Chilean History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 114

  • 1541-02-12 Santiago, Chile founded (or Feb 24)
  • 1541-02-24 Santiago, Chile founded by Pedro de Valvidia (or 2/12)
  • 1541-09-11 Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko
  • 1550-10-05 Foundation of the city of Concepción, Chile.
  • 1553-12-25 Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeats the Spanish conquistadors and exetutes the governor of Chile Pedro de Valdivia.
  • 1574-11-22 Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1577-11-15 Sir Francis Drake aboard Pelican travels from Chile to Washington

Vice Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Vice Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • 1598-12-21 Battle of Curalaba: the Mapuche people led by Pelentaru revolt and inflict a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile
  • 1643-05-13 Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1/3 of population
  • 1810-09-18 Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1817-01-18 José de San Martín leads a revolutionary army over the Andes to attack Spanish royalists in Chile

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1818-02-12 Chile gains independence from Spain
  • 1818-03-16 Second Battle of Cancha Rayada - Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín.
  • 1818-04-05 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.
  • 1823-07-24 Slavery is abolished in Chile.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834-08-16 Charles Darwin climbs Mt Campana in Chile

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1834-08-17 Charles Darwin reaches top of Campana Chile during his Voyage on the Beagle
  • 1834-09-14 Charles Darwin's company passes Tagua-tagua-more Chile
  • 1834-11-21 HMS Beagle anchors at Bay of San Carlos, Chile
  • 1834-12-25 Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas on the Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile
  • 1835-02-20 Concepcion, Chile, destroyed by earthquake; 5,000 die
  • 1835-02-22 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leave Valdivia Chile
  • 1835-03-11 HMS Beagle anchors off Valparaiso, Chile
  • 1835-03-18 Charles Darwin departs Santiago Chile on his way to Portillo Pass
  • 1835-04-10 Charles Darwin returns to Santiago, Chile
  • 1835-05-12 Charles Darwin visits copper mines in North Chile
  • 1835-05-14 Charles Darwin reaches Coquimbo in Northern Chile
  • 1836-11-11 Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
  • 1839-01-20 In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.
  • 1863-12-08 2,500 reported killed as result of fire at Jesuit Church of La Compana, Santiago, Chile
  • 1865-11-26 Battle of Papudo: The Spanish navy engages a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet north of Valparaiso, Chile.
  • 1865-12-05 Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
  • 1866-03-31 The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile.
  • 1868-08-08 Earthquake destroyes Arica, Chile
  • 1878-02-10 Peace of Zanjón signed between Chileans and the Spanish brings 10 Years War to an end
  • 1879-02-14 Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
  • 1879-03-23 War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá which left Bolivia as a landlocked country.
  • 1879-04-05 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1879-05-21 Battle of Iquique: Chilean naval forces overcome Peruvian ships (War of the Pacific)
  • 1879-10-08 War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • 1883-10-20 Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
  • 1904-03-13 Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilean border dedicated
  • 1904-10-20 Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; ecognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast
  • 1906-08-16 -17] 8.6 earthquake destroys Valparaiso Chile, fire kills 20,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-04-25 US President Woodrow Wilson is persuaded by Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to accept mediation in the conflict with Mexico

