Czech Republic in History

Czech Republic: Prague

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 117

  • 0938-03-04 Translation of the relics of martyr Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, the patron saint of the Czech state
  • 1539-02-19 Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
  • 1741-12-27 Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915-10-29 Tomáš Masaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1915-11-14 Tomáš Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia
  • 1918-08-30 Czechoslovakia forms independent republic
  • 1918-10-18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • 1918-10-28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
  • 1918-10-30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • 1918-11-14 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president
  • 1920-02-29 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • 1920-03-28 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia
  • 1920-08-10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • 1920-08-14 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • 1922-10-06 Schwebla replaces Benes government in Czechoslavakia
  • 1927-05-27 Tomáš Masaryk re-elected President of Czechoslovakia for a second time
  • 1934-06-10 FIFA World Cup: Italy beats Czechoslovakia 2-1 (OT) in footballs 2nd World Cup in Rome
  • 1935-03-06 Frank Bartell (Czech), cycles record 80.584 mph in LA
  • 1935-12-18 Edward Benes becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1938-04-23 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938-09-12 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938-09-21 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1938-09-26 Hitler issues ultimatum to Czech government, demanding Sudenten Land

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1938-09-30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1938-10-01 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • 1938-10-10 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland
  • 1938-11-21 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia & declared them German citizens
  • 1939-03-14 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-03-15 Hitler occupies Bohemia & Moravia (Czechoslovakia); Slovakia independent
  • 1939-03-16 Germany occupies Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-10-28 Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-11-15 Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia
  • 1941-11-11 Czech premier General Eliasj arrested by Nazis
  • 1941-12-15 Nazi's transfers 100 Czech citizens/Heinrich Himmler falls faint
  • 1942-05-27 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered
  • 1942-05-28 1,800 Czechs murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich
  • 1942-06-09 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”.
  • 1942-09-06 Czech marathon runner Oskar Hêks transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • 1944-10-06 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • 1944-10-18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • 1945-04-10 Allies liberate 1st Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald (Czech)
  • 1945-05-09 Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • 1945-06-29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • 1946-05-26 Klement Gottwald becomes premier of Czechoslovakia
  • 1947-12-10 USSR & Czechoslovakia sign trade agreement
  • 1948-02-20 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
  • 1948-02-24 Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia
  • 1948-02-25 Communists seize Czechoslovakia/C Gottwald becomes premier
  • 1948-06-07 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; Pres Bernes resigns
  • 1948-06-14 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1949-07-15 Czech tennis stars Jaroslav Drobny & Vladimir Cernik defect to US
  • 1950-06-26 Pres Gottwald of Czechoslovakia confirms Milada Horakova's death sentence
  • 1951-02-26 Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952-11-20 Slánský trials begin - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1952-12-06 Czech government tells Israeli ambassador that he is persona non grata
  • 1953-03-22 AntonínZápotockýchosen as president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1953-12-24 Two fast express trains crash head-on killing 103 in Czechoslovakia
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1957-11-19 Antonin Novotny appointed president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1960-07-11 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • 1960-11-14 2 passenger trains collided at high-speed killing 110 (Czech)
  • 1962-06-17 FIFA World Cup: Brazil beats Czechoslovakia 3-1 in football's 7th World Cup in Santiago
  • 1963-09-22 Czechoslovakian premier Viliam Široký deposed by Josef Lenart
  • 1964-06-11 West Germany seeks talks with Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-01-05 Alexander Dubček succeeds Antonín Novotný as communist party leader of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-03-22 Jarmila Novotna resigns presidency of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-03-30 General Ludvik Svoboda elected president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-04-08 Czechoslovakia Cernik government forms
  • 1968-05-14 Czech government announces liberalizing reforms under Alexander Dubček
  • 1968-08-20 During the night 200,00 Warsaw Pact Soviet led troops begin to invade Czechoslovakia in response to the Prague Spring
  • 1968-08-21 Radio Prague (Czechoslovakia) at 12:50 AM announces a Soviet led invasion
  • 1968-08-21 Warsaw Pact forces continue their invasion of Czechoslovakia to end the reform movement known as the Prague Spring
  • 1968-10-16 Czechoslovakia & Russian "accord" rules allies Soviet forces
  • 1969-04-17 Alexander Dubček forced to resign as first secretary of Czechoslovakia's Communist Party
  • 1969-05-21 Slovan Bratislava of Czechoslovakia win 9th European Cup Winner's Cup against FC Barcelona of Spain 3-2 in Basel
  • 1969-08-23 France's Une De Mai wins International Trot at Roosevelt Raceway Czechoslovakia (1st American to win cycling race title since 1912)
  • 1970-01-28 Lubomír Strougal succeeds Cernik as premier of Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973-12-11 West German chancellor Willy Brandt normalizes trade with Czechoslovakia

