Vienna in History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 143


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1192-12-20 Richard the Lionhearted captured in Vienna

  • 1267-05-10 Vienna's church orders all Jews to wear a distinctive garb
  • 1312-04-03 2nd council of Vienna, Knights Templars supressed
  • 1312-05-06 Pope Clement V closes Council of Vienna
  • 1365-03-12 University of Vienna founded
  • 1396-06-24 Crusaders under Earl of Nevers reach Vienna
  • 1462-11-01 Archduke Albrecht VI van Habsburg occupies Vienna
  • 1485-06-01 Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III
  • 1515-07-22 First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland & Holy Roman Empire - rise of the Habsburgs influence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1529-09-24 Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and his Ottoman troops arrive in Vienna, beginning of the seige

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1624-05-08 Hungarian King Bethlen Gabor & Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II sign Treaty of Vienna
  • 1668-02-23 Fire in the Hofburg in Vienna, emperor Leopold I rescued
  • 1668-07-13 Van Marco Cesti's opera "Il Pomo d'Oro" (the Golden Apple or Tomato) premieres in Vienna
  • 1670-02-14 Roman Catholic emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna
  • 1670-07-25 Austrian Emperor Leopold I expels 4,000 Jews from Vienna
  • 1683-07-16 Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa reach Vienna
  • 1683-09-03 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • 1683-09-12 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • 1706-03-08 Vienna's Wiener Stadtbank established
  • 1725-04-30 Emperor Charles VI & King Philip IV of Spain sign Treaty of Vienna
  • 1731-03-16 Treaty of Vienna signed by Prince Eugene of Savoy, Count Sinzendorf and Count Gundacker, Thomas Stahremberg and the British envoy to Vienna, Sir Thomas Robinson.
  • 1731-07-22 Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
  • 1732-02-20 Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna
  • 1752-11-11 Theresianische Military Academy opens in Vienna
  • 1762-10-05 Opera "Orfeo Ed Euridice" is produced in Vienna
  • 1772-02-17 1st Partition of Poland signed in Vienna by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1777-05-13 University library at Vienna opens

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1782-07-16 Mozart's opera "Das Entfuhrung aus dem Serail" premieres in Vienna

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
  • 1784-04-29 Premiere of Mozart's Sonata in B flat, K454 (Vienna)
  • 1785-09-01 Mozart publishes 6th string quartet opus 10 in Vienna
  • 1786-05-01 Mozart's opera "Marriage of Figaro" premieres in Wien (Vienna)
  • 1790-01-26 Mozart's opera "Cosi Fan Tutte" premieres in Vienna
  • 1791-09-30 Mozart's opera "Magic Flute" premieres in Vienna
  • 1792-02-07 Domenico Cimarosa's opera "Il Matrimonio Segreto" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792-12-12 In Vienna, Ludwig Von Beethoven (22) receives 1st lesson in music composition from Franz Joseph Haydn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814-10-01 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, redrew Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814-11-01 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.
  • 1815-06-09 End of the Congress of Vienna: New European political situation is set.
  • 1815-11-27 City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
  • 1817-01-31 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Ahnfrau" premieres in Vienna
  • 1818-04-21 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna
  • 1821-03-26 Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1823-12-20 Franz Schubert's "Ballet-Musik aus Rosamunde," premieres in Vienna

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • 1824-05-07 Beethoven's 9th (Chorale) Symphony, premieres in Vienna
  • 1825-02-19 Franz Grillparzer's "Konig Ottokars Gluck" premieres in Vienna
  • 1826-03-21 Beethoven's Quartet #13 in B flat major (Op 130) premiered in Vienna
  • 1827-03-29 20,000 attend Ludwig von Beethovens burial in Vienna
  • 1828-02-28 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Treuer Diener" premieres in Vienna
  • 1834-10-04 Franz Grillparzer's "Der Traum ein Leben" premieres in Vienna
  • 1838-03-06 Franz Grillparzer's "Weh dem, der Lugt" premieres in Vienna
  • 1847-11-25 Opera "Marta" is produced (Vienna)
  • 1848-11-09 Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.
  • 1849-11-21 Friedrich Hebbel's "Der Rubin" premieres in Vienna
  • 1861-06-16 Battle of Vienna, VA & Secessionville, SC (James Island)
  • 1862-08-21 The Vienna Stadtpark opens its gates.
  • 1867-02-13 Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube" waltz premieres in Vienna
  • 1869-10-01 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • 1870-01-06 The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna).
  • 1872-09-24 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg" premieres in Vienna
  • 1873-05-01 Emperor Franz Jozef opens 5th World's Exposition in Vienna
  • 1873-05-09 Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression.
  • 1874-01-21 Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa" premieres in Vienna
  • 1874-04-05 Johann Strauss Jr's opera "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna
  • 1877-12-30 Johnannes Brahms' 2nd Symphony in D, premieres in Vienna
  • 1881-12-08 Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by fire, kills between 640-850
  • 1885-10-24 Johann Strauss' operetta "Zigeunerbaron (Gypsy Baron)" premieres in Vienna
  • 1885-12-02 Opera "Regina di Saba" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886-04-25 Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 1892-02-16 Opera "Werther" premieres in Vienna
  • 1898-10-01 The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902-03-18 Arnold Schoenberg's "Verklärte Nacht" premieres in Vienna

