Armenian History

Historical Events

  • 2492-08-11 BC Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.
  • 0068-10-06 BC Battle of Artaxata: Lucullus averts the bad omen of this day by defeating Tigranes the Great of Armenia.
  • 0451-05-26 The Battle of Avarayr between Armenian rebels and the Sassanid Empire takes place. The Armenians are defeated militarily but are guaranteed freedom to openly practice Christianity.
  • 0552-07-10 Origin of Armenian calendar
  • 1071-08-26 Battle of Manzikert, Byzantine Armenia (modern Malazgirt, Turkey). Fought between Byzantine Empire and Seljuq Turks.
  • 1827-10-01 The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
  • 1854-02-02 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On persecution of Armenians"
  • 1873-01-06 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia"
  • 1877-11-17 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia
  • 1894-11-16 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
  • 1896-08-26 Armenian Revolutionary Federation assaults the Ottoman Bank in Constantinople to draw attention to the mass-pogroms and massacres of Armenians instigated by the Ottoman Sultan Abdul-Hamid II
  • 1906-04-15 The Armenian organization AGBU is established.
  • 1914-12-28 Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks
  • 1915-04-14 Turkey invades Armenia.
  • 1915-04-20 The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed
  • 1915-04-24 Massacre of Armenians by Turks starts (Armenian Martyrs Day)
  • 1915-05-12 Croatians plunder Armenia, killing 250
  • 1916-07-02 Russian offensive in Armenia
  • 1918-05-26 Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarapat.
  • 1919-05-28 Armenia declares its Independence
  • 1920-12-03 Turkey & Armenia agree to peace treaty
  • 1921-01-03 Turkey makes peace with Armenia
  • 1922-09-11 The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
  • 1936-12-05 Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union
  • 1958-09-02 U.S. Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan, Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew lost.
  • 1978-08-14 French TV announced a rating of "0" for a program about an Armenian's woman's 40th birthday, (comp: Napoleanic drama-67%, Knockout-33%)
  • 1983-07-15 8 killed, 54 wounded, by Armenian extremists bomb at Orly, France
  • 1988-02-28 Anti-Armenian pogrom in Azerbaijan, 30 killed
  • 1988-07-14 200,000 demonstrate in Soviet Armenia for incorporation of Nagorno-Karabak
  • 1988-12-07 6.9 earthquake in Spitak, Armenia kills 25,000 and leaves 5,000,000 homeless
  • 1989-01-12 6 claim to survive in rubble, 35 days after Armenian quake (hoax)
  • 1990-08-23 Armenia declares independence
  • 1991-09-21 Armenia votes on whether to remain in Soviet Union
  • 1992-02-25 Khojaly massacre: about 613 civilians killed by Armenian armed forces during the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan
  • 1992-05-09 Armenian forces capture Shusha, marking a major turning point in the Karabakh War.
  • 1993-12-26 Antonov-26 crashes at Gyumri, Armenia, 36 killed
  • 1999-10-27 Gunmen open fire in the Armenian Parliament, killing Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan, Parliament Chairman Karen Demirchyan, and 6 other members.
  • 2003-07-07 The United Communist Party of Armenia is formed.
  • 2007-01-19 Armenian Journalist Hrant Dink assassinated in front of his newspaper's office by 17 year old Turkish ultranationalist Og√ľn Samast.
  • 2008-03-02 Riots in Yerevan, Armenia concerning the Armenian presidential election, 2008 come to a fatal end, with police forces clashing with civilians in their peaceful protest, resulting in 8 deaths.
  • 2009-10-10 After closed borders for nearly two hundred years, Armenia and Turkey sign protocols in Zurich to open their borders
  • 2012-09-09 Armenia wins the 40th FIDE Chess Olympiad
  • 2015-01-01 Eurasian Economic Union comes into effect, creating a political and economic union between Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan
  • 2015-04-24 Armenia commemorates the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide by the Ottoman Empire