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975-09-06 Czech tennis star Martina Navratilova asks for US political asylum in New York City during the US Open

Tennis Player Martina Navratilova
Tennis Player
Martina Navratilova
  • 1975-12-21 64th Davis Cup: Sweden beats Czechoslovakia in Stockholm (3-2)
  • 1976-06-20 UEFA European Championship: Czechoslovakia defeat West Germany 5-3 in penalties after drawing 2-2 during regular time in Belgrade
  • 1977-01-01 Czech intellects begin Human Rights Group Chapter 77
  • 1977-04-23 Czech chess master Vlastimil Hort plays 201 games simultaneously & only loses 10
  • 1978-03-02 Soyuz 28 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Czechoslovakian) to Salyut 6
  • 1980-12-07 69th Davis Cup: Czechoslovakia beats Italy in Prague (4-1)
  • 1983-07-24 21st Tennis Fed Cup: Czech beats Germany in Zurich Switz (2-1)
  • 1983-07-26 Jarmila Kratochvilova of Czech sets 800m woman's record (1:53.28)
  • 1984-07-22 22nd Tennis Fed Cup: Czech beats Australia in Sao Paulo Brazil (2-1)
  • 1985-01-13 23rd Tennis Fed Cup: Czech beats USA in Nagoya Japan (2-1)
  • 1986-07-27 24th Tennis Fed Cup: USA beats Czechoslovakia in Prague Czech (3-0)
  • 1987-12-17 Czechoslovak party leader Gustav Husak resigns
  • 1988-01-01 Czech born tennis star Hana Mandikova becomes an Australian Citizen
  • 1989-09-10 East Germans begin their flight to west (via Hungary & Czechoslovakia)
  • 1989-11-24 Communist Party resigns in Czechoslovakia
  • 1989-12-10 President Gustav Husak of Czechoslovakia, resigns
  • 1989-12-28 Alexander Dubček elected Chairman of the Federal Assembly (Parliament) of Czechslovakia
  • 1989-12-29 Vaclav Havel becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1990-02-26 USSR agrees to withdraw all 73,500 troops from Czech by July, 1991
  • 1990-06-09 FIFA World Cup: Czechoslovakia beats USA 5-1 in World Cup match
  • 1992-07-20 Václav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 280

