Bulgarian History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 107

  • 0681-08-09 Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on the south bank of the Danube, after defeating the Byzantine armies of Emperor Constantine IV south of the Danube delta.
  • 0811-07-26 Battle of Pliska: Bulgarians under Krum beat Byzantines
  • 0917-08-20 Battle at Anchialus: Bulgaria army counter attacks Byzantines
  • 0927-05-27 Battle of the Bosnian Highlands: Simeon I of Bulgaria is defeated by King Tomislav of Croatia.
  • 1014-07-29 Battle of Strumitsa-valley: Byzantine destroys Bulgarian armies
  • 1205-04-15 Battle at Adrianople: Bulgaria beats Emp Boudouin of Constantinople
  • 1230-03-09 Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus near the village of Klokotnitsa.
  • 1330-07-28 Battle of Velbuzd: Serbian forces defeats Bulgarian army
  • 1393-07-17 Osmanen occupy Turnovo, Bulgaria
  • 1870-02-28 The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1876-05-02 The April Uprising breaks out in Bulgaria.
  • 1876-06-02 Hristo Botev, a Bulgarian poet and national revolutionary, is killed in Stara Planina
  • 1878-03-03 Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
  • 1879-01-25 The Bulgarian National Bank is founded.
  • 1885-09-06 Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria. The Unification of Bulgaria is accomplished.
  • 1885-11-13 Serbian army occupies Bulgaria
  • 1885-11-17 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria
  • 1885-11-19 Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulse a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza
  • 1901-04-05 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • 1908-09-22 Bulgaria declares independence from Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1908-10-05 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • 1909-03-18 Russia and Bulgaria reach an agreement in which late 19th century Russian financial claims are cancelled to meet compensation due to Turkey from Bulgaria
  • 1909-04-19 A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence
  • 1912-03-12 Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Botev Plovdiv
  • 1912-03-13 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • 1912-10-17 Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • 1912-10-18 The First Balkan War breaks out, with Bulgaria, Serbia, and Greece opposed to Turkey
  • 1912-11-05 Bulgarian troops in Constantinople blockade drinking water
  • 1912-12-03 Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • 1913-03-26 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • 1913-04-16 The Bulgarians and the Turks agree to an armistice that will be accepted by the other nations involved
  • 1913-05-07 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War
  • 1913-06-01 The Serbian government concludes a ten-year treaty with Greece against Bulgaria; Serbia wishes to pursue Macedonian aspirations with Greece's help
  • 1913-06-29 The attack by Bulgarian General Michael Savov on Greek and Serbian positions leads to beginning of the second Balkan War
  • 1913-07-01 Serbia & Greece declare war on Bulgaria
  • 1913-07-10 Romania declares war on Bulgaria
  • 1913-07-20 Turkish troops take Adrianopel & Erdine from Bulgaria
  • 1913-08-10 2nd Balkan War ends, Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria loses
  • 1913-09-21 Turkey & Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople
  • 1913-09-29 The Treaty of Constantinople between Turkey and Bulgaria restores peace; the Turks recover Adrianople and Maritza River line
  • 1915-10-05 Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.
  • 1915-10-11 Bulgarian anti Serbian offensive begins
  • 1915-10-16 Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria
  • 1915-10-19 Russia and Italy declare war on Bulgaria
  • 1916-08-17 Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
  • 1916-09-01 Bulgaria declares war on Romania
  • 1918-10-03 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
  • 1918-10-03 Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Tsar Boris III
  • 1919-10-06 Stambuliski becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • 1919-11-27 Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine: Allies & Bulgaria
  • 1920-08-09 Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • 1920-09-04 Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria)
  • 1923-06-09 Bulgarian premier Stamboeliski & King Boris III overthrown
  • 1929-03-06 Turkey & Bulgaria sign friendship treaty
  • 1933-03-09 Bulgarian communists Dimitrov, Popov & Vassili arrested in Berlin
  • 1934-05-19 Military coup by Col Damian Veltsjev in Bulgaria
  • 1935-04-21 King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties
  • 1940-09-07 Treaty of Craiova: Romania loses Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria.
  • 1941-01-21 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria
  • 1941-03-01 German troops invade Bulgaria
  • 1941-03-02 World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.
