Cuban History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 191

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492-10-28 Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it for Spain

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1519-02-18 Hernán Cortés leaves Cuba for the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico with 11 ships and 500 men

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1519-07-25 San Cristobal de la Habana forms in Cuba
  • 1628-09-08 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn captures Spanish silver fleet in the Bay of Matanzas, Cuba
  • 1787-05-17 English slave ship Sisters, en route from Africa to Cuba, capsizes killing hundreds

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1800-11-24 Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland depart Caracas for Cuba where they met fellow botanist John Fraser

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • 1829-06-05 HMS Pickle captures the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba.
  • 1839-07-02 Slaves aboard a Spanish schooner La Amistad revolt to secure their freedom while being transported from one Cuban port to another
  • 1863-03-21 Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon
  • 1868-10-10 Cuba revolts for independence against Spain
  • 1869-04-10 José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
  • 1875-09-29 US-Spanish relations decline in wake of Cuban rebellion
  • 1886-10-07 Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba
  • 1888-09-07 Edith Eleanor McLean is 1st baby to be placed in an incubator at State Emigrant Hospital on Ward’s Island, New York
  • 1890-01-22 Jose Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in NYC
  • 1895-01-31 Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba
  • 1895-02-24 Cuban war for independence begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896-10-06 Filipino nationalist Jose Rizal is arrested en route to Cuba via Spain and imprisoned in Barcelona

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • 1898-04-22 US President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors
  • 1898-04-24 Spanish-American War: Spain declares war after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
  • 1898-06-10 US Marines land in Cuba during Spanish-American War
  • 1898-06-11 1st US Marines (600) land at Guantanamo Cuba during Spanish-American War
  • 1898-06-15 US marines attack Spanish off Guantánamo, Cuba
  • 1898-06-24 American troops drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas, Cuba
  • 1898-07-03 US Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba
  • 1898-07-17 Spanish American War: Spaniards surrender to US forces at Santiago de Cuba
  • 1899-01-01 Cuba liberated from Spanish rule by the US, American occupation continues till 1902
  • 1900-11-05 Under US military control since the end of the Spanish-American War in 1898, Cuba now calls its own constitutional convention
  • 1901-02-21 In Cuba, the constitutional delegates adopt a constitution much like that of the USA
  • 1901-03-02 The United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
  • 1901-06-12 In Cuba, the constitutional convention - knowing that the USA will not withdraw its troops until does so - adopts the Platt Amendment as part of its constitution
  • 1901-12-31 In the first election under their new constitution, Cuba elects a Congress and their first president, Tomas Estrada Palma
  • 1902-05-20 United States withdraws its troops from Cuba as the first Cuban president, Tomas Estrada Palma takes power
  • 1902-12-11 The US signs a treaty with Cuba allowing for a 20 percent reduction of tariff rates on imported Cuban products
  • 1903-02-23 The US and Cuba sign an agreement by which Cuba releases Guantanamo and Bahia Hondo to the US for naval stations
  • 1904-02-05 American occupation of Cuba ends
  • 1906-02-24 Tomas Estrada Palma defeats Jose Gomez in the election for president of Cuba, but Gomez and his followers refuse to accept results and sponsor an uprising
  • 1906-08-23 Cuba's 1st president Tomés Estrada Palma asks for US intervention
  • 1906-09-28 US troops reoccupy Cuba, stay until 1909
  • 1906-09-29 US intervenes in Cuba ousts dictator Estrada Palma
  • 1906-10-03 US regime names Charles Magoon, governor of Cuba
  • 1908-11-14 Liberal candidate Jose Miguel Gomez wins national elections for president in Cuba
  • 1909-01-28 US military forces leave Cuba for 2nd time
  • 1909-02-01 US forces withdraw from Cuba after liberal Jose Miguel Gomez becomes president; ensuing political instability will bring a threat of US intervention in 1912
  • 1911-01-30 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba
  • 1912-05-31 US marines land on Cuba
  • 1912-06-05 US marines invade Cuba (3nd time)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-03-09 US Sen albert fall (Teapot Dome) demands "Cubanisation of Mexico"