  • 1523-02-20 Jan Blahoslav, Czech humanist/bishop (Bohemian brothers)
  • 1525-12-01 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)
  • 1592-03-28 Jan Amos Komensky [Comenius], Moravia, Czech-speaking Moravian teacher, educator and writer
  • 1674-08-09 František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect (d. 1766)
  • 1677-02-03 Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)
  • 1684-02-16 Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Nymburk, Bohemia, Czech monk/composer
  • 1684-02-24 Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (d. 1738)
  • 1686-04-28 Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor (d. 1721)
  • 1688-09-12 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (d. 1731)
  • 1698-03-26 Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist (d. 1765)
  • 1699-11-13 Jan Zach, Czech composer, born in Čelákovice, Bohemia (d. 1773) baptism date
  • 1719-08-20 Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (d. 1783)
  • 1752-02-12 Josef Reicha, Czech composer
  • 1753-08-17 Josef Dobrovský, Czech linguist (d. 1828)
  • 1781-10-05 Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher (d. 1848)
  • 1790-06-01 Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi/learned (Ereg miliem)
  • 1798-05-14 Frantisek Palacky, Czech historian
  • 1799-03-07 Frantisek L Celakovsky, Czech poet (national anthem, folk song)
  • 1800-12-17 Gergely Czuczor, Hung/Czech poet/translator (Great Hung dictionary)
  • 1808-02-04 Josef Kajetán Tyl, Czech playwright, author of the Czech national anthem(d. 1856)
  • 1811-11-07 Karel J Erben, Czech poet (Bouquet)
  • 1823-11-04 Karel Komzák I, Bohemian composer and musician, born in Netěchovice, Czech Republic (d. 1893)
  • 1832-08-03 Ivan Zajc, Czech composer and conductor, born in Rijeka, Croatia (d. 1914)
  • 1841-09-08 Antonín Dvořák, Nelahozeves Czech, composer (New World Symphony). Dies 1904
  • 1843-06-16 Jan Malat, Czech composer (d. 1915)
  • 1848-08-01 František Kmoch, Czech composer and conductor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1850-03-07 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1854-07-03 Leoš Janáček, Czech composer (d. 1928)
  • 1860-02-21 Karel Matěj Čapek-Chod, Czech journalist (d. 1927)
  • 1860-07-24 Alfons Mucha, Czech artist (d. 1939)
  • 1861-11-16 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, born in Kladno, Bohemia (1933)
  • 1862-02-13 Karel Weis, Czech composer and folk song collector, born in Prague (d. 1944)
  • 1865-09-20 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist/slavist
  • 1867-12-22 Frantisek X Salda, Czech writer/critic
  • 1869-02-07 Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Jan Cimbura)
  • 1870-07-21 Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
  • 1870-12-05 Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer (d. 1949)
  • 1871-09-23 Frantisek Kupka, Czech writer
  • 1873-12-26 Karel Moor, Czech composer and conductor, born in Belgrade (d. 1945)
  • 1874-01-04 Josef Suk, Czech violinist/composer (Asrael)
  • 1879-05-06 Bedrich Hrozny, Czech orientalist (d. 1952)
  • 1879-12-07 Rudolf Friml, Czech/US composer (Bohemian suite)
  • 1879-12-15 Rudolf von Laban, Czech/German choreographer (modern dance)
  • 1883-03-27 Jan Kunc, Czech composer (Czech State Anthem), born in Doubravice nad Svitavou (d. 1976)
  • 1883-04-24 Jaroslav Hasek, Czech writer (Brave soldier Schweik) [or April 30]

