Croatian History

Historical Events

  • 0852-03-04 Croatian Duke Trpimir I issued a statute, a document with the first known written mention of the Croats name in Croatian sources.
  • 0879-05-21 Pope John VIII gives blessings to duke Branimir and to Croatian people, considered to be international recognition of Croatian state.
  • 0927-05-27 Battle of the Bosnian Highlands: Simeon I of Bulgaria is defeated by King Tomislav of Croatia.
  • 0928-03-11 Trpimir II succeeds to the Croatian throne.
  • 1075-10-08 Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned king of Croatia.
  • 1493-09-09 Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.
  • 1527-01-01 Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.
  • 1671-04-30 Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.
  • 1848-09-29 Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence
  • 1915-05-12 Croatians plunder Armenia, killing 250
  • 1917-07-20 Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
  • 1918-12-01 Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
  • 1919-05-29 The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929).
  • 1919-10-03 Serbian, Croatian & Slavic parliment accord for 8 hr work day
  • 1920-12-13 Netherland breaks contact with Kingdom of Serbia, Croatia & Slavia
  • 1925-07-20 Italian-Serbian/Croatian/Slav treaty about Dalmatie
  • 1926-08-17 Greek-Serbian/Croatian/Slavs peace treaty signed
  • 1927-01-28 Serbian-Croatian-Slavic government of Oezonowitsj falls
  • 1927-03-10 Albania mobilizes due to threats from the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • 1927-10-28 Josip Broz (Tito) begins 7 months jail sentence in Croatia
  • 1929-10-03 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats & Slovenes changes name to Yugoslavia
  • 1935-04-05 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
  • 1939-08-26 Croatia gets autonomous status
  • 1941-04-30 Spread of Judaism begins in Croatia
  • 1941-06-04 Republic of Croatia orders all Jews to wear a star with the letter Z
  • 1943-01-20 Operation Weiss: German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian troops attempt to retake land liberated by Tito's partisans
  • 1976-09-10 5 Croatian terrorists capture TWA-plane at La Guardia Airport, NY
  • 1990-10-01 Serbs in Croatia proclaim autonomy
  • 1991-04-29 Croatia declares independence
  • 1991-06-25 Slovenia & Croatia declare independence from Yugoslavia
  • 1991-10-08 The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia
  • 1991-11-18 The Croatian city of Vukovar surrenders to Yugoslav People's Army and allied Serb paramilitary forces after an 87-day siege
  • 1994-03-29 Serbs & Croats sign a cease-fire to end the war in Croatia
  • 1995-05-01 Croatian forces launch Operation Flash during the Croatian War of Independence.
  • 1995-08-04 Operation Storm begins in Croatia.
  • 1995-08-05 The city of Knin, a significant Serb stronghold, is captured by Croatian forces during Operation Storm. The date is celebrated as the day of victory (Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day) in Croatia.
  • 2000-01-14 A United Nations tribunal sentences five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 killing of over 100 Muslims in a Bosnian village.
  • 2000-02-18 Stjepan Mesić becomes the second president of Croatia.
  • 2005-11-29 The new Croatian Communist Party (KPH) is founded in Vukovar.
  • 2005-12-04 94th Davis Cup: Croatia beats Slovak Republic in Bratislava (3-2)
  • 2005-12-08 Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, is captured in the Playa de las Américas, Tenerife by the Spanish police.
  • 2009-04-01 Croatia and Albania joined NATO
  • 2009-07-06 Jadranka Kosor became first female prime minister of Croatia
  • 2012-06-23 A coach crashes in Croatia killing 8 Czech tourists and injuring 44
  • 2013-07-01 Croatia becomes the 28th member of the European Union
  • 2015-01-11 Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović is elected as the first female Prime Minister of Croatia
  • 2016-03-09 EU Migrant Crisis: Macedonia, Croatia and Slovenia close their borders to migrants trying to reach Northern Europe

