Chilean History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 114

  • 1541-02-12 Santiago, Chile founded (or Feb 24)
  • 1541-02-24 Santiago, Chile founded by Pedro de Valvidia (or 2/12)
  • 1541-09-11 Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko
  • 1550-10-05 Foundation of the city of Concepción, Chile.
  • 1553-12-25 Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeats the Spanish conquistadors and exetutes the governor of Chile Pedro de Valdivia.
  • 1574-11-22 Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1577-11-15 Sir Francis Drake aboard Pelican travels from Chile to Washington

Vice Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Vice Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • 1598-12-21 Battle of Curalaba: the Mapuche people led by Pelentaru revolt and inflict a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile
  • 1643-05-13 Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1/3 of population
  • 1810-09-18 Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1817-01-18 José de San Martín leads a revolutionary army over the Andes to attack Spanish royalists in Chile

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1818-02-12 Chile gains independence from Spain
  • 1818-03-16 Second Battle of Cancha Rayada - Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín.
  • 1818-04-05 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.
  • 1823-07-24 Slavery is abolished in Chile.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834-08-16 Charles Darwin climbs Mt Campana in Chile

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1834-08-17 Charles Darwin reaches top of Campana Chile during his Voyage on the Beagle
  • 1834-09-14 Charles Darwin's company passes Tagua-tagua-more Chile
  • 1834-11-21 HMS Beagle anchors at Bay of San Carlos, Chile
  • 1834-12-25 Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas on the Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile
  • 1835-02-20 Concepcion, Chile, destroyed by earthquake; 5,000 die
  • 1835-02-22 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leave Valdivia Chile
  • 1835-03-11 HMS Beagle anchors off Valparaiso, Chile
  • 1835-03-18 Charles Darwin departs Santiago Chile on his way to Portillo Pass
  • 1835-04-10 Charles Darwin returns to Santiago, Chile
  • 1835-05-12 Charles Darwin visits copper mines in North Chile
  • 1835-05-14 Charles Darwin reaches Coquimbo in Northern Chile
  • 1836-11-11 Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
  • 1839-01-20 Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance
  • 1863-12-08 2,500 reported killed as result of fire at Jesuit Church of La Compana, Santiago, Chile
  • 1865-11-26 Battle of Papudo: The Spanish navy engages a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet north of Valparaiso, Chile
  • 1865-12-05 Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
  • 1866-03-31 The Spanish navy bombards the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile.
  • 1868-08-08 Earthquake destroyes Arica, Chile
  • 1878-02-10 Pact of Zanjón signed between Cubans rebels and the Spanish bringing the 10 Years War to an end
  • 1879-02-14 Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
  • 1879-03-23 War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá which left Bolivia as a landlocked country.
  • 1879-04-05 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1879-05-21 Battle of Iquique: Chilean naval forces overcome Peruvian ships (War of the Pacific)
  • 1879-10-08 War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • 1883-10-20 Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
  • 1904-03-13 Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilean border dedicated
  • 1904-10-20 Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; ecognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast
  • 1906-08-16 -17] 8.6 earthquake destroys Valparaiso Chile, fire kills 20,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-04-25 US President Woodrow Wilson is persuaded by Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to accept mediation in the conflict with Mexico

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1914-11-01 German-British naval battle at Coronel, Chile
  • 1915-03-14 German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal.
  • 1927-04-11 Chilean gen Carlos Ibáñez names himself president
  • 1927-04-27 Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) are created.
  • 1929-06-03 Chile and Peru sign the Treaty of Lima, finally resolving their border dispute from the War of the Pacific (1879–83). Chile keeps Arica and Peru regains Tacna.
  • 1931-07-27 Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out