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883-07-03 Franz Kafka, Czech author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • 1884-05-27 Max Brod, Czech-born Israeli composer, writer and biographer of Kafta, born in Prague (d. 1968)
  • 1884-05-28 Edvard Benes, premier/president of Czechoslovakia (1921-22, 35-48)
  • 1884-06-05 Ralph Benatzky, Czech composer (d. 1957)
  • 1884-12-19 Antonin Zapotocky, Czechoslovak president (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
  • 1885-04-29 Egon E Kisch, Czech writer/journalist (Rasende Reporter)
  • 1886-04-17 Otto Lederer, Czechoslovakia, actor (Jazz Singer)
  • 1886-09-14 Jan Garrique Masaryk, Czech, statesman/minister to London (1918-35)
  • 1887-06-03 Emil Axman, Czech composer, born in Rataje (d. 1949)
  • 1887-12-17 Josef Lada, Czech painter (d. 1957)
  • 1888-12-29 Joseph Beran, Czech archbishop of Prague/cardinal
  • 1889-06-08 Joseph L Hromadka, Czech theologist (Lenin prize 1957)
  • 1890-01-09 Karel Capek, Czech, writer (R U R); coined the word "robot"
  • 1890-01-16 Karl Freund, Czech/Austrian cameraman/director
  • 1890-09-16 Ernst Deutsch, [Dorian], Prague Czech, actor (Moon is Down, 3rd Man)
  • 1890-11-05 Jan Zrzavý, Czech painter (d. 1977)
  • 1890-12-08 Bohuslav Jan Martinu, Policka Czechoslovakia, composer (Hry o Marti)
  • 1891-06-26 Vladislav Vancura, Czech physician/(stage)author/resistance fighter
  • 1891-07-08 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Working Day)
  • 1891-11-04 Miroslav Krejci, Czech composer
  • 1892-02-14 Radola Gajda, Czech military commander (d. 1948)
  • 1893-06-21 Alois Hába, Czech composer (d. 1973)
  • 1894-01-11 Jaroslav Vogel, Czech composer and conductor (d. 1970)
  • 1894-06-08 Erwin Schulhoff, Czech/Russian composer/pianist (Ogelala)
  • 1894-06-10 Pavel Borkovec, Czech composer (Stmivani, [Twilight])
  • 1895-11-25 Ludvik Svoboda, Czech general/politician
  • 1896-01-08 Jaromir Weinberger, Prague Czechoslovakia, composer (Bird's Opera)
  • 1896-11-23 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia (1946-53)
  • 1898-03-07 Jan Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer
  • 1898-05-21 Karel Haba, Czech composer and violinist, born in Vizovice, Moravia (d. 1972)
  • 1899-01-22 Guido Kisch, Czech/German/US historian (Jews in medieval Germany)
  • 1899-06-21 Pavel Haas, Czech Jewish composer killed during the Holocaust, born in Brno (d. 1944)
  • 1899-08-19 Franz C. Schmelkes, Prague, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), widely used as a disinfectant to sterilize wounds and burns
  • 1901-09-23 Jaroslav Seifert, Czech poet (Nobel 1984)
  • 1902-02-19 Hugo Haas, Brno Czechoslovakia, actor/director (2 Smart People)
  • 1902-03-28 Jaromír Vejvoda, Czech composer (d. 1988)
  • 1903-05-15 Anny Ondra, Czechoslovakia, actress (Blackmail, Manxman)
  • 1904-01-23 Theodor Schaefer, Czech composer, born in Telč (d. 1969)
  • 1904-07-10 Iša Krejčí, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1968)
  • 1904-10-14 Karel Srom, Czech composer, born in Plzeň (d. 1981)
  • 1904-11-10 Steven Geray, Uzhored Czechoslovakia, actor (French Line)
  • 1905-06-19 George Voskovec, Czech, actor (Fred-Nero Wolfe, Peter-Skag)
  • 1905-09-16 Vladimír Holan, Czech poet (d. 1980)
  • 1905-10-22 Karl Jansky, Czech, discoverer (cosmic radio emissions in 1932)
  • 1906-11-06 Francis Lederer, Prague Czech, actor (Diary of a Chambermaid)
  • 1907-09-23 Jarmila Novotna, soprano (Met Opera)/President of Czechoslovakia (1957-68)
  • 1907-11-21 Charles Korvin, Czechoslovakia, actor (Berlin Express, Ship of Fools)
  • 1908-04-05 George Schick, Prague Czech, conductor (Chicago Symphony)
  • 1908-04-11 Karel Ancerl, Czech conductor (Prague/Toronto)
  • 1908-12-25 Jan Seidel, Czech composer, born in Nymburk, Bohemia (d. 1998)
  • 1910-01-26 Elmar Klos, Czech director (Adrift)
  • 1910-07-20 Vilém Tauský, Czech conductor and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1911-02-26 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia MP chairman
  • 1911-11-28 Václav Renč, Czech poet (d. 1973)
  • 1911-12-14 Ota Adler, Czech/British fur trader/founder (Federal Trust)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1928-03-06 Industrialist Oskar Schindler (19) weds Emilie Schindler (20) in Svitavy, Czech Republic

Industrialist Oskar Schindler
Industrialist
Oskar Schindler
  • 1997-01-04 Czech Republic's first president Vaclav Havel (60) weds Czech actress Dagmar Havlova (43) in Prague, Czech Republic

