Colombian History

Colombia: Bogota - Cartagena - Medellin

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1524-11-14 Francisco Pizarro begins his 1st great expedition, near Colombia

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1538-08-06 Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada.
  • 1539-04-27 Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (nowadays Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar.
  • 1586-12-03 Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England from Colombia
  • 1708-01-08 Spanish armada headed by the San Jose and loaded with gold sunk after British squadron attacks off coast of Colombia (rediscovered 2015)
  • 1741-03-04 British fleet under Rear Admiral of the Blue Sir Chaloner Ogle reaches Cartagena de Indias (Colombia)
  • 1773-06-17 Cúcuta, Colombia is founded by Juana Rangel de Cuéllar
  • 1810-07-20 Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada (now Colombia), declare independence from Spain.
  • 1811-11-11 Cartagena Colombia declares independence from Spain
  • 1819-08-07 Battle of Boyacá; Bolívar defeats Spanish in Colombia
  • 1819-12-17 Congress of Angostura establishes Colombia's independence from Spain
  • 1831-11-07 State of Gran Colombia disbands
  • 1831-11-17 Ecuador and Venezuela separated from Greater Colombia
  • 1858-05-22 Confederación Granadina (now Colombia) forms
  • 1863-05-08 Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia
  • 1867-10-22 Foundation of the National University of Colombia.
  • 1875-05-16 Eathquake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000
  • 1886-08-04 Colombia adopts constitution
  • 1903-01-22 The Hay-Herran Treaty concerning the USA's right to the Panama Canal is signed by the Colombian Charge d'affaires in Washington, D.C. (never ratified)
  • 1903-11-03 Colombia grants independence to Panama
  • 1903-11-04 Panama and Colombia wake up to news that the insurrectionists have declared an independent Republic of Panama
  • 1904-07-28 Rafael Reyes becomes dictator of Colombia after losing Panama
  • 1906-01-31 Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
  • 1909-01-05 Colombia recognizes Panama's independence
  • 1914-04-08 US & Colombia sign a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone
  • 1934-05-24 Colombia & Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934-07-10 1st sitting US president to visit South America, FDR in Colombia

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936-12-23 Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • 1945-11-05 Colombia joins the United Nations.
  • 1948-04-30 Org of American States charter signed at Bogota, Colombia
  • 1953-06-14 Military coup by general Gustavo Rojas Pinilla in Colombia
  • 1956-08-07 Dynamite transport explodes in Colombia; about 1200 die
  • 1957-05-11 Gabriel Paris forms government of Colombia
  • 1957-05-24 Heavy earthquake strikes Colombia
  • 1958-05-04 Alberto Lleras Camargo chosen president of Colombia
  • 1965-10-30 Fireworks explosions kill 50 in Cartagena, Colombia
  • 1967-11-14 The Congress of Colombia in commemoration of the 150 years of the death of Policarpa Salavarrieta, declares this day as "Day of the Colombian Woman".
  • 1971-04-19 75th Boston Marathon: Alvaro Mejia of Colombia 1st man in 2:18:45 and Sara Mae Berman of United States 1st woman in 3:08:30
  • 1974-06-28 Fall of earth & rocks kill 200 (Quebrada Blanca Canyon, Colombia)
  • 1978-06-04 Liberal Julio Turbay Ayola wins Colombia elections
  • 1981-03-24 Colombia drops diplomatic relations with Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982-12-08 Colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez receives the Nobel Prize for Literature

Colombian Writer Gabriel García Márquez
Colombian Writer
Gabriel García Márquez
  • 1983-03-31 Earthquake in Colombia kills some 5,000 people
  • 1983-11-27 Colombian jetliner Boeing 747 crashes in Madrid killing 181
  • 1985-11-06 M-19 guerrillas occupy Palace of Justice Bogota Colombia
  • 1985-11-07 Colombian troops end 27-hr siege of Bogota's Palace of Justice
  • 1985-11-13 Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupts in Colombia, killing 25,000
  • 1985-11-14 Volcano Nevado del Ruiz Colombia erupts, 1000s killed
  • 1986-05-25 Virgilio Barco elected president of Colombia
  • 1988-03-07 Colombia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1988-05-03 4,200 kg Colombian cocaine in seized at Tarpon Springs Florida
  • 1988-05-19 Carlos Lehder Rivas, of Colombia's Medellin drug cartel, is convicted in Florida for smuggling more than 3 tons of cocaine into US
  • 1989-08-18 Leading presidential hopeful Luis Carlos Galán is assassinated near Bogotá in Colombia.
  • 1989-11-27 Colombian jetliner bombed killing 107
  • 1990-05-27 Caesar Gaviria Trujillo chosen President of Colombia
  • 1990-05-28 Cesar Gaviria Trujillo installed as president of Colombia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991-06-19 Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar surrenders to police

