Austrian History (Part 3)

Austria: Vienna

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 425

  • 1834-05-08 Prussia, Austria & Russia sign classified accord about Belgium
  • 1837-11-19 Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens
  • 1840-07-15 Great Britain, Russia, Austria & Prussia sign Quadruple Alliance
  • 1848-01-08 Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
  • 1848-04-08 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848-05-29 Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
  • 1848-05-30 2nd battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848-06-10 Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
  • 1848-07-25 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
  • 1848-08-09 Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire
  • 1848-12-02 Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria & King of Hungary
  • 1849-04-14 Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.
  • 1849-08-09 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia
  • 1849-08-22 The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice
  • 1849-08-28 Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence
  • 1850-11-29 The treaty, Punctation of Olmütz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.
  • 1851-03-07 Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
  • 1853-10-02 Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
  • 1857-04-27 Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • 1858-09-13 Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire & sinks, 471 die
  • 1859-06-04 Second Italian War of Independence: Battle of Magenta, results in a French-Sardinian victory under Napoleon III over the Austrians under Marshal Ferencz Gyulai

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1859-06-24 Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcame the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I.

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • 1864-02-01 Austrian and Prussian troops occupy Schleswig-Holstein

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864-04-10 Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • 1864-05-09 Ship battle at Helgoland, Austria-Denmark
  • 1866-04-08 Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • 1866-06-15 Prussia attacks Austria
  • 1866-06-20 Italy declares war on Austria
  • 1866-06-24 Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage.
  • 1866-07-17 Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
  • 1866-07-20 Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
  • 1867-02-08 The Ausgleich results in the establishment of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
  • 1869-10-01 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • 1873-08-30 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
  • 1879-10-07 Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
  • 1881-06-16 Austria-Hungary & Serbia sign military treaty
  • 1882-05-20 Germany/Austria-Hungary/France sign Triple Alliance
  • 1883-05-15 Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1883-10-30 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
  • 1884-09-20 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
  • 1884-12-24 Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1887-02-20 Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
  • 1887-12-10 Austria-Hungary, Italy and Great Britain sign Balkan military treaty
  • 1889-01-30 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
  • 1890-03-21 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • 1892-05-20 Triple Alliance between Germany, Italy & Austria forms
  • 1898-09-10 Empress Elizabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni.
  • 1907-01-26 In Austria, universal and direct suffrage (limited to males over 24) is introduced, a reform long demanded by the socialists and others
  • 1908-08-13 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies
  • 1908-10-06 Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • 1908-10-07 Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
  • 1909-02-16 Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
  • 1909-02-26 Austria and Turkey conclude an agreement in which Turkey recognizes Austria's 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is to receive compensation
  • 1909-03-21 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • 1909-03-31 In a diplomatic note to Austria, Serbia recognizes the Bosnian annexation and promises to maintain friendly relations with Austria
  • 1911-06-29 Freiherr Gautsch von Frankenthurn becomes Minister-President of Austria
  • 1912-03-13 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • 1912-11-24 Conflict in the Balkans grows into an acute international crisis with major powers supporting either Austria or Serbia
  • 1912-12-05 The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans
  • 1912-12-16 Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia

MurderAssassination

1914-06-28 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10.45, the casus belli of WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • 1914-07-05 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • 1914-07-23 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; that A-H demands acceptance within 48 hours make peacekeeping difficult
  • 1914-07-25 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-07-25 Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing
  • 1914-07-28 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • 1914-07-29 Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • 1914-07-29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • 1914-07-29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • 1914-07-30 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-07-30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