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • 1914-08-05 Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico & Argentina proclaim neutrality in WW I
  • 1916-03-08 US invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1919-07-04 Jack Dempsey KOs Jess Willard in Cuba for heavyweight championship

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey
  • 1920-03-08 Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations
  • 1921-06-06 Detroit Stars' Bill Gatewood pitches the 1st no-hitter in Negro League history, defeating the Cuban Stars 4-0
  • 1926-10-20 Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600
  • 1927-03-24 Cuban chess champion Jose Capablanca wins 33-day Grand Chess Tournie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931-11-17 Charles Lindbergh inaugurates Pan Am service from Cuba to South America in the Sikorsky flying boat "American Clipper"

  • 1932-11-09 Hurricane storm wave sweeps over Santa Cruz del Sur Cuba kills 2,500
  • 1933-08-12 Cuban dictator Machado y Morales flees after military coup

BattleCoup d'état

1933-09-04 Coup on Cuban president De Cespedes by Fulgencio Batista

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1935-09-20 Pitts Crawfords beat NY Cubans to win Negro NL Championship, 3-0
  • 1939-04-30 Tropicana ballet of Havana, Cuba, forms
  • 1942-08-27 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • 1947-10-04 Negro League World Series, NY Cubans beat Cleveland Buckeyes, 6-5
  • 1949-01-19 Cuba recognises Israel.
  • 1952-03-10 Military coup led by General Fulgencio Batista in Cuba
  • 1953-07-26 Cuban pirate radio station's 1st transmission at Santiago de Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953-07-26 Fidel Castro begins rebellion, the "26th of July Movement," against Fulgenico Batista's regime in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959-01-07 American gangster Meyer Lansky flees Cuba for the Bahamas due to the Cuban Revolution and rise of Fidel Castro

Mobster Meyer Lansky
Meyer Lansky

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 131

  • 1819-04-18 Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban Revolutionary (d. 1874)
  • 1842-12-22 Jose Maria de Heredia, Cuba, French sonnet poet
  • 1849-04-13 Enrique Jose Varona, Cuban sociologist/psychologist
  • 1853-01-28 Jose Martí y Perez, Cuba, poet/essayist/politician
  • 1868-06-03 Aristides Agramonte y Simoni, Camagüey Cuba, Cuban-American Physician, Pathologist and Bacteriologist (yellow fever)
  • 1881-05-11 Al Cabrera, Spanish-born Cuban baseball player (d. 1964)
  • 1882-09-13 Ramón Grau, Cuban president (d. 1969)
  • 1888-11-19 Jose RaulCapablanca, Cuba, world chess champion (1921-27)
  • 1890-08-04 Dolf Luque, Cuban baseball player (d. 1957)
  • 1900-05-20 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, born in Havana, Cuba

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901-01-16 Fulgencio Batista, president/dictator of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59)

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1902-12-08 Wifredo Lam, Cuban artist (d. 1982)
  • 1903-08-14 Millard Mitchell, actor (12 O'Clock High, Gunfighter), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1904-12-26 Alenjo Carpentier, Cuban/French writer (Guerra del Tiempo)
  • 1907-11-18 Compay Segundo, Cuban musician (Buena Vista Social Club) (d. 2003)
  • 1908-09-05 Joaquin Maria Nin-Culmell, Cuban/Spanish composer, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1910-12-19 Jose Lezama Lima, poet/novelist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1911-09-11 Bola de Nieve, Cuban pianist (d. 1971)
  • 1914-11-15 Jorge Bolet, pianist (C'eurties Instituka), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1916-12-11 Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban-born bandleader (d. 1989)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1917-03-02 Desi Arnaz, Cuban-American actor (I Love Lucy), born in Santiago de Cuba (d. 1986)