Colombian Drug Lord Pablo Escobar
Colombian Drug Lord
Pablo Escobar
  • 1991-10-30 Colombian government negotiate with M-19-guerrilla
  • 1992-07-22 Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes prison
  • 1992-10-18 6.6 earthquake hits Colombia with no fatalities
  • 1993-02-15 Bombings by mafia drug lords kill 14 in Bogota, Colombia
  • 1993-05-19 Boeing 727 crashes into mountain at Medellin Colombia, kills 132
  • 1994-06-06 6.0 earthquake/avalanche destroys Toez Colombia (about 1000 killed)
  • 1994-06-19 Ernesto Samper elected president of Colombia
  • 1994-06-22 FIFA World Cup: USA beats Colombia 2-1 in 1994 world cup match (1st win since 1950)
  • 1994-08-07 Ernesto Samper sworn in as president of Colombia
  • 1995-01-11 DC-9 crashes near Maria La Baya, Colombia: 51 die, 9 yr old girl lives
  • 1995-02-08 6.4 earthquake at Trujillo, Colombia (46+ killed)
  • 1997-08-04 In Colombia, international oil company Occidental Petroleum declare force majeure on all oil exports from the Cano Limon field after a series of attacks knocked out a major oil pipeline
  • 1998-04-20 TAME Boeing 727-200 chartered by Air France crashes into Cerro El Cable mountain after takeoff from Bogotá, Colombia, killing 53.
  • 1999-01-25 Earthquake hits Colombia, South America, killing around 300 and injuring 1000
  • 2002-01-28 TAME Flight 120, a Boeing 727-100 crashes in the Andes mountains in southern Colombia killing 92.
  • 2002-05-26 Álvaro Uribe becomes President of Colombia.
  • 2008-07-02 Ingrid Betancourt and 14 other FARC hostages are rescued by the Colombian armed forces.
  • 2009-06-25 Colombia enters into recession after witnessing 0.7% contraction in the last quarter of 2008 and 0.6% in the following quarter
  • 2010-01-12 Colombia officially leaves the recession after achieving 2% economic growth in the last quarter of 2009
  • 2013-01-01 13 FARC members are killed by an airstrike by the Colombian military
  • 2015-01-25 Miss Colombia Paulina Vega is crowned Miss Universe 2014
  • 2015-05-17 A mudslide hits the alpine town of Salgar in Western Colombia killing over 50 people
  • 2015-11-27 "Holy grail" of shipwrecks the San Jose, sunk 1708, is confirmed found by an international team off the coast of Colombia
  • 2016-01-23 Zika virus outbreak in Brazil prompts Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador and Jamaica to recommend women delay pregnancies for up to 2 years
  • 2016-06-23 Ceasefire agreement signed between Colombian government and Farc rebels - ending more than 50 years of conflict

Famous Birthdays

  • 1782-07-06 Luis [Philippus] Brion, Curacao commander of Colombian fleet
  • 1852-08-23 Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia for one day in 1882, born in Santa Rosa de Viterbo, Colombia (d. 1913)
  • 1858-01-17 Tomas Carrasquilla, Colombian author (Frutos de mi Tierra)
  • 1860-07-26 Philippe J Bunau-Varilla, French engineer (Colombia-Panama), born in Paris (d. 1940)
  • 1865-01-05 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (d. 1920)
  • 1865-11-27 Jose Asunción Silva, Colombia, poet (Nocturno III)
  • 1873-10-29 Guillermo Valencia, Colombia, poet/translator/statesman
  • 1883-07-29 Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian poet and writer (d. 1942)
  • 1886-01-31 Alfonso Lopez, Colombia, statesman (Pres UN security council-1948)
  • 1889-02-19 Jose Eustasio Rivera, Colombia, poet/novelist (Vortex)
  • 1894-01-07 Jose Rozo Contreras, Colombian composer (d. 1976)
  • 1903-01-23 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (d. 1948)
  • 1908-04-12 Carlos Lleras Restrepo, president of Colombia
  • 1913-06-30 Alfonso López Michelsen, 32nd Colombian President (d. 2007)
  • 1917-03-16 Samael Aun Weor, Colombian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1921-09-17 Virgilio Barco Vargas, President of Colombia (1986-90), born in Cúcuta, Colombia