  • 1941-04-19 Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
  • 1942-06-05 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • 1943-01-20 Operation Weiss: German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian troops attempt to retake land liberated by Tito's partisans

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-08-16 Bulgarian Tsar Boris III visits Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944-08-26 Bulgaria announces withdrawal & German troops are to be disarmed
  • 1944-09-01 Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns
  • 1944-09-08 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • 1944-09-09 Red Army supports coup in Bulgaria, instituting new Communist government (1946-1990) during the "National Uprising"
  • 1944-09-15 Soviet troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 1944-10-28 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • 1946-09-08 Bulgaria ends monarchy
  • 1946-10-27 Georgi Domitrovs National Front wins Bulgaria elections (78%)
  • 1946-11-21 Georgi Dimitrov elected premier of Bulgaria
  • 1949-07-20 Vasil Kolarov elected premier of Bulgaria
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1955-07-27 Israeli passenger plane shot down above Bulgaria, 58 die
  • 1956-04-03 Bulgarian vice premier Traitsjo Kostov rehabilitated
  • 1956-04-17 Bulgaria premier Tchervenkov resigns
  • 1962-11-19 Todor Zjivkov becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • 1964-09-29 Greece & Bulgaria close boundaries
  • 1966-08-31 Referee Leo Horn whistles his last soccer match (Ajax-Bulgaria)
  • 1966-11-24 A Bulgarian plane with 82 people on board crashes near Bratislava, Slovakia.
  • 1971-05-16 Bulgaria adopts its constitution
  • 1971-05-18 Bulgarian constitution goes into effect
  • 1979-04-10 Soyuz 33 launched with a Russian & a Bulgarian
  • 1984-01-10 Bulgarian Tupolev 134 crashes at Sofia airport in Bulgaria, 50 die
  • 1987-08-30 Stefka Kostadinova of Bulgaria sets high jump woman's record (6'10½")
  • 1988-08-20 Yordanka Donkova of Bulgaria sets 100m hurdle woman's record (12.21)
  • 1988-12-27 Bulgaria stops jamming Radio Free Europe after more than 3 decades
  • 1989-11-03 100s of Bulgarian demonstrate in Sofia for democratic rights
  • 1989-11-10 Bulgarian party president Todor Zjikov resigns
  • 1992-01-15 Bulgaria recognizes Macedonia
  • 1994-07-16 FIFA World Cup: Sweden shuts out Bulgaria 4-0, to finish 3rd in the World Cup
  • 1994-09-04 Bulgarian government of Berov falls
  • 1994-12-18 Socialist Party (ex-communist) wins Bulgaria parliamentary election
  • 1998-10-29 En route Adana to Ankara, Turkish Airlines flight with crew of 6 and 33 passengers hijacked by Kurdish militant, orders pilot fly to Switzerland. Pilot lands in Ankara tricking hijacker he was landing in Sofia to refuel.
  • 2001-07-24 Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria when he was a child, is sworn in as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, becoming the first monarch in history to regain political power through democratic election to a different office.
  • 2001-08-01 Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.
  • 2002-11-21 NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.

Famous Birthdays

  • 1815-07-28 Stefan Dunjov, Banat Bulgarian military figure (d. 1889)
  • 1827-11-17 Petko Slavejkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 1895)
  • 1837-07-18 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1873)
  • 1840-05-10 Hadzhi Dimitar, Bulgarian revolutionist (d. 1868)
  • 1848-01-05 Khristo Botev, hero of Bulgarian revolt against Turkey, poet
  • 1850-06-27 Ivan Vazov, Bulgaria, poet/novelist/playwright (Under the Yoke)
  • 1857-04-05 Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg, ruler of Bulgaria (1879-86)
  • 1860-08-22 Eleonore of Reuss-Köstritz, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria, born in Trzebiechów, Zielona Góra County, Poland (d. 1917)
  • 1861-02-26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1863-01-01 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
  • 1864-07-11 Petar Danov, Bulgarian spiritual teacher (d. 1944)
  • 1869-12-16 Hristo Tatarchev, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1952)
  • 1874-10-21 Albert Aftalion, Bulgaria/French economist
  • 1876-12-04 Dimitur Poljanov, [Popov], Bulgaria, poet (Iron Poems)
  • 1879-09-26 Petko J Todorov, Bulgaria, writer (Fairy, Samodiva Fee)
  • 1881-03-04 Todor Aleksandrov, 19th century Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1924)
  • 1882-06-18 Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49) [or 6/28]