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • 1902-11-25 Franz Lehar's opera "Wiener Frauen" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902-11-29 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der arme Heinrich" premieres in Vienna

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908-10-03 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1908-11-14 Oscar Strauss' musical "Der tapfere Soldat" premieres in Vienna
  • 1909-03-06 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Griselda" premieres in Vienna
  • 1912-06-26 Gustav Mahler's 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna
  • 1919-10-10 Richard Strauss & Hugo van Hofmannsthals premieres in Vienna
  • 1921-02-27 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna
  • 1923-03-16 Hugo von Hofmannsthal's "Der Unbestechliche" premieres in Vienna
  • 1923-05-04 Bloody street battles between nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
  • 1923-09-07 Interpol forms in Vienna
  • 1924-10-14 Arnold Schoeberg's opera "Die Gluckliche Hand" premieres in Vienna
  • 1926-10-03 1st congress of Pan European Movement (Pan-Europese Beweging) opens in Vienna
  • 1927-07-15 Massacre in Vienna: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934-06-14 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet in Vienna

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943-12-02 First RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt -Nazi Reich Security Head Office) transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 119

  • 1557-02-24 Matthias, Holy Roman emperor (1612-19), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1708-04-06 Johann George Reutter, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1772)
  • 1726-08-26 Karl Kohaut, Austrian composer and lutenist, born in Vienna (d. 1784)
  • 1732-03-31 Franz Joseph Haydn, prominent composer of the classical period (The Creation/Die Schopfung), born in Vienna, Austria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1747-05-05 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1765-90) and Holy Roman Emperor (1790-92), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1792)

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1755-11-02 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (1774-92) who uttered the phrase "let them eat cake", born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1793)

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • 1765-06-13 Anton Eberl, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1807)
  • 1772-04-01 Ignaz Franz von Mosel, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1844)
  • 1791-02-20 Carl Czerny, pianist/composer (Schule der Virtuosen), born in Vienna, Austria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1797-01-31 Franz Peter Schubert, Austrian composer (Unfinished Symphony), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1828)

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • 1802-01-13 Eduard von Bauernfeld, comedic playwright, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1803-01-06 Henri Herz, Austrian pianist and composer, born in Vienna (d. 1888)
  • 1808-01-12 Paul "the Great" Taglioni, ballet choreographer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1809-12-22 Benedict Augustin Morel, Fren psychologist (dementia praecox), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1816-11-29 Carl Binder, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1860)
  • 1819-05-18 Julius Hopp, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1885)
  • 1826-03-23 Ludwig Minkus, Austrian ballet composer, born in Vienna (d. 1917)
  • 1826-12-21 Ernst Pauer, Austrian composer and pianist, born in Vienna (d. 1905)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1832-07-06 Maximilian I of Mexico and Archduke of Austria, first and only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire, born in Vienna, Austria

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • 1844-10-24 Karl Lueger, anti semitic mayor of Vienna
  • 1853-04-30 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1912)
  • 1858-08-01 Hans Rott, Austrian composer and organist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • 1860-05-04 Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, composer (Donna Diana), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1861-02-26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1869-08-10 Lawrence Binyon, poet (Symbolic Wounds), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1870-03-06 Oscar Straus, composer (Ein Walzertraum), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1871-10-14 Alexander von Zemlinsky, composer (Schneeman), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1871-11-15 Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, Austrian Botanist who was one of three scientists (also Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns) who independently rediscovered Gregor Mendel's work on the laws of genetics, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1874-01-29 Robert Lach, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1958)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874-09-13 Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer (2nd Quartet) and painter associated with the expressionist movement, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1951)