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1914-11-01 German-British naval battle at Coronel, Chile
  • 1915-03-14 German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal.
  • 1927-04-11 Chilean gen Carlos Ibáñez names himself president
  • 1927-04-27 Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) are created.
  • 1929-06-03 Chile and Peru sign the Treaty of Lima, finally resolving their border dispute from the War of the Pacific (1879–83). Chile keeps Arica and Peru regains Tacna.
  • 1931-07-27 Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
  • 1931-10-04 Juan Esteban Montero becomes president of Chile
  • 1932-06-04 Chilean coup led by Colonel Marmaduke Grove against President Juan Esteban Montero
  • 1932-09-14 Military coup in Chile under Arturo Alessandri
  • 1932-12-24 Arturo Alessandri wins presidental election in Chile
  • 1939-01-24 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile
  • 1939-01-25 Earthquake hits Chillan Chile, 10,000 killed
  • 1939-01-30 Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile
  • 1943-01-31 Chile breaks off relations with Germany & Japan
  • 1945-02-14 Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
  • 1947-10-11 Brazil & Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 1952-09-05 General Carlos Ibáñez elected president of Chile
  • 1953-05-07 Record 537-kg swordfish is caught by LE Marron, in Chile
  • 1955-06-14 Chile becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1964-09-04 Eduardo Frei Montalva elected President of Chile
  • 1965-03-07 Christian-democrats win parliament in Chile
  • 1969-07-10 Chilean Association of Librarians created
  • 1970-06-05 Chile becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1970-09-04 Salvador Allende wins presidential election in Chile
  • 1970-10-24 Salvador Allende Gossens elected president of Chile
  • 1970-11-03 Salvador Allende inaugurated as president of Chile
  • 1970-12-31 President Allende nationalizes Chilean coal mines
  • 1971-03-29 Chile president Allende nationalizes banks/copper mines
  • 1971-07-11 Chilean parliament nationalizes US copper mines
  • 1972-06-17 Chile president Allende forms new government
  • 1972-10-13 Uruguay to Chile plane crashes in Andes Mountains, (passengers eat crash victims to survive, 16 of 45 rescued 2 months later)
  • 1973-04-02 ITT admits to asking CIA to influence Chilean presidential election
  • 1973-08-22 Chilean parliament accuses pres Allende violating laws
  • 1973-09-11 Chile's President Salvador Allende deposed in a military coup
  • 1973-09-28 ITT Building in New York City bombed to protest ITT's involvement in the September 11 1973 coup d'état in Chile.
  • 1974-07-01 General Pinochet becomes president of Chile
  • 1976-09-21 Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He was a member of the Chilean socialist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown in 1973 by Augusto Pinochet.
  • 1976-12-18 Soviet dissident Viktor Bukovskiexchanged for Chile CP-leader Corvalan
  • 1976-12-19 65th Davis Cup: Italy beats Chile in Santiago (4-1)
  • 1977-03-12 Chile president Pinochet bans Christian-Democratic Party
  • 1979-01-08 Argentina & Chile sign Beagle Canal accord
  • 1979-11-08 The Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) is formed.
  • 1980-09-11 Chile adopts its constitution
  • 1981-03-11 Chile constitution takes effect, Augusto Pinochet 2nd term begins
  • 1981-04-22 10,000 copper workers in Chile strike
  • 1986-07-02 General strike against Pinochet regime in Chile
  • 1986-09-07 Failed assassination attempt on Chilean dictator Pinochet, 5 killed
  • 1987-05-26 Cecilia Bolocco, 22, of Chile, crowned 36th Miss Universe
  • 1987-10-03 Michael Pruffer of France skis 135.26 MPH at Portillo, Chile
  • 1988-10-05 Chilean population agrees at referendum against Pinochet regime
  • 1989-03-12 2 cyanide-contaminated Chilean grapes found (Philadelphia)
  • 1989-03-13 FDA orders recall of all Chilean fruit in US
  • 1989-06-30 NASA closes down tracking stations in Santiago, Chile & Guam
  • 1989-07-30 Chile amends its constitution
  • 1991-06-18 Mud storm in Antofagasta Chile, kills 80

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1778-02-25 Jose de San Martin, Yapeyú Corrientes, Argentine General, liberated Argentina, Chile and Peru from Spanish rule

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1778-08-20 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chillán, Chile, South American independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule (1817-1823 Supreme Director of Chile)
  • 1785-10-15 Jose Miguel Carrera, president of Chile (1811-14)
  • 1809-09-05 Manuel Montt Torres, President of Chile (d. 1880)
  • 1848-02-05 Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (d. 1882)
  • 1875-09-18 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (d. 1945)
  • 1877-11-03 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean president. (d. 1960)
  • 1884-10-25 Eduardo Barrios, Chile, novelist (The Love-Crazed Boy)
  • 1887-09-15 Carlos Dávila, former President of Chile (d. 1955)
  • 1889-04-06 Gabriela Mistral [Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga], poet (Noebel Prize 1945) and diplomat, born in Vicuña, Chile (d. 1957)
  • 1896-01-08 Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chile, writer (Men of the South)
  • 1896-12-29 David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexico, painter/muralist (Lib of Chile)
  • 1904-02-06 Claudio Arrau, Chile, composer/pianist (Boston Symphony Orchestra)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904-07-12 Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971), born in Parral, Chile (d. 1973)