  • 1885-03-31 Jules Pascin, [Julius Pincas], Bulgarian/US painter/cartoonist
  • 1888-02-06 Ljudmil Stojanow, Bulgarian poet (Metsh i Slowo, Cholera)
  • 1893-04-29 Elisaveta Bagrjana, [Beltsheva], Bulgaria, poet
  • 1894-01-30 Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria (1918-43)
  • 1896-08-26 Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1990)
  • 1899-02-22 Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter (d. 1986)
  • 1905-07-25 Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-British author (Life-Terms, Nobel 1981), born in Ruse, Bulgaria (d. 1994)
  • 1907-11-13 Giovanna of Italy, tsaritsa of Bulgaria (d. 2000)
  • 1909-08-22 Stojan T Daskalov, Bulgaria, writer (A Farm)
  • 1909-12-28 Nikola J Vaptsarov, Bulgaria poet (Subrani Sutsjinenija)
  • 1911-09-07 Todor C Zjivkov, Bulgaria partizan/premier/president
  • 1913-07-10 Ljuba Welitsch, Borisovo, Bulgaria, opera soprano (Nedda-Pagliacci)
  • 1914-05-18 Boris Christoff, Bulgaria/Italian bass (Boris Godunov)
  • 1929-03-01 Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (d. 1978)
  • 1929-07-26 Alexis Weissenberg, Bulgarian born pianist (Levintritt-1948), born in Sofia, Bulgaria (d. 2012)
  • 1929-09-13 Nicolai Ghiaurov, Bulgarian opera singer (d. 2004)
  • 1929-10-24 Yordan Radichkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 2004)
  • 1930-06-19 Jul Levi, Bulgarian composer and conductor, born in Salonica, Greece
  • 1931-04-01 George Baker, Bulgaria, actor (Goodbye Mr Chips, Curse of the Fly)
  • 1932-05-26 Grigor Vachkov, Bulgarian actor (d. 1980)
  • 1933-06-10 Georgi Atanasov, Bulgarian Prime Minister
  • 1935-01-06 Margarita Gomez-Acebo y Cejuela, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria
  • 1935-03-03 Zhelyu Zhelev, Veselinovo, Shumen Province, Bulgarian President (1990-97)
  • 1935-06-13 Christo [Javacheff], Bulgaria, artist, wrapper (Running Fence)
  • 1937-06-16 Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Tsar of Bulgaria
  • 1941-06-24 Julia Kristeva, Bulgarian-French philosopher, psychoanalyst, and novelist
  • 1941-11-19 Ivanka Khristova, Bulgaria, shot putter (Olympic-gold-1976)
  • 1942-07-02 Georgi Ivanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33)
  • 1943-02-24 Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer
  • 1944-08-15 Sylvie Vartan, French pop singer (Twiste et Chante), born in Iskretz, Bulgaria
  • 1945-07-12 Dimitar Penev, Bulgaria soccer player/union coach (Lokomotiv/CSKA)
  • 1946-05-26 Neshka Robeva, Bulgarian Rhythmic gymnas and coach.
  • 1947-12-02 Ivan Atanassov Petrov, Bulgarian neurologist
  • 1949-08-02 Bertalan Farkas, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz 36/35)
  • 1951-12-01 Alexander Panayotov Aleksandrov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-5)
  • 1954-05-11 Lubomir Stoykov, Bulgarian journalist and broadcaster
  • 1956-12-04 Blagoi Blagoyev, Bulgaria, 82.5 kg weightlifer (Olympics-silver-1976)
  • 1957-06-28 Georgi Parvanov, President of Bulgaria
  • 1959-07-03 Stoyan Deltchev, Bulgaria, horizontal bar gymnist (Olympic-gold-1980)
  • 1961-01-24 Krasimir Mikhailov Stoyanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut
  • 1961-09-28 Yordanka Donkova, Bulgaria, 100 m hurdler (world record)
  • 1961-11-07 Mintcho Pachov, Bulgaria, 67.5kg weightlifer (Olympic-bronze-1980)
  • 1962-12-02 Kardam, Prince of Turnovo, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1963-03-02 Tanyu Kiryakov, Bulgarian pistol shooter
  • 1964-07-11 Kyrill, Prince of Preslav, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1965-05-25 Stefka Kostadinova, Bulgaria high jumper (world record 1987)
  • 1965-11-05 Kubrat, Prince of Panagiurishte, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1966-02-08 Hristo Stoichkov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1966-05-13 Kamen Vodenicharov, Bulgarian entertainer
  • 1967-01-23 Naim Suleymanoglu, Bulgaria, Turkish weight lifter (Oly-gold-1988)
  • 1967-02-13 Stanimir Stoilov, Bulgarian footballer and coach
  • 1967-02-14 Manuela Maleeva-Fragniere, Sofia Bulgaria, tennis player (1984 US Mix)
  • 1967-12-05 Konstantin-Assen, Prince of Vidin, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1969-05-07 Katerina Maleeva, Bulgaria, tennis player (US Open Junior 1984)
  • 1972-01-19 Princess Kalina of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1972-05-17 Elena Wagner, Sofia Bulgaria, tennis star (1996 ITF/Redbridge-GBR)
  • 1973-02-24 Jordan Jovtchev, Bulgarian gymnast
  • 1973-07-14 Halil Mutlu, Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
  • 1974-01-17 Vesko Kountchev, Bulgarian musician
  • 1974-07-30 Radostin Kishishev, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1975-03-15 Veselin Topalov, Bulgarian chess player