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 149

  • 1393-03-20 Johannes Nepomucenus, [Jan Nepomucky], Czech saint, killed
  • 1416-05-30 Jerome of Prague, Czech radical Christian teacher burned at the stake for heresy by church Council of Constance
  • 1424-10-11 Jan Zizka, Czech (army)leader (Hussieten), dies of plague at 46
  • 1471-02-21 John of Rokycan, Czech Catholic archbishop
  • 1528-11-11 Lucas van Prague, Czech leader of Bohemian Brothers, dies at about 68
  • 1571-11-24 Jan Blahoslav, Czech bishop, dies at 48
  • 1600-09-01 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician (b. 1525)
  • 1670-11-15 Jan Amos Komensky [Comenius], Czech-speaking Moravian teacher, educator and writer, dies at 78
  • 1721-09-08 Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1686)
  • 1730-08-31 Gottfried Finger, Czech composer (b. 1660?)
  • 1731-03-08 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1688)
  • 1738-02-15 Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (b. 1684)
  • 1742-07-01 Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Czech monk/composer, dies at 58
  • 1751-12-17 Kilian I von Dientzenhofer, Czech master builder, dies at 62
  • 1765-12-25 Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist (b. 1698)
  • 1766-07-14 František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect (b. 1674)
  • 1783-04-16 Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (b. 1719)
  • 1836-11-05 Karel Hynek Mácha, Czech poet (b. 1810)
  • 1852-08-05 Frantisek L Celakovsky, Czech slavist/poet, dies at 53
  • 1866-09-09 Gergely Czuczor, Hungarian/Czech poet/translator, dies at 65
  • 1867-10-16 Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi (Ereg miliem), dies
  • 1869-07-28 Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Czech anatomist (b. 1787)
  • 1870-11-21 Karel J Erben, Czech poet (Ruiker), dies at 69
  • 1876-05-26 Frantisek Palacky, Czech historian/MP, dies at 77
  • 1881-06-13 Josef Skoda, Czech physician (b. 1805)
  • 1884-05-12 Bedrich Friedrich Smetana, Czech composer (2 Widows), dies at 60
  • 1891-08-22 Jan Neruda, Czech author (b. 1834)
  • 1904-05-01 Antonín Dvořák, Czech composer (Slavic Dancing), dies at 62
  • 1912-04-30 František Kmoch, Czech composer, dies at 63
  • 1914-12-16 Ivan Zajc, Czech composer and conductor, dies at 82
  • 1915-12-02 Jan Malat, Czech composer, dies at 72
  • 1917-08-30 Uritsky, leader of Petrogradse Czech, dies
  • 1923-01-03 Jaroslav Hasek, Czech writer (Good Soldier Schweyk), dies at 39

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924-06-03 Franz Kafka, Czech writer (Trial, Amerika, Metamorphosis), dies at 40

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • 1925-10-24 Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Lusy), dies at 56
  • 1927-11-03 Karel Matěj Čapek-Chod, Czech journalist (b. 1860)
  • 1928-08-12 Leoš Janáček, Czech composer (b. 1854)
  • 1930-03-12 Alois Jirásek, Czech writer (b. 1851)
  • 1933-01-12 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, dies at 71
  • 1935-05-29 Josef Suk, Czech violinist/composer, dies at 61
  • 1937-04-04 Frantisek X Salda, Czech writer/critic, dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937-09-14 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), dies at 87