Famous Birthdays

  • 1859-11-19 Mikhail Mikhayl Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russia, musician (Armenian Rhapsody)
  • 1869-09-26 Komitas, Armenian composer (d. 1935)
  • 1883-02-01 Jevgeni B Vachtangov, Armenian/Russian actor/director (Eric XIV)
  • 1887-01-13 George Gurdjieff, Armenian-Greek mystic (d. 1949)
  • 1895-11-16 Michael Arlen, Armenia, English author (An American Verdict)
  • 1895-11-25 Anastas I Mikoyan, Armenia, member of Supreme Soviet
  • 1903-05-24 Aram Katchaturian, Armenian composer, (Earth)
  • 1904-04-15 Arshile Gorky, Armenian Artist (d. 1948)
  • 1924-01-09 Sergei Parajanov, Armenian film director (d. 1990)
  • 1924-05-22 Charles Aznavour, Armenia, French singer (Monsieur Carnavel, Tin Drum)
  • 1928-07-04 Cathy Berberian, Armenia, US singer
  • 1930-07-04 Frunzik Mkrtchyan, Armenian actor
  • 1932-04-24 Vladimir Yengibaryan, Yerevan, Armenia, welterweight boxer (Olympic gold, 1956), (d. 2013)
  • 1941-10-02 Zareh Baronian, Armenian theologian
  • 1951-06-12 Andranik Margaryan, 14th Prime Minister of Armenia (d. 2007)
  • 1953-05-19 Shavarsh Karapetyan, Soviet Armenian finswimmer
  • 1954-09-15 Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (d. 2007)
  • 1959-03-05 Vazgen Sargsyan, Armenian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1967-08-21 Serj Tankian, Armenian-born singer (System of a Down)
  • 1971-12-07 Vladimir Akopian, Armenian chess player
  • 1973-06-03 Sargis Sargsian, Yerevan Armenia, tennis star (1995 NCAA)
  • 1974-04-11 Ashot Danielyan, Armenian weightlifter
  • 1974-04-22 Shavo Odadjian, Armenian-born bassist (System of a Down)
  • 1982-07-09 Alecko Eskandarian, Armenian-American footballer
  • 1987-01-19 Edgar Manucharyan, Armenian footballer

Famous Deaths

  • 0440-02-17 St. Mesrop Mashtots, Armenian theologian and linguist
  • 0440-02-19 Mesrop Mashtots, Armenian monk, theologian and linguist (b. 361/362)
  • 0820-12-25 Leo V, the Armenian, Byzantine gen/Emperor (813-20), murdered
  • 0948-06-15 Romanus I Lecapenus, Armenian emperor of Byzantium (919-44), dies
  • 1219-05-05 King Leo II of Armenia (b. 1150)
  • 1285-07-28 Queen Keran of Armenia, consort of Leo III of Armenia
  • 1320-07-20 King Oshin of Armenia (b. 1282)
  • 1341-08-28 King Leo V of Armenia (b. 1309)
  • 1922-05-29 Jevgeni B Vachtangov, Armenian/Russian actor/director, dies at 39
  • 1935-10-22 Komitas, Armenian composer (b. 1869)
  • 1936-09-03 Nikita Balieff, Armenian vaudevillian and impressario (b. 1876 or 1877)
  • 1949-10-29 G. I. Gurdjieff, Armenian mystic (b. 1872)
  • 1993-12-29 Frunzik Mkrtchyan, Soviet Armenian actor (b. 1930)
  • 2002-07-13 Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born Armenian photographer (b. 1908)
  • 2003-09-30 Robert Kardashian, Armenian-American lawyer, dies of cancer at 59
  • 2007-01-19 Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (b. 1954)
  • 2007-03-25 Andranik Margaryan, Armenian politician (b. 1951)
  • 2007-09-11 Ian Porterfield, Manager of Armenia National Football Club (b. 1946)
  • 2012-03-28 Alexander Arutiunian, Armenian composer, dies at 91