Actor Desi Arnaz
Desi Arnaz
  • 1917-12-21 Alicia Alonso, ballerina (American Ballet Theatre), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1920-02-27 Jose Melis, orchestra leader (Jack Paar Program), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1921-01-17 Antonio Prohias, Cuban cartoonist (d. 1998)
  • 1922-04-07 Mongo Santamaria, Cuban musician (d. 2003)
  • 1922-11-29 Minnie Miñoso, Cuban baseball player
  • 1923-07-23 Luis Aloma, Cuban baseball player (d. 1997)
  • 1923-10-15 Italo Calvino, Cuba, author (Winter's Night a Traveler)
  • 1924-10-21 Celia Cruz, Cuban singer, Queen of Salsa. (d. 2003)
  • 1926-01-06 Kid Gavilan, Cuban boxer (d. 2003)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926-08-13 Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary, Prime Minister (1959-76) and President (1976-2008), born in Birán, Holguin Province, Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1926-12-25 Enrique Jorrín, Cuban composer and musician (d. 1987)
  • 1927-10-12 Antonia Rey, actress (True Colors, Wise Guys), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1928-05-31 Jacob Lateiner, pianist/professor (Juiliard), born in Havana, Cuba

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1928-06-14 Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Argentine Marxist revolutionary (Cuban Revolution), author and physician, born in Rosario, Argentina (d. 1967)

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1928-07-02 Estelita Rodriguez, Cuban actress (Cuban Fireball, Havana Rose), born in Guanajay, Cuba (d. 1966)
  • 1929-11-10 Ninón Sevilla, Cuban-Mexican actress (Aventurera, Víctimas del Pecado), born in Havana, Cuba (d. 2015)
  • 1930-01-30 Sandy Amorós, Cuban baseball player (d. 1992)
  • 1930-10-29 Omara Portuondo, Cuban singer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1931-06-03 Raúl Castro, 18th President of Cuba (2008-) and former revolutionary, born in Biran, Holguin, Cuba

President of Cuba Raúl Castro
President of Cuba
Raúl Castro
  • 1932-02-06 Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (d. 1959)
  • 1932-05-08 Julieta Campos, Cuban-Mexican writer (d. 2007)
  • 1933-02-15 Adolfo, Cardones Cuba, fashion designer (Nancy Reagan)
  • 1933-11-17 Orlando Peña, Cuban baseball player
  • 1938-07-15 Enrique Figuerola Camue, Cuba, 100m runner (Olympic-silver-1964)
  • 1940-10-04 Alberto Vilar, Cuban-American investor and philanthropist
  • 1940-10-30 Miguel Calderon-Gomez, basketball player (Olympic-bronze-1972), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1940-11-23 Luis Tiant, Cuba, baseball pitcher (Boston Red Sox, NY Yankees)
  • 1941-07-04 Sergio Oliva, Cuba, American body builder (The Myth, IFBB Mr. Olympia, 1967-9), (d. 2012)
  • 1941-10-09 Chucho Valdés, Cuban musician
  • 1942-01-29 Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez, Cuba, cosmonaut (Soyuz 38)
  • 1943-02-24 Pablo Milanés, Cuban musician
  • 1943-06-24 Georg Stanford Brown, actor (Terry Webster-Rookies), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1943-07-16 Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet (d. 1990)
  • 1943-10-07 José Cardenal, Cuban baseball player
  • 1944-04-27 Cuba Gooding, US singer (Everybody Plays the Fool)
  • 1946-05-21 Ronald Bear, actor/director (Make-up), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1946-06-22 Eliades Ochoa, Cuban guitarist (Buena Vista Social Club)
  • 1946-09-02 Luis Avalos, actor (Condo, E/R, I Had 3 Wives), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1946-11-29 Silvio Rodríguez, Cuban poet
  • 1947-07-28 Miguelina Cobian, Cuban 4x100m runner (Olympic-silver-1968), born in Santiago de Cuba
  • 1947-08-26 Emiliano Díez, Cuban actor
  • 1947-11-01 Rolando Garbey, Oriente Cuba, light MW boxer (Olympic-silver-1968)
  • 1949-11-06 Arturo Sandoval, Cuban-born trumpeter
  • 1950-02-08 Jose Armando Lopez-Falcon, Cuba, cosmonaut
  • 1950-03-04 Emilio Estefan, Cuba, rocker (Miami Sound Machine-1 2 3)
  • 1950-03-04 Rafael Canizares Poey, Alacs Mtnzs Cuba, basketballer (Oly-bronze-72)
  • 1950-06-03 Marlene Elejarde, 4x100m runner (Olympic-silver-1968), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1950-11-18 Rudy Sarzo, Cuban bass guitarist
  • 1950-11-21 Alberto Juantorena, Cuba, 400m dash (Olympic-gold-1976)
  • 1951-04-15 Hansel, Cuba, spanish personality
  • 1951-08-12 Hector Rodriguez, Cuba, lightweight judo (Olympic-gold-1976)
  • 1951-12-03 Danger Alberto Juantorena, Cuba, 800m runner (Olympic-gold-1976)
  • 1952-03-29 Teofilo Stevenson, Cuba, heavyweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1972, 76, 80), (d. 2012)
  • 1952-08-02 Angel Herrera, Cuba, FW/LW boxer (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)
  • 1953-03-04 Emilio Estefan, Cuban percussionist
  • 1953-06-11 Peter Bergman, actor (All My Children, Starland Vocal Band), born in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba
  • 1953-07-11 Peter Bergman, Guantanamo Bay Cuba, actor (Eat or Be Eaten)
  • 1954-09-20 Silvio Leonard, Cienguegos Cuba, 100m runner (Olympic-silver-1980)
  • 1956-02-15 Hilda Beatriz "Hildita" Guevara, Cuba, daughter of "Che" Guevara
  • 1956-03-19 Alina Castro, Havanna Cuba, daughter of Fidel
  • 1956-04-12 Andy Garcia, Cuba, actor (Stand & Deliver, 8 Million Ways to Die)
  • 1956-12-02 Steven Bauer, Steven Bauer actor (Scarface, Thief of Hearts), born in Havana Cuba
  • 1957-03-10 Adolfo Horta, Camaguey Cuba, HW boxer (Olympic-silver-1980)
  • 1957-06-29 Maria Conchita Alonso, Cuba, actress (Moscow on the Hudson)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1957-09-01 Gloria Estefan [Fajardo], Cuban-American singer (Miami Sound Machine-Conga), born in Havana, Cuba

