Brazilian History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 156

  • 1500-01-26 Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot in Brazil.
  • 1500-04-22 Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil & claims it for Portugal
  • 1500-04-23 Pedro Cabral lands & annexes Brazil (Terra da Vera Cruz)
  • 1549-02-10 Tomé de Sousa appointed governor general of Brazil
  • 1549-03-29 The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded.
  • 1554-01-25 Founding of the city of São Paulo in Brazil
  • 1565-03-01 Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1567-06-20 Jews are expelled from Brazil by order of regent Don Henrique
  • 1573-11-22 The Brazilian city of Niterói is founded.
  • 1599-12-25 The city of Natal, Brazil, is founded.
  • 1616-01-12 Brazilian city Belem (the entrance gate to the Amazon) founded by Captain Major Francisco Branco
  • 1624-05-10 Dutch admirals Jacob Willekens & Piet Heyn conquer Salvador da Bahia (Brazil)
  • 1627-03-03 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn attacks and conquers 22 Portuguese ships in Bay of Salvador, Brazil
  • 1627-06-10 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn attacks Portuguese ships in the Bay of All Saints, Brazil
  • 1630-02-14 Dutch fleet of 69 ships reaches Pernambuco, Brazil
  • 1636-08-04 Johan Mauritius appointed governor of Dutch Brazil
  • 1636-11-17 Henrique Dias, Brazilian general, wins a decisive battle against the Dutch in Brazil
  • 1637-01-23 Dutch governor Johan Mauritius lands in Pernambuco, Brazil
  • 1638-01-05 Petition in Recife Brazil leads to closing of their 2 synagogues
  • 1644-05-06 Johan Mauritius resigns as governor of Brazil
  • 1645-04-07 Michael Cardozo becomes 1st Jewish lawyer in Brazil
  • 1654-04-26 Jews are expelled from Brazil
  • 1661-08-06 The Treaty of The Hague is signed whereby the Dutch Republic sells New Holland (Brazil) for 63 tonnes of gold to Portugal
  • 1695-11-20 Zumbi last leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil and ex-slave, is executed
  • 1729-07-22 Diamonds found in Minas Geras, Brazil
  • 1792-04-21 Brazilian revolutionary Tiradentes, is hanged, drawn and quartered in Rio de Janeiro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1809-01-06 Napoleonic Wars: Invasion of Cayenne, by combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces, begins

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1812-12-29 The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle.
  • 1815-12-05 Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
  • 1822-09-07 Pedro I, son of King Joao VI declares Brazil's independence from Portugal (National Day)
  • 1822-12-01 Dom Pedro crowned emperor of Brazil
  • 1823-07-02 Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
  • 1824-05-26 Brazil is recognized by US
  • 1825-08-25 Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (National Day)
  • 1825-08-29 Portugal recognizes the Independence of Brazil
  • 1828-08-27 Uruguay gains independence during Brazil-Argentina peace talks
  • 1831-04-07 Dom Pedro abdicates to son, Dom Pedro II crowned emperor of Brazil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832-02-29 Charles Darwin visits jungle near Bahia Brazil

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1835-09-20 Farroupilha's Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
  • 1836-08-01 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin returns to Bahia Brazil
  • 1856-05-07 Argentina & Brazil sign a navigation pact
  • 1861-08-01 Brazil recognizes Confederacy
  • 1864-10-07 Naval Engagement at Bahia Harbor, Brazil - CSS Florida vs USS Wachusett
  • 1864-10-11 Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city.
  • 1866-03-01 Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
  • 1866-10-22 Paraguay: Battle of Curupaytí against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
  • 1869-08-16 Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • 1883-09-21 First direct US-Brazil telegraph connection
  • 1888-05-13 Princess Isabel of Brazil signs "Lei Auréa" abolishing slavery
  • 1889-11-15 Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil, deposed; republic proclaimed
  • 1897-12-12 Belo Horizonte, the first planned city of Brazil, is founded.
  • 1903-11-17 In the Treaty of Petropolis, Bolivia cedes the territory of Arce to Brazil; Bolivia gains rail and water outlets in the east
  • 1908-03-25 Clube Atletico Mineiro, Founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
  • 1908-06-18 Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-04-25 US President Woodrow Wilson is persuaded by Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to accept mediation in the conflict with Mexico

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1915-08-31 Brazil becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1917-10-26 World War I:Brazil declared in state of war with Central Powers.
  • 1921-06-11 Brazil adopts women suffrage
  • 1922-02-09 Brazil becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1924-07-05 Military revolt in Sao Paulo Brazil
  • 1926-03-17 Spain & Brazil prevent Germany joining League of Nations
  • 1926-06-12 Brazil leaves League of Nations
  • 1927-09-07 University of Minas Gerais founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, by Governor Antônio Carlos

BattleCoup d'état

1930-10-24 A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas then installed as "provisional president."