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1938-12-25 Karel Čapek, Czech author (b. 1890)
  • 1939-05-22 Jiri Mahen, Czech author (b. 1882)
  • 1939-07-14 Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter, decorative artist (b. 1860)
  • 1939-11-11 Jan Opletal, Czech student, victim of Nazi violence in Prague
  • 1942-06-01 Vladislav Vancura, Czech physician/resistance fighter, executed at 50
  • 1942-06-18 Adolf Opalka, Czech resistance fighter, shot down
  • 1942-06-18 John Kubris, Czech resistance fighter, killed Heydrich, dies at 28
  • 1942-08-18 Erwin Schulhoff, Czech Russian composer and pianist, dies at 48
  • 1942-12-11 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), a disinfectant, dies of a heart attack at 43
  • 1943-03-09 Oskar Hêks, Czech marathon runner/antifascist, dies in Auschwitz
  • 1943-04-05 Aleš Hrdlička, Czech anthropologist (b. 1869)
  • 1944-04-04 Karel Weis, Czech composer and folk song collector, dies at 82
  • 1944-06-14 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist/slavist, dies at 78
  • 1944-10-17 Pavel Haas, Czech Jewish composer, murdered at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp at 45
  • 1945-03-30 Karel Moor, Czech composer and conductor, dies at 71
  • 1945-06-21 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Sinking Shadows), dies at 53
  • 1945-08-26 Franz Werfel, Czech/German/US poet/writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54
  • 1947-06-28 Stanislav K Neumann, Czech poet (Anti-Guide), dies at 72
  • 1948-03-10 Jan Masaryk, Czech Foreign minister, commits suicide or is murdered
  • 1948-03-31 Egon E Kisch, Czech writer/journalist (Raging Reporter), dies at 62
  • 1948-04-15 Radola Gajda, Czech military commander and politician (d. 1892)
  • 1948-09-03 Eduard Benesj, president Czechoslovakia (1921-22, 35-48), dies
  • 1949-01-25 Emil Axman, Czech composer, dies at 61
  • 1949-07-18 Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer (b. 1870)
  • 1950-02-14 Karl G Jansky, Czech discoverer of cosmic radio sources, dies at 44
  • 1950-06-27 Milada Horakova, Czech advocate/anti fascist, hanged
  • 1952-12-12 Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (b. 1879)
  • 1953-03-14 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • 1957-06-21 Frantisek Kupka, Czech writer, dies at 85
  • 1958-07-01 Rudolf von Laban, Czech/Ger choreographer (modern dance), dies at 78
  • 1959-08-28 Bohuslav Jan Martinu, Czech composer (Hry o Marti), dies at 68
  • 1965-08-23 John Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer, dies at 67
  • 1967-08-08 Jaromir Weinberger, Czech/US composer (Czech Rhapsody), dies at 71
  • 1968-03-06 Isa Krejci, Czech composer, dies at 63
  • 1968-08-21 Vladimir Boudnik, Czech sculptor, commits suicide at about 45
  • 1968-12-20 Max Brod, Czech-born Israeli composer, writer and biographer of Kafta, dies at 84
  • 1969-01-16 Jan Palach, protesting Soviet invasion of Czech, self immolates at 20
  • 1969-02-25 Jan Zajic, Czech student, self incinerates
  • 1969-03-19 Theodor Schaefer, Czech composer, dies at 65
  • 1969-03-22 Ernst Deutsch, [Dorian], Czech actor (3rd Man, Golem), dies at 78
  • 1969-05-17 Joseph Beran, Czech archbishop of Prague/cardinal, dies at 80
  • 1970-02-02 Jaroslav Vogel, Czech composer and conductor, dies at 76
  • 1970-11-28 Jan Drda, Czech author (Nema Barikada), dies at 55
  • 1972-11-12 Rudolf Friml, Czech/US composer (Bohemian suite), dies at 92
  • 1972-11-21 Karel Haba, Czech composer and violinist, dies at 74
  • 1973-04-30 Václav Renč, Czech poet, dramatist and translator (b. 1911)
  • 1973-07-03 Charles Ancerl, Czech conductor (Prague/Toronto), dies at 63
  • 1974-01-14 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia parliament chairman, dies at 62
  • 1976-09-11 Jan Kunc, Czech composer (Czech State Anthem), dies at 93
  • 1977-03-13 Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison
  • 1977-12-26 Ivan Rezak, Czech composer, dies at 53
  • 1978-08-20 Ivan Jirko, Czech composer, music critic and psychiatrist, dies at 51
  • 1979-09-20 Ludvik Svoboda, Czech general/politician, dies at 83

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1980-01-03 Joy Adamson [Friederike Viktoria Gessner], Austrian naturalist and author (Born Free), killed by her servant at 69

Naturalist and Author Joy Adamson
Naturalist and Author
Joy Adamson
  • 1980-03-25 Walter Susskind, Czech conductor (b. 1913)
  • 1980-03-31 Vladimír Holan, Czech poet (b. 1905)
  • 1981-10-21 Karel Srom, Czech composer, dies at 77
  • 1983-10-12 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia journalist/dissident, dies at 61