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • 1875-02-02 Fritz Kreisler, violinist/composer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1875-12-25 Theodor Innitzer, cardinal/archbishop Vienna
  • 1880-08-17 Leo Ascher, Austrian-born composer who moved to the US, born in Vienna (d. 1942)
  • 1881-02-06 Karl Weigl, Austrian-American composer, born in Vienna (d. 1949)
  • 1881-11-28 Stefan Zweig, poet/essayist/dramatist (Beware of Pity), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1882-11-15 Felix Frankfurter, 80th Supreme Court Justice (1939-62), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1883-12-03 Anton (Friedrich Wilhelm) von Webern, Austrian 12-tone composer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1885-02-09 Alban Maria Johannes Berg, a Lulu of a composer!, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1887-05-11 Paul Wittgenstein, left handed pianist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1961)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1887-08-12 Erwin Schrodinger, physicist and Nobel Prize Laureate, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1961)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger
  • 1887-10-06 Maria Jeritza, [Jedlicka], Austria, singer (Vienna Opera)
  • 1887-12-07 Ernst Toch, composer (Melodie Lehre), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1888-05-10 Max[imilian Raoul Walter] Steiner, composer (Gone With Wind), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1890-08-05 Erich Kleiber, conductor (NBC Symphony 1945-46), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1891-12-22 Edward L Bernays, 1st public relations agent, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1892-11-17 Max Deutsch, Austrian-French composer, born in Vienna (d. 1982)
  • 1893-03-31 Clemens Krauss, conductor (Berlin State Orch-1937), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1896-03-22 Joseph Schildkraut, actor (Joseph Schildkraut Presents, Diary of Anne Frank)), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1896-11-28 Lilia Skala, actress (House of Games, Flashdance, Charly), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1897-04-23 John Wengraf, actor (12 to Moon, Pride & Passion), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1898-08-12 Oscar Homolka, actor (I Remember Mama), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1900-03-06 Ludwig Donath, actor (Torn Curtain, Sirocco), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1900-08-22 Elizabeth Bergner, actress (Catherine the Great), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1900-08-23 Ernst Krenek, composer (Johnny Spielt Auf), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1900-11-19 Anton Walbrook, [Adolf Wohlbrook], actor (Laura), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1902-02-26 Rudolf Moralt, German conductor (Vienna Philharmonic)
  • 1902-03-16 Lucie Rie, Austrian-born British potter, born in Vienna (d. 1995)
  • 1902-04-08 Josef Krips, conductor (London Symph 1954-63), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1902-05-03 Walter Slezak, actor (Bedtime for Bonzo, Inspector General), born in Vienna, Austria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902-07-28 Karl Popper, Austro-British philosopher (Logic of Forschung), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1994)

Philosopher and Professor Karl Popper
Philosopher and Professor
Karl Popper
  • 1902-12-17 Albert Drach, Austrian-Jewish writer, born in Vienna (d. 1995)
  • 1903-08-22 René Wellek, writer (Concepts of Criticism), Vienna, Austria
  • 1904-01-05 Erica Morini, concert violinist (d. 1995), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1904-03-07 Willy Forst, Austria actor/director (Vienna Blood)
  • 1904-11-15 Tilly Losch, Austrian dancer and actress (Duel in the Sun, Garden of Allah), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1975)
  • 1905-05-18 Eric Zeisl, Austrian American composer, born in Vienna (d. 1959)
  • 1905-05-26 Hans Holewa, Austrian-born Swedish composer, born in Vienna (d. 1991)
  • 1906-06-14 Carl Esmond, Wien (Vienna) Austria, actor (Smash-Up)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906-06-22 Billy Wilder, Austrian-born American filmmakerr (Some Like It Hot, Apartment, Stalag 17), born in Vienna, Austria