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1930-11-03 Getúlio Dornelles Vargas became Head of the Provisional Government in Brazil after a bloodless coup on October 24.
  • 1932-07-09 The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian Federal Government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution
  • 1933-11-16 Brazilian President Getulio Vargas declares himself dictator
  • 1937-11-10 Brazilian dictator Getulio Vargas proclaims "Estado novo"
  • 1942-08-22 Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • 1945-04-02 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established.
  • 1945-10-29 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil, resigns.
  • 1946-03-10 Train derailment kills 185 near Aracaju, northeast Brazil
  • 1947-10-11 Brazil & Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 1950-07-16 FIFA World Cup: Uruguay beats Brazil 2-1 for soccer's 4th World Cup in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1954-08-23 President Getulio Vargas of Brazil resigns temporarily
  • 1955-10-03 Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira becomes President of Brazil
  • 1956-01-31 Juscelino Kubitschek becomes president of Brazil
  • 1958-06-28 Brazil becomes world soccer champ in Sweden
  • 1958-06-29 FIFA World Cup: Brazil beats Sweden 5-2 in football's 6th World Cup in Stockholm
  • 1960-04-21 Brasilia becomes capital of Brazil
  • 1960-07-16 205,000 (record sports attend) see Brazil-Uruguay World Cup soccer
  • 1960-08-24 60 people die when a bus plunges off bridge into Turvo River, Brazil
  • 1960-10-03 Janio Quadros elected president of Brazil
  • 1961-08-25 Brazilian president Janio Quadros, resigns
  • 1961-12-17 Disgruntled employee set fire to a circus tent in Niteroi Brazil
  • 1962-04-16 Brazil nationalizes US businesses
  • 1962-06-17 FIFA World Cup: Brazil beats Czechoslovakia 3-1 in football's 7th World Cup in Santiago
  • 1964-03-31 Pres Jango Goulart of Brazil chased out of office by military
  • 1964-04-02 Military coup in Brazil by Gen Castello Branco, Pres Goulart ousted
  • 1967-03-15 Marshal Arturo da Costa e Silva sworn in as President of Brazil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969-11-20 Brazilian soccer icon Pele scores his 1,000th goal

Brazilian Football Legend Pele
Brazilian Football Legend
Pele
  • 1970-06-21 FIFA World Cup: Brazil beats Italy, 4-1 to win Football's 9th World Cup in Mexico City
  • 1971-02-04 Government exhibit under construction in Brazil collapses, kills 65
  • 1971-04-26 Heaviest rains ever in Bahia district of Brazil, 15" in 24 hrs
  • 1973-07-11 Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris, 122 killed
  • 1974-03-15 Brazilian president Garastazu Médici resigns
  • 1974-07-28 69 die when packed bus strikes heavy truck (Belem, Brazil)
  • 1974-11-01 Fire kills 189 in less than 25 min (Sao Paulo Brazil)
  • 1977-10-01 Brazilian soccer great Pele retires with 1,281 goals in 1,363 games
  • 1978-10-05 "The Boys from Brazil" debuts