  • 1957-09-23 Tony Fossas, Cuba, pitcher (St Louis Cardinals)
  • 1957-12-06 Luis Mariano Delis Fournier, Cuba, discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1980)
  • 1958-03-25 Maria Caridad Colón, Cuba, javelin thrower, (Olympic-gold-1980)
  • 1958-07-31 Mark Cuban, American businessman and basketball team owner
  • 1958-09-17 Daniel Nunez, Cuba, weightlifter (Olympic-gold-1980)
  • 1958-11-11 Carlos Lacamara, Cuban-born American Actor
  • 1958-11-18 Oscar Nunez, Cuban American actor
  • 1959-12-14 Franco Iglesia, Cuba, spanish singer
  • 1961-05-09 Rene Capo, Pinal del Rio Cuba, half-heavyweight judoka (Olympics-96)
  • 1961-10-04 John Secada, Cuban American singer-songwriter, born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1963-03-23 Ana Quirot, Cuba, 800m runner (Olympics-bronze/silver-92, 96)
  • 1964-07-02 Jose Canseco, outfielder (Oak A's, Red Sox, 1988 AL MVP), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1964-07-02 Ozzie Canseco, Cuban-born American baseball player
  • 1964-09-24 Rafael Palmeiro, 1st baseman (Baltimore Orioles), born in Havana, Cuba

Famous Weddings

  • 1923-03-23 Writer Anaïs Nin (Delta of Venus) marries banker and artist Hugh Parker Guiler in Havana, Cuba

HeartWedding of Interest

1926-07-10 Cuban president Fulgencio Batista (25) weds Elisa Godínez y Gómez (25)

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista

HeartWedding of Interest

1959-01-26 President of Cuba Raúl Castro (27) weds revolutionary Vilma Espín (28) in Santiago de Cuba