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1927-03-06 Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist (1982 Nobel Prize in Literature), born in Aracataca, Colombia (d. 2014)

Colombian Writer Gabriel García Márquez
Colombian Writer
Gabriel García Márquez
  • 1931-10-14 Rafael Puyana, Bogota Colombia, baroque harpsichordist (NY debut 1957)
  • 1935-11-08 Alfonso López Trujillo, Colombian Cardinal Bishop
  • 1937-05-08 Carlos Gaviria Díaz, Colombian politician
  • 1940-03-03 Germán Castro Caycedo, Colombian writer and journalist
  • 1947-03-31 Caesar Gaviria Trujillo, president (Colombia, 1990-94)
  • 1948-10-08 Pedro López, Colombian serial killer
  • 1949-02-02 Francisco Maturana, Colombian football manager
  • 1949-08-08 Ricardo Londoño, Colombian racing driver

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949-12-01 Pablo Escobar, Colombian drug lord, born in Rionegro, Colombia (d. 1993)

Colombian Drug Lord Pablo Escobar
Colombian Drug Lord
Pablo Escobar
  • 1950-01-18 Claudia de Colombia, Bogato Columbia, spanish singer (Yo Creo En Ti)
  • 1951-09-29 Andrés Caicedo, Colombian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1952-03-25 Antanas Mockus, Colombian mathematician
  • 1952-07-04 Álvaro Uribe Vélez, Colombian politician
  • 1958-01-11 Diego León Montoya Sánchez, former Colombian crime boss
  • 1958-11-16 Roberto Guerrero, Medelin Colombia, Indy racer (Rookie of Year 1984)
  • 1959-08-27 Juan Fernando Cobo, Colombian artist
  • 1959-11-22 Fabio Parra, Colombian cyclist
  • 1960-10-24 Jaime Garzón, Colombian journalist and comedian (d. 1999)
  • 1961-05-04 Luis Herrera, Colombian cyclist
  • 1961-09-02 Carlos Valderrama, Colombian footballer
  • 1961-12-25 Ingrid Betancourt, Colombian senator
  • 1964-07-22 John Leguizamo, Bogotá, Colombia, Colombian American actor (Mambo Mouth, Whispers in the Dark)
  • 1965-05-03 Nina Garcia, Colombian-American fashion expert and television personality (Project Runway), born in Barranquilla, Colombia
  • 1965-09-05 César Rincón, Colombian matador, born in Bogotá, Colombia
  • 1967-03-13 Andrés Escobar, Colombian footballer (d. 1994)
  • 1968-01-22 Mauricio Serna, Colombian footballer
  • 1968-02-06 Adolfo Valencia, Colombian footballer
  • 1969-03-11 Soraya, Colombian-American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1969-11-10 Faustino Asprilla, Colombian footballer
  • 1970-02-03 Oscar Cordoba, Colombian footballer
  • 1970-07-29 Maria Checca, Bogota Colombia, playmate (Aug, 1994)
  • 1971-04-14 Miguel Calero, Ginebra, Colombian footballer, (d. 2012)
  • 1971-12-07 Mauricio Hadad, Cali Colombia, tennis star (1995 Bermuda)
  • 1972-03-12 Hector Luis Bustamante, Colombian actor
  • 1972-07-10 Sofia Vergara, Colombian-American actress (Modern Family), born in Barranquilla, Colombia
  • 1972-08-09 Juanes, Colombian singer
  • 1973-07-03 Fred Rodriguez, Bogota Colombia, cyclist (Olympics-96)
  • 1973-10-30 Silvia Corzo, Colombian newscaster
  • 1974-03-20 Paula Garces, Colombian actress
  • 1974-08-02 Angie Cepeda, Colombian actress
  • 1974-09-27 Lina Gaviria, Miss Universe-Colombia (1996)
  • 1974-10-04 Claudia Elena Vasquez, Miss Universe-best costume (Colombia, 1997)
  • 1974-11-02 Orlando Cabrera, Colombian baseball player
  • 1975-06-25 Natasha Klauss, Colombian actress
  • 1975-08-07 Edgar Renteria, Barranquilla Colombia, infielder (Florida Marlins)
  • 1975-09-20 Juan Pablo Montoya, Colombian race car driver
  • 1975-10-24 Juan Pablo Ángel, Colombian footballer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1977-02-02 Shakira, Colombian pop singer (Whenever Wherever, Waka Waka (This Time for Africa)), born in Barranquilla, Colombia