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 413

  • 1517-10-18 Manoel da Nóbrega, Portuguese Jesuit in Brazil (d. 1570)
  • 1534-04-07 Jose de Anchieta, Spanish jesuit/missionary (Brazilian Tupi-Indians)
  • 1729-07-05 Claudio M da Costa, Brazilian poet
  • 1763-06-13 Jose B de Andrada e Silva, premier of Brazil
  • 1797-01-22 Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Empress of Brazil (d. 1826)
  • 1798-10-12 A J Pedro I van Alcantara, Kaiser of Brazil (1822-31)/king of Portugal
  • 1803-08-25 Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, the Duque de Caxias, Brazilian military leader
  • 1815-10-23 João Maurício Wanderley, Brazilian magistrate and politician (d. 1889)
  • 1821-08-30 Anita Garibaldi, Brazilian warrior; Garibaldi's wife (War of Tatters) (d. 1849)
  • 1822-03-14 Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Empress of Brazil (d. 1889)
  • 1825-12-02 Pedro II van Alcantara, Emperor of Brazil (1831-89)
  • 1827-06-13 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman (d. 1882)
  • 1827-08-05 Deodoro da Fonseca, first President of Brazil (d. 1892)
  • 1829-05-01 Jose M de Alencar, Brazilian writer/minister of Justice
  • 1837-01-04 Casimiro de Abreu, Brazil, poet (Camoes e o jau)
  • 1839-06-21 Joaquim M Machado de Assic, Brazil, writer (Epitaph of a small winner)
  • 1841-02-15 Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, Brazilian politician (d. 1913)
  • 1841-08-17 Luis NF Varela, Brazilian romantic poet
  • 1841-10-04 Prudente José de Morais Barros, President of Brazil (d. 1912)
  • 1842-04-28 Louis PMFG of Orleans, earl of Brazil (1870-89)
  • 1843-02-22 Affonso de Escragnolle Taunay, France/Brazil writer (Inocencia)
  • 1846-03-11 Antonio C G Crespo, Brazilian/Portuguese poet
  • 1847-03-14 Antonio de Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (Espumas Flutuantes)
  • 1849-11-05 Rui Barbosa, Brazil, statesman/jurist/essayist/civil liberties
  • 1861-11-21 Joao da Cruz, Brazilian poet
  • 1863-04-12 Raul d'Avila Pompeia, Brazilian writer (Boarding School)
  • 1864-07-06 Alberto Nepomuceno, Brazil, composer/conductor (Artemis)
  • 1865-05-23 Epitácio Pessoa, President of Brazil (d. 1942)
  • 1867-12-24 Manuel de Oliveira Lima, Brazilian historian/diplomat
  • 1869-10-26 Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, President of Brazil (d. 1957)
  • 1871-03-05 Maria do Carmo Geronimo, Brazilian lives to be at least 126
  • 1872-08-05 Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (d. 1917)
  • 1873-07-20 Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian aviator (d. 1932)
  • 1874-11-24 Charles William Miller, Brazilian footballer (d. 1953)
  • 1875-08-08 Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (d. 1955)
  • 1879-07-09 Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (d. 1934)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883-04-19 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-45, 1951-54), modernizer and dictator, born in São Borja, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazilian Empire (d. 1954)