  • 1906-04-21 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, born in Chile (d. 1995)
  • 1908-07-26 Salvador Allende Gossens, Chile's last elected president (1970-73)
  • 1909-02-04 Kenneth W Howell, English Anglican bishop (Chile/Bolivia/Peru)
  • 1911-01-06 Eduardo Frei Montalva, president of Chile (1964-70)
  • 1914-01-17 Anacleto Angelini, Chilean businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1914-09-05 Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet (Defense of Violeta Parra)
  • 1915-11-25 Augusto Pinochet, general/president (Chile)
  • 1917-01-17 Ramón Cardemil, Chilean huaso (d. 2007)
  • 1917-09-10 Miguel Serrano, Chilean author and diplomat
  • 1918-11-26 Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer and politician, President of Chile (1990-94), born in Viña del Mar, Chile (d. 2016)
  • 1919-01-18 Juan Antonio Orrego-Salas, Santiago Chile, composer
  • 1920-03-26 Sergio Livingstone, Santiago, Chile, football player and journalist (52 caps), (d. 2012)
  • 1924-10-05 Jose Donoso, Chilean writer (The Place Without Limits), born in Santiago (d. 1996)
  • 1930-04-03 Lawton Chiles, (sen/gov-D-Florida, 1971-89/91- )
  • 1932-04-13 Orlando Letelier, Chilean politician (d. 1976)
  • 1932-09-28 Víctor Jara, Chilean folk singer and activist (d. 1973)
  • 1938-03-02 Ricardo Lagos, former President of Chile
  • 1940-05-11 Juan Downey, Chilean video artist (d. 1993)
  • 1941-07-25 Raul Ruiz, Puerto Mott Chile, actor (Lexot, Capitolo 66)
  • 1942-08-02 Isabel Allende, Chilean author
  • 1945-09-07 Luis Aravena Munoz, Chilean singer/exiled in Netherlands
  • 1946-06-28 Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician.
  • 1947-05-01 Sergio Infante, Chilean poet and writer
  • 1947-11-30 Sergio Badilla Castillo, Chilean poet
  • 1949-12-01 Sebastián Piñera, Chilean businessman and presidential candidate
  • 1951-08-21 Eric Goles, Chilean mathematician and computer scientist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1951-09-29 Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile (2006-10,2014-), born in Santiago

President of Chile Michelle Bachelet
President of Chile
Michelle Bachelet
  • 1958-01-13 Ricardo Acuna, Chile, tennis star
  • 1961-06-06 Tom Araya, Chilean musician (Slayer)
  • 1967-01-18 Iván Zamorano, Chilean footballer
  • 1967-03-21 Adrian Chiles, British television and radio presenter
  • 1968-02-29 Gonzalo Lira, Chilean-American novelist
  • 1969-06-04 Horatio Sanz, Chilean-born comedian
  • 1974-07-21 Andrea L'Huillier, Miss Universe-Chile (1996)
  • 1974-12-24 Marcelo Salas, Chilean footballer
  • 1975-12-26 Marcelo Rios, Santiago Chile, tennis star (1995 Amsterdam)
  • 1976-09-01 Sebastián Rozental, Chilean footballer
  • 1977-01-19 Nicole, Chilean singer
  • 1977-04-10 Claudia Delpin, Miss Chile Universe (1997)
  • 1978-05-05 Santiago Cabrera, Chilean actor
  • 1979-09-11 David Pizarro, Chilean footballer
  • 1979-10-10 Nicolás Massú, Chilean tennis player
  • 1979-11-12 Cote de Pablo, Santiago Chile, actress (NCIS)
  • 1980-07-29 Fernando González, Chilean tennis player
  • 1981-05-10 Humberto Suazo, Chilean footballer
  • 1982-03-23 José Raúl Contreras, Chilean footballer
  • 1983-04-02 Paul Capdeville, Chilean tennis player
  • 1984-02-04 Mauricio Pinilla, Chilean footballer
  • 1986-05-15 Matías Fernández, Chilean footballer
  • 1987-12-19 Alexis Sánchez, Chilean footballer

Famous Weddings

  • 1943-02-18 Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (Chilean gen/dictator) marries Lucia Hiriart

HeartWedding of Interest

1977-12-23 President of Chile Michelle Bachelet (26) weds architect Jorge Dávalos

President of Chile Michelle Bachelet
President of Chile
Michelle Bachelet

Famous Deaths


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1538-07-08 Diego de Almagro, Spanish conquistador (Chile/Peru), killed at Las Salinas at about 63