  • 1931-10-04 Juan Esteban Montero becomes President of Chile
  • 1932-06-04 Chilean coup led by Colonel Marmaduke Grove against President Juan Esteban Montero
  • 1932-09-14 Military coup in Chile under Arturo Alessandri
  • 1932-12-24 Arturo Alessandri wins presidental election in Chile
  • 1939-01-24 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile
  • 1939-01-25 Earthquake hits Chillan Chile, 10,000 killed
  • 1939-01-30 Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile
  • 1943-01-31 Chile breaks off relations with Germany & Japan
  • 1945-02-14 Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
  • 1947-10-11 Brazil & Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 1952-09-05 General Carlos Ibáñez elected president of Chile
  • 1953-05-07 Record 537-kg swordfish is caught by LE Marron, in Chile
  • 1955-06-14 Chile becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • 1964-09-04 Eduardo Frei Montalva elected President of Chile
  • 1965-03-07 Christian-democrats win parliament in Chile
  • 1969-07-10 Chilean Association of Librarians created
  • 1970-06-05 Chile becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1970-09-04 Marxist Salvador Allende wins a narrow plurality of votes in Chile's presidential election

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • 1970-10-24 Marxist Salvador Allende elected President of Chile by the Chilean Congress
  • 1970-11-03 Marxist Salvador Allende inaugurated as President of Chile
  • 1970-12-31 President Allende nationalizes Chilean coal mines
  • 1971-03-29 Chile president Allende nationalizes banks/copper mines
  • 1971-07-11 Chilean parliament nationalizes American copper mines
  • 1972-06-17 Chile president Allende forms new government
  • 1972-10-13 Uruguay to Chile plane crashes in Andes Mountains, (passengers eat crash victims to survive, 16 of 45 rescued 2 months later)
  • 1973-04-02 ITT admits to asking CIA to influence Chilean presidential election
  • 1973-08-22 Chilean parliament accuses pres Allende violating laws
  • 1973-09-11 Chilean President Salvador Allende is deposed in a military coup led by general Augusto Pinochet
  • 1973-09-28 ITT Building in New York City bombed to protest ITT's involvement in the September 11 1973 coup d'état in Chile.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974-07-01 General Augusto Pinochet becomes president and dictator of Chile

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1778-02-25 José de San Martín, Argentine General, liberated Argentina, Chile and Peru from Spanish rule, born in Yapeyú, Argentina (d. 1850)

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1778-08-20 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chillán, Chile, South American independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule (1817-1823 Supreme Director of Chile)
  • 1785-10-15 Jose Miguel Carrera, president of Chile (1811-14)
  • 1809-09-05 Manuel Montt Torres, President of Chile (851-61), born in Petorca, Chile (d. 1880)
  • 1848-02-05 Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (d. 1882)
  • 1875-09-18 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (d. 1945)
  • 1877-11-03 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean president. (d. 1960)
  • 1884-10-25 Eduardo Barrios, Chile, novelist (The Love-Crazed Boy)
  • 1887-09-15 Carlos Dávila, former President of Chile (d. 1955)
  • 1889-04-06 Gabriela Mistral [Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga], poet (Noebel Prize 1945) and diplomat, born in Vicuña, Chile (d. 1957)
  • 1896-01-08 Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chile, writer (Men of the South)
  • 1896-12-29 David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican painter/muralist (Lib of Chile)
  • 1904-02-06 Claudio Arrau, Chile, composer/pianist (Boston Symphony Orchestra)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904-07-12 Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971), born in Parral, Chile (d. 1973)

  • 1906-04-21 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, born in Chile (d. 1995)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908-07-26 Salvador Allende, President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1973)

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • 1909-02-04 Kenneth W Howell, English Anglican bishop (Chile/Bolivia/Peru)
  • 1911-01-06 Eduardo Frei Montalva, president of Chile (1964-70)
  • 1914-01-17 Anacleto Angelini, Chilean businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1914-09-05 Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet (Defense of Violeta Parra), born in San Fabián de Alico, Chile

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1915-11-25 Augusto Pinochet, general/president (Chile)