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1885-05-18 Eurico Gaspar Dutra, president of Brazil (1945-50)
  • 1887-03-05 Heitor Villa-Lobos, Rio de Janeiro Brazil, composer (Salon Waltz)
  • 1890-01-11 Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian author (d. 1954)
  • 1892-07-18 Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian football player (d. 1969)
  • 1892-10-27 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author/mayor of Palmeira
  • 1893-10-09 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, born in São Paulo (d. 1947)
  • 1893-11-11 Alceu Amoroso Lima, Brazilian author
  • 1894-01-04 Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (d. 1962)
  • 1894-02-15 Oswaldo Aranha, Brazil, lawyer/statesman (1st President of UN)
  • 1895-02-28 Guiomar Novaes, Brazil, pianist (Brazilian Order of Merit)
  • 1895-05-06 Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian writer (d. 1974)
  • 1896-05-17 Brazilio da Cunha Luz Itibere, composer
  • 1897-02-06 Alberto [de Almeida] Cavalcanti, Brazil, director (Nicholas Nickleby)
  • 1897-04-30 Humberto Mauro, Brazillina director and screenwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1897-11-04 Oscar Lorenzo Fernandez, Brazilian conductor/composer (Imbapara)
  • 1899-02-03 João Café Filho, Brazilian president (d. 1970)
  • 1900-03-15 Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer
  • 1900-09-20 Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, Brazil general/pres (1964-67)
  • 1901-05-19 Manuel Ivo Cruz, Portuguese composer and founder of Philharmonic Orchestra of Lisbon, born in Corumbá, Brazil (d. 1985)
  • 1902-09-12 Juscelino Kubitschek, president Brazil (1955-60)
  • 1902-10-03 Arturo da Costa e Silva, marshal/President of Brazil (1967-69)
  • 1902-10-31 Charles Drummond de Andrade, Brazilian poet (Claro Enigma)
  • 1905-12-04 Emilio Médici, president Brazil (1969-74)
  • 1905-12-17 Érico Lopes Veríssimo, Brazilian writer (d. 1975)
  • 1906-12-25 Lew Grade, British TV mogul (ATV)/movie producer (Boys from Brazil)
  • 1907-02-01 Mozart Camargo Guarnieri, São Paulo Brazil, composer/conductor
  • 1907-03-29 "Braguinha", Brazilian songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1907-06-14 Chico Landi, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1989)
  • 1907-06-23 Dercy Gonçalves, Brazilian comedienne (d. 2008)
  • 1907-12-15 Oscar Niemeyer, Brazilian architect (Brasilia), (d. 2012)
  • 1908-03-09 Luiz Cosme, Brazilian composer, born in Porte Alegre (d. 1965)
  • 1908-06-27 João Guimarães Rosa, Brazilian writer (d. 1967)
  • 1909-02-09 Carmen Miranda, Brazil, vocalist/actress (Copacabana, Date With Judy)
  • 1909-05-15 James Mason, England, actor (Lolita, Bloodline, Boys From Brazil)
  • 1910-08-08 Francisco Brochado Da Rocha, PM of Brazil (1962)
  • 1910-12-11 Noel Rosa, Brazilian songwriter (d. 1937)
  • 1912-08-10 Jorge Amado, Brazilian writer (O Pais do Carnaval)
  • 1913-10-19 Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet and songwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1914-07-02 Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (d. 1990)
  • 1916-05-08 João Havelange, Brazilian industrialist and FIFA President 1974-98, born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 2016)
  • 1916-07-22 Gino Bianco, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1984)
  • 1917-01-25 Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician (d. 1992)
  • 1917-03-24 Constantine Andreou, Greek-Brazilian artist (d. 2007)
  • 1917-07-03 João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (d. 1990)
  • 1917-09-02 Laurindo Almeida, Brazilian guitarist (developed bossa nova)
  • 1918-01-15 João Figueiredo, President of Brazil (d. 1999)
  • 1919-06-12 Uta Hagen, Germany, actress (Boys From Brazil)/teaches acting
  • 1920-09-30 Aldo Parisot, Brazilian-American musician and cellist
  • 1920-11-08 Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian cardinal
  • 1920-12-10 Clarice Lispector, Ukrainian-Brazilian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1921-09-19 Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator & writer (d. 1997)
  • 1922-10-17 Luiz Bonfá, Brazilian composer (d. 2001)
  • 1922-11-08 Ademir Marques de Menezes, Brazilian footballer (d. 1996)
  • 1923-08-16 Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian playwright
  • 1924-07-10 Bobo Brazil, American professional wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1924-07-11 César Lattes, Brazilian physicist (d. 2005)
  • 1925-12-07 Hernando da Silva Ramos, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1927-05-16 Nílton Santos, Brazilian footballer, (d. 2013)
  • 1927-09-29 Adhemar Ferreira da Silva, Brazil, triple jumper (Olympic-gold-52, 56)
  • 1927-11-27 Carlos José Castilho, Brazilian footballer (d. 1987)
  • 1928-10-22 Nelson Pereira dos Santos, Brazilian movie director
  • 1929-01-03 Ernst Mahle, Brazilian composer
  • 1929-02-27 Djalma Santos, Brazilian footballer, (d. 2013)

Famous Weddings

  • 2005-06-01 "The White Stripes" guitarist, pianist and lead vocalist Jack White (29) weds British model Karen Elson (26) in Manaus, Brazil
  • 2005-12-03 French heiress Athina Onassis (20) weds Olympic gold medalist equestrian Alvaro de Miranda Neto (32) in Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 2005-12-10 Victoria's Secret and Sports Illustrated model Isabeli Fontana (22) weds actor-model Henri Castelli (27) at Fort Are Joao in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
  • 2005-12-22 Brazilian actress Danielle Winits (31) weds model Cassio Reis at Capela Santa Ines in Rio de Janeiro
  • 2005-12-23 Soccer star player Kaka (23) weds Brazilian singer Caroline Celico (18) at Igreja Renascer em Cristo in Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 2006-08-19 Brazilian model Luciana Morad (36) weds Brazilian TV producer Marcelo de Carvalho at Ponta das Canas near the coast of Sao Paulo
  • 2007-03-07 Former vocalist of "Babado Novo" Claudia Leitte (26) weds Marcio Pedreira at Hotel Convento do Carmo in Salvador, Brazil
  • 2007-03-10 Brazilian singer-actress Tania Mara (24) weds director Jayme Monjardim (50) at Chapel of Sao Jose das Botas on the grounds of Hotel Fazenda Florenca in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 2007-03-31 Brazilian television presenter Ana Maria Braga weds businessman Marcelo Frisoni in Morumbi, Sao Paulo