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 117

  • 1450-08-18 Marko Marulic/Marulus/Splichanin/Pechinich, Croatian poet
  • 1461-02-06 Džore Držić, Croatian poet and playwright who is considered one of the fathers of Croatian literature (d. 1501)
  • 1520-03-03 Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer (d. 1575)
  • 1575-08-15 Bartol Kašić, Croatian writer and linguist (d. 1650)
  • 1613-04-06 Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (d. 1683)
  • 1652-01-07 Pavao Vitezovic, Croatia, writer/historian
  • 1703-12-02 Ferdinand Konscak, Croatian explorer (d. 1759)
  • 1718-10-28 Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary (d. 1793)
  • 1732-01-06 Matija A Reljkovic, Croatia, writer (Satir iliti divji covic)
  • 1806-11-24 Omar Pasha, [Michael Lats], Croatian governor/viceroy of Bosnia/Iraq
  • 1809-07-08 Ljudwit Gaj, Croatian writer/poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja)
  • 1810-06-30 Stanko Vraz, [Jakob Frass], Slovenian/Croatian poet (illyrism)
  • 1828-11-25 Franjo Racki, Croatian historian/politician
  • 1832-08-03 Ivan Zajc, Czech composer and conductor, born in Rijeka, Croatia (d. 1914)
  • 1834-02-06 Ema Puksec, Croatian singer (d. 1889)
  • 1838-07-06 Vatroslav Jagic, Croatian scholar (d. 1923)
  • 1838-11-14 August Senoa, Croatian author (Zlatarevo zlato)
  • 1855-09-09 Anthony Francis Lucas Croatian-born oil exploration pioneer (d. 1921)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856-07-10 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil, born in Smiljan, Austrian Empire (now Croatia) (d. 1943)

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • 1856-10-25 Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (d. 1936)
  • 1857-01-23 Andrija Mohorovicic, Croatian geologist (Moho discontinuity)
  • 1858-07-20 Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (d. 1925)
  • 1859-09-11 Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian writer (d. 1905)
  • 1861-10-14 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (d. 1944)
  • 1862-09-02 Franjo Krežma, Croatian violinist (d. 1881)
  • 1863-08-24 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (d. 1918)
  • 1864-01-25 Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (d. 1934)
  • 1864-05-27 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (d. 1938)
  • 1871-04-05 Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1913?)
  • 1871-07-11 Stjepan Radic, founder/leader (Croatian Farmers' Party)
  • 1871-10-09 Didak Buntić, Croatian monk and scholar.
  • 1873-12-21 Blagoje Bersa, Croatian composer (d. 1934)
  • 1875-04-18 Ivana Brlic-Mazuranic, Croatian writer (d. 1938)
  • 1875-08-19 Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1936)
  • 1877-01-02 Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (d. 1906)
  • 1879-11-09 Milan Šufflay, Croatian politician (d. 1931)
  • 1883-08-15 Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor (d. 1962)
  • 1887-09-13 Lavoslav Ruzicka, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1887-10-12 Paula von Preradović, Croatian-Austrian poet (d. 1951)
  • 1888-03-10 Krsto Odak, Croatian composer, born in Siverić (d. 1965)
  • 1888-09-01 Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician (d. 1958)
