Today in Newfoundland and Labrador History
Newfoundland and Labrador: St. John's
Events 1 - 38 of 38
1497-08-06 - Italian explorer John Cabot returns to Bristol from North America (Newfoundland) - first European to do so since the Vikings
1527-08-03 - First known letter was sent from North America by John Rut while at St. John's, Newfoundland.
1534-05-10 - French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Newfoundland
1583-08-05 - Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland for the British crown - first English colony in North America and the beginning of the British Empire
1610-07-05 - John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland.
French Explorer Jacques Cartier 1613-03-27 - The first English child born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.
1774-05-20 - Britain gives Quebec, Labrador & territory north of Ohio
1805-10-23 - Sailing ship "Aeneus" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340
1871-06-13 - Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
1883-12-26 - The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland.
1892-07-08 - St. John's, Newfoundland is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.
1901-12-12 - Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland
1907-09-26 - New Zealand and Newfoundland each become dominions within the British Empire.
1910-09-07 - In the Hague, the International Court arbitrates a fishing-rights dispute between Newfoundland (still seperate from Canada) and the US
Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi 1912-04-14 - RMS Titanic hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland
1912-04-15 - RMS Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as band plays on
1919-06-14 - 1st nonstop air crossing of Atlantic (Alcock & Brown) leaves Newfoundland
1928-06-17 - Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland to become 1st woman (passenger) to fly Atlantic (as a passenger in a plane piloted by Wilmer Stultz)
1931-12-11 - Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland (Free State), and Newfoundland (which was not at that time part of Canada)
1932-04-05 - Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government.
1932-05-20 - Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland 1st woman fly solo across Atlantic
1933-12-21 - Newfoundland reverts to being a crown colony of Great Britain
Aviation Pioneer Amelia Earhart 1934-02-16 - Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
1935-03-30 - Newfoundland changes time to 3½ hrs W of Greenwich, repeats 44 sec
1940-09-03 - US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease
1941-01-03 - Canada & US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 yr lease)
1941-08-09 - Winston Churchill reaches Newfoundland for talks with FDR
1941-08-10 - FDR & Churchill's 2nd meeting at Placentia, Newfoundland
1942-12-12 - A fire in a hostel in St. John's, Newfoundland, kills 100 people.
1949-03-31 - Newfoundland becomes Canada's 10th province
1956-09-25 - First transatlantic telephone cable goes into operation (Newfoundland-Oban)
1972-06-16 - The largest single-site hydro-electric power project in Canada starts at Churchill Falls, Labrador.
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1979-07-20 - 44-kg Newfoundland dog pulls 2293-kg load, Bothell, Wash
1980-04-12 - Terry Fox begins his "Marathon of Hope" at St. John's, Newfoundland.
1982-02-15 - Ocean Ranger oil-drilling platform lost off Newfoundland, 84 die
1985-09-01 - US-French expedition locates wreckage of Titanic off Newfoundland
1985-12-12 - DC-8 crashes near Gander, Newfoundland; 258 die
2001-12-06 - The Canadian province of Newfoundland is renamed Newfoundland and Labrador.
Birthdays 1 - 4 of 4
1753-07-09 - William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1825)
1879-03-18 - Cluny MacPherson, St. John's Newfoundland, Canadian doctor (inventor of the gas mask)
1900-12-24 - Joey Smallwood, Canadian politician, Premier of Newfoundland (d. 1991)
1954-10-21 - Brian Tobin, Canadian premier of Newfoundland
Deaths 1 - 6 of 6
Vice Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake (1596-01-28)
1596-01-28 - Francis Drake, English pirate, Admiral and Governor of Newfoundland (Porto Bello West Indies), dies of dysentery at 50
1780-05-18 - Charles Hardy, British governor of Newfoundland
1825-08-20 - William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1753)
1940-10-09 - Wilfred Grenfell, English medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador (b. 1865).
2005-11-12 - William G. Adams, former mayor of St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada (b. 1923)
2008-02-23 - Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot, first to land at Newfoundland Airport on January 11, 1938 (b. 1916)