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2007-09-03 Oscar winning actor Ben Kingsley (63) weds Brazilian actress Daniela Lavender (33) in North Leigh, Oxfordshire


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 134

  • 1570-10-18 Manoel da Nóbrega, Portuguese Jesuit in Brazil (b. 1517)
  • 1572-03-02 Mem de Sá, Portuguese Governor-General of Brazil
  • 1669-10-18 Abraham Willaerts, painter (Brazil), dies
  • 1739-10-18 Antônio José da Silva, Brazilian-born dramatist (b. 1705)
  • 1789-07-04 Claudio M da Costa, Brazilian conductor, dies at 59
  • 1792-04-21 Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary (b. 1746)
  • 1834-09-24 A J Pedro I van Alcantara, Emperor of Brazil (1822-31), dies
  • 1838-04-06 Jose B de Andrada e Silva, premier of Brazil (1822-23), dies at 74
  • 1860-09-18 Casimiro de Abreu, Brazilians poet (Primaveras), dies
  • 1864-11-03 Antonio Goncalves Dias, Brazilian national poet, dies at sea
  • 1871-07-06 Antonio de Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (O navio negreiro), dies at 34
  • 1875-02-17 Luis NF Varela, Brazilian romantic poet, dies at 33
  • 1877-12-12 Jose M de Alencar, Brazilian writer/minister of Justice, dies at 48
  • 1882-06-30 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman (b. 1827)
  • 1886-06-11 Antonio C G Crespo, Brazilian/Portuguese poet, dies at 40
  • 1889-02-13 João Maurício Wanderley, Brazilian magistrate and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1891-12-05 JKLSBFXvPSMGRG Pedro II of Alcantara, emp of Brazil (1831-89), dies
  • 1892-08-23 Deodoro da Fonseca, 1st President of Brazil (b. 1827)
  • 1895-12-25 Raul d'Avila Pompeia, Brazilian writer (Boarding-school), dies at 32
  • 1898-03-19 Joao da Cruz, Brazilian poet, dies at 26
  • 1899-01-25 Alfredo d'Escragnolle, French/Brazilian writer (Innocencia), dies
  • 1908-09-29 Joaquim M Machado de Assis, Brazil writer (Dom Casmurro), dies at 69
  • 1909-08-15 Euclides da Cunha, Brazilian writer and sociologist (b. 1866)
  • 1912-12-03 Prudente José de Morais Barros, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
  • 1913-06-28 Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
  • 1916-06-14 João Simões Lopes Neto, Brazilian writer (b. 1865)
  • 1917-02-11 Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (b. 1872)
  • 1918-12-28 Olavo Bilac, Brazilian poet (b. 1865)
  • 1919-01-16 Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, President of Brazil (b. 1848)
  • 1920-10-16 Alberto Nepomuceno, Brazilian composer/conductor (Artemis), dies at 56
  • 1922-08-28 Louis PMFG of Orleans, earl of Eu/Brazil, dies at 80
  • 1928-05-31 Manuel de Oliveira Lima, Brazilian historian, dies at 60
  • 1934-11-08 Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (b. 1879)
  • 1935-02-28 Chiquinha Gonzaga, Brazilian composer (b. 1847).
  • 1937-05-04 Noel Rosa, Brazilian songwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1942-02-13 Epitácio Pessoa, Brazilian president (b. 1865)
  • 1945-02-25 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, dies of a heart attack at 51
  • 1945-09-20 Augusto Tasso Fragoso, Brazilian president (b. 1869)
  • 1948-07-04 Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian writer (b. 1882)
  • 1948-08-26 Oscar L Fernandez, Brazilian conductor/composer (Imbapara), dies at 50
  • 1950-05-08 Vital Brazil, Brazilian physician (b. 1865)
  • 1953-03-20 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author (Vidas Secas), dies at 60
  • 1953-06-30 Charles William Miller, father of football in Brazil (b. 1874)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1954-08-24 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-45, 1951-54), modernizer and dictator, commits suicide at 71