  • 1890-01-22 Vinko Zganec, Croatian ethnomusicologist (d. 1976)
  • 1891-07-05 Tin Ujević, Croatian poet (d. 1955)
  • 1893-07-07 Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (d. 1981)
  • 1895-03-21 Zlatko Baloković, Croatian violinist (d. 1955)
  • 1899-11-29 Andrija Artuković, Croatian war criminal (d. 1988)
  • 1900-03-09 Aimone duke of Spoleta/Aosta, Italian king of Croatia (1941-43)
  • 1901-03-29 Andrija Maurovic, Croatian illustrator (d. 1981)
  • 1903-12-07 Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician (d. 1987)
  • 1906-05-17 Zinka Milanov, Croatian soprano (Ljublama Opera 1927, NY Metropolitan Opera), born in Zagreb, Croatia (d. 1989)
  • 1906-07-07 William Feller, Croatian mathematician (d. 1970)
  • 1906-07-23 Vladimir Prelog, Sarajevo, Croatian-Swiss Chemist and Nobel Laureate
  • 1909-07-08 Petar Segedin, Croatian novelist (Holy Devil)
  • 1911-04-13 Ico Hitrec, Croatian footballer (d. 1946)
  • 1912-02-14 Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (d. 1988)
  • 1912-08-02 Vladimir Zerjavic, Croatian statistician (d. 2001)
  • 1914-08-05 Stjepan Sulek, Croatian violinist/composer (Coriolan)
  • 1914-12-21 Ivan Generalić, Austro-Hungarian-born Croatian painter (d. 1992)
  • 1921-05-04 Edo Murtić, Croatian painter (d. 2005)
  • 1922-05-14 Franjo Tuđman, Croatian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1924-11-24 Victor Grinich, Croatian-American businessman (d. 2000)
  • 1925-03-30 Ivo Malec, composer (Zagreb, Croatia), born in Zagreb, Croatia
  • 1925-10-10 Great Antonio, Croatian-Canadian strongman (d. 2001)
  • 1934-12-24 Stjepan Mesić, president of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement and president of Croatia.
  • 1938-10-03 Tereza Kesovija, Croatian singer
  • 1939-04-16 Boris Dvornik, Croatian actor (d. 2008.)
  • 1941-07-16 Mišo Kovač, Croatian musician
  • 1943-10-20 Dunja Vejzovic, Croatian soprano
  • 1946-07-27 Rade Šerbedžija, Croatian actor
  • 1948-11-26 Krešimir Ćosić, Croatian basketball player (d. 1995)
  • 1955-09-07 Mira Furlan, Croatian actress
  • 1955-09-15 Željka Antunović, Croatian politician
  • 1955-10-12 Ante Gotovina, Croatian general
  • 1958-10-20 Ivo Pogorelic, Croatian pianist
  • 1960-11-02 Tihomir Blaškić, Croatian war criminal
  • 1960-12-09 Dobroslav Paraga, Croatian politician and editor
  • 1961-04-16 Doris Dragović, Croatian singer
  • 1963-05-09 Sanja Doležal, Croatian singer (Novi fosili)
  • 1968-01-01 Davor Šuker, Croatian footballer
  • 1968-10-08 Zvonimir Boban, Croatian football player
  • 1968-11-16 Vlado Šola, Croatian handball goalkeeper
  • 1969-01-12 Robert Prosinečki, Croatian footballer
  • 1970-09-01 Vanna, Croatian singer
  • 1971-07-15 Danijela, Croatian singer
  • 1971-09-13 Goran Ivanisevic, Croatia, tennis star (1991, 1994, 1998 Wimbledon finalist; 2001 wildcard Wimbledon winner)
  • 1972-04-21 Severina Vučković, Croatian singer
  • 1972-09-09 Goran Višnjić, Croatian actor
  • 1973-06-08 Lucija Šerbedžija, Croatian actress
  • 1974-04-06 Robert Kovač, Croatian footballer
  • 1974-04-26 Ivana Milicevic, Croatian-American actress
  • 1974-11-05 Dado Pršo, Croatian footballer
  • 1975-05-03 Maksim Mrvica, Croatian pianist
  • 1976-07-02 Ivan Tomić, Croatian buissnesman
  • 1977-06-20 Gordan Giriček, Croatian basketball player