Filmmaker Billy Wilder
Filmmaker
Billy Wilder
  • 1907-09-08 Leon Askin, actor (Pierre-Charlie Farrell Show), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1908-01-14 Carl Esmond, actor (Address Unknown, Hitler), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1909-02-28 Stephen Spender, English poet and critic (Vienna, Edge of Darkness), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1909-06-05 Alfred Uhl, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1992)
  • 1909-09-13 Herbert Berghof, actor (Belarus File), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1910-01-28 John Banner, actor (Sgt Hans Schultz-Hogan's Heroes), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1911-10-19 Hilde Spiel, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1990)
  • 1912-02-04 Erich Leinsdorf, Austrian-born American conductor, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1993)
  • 1912-07-07 Tiny Alma, [Catharina E J Stam], operetta singer (Vienna Blood)
  • 1913-08-12 Kurt Kaszner, actor (Cmdr Fitzhugh-Land of the Giants), born in Vienna, Austria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913-11-09 Hedy Lamarr, Austro-American actress (Ecstacy, Samson & Delilah), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2000)

Actress and Inventor Hedy Lamarr
Actress and Inventor
Hedy Lamarr
  • 1917-10-07 Helmut Dantine, actor (Shadow of the Cloak), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1918-10-20 Anton Diffring, Koblenz Germany, actor (Assignment Vienna)
  • 1919-09-13 George Weidenfeld, British Publisher (Weidenfeld & Nicolson), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • 1920-08-19 Paul Kont, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 2000)
  • 1921-03-06 Julius Rudel, conductor (NYC Opera 1957), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1921-05-06 Erich Freid, Austrian and British writer, born in Vienna (d. 1988)
  • 1921-06-12 H. C. Artmann, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 2000)
  • 1921-07-13 Ernest Gold [Goldner], Austrian-born American film composer (Exodus), born in Vienna (d. 1999)
  • 1922-03-30 Turhan Bey, actor (Dragon Seed, Ali Baba & 40 Thieves), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1923-03-09 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • 1923-08-26 Wolfgang Sawallisch, conductor (Vienna Symph 1960-70), born in Munich. Germany

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1923-10-29 Carl Djerassi, Austrian-born American chemist, father of the contraceptive pill, born in Vienna

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Chemist
Carl Djerassi
  • 1924-01-08 Robert Starer, composer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1924-05-02 Theodore Bikel, Austrian/US folk singer/actor (Russians Are Coming), born in Vienna (d.2015)
  • 1925-04-20 Richard Hoffmann, Austrian composer, born in Vienna
  • 1925-08-01 Ernst Jandl, Austrian writer (Otto's Pug), born in Vienna (d. 2000)
  • 1926-01-15 Maria Schell, actress (Space 1999), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1926-08-01 Karl Kohn, American composer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1927-10-06 Paul Badura-Skoda, pianist (Mozart Interpretation), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1927-12-24 Teresa Stich-Randall, US soprano (Vienna State Opera)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1782-08-04 Musician Wolfang Amadeus Mozart (26) weds Constanze Weber in St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, Austria

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
  • 1902-03-09 Composer Gustav Mahler marries Alma Schindler in Vienna

HeartWedding of Interest

1934-02-24 High-ranking member of British intelligence Kim Philby (22) weds communist Litzi Friedmann in Vienna, Austria


Famous Deaths

  • 1522-08-11 Martin Siebenborger, mayor of Vienna, beheaded
  • 1696-06-17 John [Jan] III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), Victor at Battle Vienna over Turks (1683) dies at 66
  • 1723-04-05 J Fischer von Erlach, Austrian architect (Hofburg, Vienna), dies at 66

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1791-12-05 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composer, dies in Vienna Austria at 35

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
  • 1820-03-15 Clemens Maria Hofbauer, patron saint of Vienna (b. 1751

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1825-05-07 Antonio Salieri, Italian composer, dies in Vienna at 74

Composer Antonio Salieri
Composer
Antonio Salieri
  • 1910-03-10 Karl Lueger, Austrian anti-semite/mayor of Vienna, dies at 65
  • 1945-04-03 Joseph Weinheber, Austria poet/writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • 1954-05-16 Clemens Krauss, Austrian conductor (Vienna State Opera), dies at 61
  • 1973-09-29 W H Auden, Vienna poet, dies
  • 1977-11-11 Greta Keller, Vienna-born cabaret singer and actress (b. 1903)
  • 1982-05-02 Helmut Dantine, Austrian-born American actor, born in Vienna
  • 1993-11-16 Lucia Popp, Czech/Austria soprano (Vienna Opera), dies at 54
  • 2004-03-13 Franz König, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)