  • 1914-08-05 Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I
  • 1914-08-06 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • 1914-08-12 France and Great Britian declare war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-08-26 -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia
  • 1914-09-03 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • 1914-12-02 Austria army occupies Belgrade Serbia
  • 1914-12-15 Serbian troops retake Belgrade in Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-12-17 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • 1915-01-01 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
  • 1915-05-04 Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1915-05-23 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary during WW I
  • 1915-06-23 Italians launch the first of what will become 11 battles to dislodge the Austrians from the Isonzo River, which keeps the Italians from Trieste
  • 1915-11-08 An Austrian-Hungarian submarine torpedos and sinks the Italian liner 'Ancona' without warning; over 200 lives lost
  • 1916-01-05 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
  • 1916-01-25 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • 1916-02-11 Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March
  • 1916-02-16 The US rejects the right of Germany and Austria-Hungary to sink armed merchant ships
  • 1916-05-15 Asiago, Italy, falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front
  • 1916-08-02 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
  • 1916-08-27 Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916-11-05 Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Jozef I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1916-12-13 Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian & Italian troops in 24 hrs in Tyrol
  • 1917-01-08 Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy
  • 1917-08-14 China declares war on Germany & Austria
  • 1917-10-24 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • 1917-11-26 The new government of Russia offers an armistice to Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • 1917-12-07 US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I
  • 1918-01-16 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • 1918-03-03 Facing internal counterrevolutionary pressures and external German offensive, Bolsheviks forced to sign harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 718

  • 1852-06-24 Victor Adler, Austrian Foreign minister (1918)
  • 1852-11-25 Johan N Salvator, [Johann Orth], archduke of Austria
  • 1854-10-16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist
  • 1854-11-27 Aloys L earl von Aehrenthal, Austrian minister of Foreign affairs
  • 1855-07-19 Emil Paur, Austrian conductor, born in Bukovina (d. 1932)
  • 1855-10-12 August Sauer, Austria literature historian (Euphorion)
  • 1855-11-01 Guido Adler, Austria, musicologist (Still in the Music)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856-05-06 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and father of psychology, born in Freiberg, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856-07-10 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil, born in Smiljan, Austrian Empire (now Croatia) (d. 1943)

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • 1857-01-17 Wilhelm Kienzl, Austrian composer (Evangelimann)
  • 1857-03-07 Julius Wagner von Jauregg, Austria, psychiatrist (Nobel 1927)
  • 1858-07-21 Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain (d. 1929)
  • 1858-08-01 Hans Rott, Austrian composer and organist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • 1859-08-06 J Arthur S Berson, Austria meteorologist (Balloon flights, Amazon)
  • 1860-03-13 Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (d. 1903)
  • 1860-05-02 Theodor Herzl, Austria, journalist/founder (Zionist movement)
  • 1860-05-04 Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, composer (Donna Diana), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1860-07-07 Gustav Mahler, Kalischat Bohemia Austria, composer/conductor (Titan)
  • 1861-02-26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1861-12-19 Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • 1862-05-15 Arthur Schnitzler, Austria, playwright/novelist (La Ronde)
  • 1862-06-07 Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1947)
  • 1862-07-14 Gustav Klimt, Austria, Art Nouveau painter
  • 1863-04-29 Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (d. 1922)
  • 1863-07-19 Hermann Bahr, Austria writer/director (New Men)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1863-12-18 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria whose assassination in 1914 led to declarations of war in WWI, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1914)

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • 1865-04-17 Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (d. 1939)
  • 1865-07-15 Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1866-02-16 Johann Strauss, Austria, composer (Waltz King)
  • 1866-10-07 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • 1868-04-22 Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (d. 1924)
  • 1868-06-14 Karl Landsteiner, Austria, immunologist/pathologist (Nobel 1930)
  • 1868-06-19 Heinrich Schenker, [A Niloff], Austrian musicologist (Urlinie)
  • 1869-07-04 Karl Seitz, president of Austria
  • 1869-08-10 Lawrence Binyon, poet (Symbolic Wounds), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1869-09-06 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1870-02-07 Alfred Adler, Austria, psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)
  • 1870-03-06 Oscar Straus, composer (Ein Walzertraum), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1870-09-02 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (d. 1947)
  • 1870-12-10 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses)
  • 1870-12-14 Karl Renner, Austrian Chancellor/president (1918-20, 45-50)
  • 1870-12-15 Josef Hoffmann, Austrian architect
  • 1871-01-10 Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti, Austrian author (Jesse & Maria)
  • 1871-05-30 Olga Engl, Austrian actress (d. 1946)
  • 1871-10-14 Alexander von Zemlinsky, composer (Schneeman), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1871-11-15 Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, Austrian Botanist who was one of three scientists (also Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns) who independently rediscovered Gregor Mendel's work on the laws of genetics, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1872-01-04 Edmund Rumpler, Austria, auto/airplane builder
  • 1872-04-13 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, born in Drnowitz, Moravia (d. 1945)
  • 1872-08-09 Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Austrian field marshal (d. 1962)
  • 1872-09-26 Ottokar T Czernin von und zu Chudenitz, Austrian Foreign min (1916-18)
  • 1872-10-15 Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian president (d. 1956)
  • 1872-11-29 Anna Bahr-von Mildenburg, Austrian soprano/director
  • 1873-01-15 Max Adler, Austria sociologist/socialist theorist
  • 1873-02-02 Leopold Fall, Austria, operetta composer (Dollar Princess)
  • 1873-04-24 Theodor Korner von Siegringen, Austrian general/president
  • 1873-08-18 Leo Slezak, Austria tenor/actor (Othello)
  • 1873-09-08 Max Reinhardt, Austria, theatrical director (Oedipus Rex)
  • 1873-12-22 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Austria-Hungary, linguist
  • 1874-02-01 Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austria, poet/dramatist/essayist
  • 1874-03-12 Edmund Eysler, Austrian composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874-03-24 Harry Houdini [Erich Weiss], Famous magician and escape artist, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1926)