Singer Shakira
Singer
Shakira
  • 1977-09-02 Ramiro Muñoz, Colombian musician
  • 1977-10-11 Claudia Palacios, Colombian television journalist
  • 1978-02-04 Danna Garcia, Colombian actress
  • 1979-11-20 Ericson Alexander Molano, Colombian gospel singer
  • 1979-12-19 Paola Rey, Colombian actress
  • 1981-04-19 Catalina Sandino Moreno, Colombian actress
  • 1983-03-04 Max Vergara Poeti, Colombian writer
  • 1984-06-09 Kaleth Morales, Colombian singer and songwriter (d. 2005)

Famous Weddings

  • 2003-06-28 Colombian American actor John Leguizamo (42) weds estate planner Justine Maurer (35) on a Catholic-Jewish ceremony in New York
  • 2006-04-15 "Maria Full of Grace" actress Catalina Sandino Moreno (24) weds lighting technician David Michael Ewell in an intimate civil ceremony in Cartagena de Indies, Colombia
  • 2008-11-17 Heartthrob finalist from Top Chef's second season Sam Talbot (30) weds Colombian model and t-shirt designer Paola Guerrero in a secret wedding ceremony at City Hall in New York City

Famous Deaths

  • 1817-11-14 Policarpa Salavarrieta, Colombian revolutionary (b. 1795)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1830-12-17 Simón Bolívar, South American revolutionary and president (Colombia), dies at 47 in Santa Marta, Colombia

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • 1840-05-06 Francisco de Paula Santander, Colombian president and independence leader (b. 1792)
  • 1913-07-19 Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia for one day in 1882, dies at 60
  • 1920-03-11 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)
  • 1928-12-01 José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian writer (b. 1888)
  • 1942-01-14 Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian writer (b. 1883)
  • 1948-04-09 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1966-02-15 Camillo Torres, Colombian priest/guerrilla fighter, dies
  • 1973-03-14 Rafael Godoy, Colombian composer (b. 1907)
  • 1976-10-12 Jose Rozo Contreras, Colombian composer, dies at 82
  • 1977-03-04 Andrés Caicedo, Colombian writer (b. 1951)
  • 1977-12-24 Samael Aun Weor, Colombian writer (b. 1917)
  • 1986-03-13 Alvaro Fayad Delgado, Colombian guerilla leader (M-19), dies
  • 1989-08-18 Luis Carlos Galan, Colombian presidential candidate, murdered
  • 1990-01-04 Alberto Lleras Camargo, president of Colombia (1945-46, 58-62), dies
  • 1990-04-26 Carlos Pizarro Leongomez, Colombian presidential candidate, assassinated
  • 1992-04-11 Alejandro Obregón, Colombian painter (b. 1920)
  • 1993-04-03 Eduardo Cabellero Calderon, Colombian writer/diplomat, dies at 83

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1993-12-02 Pablo Escobar, Colombian drug lord, shot to death by Colombian Police at 44

Colombian Drug Lord Pablo Escobar
Colombian Drug Lord
Pablo Escobar
  • 1994-07-02 Andres Escobar, Colombia world cup soccer star, shot for losing to US
  • 1994-10-01 Carlos Lleras Restrepo, president of Colombia (1966-70), dies at 86
  • 1996-11-02 Alvaro Gomez Hurtado, Colombian politician, dies
  • 1997-05-20 Virgilio Boat, president of Colombia (1986-90), dies
  • 1997-08-21 Misael Pastrana Borrero, President of Colombia (1970-74), dies
  • 1999-08-13 Jaime Garzón, Colombian journalist and comedian, murdered (b. 1960)
  • 2002-10-24 Herman Gaviria, Colombian football player (b. 1969)
  • 2005-08-24 Kaleth Morales, Colombian Vallenato singer (b. 1984)
  • 2005-09-13 Julio César Turbay Ayala, Colombian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2006-05-10 Soraya, Colombian-American singer (b. 1969)
  • 2007-07-11 Alfonso López Michelsen, 32nd Colombian President (b. 1913)
  • 2008-03-26 Manuel Marulanda Velez aka Tirofijo, founder and lifelong leader of Colombian rebel group FARC-EP (b. 1930)
  • 2009-12-22 Luis Francisco Cuéllar, Colombian politician (b. 1940)
  • 2010-06-07 Omar Rayo, Colombian painter, sculptor, caricaturist and plastic artist. (b. 1928)
  • 2012-12-04 Miguel Calero, Colombia footballer, dies from cerebral thrombosis at 41

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2014-04-17 Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist (1982 Nobel Prize in Literature), dies of pneumonia at 87

Colombian Writer Gabriel García Márquez
Colombian Writer
Gabriel García Márquez