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet
  • 1917-01-17 Ramón Cardemil, Chilean huaso (d. 2007)
  • 1917-09-10 Miguel Serrano, Chilean author and diplomat
  • 1918-11-26 Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer and politician, President of Chile (1990-94), born in Viña del Mar, Chile (d. 2016)
  • 1919-01-18 Juan Antonio Orrego-Salas, Santiago Chile, composer
  • 1920-03-26 Sergio Livingstone, Santiago, Chile, football player and journalist (52 caps), (d. 2012)
  • 1924-10-05 Jose Donoso, Chilean writer (The Place Without Limits), born in Santiago (d. 1996)
  • 1930-04-03 Lawton Chiles, (sen/gov-D-Florida, 1971-89/91- )
  • 1932-04-13 Orlando Letelier, Chilean politician (d. 1976)
  • 1932-09-28 Víctor Jara, Chilean folk singer and activist (d. 1973)
  • 1938-03-02 Ricardo Lagos, former President of Chile
  • 1940-05-11 Juan Downey, Chilean video artist (d. 1993)
  • 1941-07-25 Raul Ruiz, Puerto Mott Chile, actor (Lexot, Capitolo 66)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942-08-02 Isabel Allende, Chilean-American author, novelist (The House of the Spirits, City of the Beasts) and Nobel Prize winner, born in Lima, Peru

  • 1945-09-07 Luis Aravena Munoz, Chilean singer/exiled in Netherlands
  • 1946-06-28 Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician.
  • 1947-05-01 Sergio Infante, Chilean poet and writer
  • 1947-11-30 Sergio Badilla Castillo, Chilean poet
  • 1949-12-01 Sebastián Piñera, Chilean businessman and presidential candidate
  • 1951-08-21 Eric Goles, Chilean mathematician and computer scientist, born in Antofagasta, Chile

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1951-09-29 Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile (2006-10, 2014-present), born in Santiago, Chile

President of Chile Michelle Bachelet
President of Chile
Michelle Bachelet
  • 1958-01-13 Ricardo Acuna, Chile, tennis star
  • 1961-06-06 Tom Araya, Chilean American musician (bass guitarist and lead singer of American thrash metal band Slayer), born in Viña del Mar, Chile
  • 1967-01-18 Iván Zamorano, Chilean footballer
  • 1967-03-21 Adrian Chiles, British television and radio presenter
  • 1968-02-29 Gonzalo Lira, Chilean-American novelist
  • 1969-06-04 Horatio Sanz, Chilean-born comedian
  • 1974-07-21 Andrea L'Huillier, Miss Universe-Chile (1996)
  • 1974-12-24 Marcelo Salas, Chilean footballer
  • 1975-12-26 Marcelo Rios, Santiago Chile, tennis star (1995 Amsterdam)
  • 1976-09-01 Sebastián Rozental, Chilean footballer
  • 1977-01-19 Nicole, Chilean singer
  • 1977-04-10 Claudia Delpin, Miss Chile Universe (1997)
  • 1978-05-05 Santiago Cabrera, Chilean actor
  • 1979-09-11 David Pizarro, Chilean footballer
  • 1979-10-10 Nicolás Massú, Chilean tennis player
  • 1979-11-12 Cote de Pablo, Chilean American actress (NCIS),born in Santiago, Chile
  • 1980-07-29 Fernando González, Chilean tennis player
  • 1981-05-10 Humberto Suazo, Chilean footballer
  • 1982-03-23 José Raúl Contreras, Chilean footballer
  • 1983-04-02 Paul Capdeville, Chilean tennis player
  • 1984-02-04 Mauricio Pinilla, Chilean footballer
  • 1986-05-15 Matías Fernández, Chilean footballer
  • 1988-12-19 Alexis Sánchez, Chilean footballer (Arsenal, Chilean national team), born in Tocopilla, Chile

Famous Weddings


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943-02-18 Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (Chilean gen/dictator) marries Lucia Hiriart

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet

HeartWedding of Interest

1977-12-23 President of Chile Michelle Bachelet (26) weds architect Jorge Dávalos

President of Chile Michelle Bachelet
President of Chile
Michelle Bachelet

Famous Deaths


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1538-07-08 Diego de Almagro, Spanish conquistador of Chile and Peru, executed at Las Salinas at about 63