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1955-03-23 Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (b. 1875)
  • 1957-08-04 Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, President of Brazil (b. 1869)
  • 1959-11-17 Heitor Villa-Lobos, Brazilian composer/pianist/conductor, dies at 72
  • 1962-01-30 Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (b. 1894)
  • 1962-09-27 Francisco Brochado da Rocha, PM of Brazil (1962), dies at 52
  • 1965-07-17 Luiz Cosme, Brazilian composer, dies at 57
  • 1967-07-18 Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, Brazil pres (1964-67), dies at 66
  • 1967-12-10 Brazilio da Cunha Luz Itibere, composer, dies at 71
  • 1969-09-06 Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian football player (b. 1892)
  • 1969-11-04 Carlos Marighela, Brazilian guerilla, dies in battle
  • 1969-12-17 Arturo da Costa e Silva, President of Brazil (1967-69), dies at 67
  • 1970-02-20 Café Filho, 18th Brazilian President (1954-1955) dies aged 71
  • 1974-06-11 Eurico Gaspar Dutra, President of Brazil (b. 1883)
  • 1974-06-18 Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian writer (b. 1896)
  • 1976-08-22 Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, President of Brazil (1955-60), dies at 73
  • 1976-12-06 João Goulart, President of Brazil (b. 1918)
  • 1977-03-18 José Carlos Pace, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1944)
  • 1979-03-07 Guiomar Novaes, pianist (Brazilian Order of Merit), dies at 84
  • 1980-07-09 Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet and lyricist (b. 1913)
  • 1982-01-19 Elis Regina, Brazilian singer (b. 1945)
  • 1982-08-23 Alberto Cavalcanti, Brazilian director (Herr Puntila), dies at 85
  • 1982-10-23 Jacques Klein, Brazilian pianist, dies at 52
  • 1983-01-20 Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (b. 1933)
  • 1983-02-20 Fritz Köberle, Austrian-Brazilian physician (b. 1910)
  • 1984-05-08 Gino Bianco, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1916)
  • 1985-04-21 Tancredo Neves, president-elect of Brazil, dies at 75
  • 1985-10-09 Emílio Garrastazu Médici, president of Brazil (b. 1905)
  • 1986-01-27 Lilli Palmer, German actress (Boys from Brazil, Kinder), dies at 71
  • 1987-02-02 Castilho, Brazilian footballer (b. 1927)
  • 1987-07-18 Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer, dies at 87
  • 1987-08-17 Charles Drummond de Andrade, Brazilian poet, dies at 84

MurderAssassination

1988-12-22 Chico Mendes, Brazilian environmental activist and rubber tapper, assassinated at 44 by rancher Darcy Alves

Environmentalist Chico Mendes
Environmentalist
Chico Mendes
  • 1989-06-07 Chico Landi, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1907)
  • 1989-08-21 Raul Seixas, Brazilian singer (b. 1945)
  • 1990-02-07 Dom Heider Camara, nonviolent/human rights Bishop of Brazil, dies
  • 1990-07-07 Cazuza, Brazilian poet, singer and composer (b. 1958)
  • 1990-07-12 João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (b. 1917)
  • 1990-11-10 Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (b. 1914)
  • 1992-02-04 John Dehner, actor (Apache, Cowboy, Boys from Brazil), dies at 76
  • 1992-02-05 Miguel Rolando Covian, Brazilian physiologist (b. 1913)
  • 1992-02-16 Janio Quadros, president of Brazil (1961), dies
  • 1992-10-12 Ulysses Guimaraes, Brazilian MP (chairman), dies in accident
  • 1993-01-13 Camargo Guarnieri, Brazilian composer (b. 1907)
  • 1994-02-20 Manuel F "Garincha" dos Santos, soccer player (Brazil), dies at 49
  • 1994-05-01 Ayrton Senna, Brazilian Grand prix driver, dies in crash at 34
  • 1994-12-08 Antonio Carlos Jobim, Brazil composer (Girl From Ipanema), dies at 67
  • 1996-05-11 Ademir Marques de Menezes, Brazilian footballer (b. 1922)
  • 1996-09-12 Ernesto Geisel, milt president of Brazil (1974-79), dies at 89
  • 1997-05-02 Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator (b. 1921)
  • 1998-01-20 Bobo Brazil, American professional wrestler (b. 1924)
  • 1999-03-13 Bidu Sayão, Brazilian born soprano (b. 1902)
  • 1999-08-27 Hélder Câmara, Brazilian Roman Catholic archbishop (b. 1909)
  • 1999-12-24 João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo, President of Brazil (b. 1918)
  • 2000-09-26 Baden Powell, Brazilian guitarist (b. 1937)
  • 2001-01-12 Luiz Bonfá, Brazilian guitarist and composer (b. 1922)
  • 2001-08-06 Jorge Amado de Faria, Brazilian writer (b. 1912)