President of Cuba Raúl Castro
President of Cuba
Raúl Castro

Famous Deaths

  • 1872-07-18 Benito Juarez, Cuban justice/general (battle of Acapulco), dies at 66
  • 1895-05-19 Jose J Marti y Perez, Spanish/Cuban poet (Versos sencillos), dies
  • 1905-10-02 Jose Maria de Heredia, Cuban/French sonnet poet, dies at 62
  • 1908-11-04 Tomés Estrada Palma, 1st president Cuba (1902-06), dies
  • 1929-01-11 Julio Antonio Mella, Cuban revolutionary, murdered at about 28
  • 1931-08-19 Aristides Agramonte y Simoni, Cuban-American Physician, Pathologist and Bacteriologist (yellow fever), dies at 63
  • 1933-11-19 Enrique Jose Varona, Cuban sociologist/vice-president, dies at 84
  • 1942-03-08 Jose R Capablanca, Cuban chess player (world champ 1927), dies at 53
  • 1959-04-27 Gordon Armstrong, inventor (baby incubator), dies
  • 1959-10-28 Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (b. 1932)
  • 1962-10-27 Rudolph Anderson, U-2 pilot, shot down over Cuba
  • 1966-03-12 Estelita Rodriguez, Cuban actress (Golden Stallion, Susanna Pass), dies at 37
  • 1969-07-28 Ramón Grau, Cuban president (b. 1882)
  • 1971-10-02 Bola de Nieve, Cuban singer, pianist, and songwriter (b. 1911)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1973-08-06 Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar, Cuban Dictator (1940-58), dies at 72

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1976-08-09 Jose Lezama Lima, Cuban poet/novelist, dies at 65
  • 1977-02-19 Mike González, Cuban baseball player, dies at 86
  • 1980-04-24 Alenjo Carpentier, Cuban/French writer (Guerra del Tiempo), dies at 75
  • 1987-12-12 Enrique Jorrín, Cuban musician and composer (b. 1926)
  • 1989-07-13 Arnaldo Ochoa Sanchez, Cubans general, executed
  • 1989-09-14 Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban musician (b. 1916)
  • 1990-10-16 Jorge Bolet, Cuban-American classical pianist (b. 1914)
  • 1991-09-25 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, dies at 91
  • 1992-02-28 La Lupe, Cuban singer, dies of a heart attack in the Bronx at 53
  • 1992-08-02 Julio C Fernandez, Cuban/US journalist (founder Alma Mater), dies
  • 1992-08-07 Titti Sotto, Cuban composer (La Esquina Habanera), dies
  • 1993-07-11 Mario Bauza, Cubans/US jazz musician, dies at 82
  • 1994-03-01 Eliseo Diego, Cuban poet, dies at 74
  • 1994-10-22 Fabio Grobart, founder (Cuban Communist Party), dies
  • 1997-04-07 Luis Aloma, Cuban baseball player (b. 1923)
  • 1998-02-24 Antonio Prohias, Cuban-born cartoonist (b. 1921)
  • 1999-09-11 Belkis Ayón, Cuban artist (b. 1967)
  • 2002-01-13 Gregorio Fuentes, Cuban fisherman, reputed model for Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea (b. 1897)
  • 2002-11-26 Polo Montañez, Cuban singer and songwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2003-02-01 Mongo Santamaria, Cuban percussionist and band leader (b. 1922)
  • 2003-02-13 Kid Gavilan, Cuban boxer (b. 1926)
  • 2003-07-13 Compay Segundo, Cuban musician (b. 1907)
  • 2003-07-16 Celia Cruz, Cuban musician (b. 1924)
  • 2003-12-08 Rubén González, Cuban pianist (Buena Vista Social Club) (b. 1919)
  • 2005-02-21 Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Cuban novelist (b. 1929)
  • 2005-08-06 Ibrahim Ferrer, Cuban musician (Buena Vista Social Club) (b. 1927)
  • 2006-10-11 Benito Martínez, Cuban who claimed to be the oldest person, died mildly ironically. Family didn't mourn - mostly dead also. (b. ?1880)
  • 2007-02-03 Pedro Knight, Cuban-American musician, husband of legendary singer Celia Cruz (b. 1921)
  • 2008-03-22 Cachao López, Cuban mambo musician (b. 1918)
  • 2010-04-02 Mike Cuellar, Cuban baseball player (b. 1937)
  • 2012-06-11 Teofilo Stevenson, Cuban Heavyweight boxer, dies from a heart attack at 60
  • 2015-01-01 Ninón Sevilla, Cuban-Mexican actress (Aventurera, Víctimas del Pecado), dies at 85
  • 2015-03-01 Minnie Minoso, Cuban American baseball player (1st black player for White Socks), dies at 92