Conquistador Diego de Almagro
Conquistador
Diego de Almagro
  • 1610-08-05 Alonso García de Ramón, Spanish soldier and twice Royal Governor of Chile
  • 1842-10-24 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64
  • 1876-09-05 Manuel Blanco Encalada, first president of Chile (b. 1790)
  • 1879-05-21 Arturo Prat, Chilean naval officer (b. 1848)
  • 1882-07-09 Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero(b. 1848)
  • 1903-08-30 Vincente F Lopez, historian (Historia the Chile), dies at 87
  • 1945-08-19 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b.1875)
  • 1952-08-18 Alberto Hurtado Cruchaga, Chilean Jesuit saint (b. 1901)
  • 1957-01-10 Gabriela Mistral, Chilean poet (Nobel Prize 1945), dies at 67
  • 1959-08-16 Pedro Humberto Allende Saron, Chilean composer (Tonados), dies at 74
  • 1961-02-22 George de Cuevas, Chilean-born ballet impresario and choreographer (Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas), dies at 75 or 76
  • 1969-02-09 Manuel Plaza Reyes, Chilean marathoner (Oly-gold 1928), dies at 68
  • 1970-10-22 René Schneider, Chilean general/supreme commander, murdered
  • 1973-03-12 Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chilean writer (Hijo de Ladron), dies at 77

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1973-09-11 Salvador Allende, President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, commits suspected suicide by shooting himself during a military coup at 65

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • 1973-09-15 Victor Jara, Chilean musician (b. 1941)
  • 1974-09-11 Víctor Olea Alegría, Chilean Socialist Party member
  • 1974-09-30 Carlos Prats, Chilean Constitutionalist General, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
  • 1976-05-26 Juan Maino, Chilean leader of MAPU, "disappeared"
  • 1976-07-16 Carmelo Soria, Spanish diplomat assassinated in 1976 by the Chilean DINA
  • 1976-09-21 Orlando Letelier, minister Chile, dies
  • 1982-01-22 Eduardo Frei Montalva, president of Chile (1964-70), dies at 71
  • 1991-04-01 Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician (b.1946)
  • 1991-07-28 Luis Aravena Munoz, Chilean singer/exiled to Netherlands, dies at 45
  • 1992-01-03 Radomiro Tomic, Chilean president (1970), dies
  • 1993-05-19 Nemesio Antunes, Chilean painter, dies at 75
  • 1994-05-29 Erich Honecker, German politician, Head of State of East Germany (1971-89), dies in Chile at 81
  • 1995-12-07 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, dies at 89
  • 1996-08-30 Jose Toribio Merino, admiral/milt junta of Chile (1973-80), dies at 80
  • 1996-09-13 Cesar Mendoza, general of Military junta of Chile (1973-85), dies
  • 1996-12-07 Jose Donoso, Chilean writer (The Place Without Limits), dies at 72
  • 1997-08-25 Clodomiro Almeyda Medina, Chilean external minister (1970-73), dies
  • 1998-12-12 Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator from Florida and Governor of Florida (b. 1930)
  • 2000-07-14 René Ríos Boettiger, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 2001-05-28 Francisco Varela, Chilean biologist and philosopher (b. 1946)
  • 2002-11-23 Roberto Matta, Chilean painter (b. 1911)
  • 2003-07-15 Roberto Bolaño, Chilean writer (b. 1953)
  • 2005-09-05 Roberto Viaux, Chilean Army General and the primary planner in two failed coup d'état attempt in Chile (b. 1917)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2006-12-10 Augusto Pinochet, Former Chilean dictator (b. 1915)

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet
  • 2007-09-08 Ramón Cardemil, Chilean huaso (b. 1917)
  • 2009-02-17 Conchita Cintrón, Chilean bullfighter (b. 1922)
  • 2010-07-21 Luis Corvalán, Chilean communist leader (b. 1916)
  • 2011-08-19 Raúl Ruiz, Chilean filmmaker (b. 1941)
  • 2011-09-02 Felipe Camiroaga, Chilean character animator, Chile (b. 1966)
  • 2011-09-02 Roberto Bruce, Chilean journalist (b. 1979)
  • 2012-09-11 Sergio Livingstone, Chilean football player and journalist, dies from natural causes at 92
  • 2016-04-18 Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer and politician, President of Chile (1990-94), dies at 97