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1874-04-09 Julius Bittner, Austrian composer (Little Violet)
  • 1874-04-28 Karl Kraus, satirical writer, born in Jičín, Austrian-Hungarian Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1874-05-12 Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet, Austrian physician (Reaction of Pirquet)
  • 1874-05-27 Richard von Schaukal, Austria poet/writer (Eros Thanatos)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874-09-13 Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer (2nd Quartet) and painter associated with the expressionist movement, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1951)

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • 1874-12-08 Ernst Moro, Austrian physician (d. 1951)
  • 1875-02-02 Fritz Kreisler, violinist/composer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1875-06-20 Othenio Able, Austria, paleontologist
  • 1875-10-17 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer (Yes & No!)
  • 1875-12-04 Rainer Maria Rilke, Austria, poet (Duino Elegies)
  • 1877-02-25 Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist (d. 1935)
  • 1877-04-10 Alfred Kubin, Austrian writer and illustrator, born in Leitmeritz, Bohemia (d. 1959)
  • 1877-09-15 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and zionist (d. 1938)
  • 1877-12-18 Max Pallenberg, Austria, actor (Brave Suender)/husb of Fritzi Massary
  • 1878-01-21 Egon Friedell, Austria, journalist/actor/writer (Der Partylowe)
  • 1878-03-23 Franz Schrecker, Austrian composer (Der ferne Klang, Der Schatzgräber)
  • 1878-10-01 Othmar Spann, Austria economist/sociologist (Geschichtsfilosofie)
  • 1878-10-12 Karl Buresch, Austria politician
  • 1878-11-07 Lise Meitner, Austrian/Swedish physicist (Protactinium)
  • 1879-01-05 Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician (d. 1946)
  • 1879-06-09 Oscar Back, Austrian-Dutch viola player
  • 1879-07-09 Friedrich Adler, Austria social-democrat/murderer of premier Storgkh
  • 1879-09-27 Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician (d. 1934)
  • 1880-01-18 Paul Ehrenfest, Austria/Neth physicist (adiabates hypothesis)
  • 1880-08-06 Hans Moser, Austrian actor (d. 1964)
  • 1880-08-17 Leo Ascher, Austrian-born composer who moved to the US, born in Vienna (d. 1942)
  • 1880-08-25 Robert E Stolz, Austrian composer/conductor (...smaller guard)
  • 1880-11-06 Robert Musil, Austrian novelist (d. 1942)
  • 1881-02-06 Karl Weigl, Austrian-American composer, born in Vienna (d. 1949)
  • 1881-02-21 Savilly Tartakower, Austrian/Polish/French chess player
  • 1881-04-14 Anton Wildgans, Austrian writer/director (Burg Theater)
  • 1881-09-05 Otto Bauer, Austrian social-democrat
  • 1881-09-29 Ludwig von Mises, Austrian Economist
  • 1881-10-11 Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal theorist (d. 1973)
  • 1881-11-28 Stefan Zweig, poet/essayist/dramatist (Beware of Pity), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1882-03-30 Melanie Klein, Austrian/British psycho analysis
  • 1882-04-14 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, (d. 1936)
  • 1882-04-17 Artur Schnabel, Lipnik Austria, pianist (Beethoven Piano Sonatas)
  • 1882-05-11 Joseph Marx, Austrian composer/critic