  • 1975-04-01 Magdalena Maleeva, Sofia Bulgaria, tennis star (1995 Chicago Moscow)
  • 1975-06-16 Maria Sinigerova, Miss Universe-Bulgaria (1996)
  • 1975-09-22 Svilen Noev, Bulgarian singer-songwriter
  • 1976-10-24 Petar Stoychev, Bulgarian swimmer
  • 1977-05-31 Theodoros Baev, Bulgarian-born Greek volleyball player
  • 1977-10-06 Vladimir Manchev, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1978-05-30 Krassmira Todorava, Miss Bulgaria Universe (1997)
  • 1978-06-06 Mariana Popova, Bulgarian singer
  • 1979-01-15 Martin Petrov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1979-07-05 Stiliyan Petrov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1981-01-30 Dimitar Berbatov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1985-05-16 Stanislav Ianevski, Bulgarian actor
  • 1986-03-18 Kaloyan Ivanov, Bulgarian basketball player
  • 1989-08-08 Sesil Karatantcheva, Bulgarian tennis player
  • 1994-07-27 Princess Mafalda-Ceceilia of Bulgaria
  • 1995-12-14 Princess Olimpia Preslavska of Bulgaria
  • 1997-10-12 Prince Boris of Bulgaria
  • 1999-03-23 Prince Beltran of Bulgaria
  • 1999-11-20 Princess Sofia of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1999-11-20 Prince Umberto of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 2002-06-03 Prince Tirso of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family

Famous Deaths

  • 0814-04-13 Khan Krum of Bulgaria (803-814)
  • 0907-05-02 Boris I, King of Bulgaria (852-889), saw Bulgaria converted to Christianity
  • 0910-12-23 Naum of Preslav, Bulgarian scholar
  • 0916-07-27 Kliment/Clemens van Ohrid, Bulgaria bishop of Ohrid/saint, dies
  • 0927-05-27 Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria (b. 864 or 865)
  • 0969-01-29 Peter, tsar of Bulgaria (927-69), dies
  • 1014-10-06 Samuel (Samuil), ruler of Bulgaria, dies (b. 958)
  • 1330-07-28 Michael III, Tsar of Bulgaria, dies in battle
  • 1371-02-17 Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria
  • 1395-06-03 Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria
  • 1422-09-17 Constantine II of Bulgaria
  • 1831-01-04 Nikola P Neofit Rilski, Bulgaria abbot/poet, dies at 37
  • 1873-02-19 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1837)
  • 1876-05-12 Georgi Benkovski, Bulgarian revolutionary, brutally killed by the Turks (b. 1843)
  • 1876-05-20 Khristo Botev, Bulgarian poet, dies
  • 1889-08-29 Stefan Dunjov, Banat Bulgarian military figure (b. 1815)
  • 1893-11-17 Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg, king of Bulgaria (1879-86), dies at 36
  • 1897-05-23 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back), dies at 34
  • 1907-03-11 Nikola Petkow, premier (Bulgaria), murdered
  • 1916-02-14 Petko J Todorov, Bulgaria writer (Zmejova), dies at 36
  • 1923-06-15 Alexander Stamboeliski, premier Bulgaria (1919-23), dies
  • 1930-06-05 Jules Pascin, [Julius Pincas], Bulgarian/US painter/cartoonist, dies
  • 1942-07-23 Nikola J Vaptsarov, Bulgaria poet/communist, executed at 32
  • 1943-08-28 Boris III, of Saksen-Coburg, King of Bulgaria (1918-43), dies
  • 1947-09-23 Nikola Petkov, leader of Bulgaria Boer party, hanged
  • 1948-09-16 Ferdinand I MKLM, prince of Saxony-Coburg/tsar of Bulgaria, dies
  • 1949-07-02 Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49), dies at 67
  • 1949-12-16 Traitsjo Kostov, Bulgarian communist vice-premier, executed
  • 1953-09-25 Dimitur Poljanov, [Popov], Bulgaria poet (Iron Verses), dies
  • 1956-04-03 T Kostov, Bulgarian vice-premier, executed
  • 1958-10-08 Ran Bosilek, Bulgarian author (b. 1886)
  • 1978-09-11 Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (b. 1929)
  • 1984-04-20 Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer (b. 1943)
  • 1986-04-26 Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter (b. 1899)
  • 1990-09-05 Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1896)
  • 1993-06-28 Boris Christoff, Bulgaria/Italian bass (Don Carlos), dies at 79
  • 1994-08-14 Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-British author (Life-Terms, Nobel 1981), dies at 89
  • 1996-10-02 Andrey Lukanov, PM of Bulgaria (1990), assassinated at 58
  • 1996-12-17 Stanko Todorov, Bulgarian communist politician, Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1971-81), dies at 76
  • 1998-08-05 Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian dictator (b. 1911)
  • 2003-07-07 Izhak Graziani, Bulgarian-born conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2004-01-21 Yordan Radichkov, Bulgarian writer (b. 1929)
  • 2005-03-30 Emil Dimitrov, Bulgarian singer (b. 1940)