Conquistador Diego de Almagro
Conquistador
Diego de Almagro
  • 1610-08-05 Alonso García de Ramón, Spanish soldier and twice Royal Governor of Chile
  • 1842-10-24 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64
  • 1876-09-05 Manuel Blanco Encalada, first president of Chile (b. 1790)
  • 1879-05-21 Arturo Prat, Chilean naval officer (b. 1848)
  • 1882-07-09 Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero(b. 1848)
  • 1903-08-30 Vincente F Lopez, historian (Historia the Chile), dies at 87
  • 1945-08-19 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b.1875)
  • 1952-08-18 Alberto Hurtado Cruchaga, Chilean Jesuit saint (b. 1901)
  • 1957-01-10 Gabriela Mistral, Chilean poet (Nobel Prize 1945), dies at 67
  • 1959-08-16 Pedro Humberto Allende Saron, Chilean composer (Tonados), dies at 74
  • 1961-02-22 George de Cuevas, Chilean-born ballet impresario and choreographer (Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas), dies at 75 or 76
  • 1969-02-09 Manuel Plaza Reyes, Chilean marathoner (Oly-gold 1928), dies at 68
  • 1970-10-22 René Schneider, Chilean general/supreme commander, murdered
  • 1973-03-12 Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chilean writer (Hijo de Ladron), dies at 77
  • 1973-09-11 Salvador Allende Gossens, president Chile (1970-73), dies at 65
  • 1973-09-15 Victor Jara, Chilean musician (b. 1941)
  • 1974-09-11 Víctor Olea Alegría, Chilean Socialist Party member
  • 1974-09-30 Carlos Prats, Chilean Constitutionalist General, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
  • 1976-05-26 Juan Maino, Chilean leader of MAPU, "disappeared"
  • 1976-07-16 Carmelo Soria, Spanish diplomat assassinated in 1976 by the Chilean DINA
  • 1976-09-21 Orlando Letelier, minister Chile, dies
  • 1982-01-22 Eduardo Frei Montalva, president of Chile (1964-70), dies at 71
  • 1991-04-01 Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician (b.1946)
  • 1991-07-28 Luis Aravena Munoz, Chilean singer/exiled to Netherlands, dies at 45
  • 1992-01-03 Radomiro Tomic, Chilean president (1970), dies
  • 1993-05-19 Nemesio Antunes, Chilean painter, dies at 75
  • 1994-05-29 Erich Honecker, German politician, Head of State of East Germany (1971-89), dies in Chile at 81
  • 1995-12-07 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, dies at 89
  • 1996-08-30 Jose Toribio Merino, admiral/milt junta of Chile (1973-80), dies at 80
  • 1996-09-13 Cesar Mendoza, general of Military junta of Chile (1973-85), dies
  • 1996-12-07 Jose Donoso, Chilean writer (The Place Without Limits), dies at 72
  • 1997-08-25 Clodomiro Almeyda Medina, Chilean external minister (1970-73), dies
  • 1998-12-12 Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator from Florida and Governor of Florida (b. 1930)
  • 2000-07-14 René Ríos Boettiger, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 2001-05-28 Francisco Varela, Chilean biologist and philosopher (b. 1946)
  • 2002-11-23 Roberto Matta, Chilean painter (b. 1911)
  • 2003-07-15 Roberto Bolaño, Chilean writer (b. 1953)
  • 2005-09-05 Roberto Viaux, Chilean Army General and the primary planner in two failed coup d'état attempt in Chile (b. 1917)
  • 2006-12-10 Augusto Pinochet, Former Chilean dictator (b. 1915)
  • 2007-09-08 Ramón Cardemil, Chilean huaso (b. 1917)
  • 2009-02-17 Conchita Cintrón, Chilean bullfighter (b. 1922)
  • 2010-07-21 Luis Corvalán, Chilean communist leader (b. 1916)
  • 2011-08-19 Raúl Ruiz, Chilean filmmaker (b. 1941)
  • 2011-09-02 Felipe Camiroaga, Chilean character animator, Chile (b. 1966)
  • 2011-09-02 Roberto Bruce, Chilean journalist (b. 1979)
  • 2012-09-11 Sergio Livingstone, Chilean football player and journalist, dies from natural causes at 92
  • 2016-04-18 Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer and politician, President of Chile (1990-94), dies at 97