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 479

  • 1915-01-02 Karl Goldmark, Austria-Hungarian composer (Queen of Saba), dies at 84
  • 1915-09-27 Kaspar C E Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austrian sculptor, dies at 84
  • 1916-02-19 Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist/philosopher/psychologist, dies at 78
  • 1916-10-21 Karl von Storgkh, premier Austria, assassinated
  • 1916-11-21 Franz Jozef I, King of Austria/Hungary, dies
  • 1916-12-28 Eduard Strauss, Austrian composer (318 dances), dies at 81
  • 1918-02-06 Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter/cartoonist, dies at 55
  • 1918-06-26 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843)
  • 1918-10-31 Egon Schiele, Austria painter/graphic artist, dies at 28
  • 1918-11-11 Victor Adler, Austrian neurologist/foreign minister, dies
  • 1920-05-23 Svetozar Boroević, Austrian field marshal (b. 1856)
  • 1920-08-10 Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (b. 1835)
  • 1921-02-26 Carl Menger, Austrian economist, dies at 81
  • 1921-05-05 Alfred H Fried, Austrian/German pacifist (Nobel 1911), dies
  • 1922-04-01 Charles I, emperor (Austria)/King of Hungary (Charles IV), dies
  • 1922-07-06 Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (b. 1863)
  • 1923-01-23 Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  • 1924-01-04 Alfred Grünfeld, Austrian pianist, composer (b. 1852)
  • 1925-03-30 Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64
  • 1925-06-20 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (b. 1842)
  • 1925-09-16 Leo Fall, Austria operetta composer (That Pink von Stambul), dies at 52
  • 1926-09-17 August Sauer, Austria literature historian, dies at 70
  • 1926-12-29 Rainer M Rilke, Austrias songwriter/writer (Wise Queen), dies at 51
  • 1928-03-31 Gustave Ador, president of Austria (1919), dies at 82
  • 1929-02-28 Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet, Austrian artist (React of P), dies at 54
  • 1929-09-23 Richard A Zsigmondy, Austria chemist (Nobel 1925), dies at 64
  • 1930-04-01 Cosima Liszt, wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner, dies at 92
  • 1930-12-13 Fritz Pregl, Slovenian/Austrian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1932-04-04 Ottokar T Czernin von und zu Chudenitz, Austrian minister, dies at 59
  • 1932-06-07 Emil Paur, Austrian conductor, dies at 76
  • 1933-08-22 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses), dies at 62
  • 1933-08-23 Adolph Loos, Austrian architect, dies at 62
  • 1933-09-25 Paul Ehrenfest, Austria/Neth physicist, dies at 53
  • 1934-01-15 Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer (Concert), dies at 70
  • 1934-03-21 Franz Schreker, Austrian composer, dies after suffering from a stroke at 55
  • 1934-06-27 Max Pallenberg, Austria actor (Brave Suender), dies in air crash at 56
  • 1934-07-25 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian chancellor assassinated by nazis
  • 1935-11-28 Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1877)
  • 1936-03-18 Egon Friedell, Austrian journalist (Kleine Portratgalerie), dies at 58
  • 1936-04-08 Robert Bárány, Austrian physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1936-06-12 Karl Kraus, Austrian satirical writer, dies at 62
  • 1936-06-22 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher assassinated at 54 by former student Johann Nelböck
  • 1936-09-16 Karl Buresch, Austrian politician, dies
  • 1936-11-17 Ernestine Schumann-Heink, Austrian contralto (b. 1861)
  • 1937-04-02 Nathan Birnbaum, Austria philosopher (Zionism), dies at about 72
  • 1937-05-28 Alfred Adler, Austria psychiatrist (Individual Psychology), dies at 67
  • 1937-06-28 Max Adler, Austrian socialist theorist, dies at 64
  • 1938-05-17 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and zionist (b. 1877)
  • 1938-07-04 Otto Bauer, Austrian social democrat, dies at 56
  • 1938-10-18 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist, dies
  • 1939-01-09 Johann Strauss, Austrian conductor/Royal ball director, dies at 72
  • 1939-01-10 Julius Bittner, Austria composer (Missa Austriaca), dies at 64
  • 1939-01-23 Matthias Sindelar, Austria soccer star, commits suicide
  • 1939-02-11 Franz Schmidt, Austrian composer, dies at 64
  • 1939-05-27 Joseph Roth, Austria journalist (Fluctuate ohne Ende), dies at 44
  • 1939-05-29 Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (b. 1865)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1939-09-23 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and creator of psychoanalysis, dies at 83