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1977-08-12 Iva Majoli, Croatian tennis player (1996 Pan Pacific), born in Zagreb, Croatia

Tennis Player and French Open Champion Iva Majoli
Tennis Player and French Open Champion
Iva Majoli

Famous Weddings

  • 1999-05-08 "ER" actor Goran Visnjic (34) weds Croatian artist Ivana Vrdoljak
  • 2006-11-04 Croatian princess Paola Doimi de Frankopan (37) weds son of the Duke and Duchess of Kent Lord Nicholas Windsor (37) at St. Stephen of Abyssina in Vatican City

Famous Deaths

  • 0976-10-08 Jelena of Zadar, Croatian queen
  • 1162-05-13 Géza II, King of Hungary and Croatia (1141-62)
  • 1391-11-14 Nikola Tavelić, First Croatian saint (b. 1340)
  • 1501-09-25 Džore Držić, Croatian poet and playwright who is considered one of the fathers of Croatian literature, dies at 40
  • 1524-01-05 Marko Marulic/Marulus/Splichanin/Pecinich, Croatian poet, dies at 73
  • 1553-12-14 Hanibal Lucić, Croatian writer (b. 1485)
  • 1564-10-04 Pietro P Vergerio, Italian theologist/bishop of Croatia, dies
  • 1567-05-02 Marin Drzic, Croatian playwright (Dundo Maroje), dies
  • 1575-03-11 Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer (b. 1520)
  • 1617-01-17 Faust Vrančić, Croatian inventor (b. 1551)
  • 1626-04-11 Marin Getaldić, Croatian mathematician (b. 1568)
  • 1683-05-02 Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (b. 1613)
  • 1713-01-20 Pavao Vitezovic, Croatian historian, dies
  • 1759-09-10 Ferdinand Konščak, Croatian explorer (b. 1703)
  • 1760-12-14 Kacic Miosic, Croatian poet (Razgovar Ugodni Naroda Slovinskoga), dies
  • 1787-02-13 Ruđer Bošković, Croatian scientist and diplomat (b. 1711)
  • 1793-04-15 Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer (b. 1718)
  • 1798-01-22 Matija A Reljkovic, Croatian writer (Satire of Wild Man), dies at 66
  • 1871-04-18 Omar Pasha, [Michael Lats], Croatian governor, dies at 64
  • 1872-04-20 Ljudwit Gaj, Croatian writer/poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja), dies at 62
  • 1881-12-13 August Senoa, Croatian writer (Kletva [The Curse]), dies at 43
  • 1889-01-14 Ema Puksec, Croatian singer (b. 1834)
  • 1894-02-13 Franjo Racki, Croatian historian/politician, dies at 65
  • 1906-03-29 Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1918-07-12 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (b. 1864)
  • 1921-09-02 Anthony Francis Lucas Croatian-born oil pioneer (b. 1855)
  • 1922-02-05 Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, Croatian inventor (b. 1871)
  • 1923-08-05 Vatroslav Jagić, Croatian slavist (b. 1835)
  • 1925-01-25 Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)
  • 1926-12-10 Nikola Pašić, Kingdom of Serbia and Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes prime minister (b. 1845)
  • 1928-08-08 Stjepan Radic, founder/leader (Croatian Boer party), dies
  • 1931-02-18 Milan Šufflay, Croatian politician (b. 1879)
  • 1934-06-06 Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (b. 1864)
  • 1934-10-09 King Alexander, of Yugoslavia, killed by Georgief (Croatian terrorist)
  • 1936-06-07 Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer (b. 1875)
  • 1938-09-21 Ivana Brlic-Mazuranic Croatian writer (b. 1874)
  • 1938-11-17 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (b. 1864)
  • 1943-11-27 Ivo Lola Ribar, Croatian communist and partisan (b. 1916)
  • 1944-03-12 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (b. 1861)
  • 1948-01-29 Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1900)
  • 1951-05-25 Paula von Preradović, Croatian-born writer (b. 1887)
  • 1955-03-22 Ivan Šubašić, Kingdom of Yugoslavia prime minister and last ban of Croatia (b. 1892)
  • 1958-06-26 Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician and United Nations diplomat (b. 1888)
  • 1959-12-28 Ante Pavelić, leader of Nazi Germany puppet Independent State of Croatia (b. 1889)
  • 1960-02-10 Aloysius Stepinac, Croatian cardinal (b. 1898)
  • 1962-01-16 Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor (b. 1883)
  • 1965-11-04 Krsto Odak, Croatian composer, dies at 77
  • 1967-03-04 Vladan Desnica, Croatian and Serbian writer (b. 1905)
  • 1970-01-14 William Feller, Croatian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1976-09-26 Lavoslav Ružička, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1976-12-12 Vinko Zganec, Croatian ethnomusicologist (b. 1890)
  • 1981-12-29 Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (b. 1893)
  • 1985-01-04 Lovro von Matacic, Croatian conductor (b. 1899)
  • 1987-08-08 Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician (b. 1903)
  • 1988-01-16 Andrija Artuković, Croatian war criminal (b. 1899)
  • 1988-09-23 Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (b. 1912)
  • 1992-11-27 Ivan Generalić, Croatian painter (b. 1914)
  • 1994-12-26 Sylvia Koscina, Croatian/Italian actress (Hercules), dies at 61
  • 1995-05-25 Krešimir Ćosić, Croatian basketball player (b. 1948)
  • 1998-01-07 Vladimir Prelog, Croatian-Swiss Chemist and Nobel Laureate, dies at 91
  • 1999-12-10 Franjo Tuđman, President of Croatia (b. 1922)
  • 2000-03-09 Ivo Robić, Croatian singer and songwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2000-12-07 Vladimir Gotovac, Croatian poet and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2001-09-05 Vladimir Žerjavić, Croatian UN statistician (b. 1912)
  • 2005-01-02 Edo Murtić, Croatian painter (b. 1921)
  • 2007-04-29 Ivica Račan, former Prime Minister of Croatia (b. 1944)
  • 2007-05-06 Đorđe Novković, Croatian songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2007-06-27 Dragutin Tadijanović, Croatian poet (b. 1905)
  • 2008-03-04 Semka Sokolovic-Bertok, Yugoslavian-born Croatian actress (b. 1935)
  • 2008-04-03 Hrvoje Ćustić, Croatian football player (b. 1983)
  • 2008-09-07 Dino Dvornik, Croatian singer (b. 1964)
  • 2008-09-14 Domagoj Kapeć, Croatian hockeyplayer (b. 1989)
  • 2010-05-04 Zvonimir Levačić - Ševa, Croatian humorist and entertainer (b. 1943)
  • 2010-10-25 Vesna Parun, Croatian poet (b. 1922)
  • 2011-01-03 Fadil Hadžić, Croatian film director (b. 23 April 1922)
  • 2011-02-12 Mato Damjanović, Croatian chess grandmaster (b. 1927)
  • 2011-06-24 Tomislav Ivić, Croatian football manager (b. 1933)