cousins)
  • 1936-08-01 Yves Saint-Laurent, Oran Algeria, fashion designer (Opium, Obsession)
  • 1936-08-04 Assia Djebar, Algerian writer and filmmaker
  • 1937-03-02 Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President of Algeria
  • 1938-12-11 Enrico Macias, Algerian-born French singer
  • 1948-09-10 Tony Gatlif, Algerian-born director
  • 1950-01-24 Daniel Auteuil, Algeria, actor (Elegant Criminal, Manon of Spring)
  • 1959-05-14 Patrick Bruel, Algerian/French actor/rock vocalist (Coup of Sirocco)
  • 1960-02-29 Khaled, Algerian raï musician
  • 1965-02-05 Tarik Benhabiles, Algeria, tennis star
  • 1968-07-10 Hassisba Boulmerka, Algeria, 1500m (Olympics-gold-92)
  • 1968-10-08 Ali Benarbia, former Algerian footballer
  • 1969-03-05 Moussa Saïb, former Algerian footballer
  • 1970-02-28 Noureddine Morceli, Algeria, 1500m runner (Olympics-gold-96)
  • 1975-05-14 Salim Iles, Algerian swimmer
  • 1976-03-27 Djamel Belmadi, Algerian footballer
  • 1977-05-27 Abderrahmane Hammad, Algerian athlete
  • 1981-01-14 Abdelmalek Cherrad, Algerian football
  • 1982-10-07 Madjid Bougherra, Algerian footballer
  • 1983-04-18 Fodil Hadjadj, Algerian footballer
  • 1985-02-22 Hameur Bouazza, Algerian footballer
  • 1986-03-18 Abdennour Cherif El Ouazzani, Algerian footballer

Famous Deaths

  • 1709-09-04 Jean-Francois Regnard, French comedic poet/slave in Algeria, dies
  • 1815-06-17 Hammida, Algerian admiral, dies in battle
  • 1883-05-24 Abdel Kadir, Algerian leader (b. 1808)
  • 1883-05-26 Abdelkader El Djezairi, Algerian leader, scholar and national hero (b.1808)
  • 1935-09-19 Jules M Cambron, French gov-gen to Algeria/ambassador, dies
  • 1959-10-18 Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian athlete (b. 1898)
  • 1978-12-27 Houari Boumédienne, President of Algeria (b. 1932)
  • 1984-07-03 Raoul Salan, French general/OAS leader (Algeria), dies at 85
  • 1986-12-06 Malik Oussekine, Algerian/French student, killed by police at 22
  • 1992-06-29 Mohammed Boudiaf, president of Algeria, assassinated at 73
  • 1993-03-16 Djilalli Lyabes, Algerian minister of Higher Education, murdered
  • 1993-03-17 Laadi Flici, Algerian MP, murdered
  • 1993-06-15 Mahfoud Boucebi, Algerian psychiatrist, murdered
  • 1993-06-22 M'hammed Boukhozba, Algerian sociologist, murdered at 52
  • 1993-08-22 Kasdi Merbah, PM of Algeria (1988-89), assassinated
  • 1993-10-10 Djillali Belkhenchir, Algerian doctor, murdered at 52
  • 1993-10-14 Mustafa Abada, Algerian TV director, murdered
  • 1993-10-18 Smail Yefsah, Algerian TV journalist, murdered at 31
  • 1993-12-06 Rouaz Lakhdar, Algerian supreme court justice, murdered
  • 1993-12-16 Bentri Seddik, Algerian court judge, murdered at 46
  • 1993-12-27 Youssef Sebti, Algerian scholar/poet, murdered at 50
  • 1994-02-19 Georges Watin, Algerian/French officer (OAS), dies at 71
  • 1994-03-14 Abdelkader Alloula, Algerian playwright, murdered
  • 1994-03-26 Constantine Koukouchkine, Russ diplomat. murdered in Algeria at 41
  • 1994-08-23 Rabah Stambouli, Algerian sociologist/politician, murdered at 65
  • 1994-09-29 Cheb Hasni, Algerian singer, murdered at 26
  • 1994-12-03 Said Mekbel, Algerian editor in chief (Le Matin), murdered at 57
  • 1995-02-12 Rachid Mimouni, Algerian author (L'Honneur de la Tribu), dies at 49
  • 1995-02-13 Abdelhafid Said, Algerian student leader, murdered
  • 1995-02-13 Azeddine Medjoubi, head Algerian nationally theater, murdered at 49
  • 1995-02-15 Joseph Ortiz, French-Algerian extremist/rebel, dies at 77
  • 1995-02-15 Nabila Diahnine, Algerian architect/feminist, murdered at 33
  • 1995-02-22 Lembarek Boumaarafi, Algerian murderer of Pres Boudiaf, dies
  • 1995-03-20 Rachida Hammadi, Algerian TV journalist, murdered at 32
  • 1996-09-22 Mohammed Ben Amhed Abdelghani, PM of Algeria (1979-84), dies
  • 2003-02-04 Benyoucef Ben Khedda, Algerian politician (b. 1920)
  • 2010-08-14 Tahar Wattar, Algerian novelist (b. 1936)
  • 2012-02-13 Mohamed Lamari, Chief of Staff of the Algerian Army, dies from a heart attack at 72
  • 2012-04-11 Ahmed Ben Bella, First president of Algeria, dies at 93
  • 2012-10-06 Chadli Bendjedid, Algerian president, dies from cancer at 83