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 1939-10-31 Otto Rank, [Rosenfeld], Austria psychoanalyst (Trauma of Geburt), dies
  • 1940-09-07 Edmund Rumpler, Austria auto/airplane builder, dies
  • 1940-09-27 Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1941-10-03 Wilhelm Kienzl, Austria composer (Kuhreigen), dies at 84
  • 1942-02-15 Guido Adler, Austrian musicologist, dies at 91
  • 1942-02-23 Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (Die Welt von Gestern), dies at 60
  • 1942-02-25 Leo Ascher, Austrian-born composer who moved to the US, dies at 61
  • 1942-03-15 Alexander van Zemlinsky, Austrian and US composer (African Dance), dies at 70
  • 1942-04-15 Robert Musil, Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), dies at 61
  • 1942-05-07 Felix Paul von Weingartner, Austria conductor/composer, dies at 79
  • 1942-10-10 Richard von Schaukal, Austria poet/writer (Schlemihle), dies at 68
  • 1942-12-13 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1943-01-10 J Arthur S Berson, Austrian meteorologist, dies at 83
  • 1943-06-06 Karl Landsteiner, Austrian/US pathologist (Nobel 1930), dies at 74
  • 1943-10-31 Max Reinhardt, Austrian stage manager (Turandot), dies
  • 1944-07-23 Max HHR Nettlau, Austrian historian (Der Anarchismus), dies at 79
  • 1945-04-03 Joseph Weinheber, Austria poet/writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • 1945-08-20 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • 1945-09-15 Anton Friedrich Wilhelm von Webern, Austrian composer, dies at 61
  • 1945-10-08 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), dies at 78
  • 1945-12-22 Otto Neurath, Austrian/British philosopher, dies at 63
  • 1946-07-04 Othenio Able, Austria paleontology, dies at 71
  • 1946-09-21 Olga Engl, Austrian actress (b. 1971)
  • 1946-10-16 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s), hanged at 54
  • 1946-10-16 Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Austrian Nazi (SS), hanged
  • 1947-02-03 Anna Bahr-von Mildenburg, Austrian soprano/director, dies at 74
  • 1947-03-23 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (b. 1870)
  • 1947-05-20 Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1947-05-28 August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal (b. 1907)
  • 1947-05-30 Georg von Trapp, Austrian WW I submarine commander and inspiration for "The Sound of Music" character, dies at 67
  • 1948-01-08 Richard Tauber, Austrian tenor (b. 1891)
  • 1948-10-24 Franz Lehar, Austrian/Hungarian composer (Wiener Frauen), dies at 78
  • 1949-08-11 Karl Weigl, Austrian-American composer, dies at 68
  • 1949-10-04 Edmund Eysler, Austrian composer, dies at 75
  • 1950-02-03 Karl Seitz, president of Austria, dies at 80
  • 1950-04-08 Albert Ehrenstein, Austria writer (Strum), dies at 63
  • 1950-07-08 Othmar Spann, Austrian economist/sociologist (Wahre State), dies at 71
  • 1950-12-31 Karl Renner, Austrian Chancellor/pres (1918-20, 45-50), dies at 80
  • 1951-04-29 Ludwig J J Wittgenstein, Austria/English philosopher, dies at 62

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1951-07-13 Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer (Verklärte Nacht) and painter associated with the expressionist movement, dies at 76

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • 1951-08-15 Artur Schnabel, Austria/US pianist (Reflections on Music), dies at 69
  • 1952-05-08 William Fox, Austrian-born film producer (b. 1879)
  • 1952-10-05 Joe Jagersberger, Austrian racing driver (b. 1884 or 1885)