Prague in History

Historical Events

  • 1343-01-14 Arnost of Pardubice becomes the first Archbishop of Prague (and the last bishop of Prague)
  • 1348-04-07 Prague University, first university in central Europe, formed by Charles IV
  • 1357-07-09 Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor assists laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.
  • 1416-05-30 Jerome of Prague burned at the stake for heresy by church Council of Constance
  • 1419-07-30 First defenestration of Prague: anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed reformer Jan Hus, storm Prague town hall and throw the judge, mayor and several city council members out the windows. They die in the fall or killed by crowd outside.
  • 1420-07-14 Battle at Vitkov Zizka's hill (Prague): Taboriets beat Bohemia
  • 1434-05-30 The Battle of Lipany (also called the Battle of Česky Brod), ending Taborites influence
  • 1559-06-22 Jewish quarter of Prague burned & looted
  • 1594-04-15 Fleming Pieter Stevens appointed royal painter of Rudolf II (Prague)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1600-02-04 Tycho Brahe & Johannes Kepler meet for first time near Prague

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
  • 1608-05-19 Matthias von Habsburgs army reaches Lieben, at Prague
  • 1618-05-23 Second Defenestration of Prague: Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary are thrown out of a window and amazingly are not seriously injured by the 70 foot (21m) fall. Triggers the Thirty Years' War.
  • 1620-11-08 Battle of White Mountain, Prague
  • 1631-10-10 Saxon army occupies Prague
  • 1632-05-25 Albrecht von Wallenstein recaptures Prague on Saksen
  • 1635-05-30 The Peace of Prague signed between the Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand II and the Electorate of Saxony (representing Protestant states of the Holy Roman Empire). It effectively ended the civil war aspect of the Thirty Years' War
  • 1649-09-30 Last Swedish troops vacate Prague
  • 1655-04-04 The miraculous statue entitled the Infant of Prague is solemnly crowned by command of Cardinal Harrach.
  • 1733-05-12 Maria Theresa crowned queen of Bohemia in Prague
  • 1741-11-26 French & Beiers army occupies Prague
  • 1744-11-25 Austrian forces pillage & kill Jews of Prague
  • 1745-03-31 Jews are expelled from Prague
  • 1757-05-06 Battle of Prague: Frederick II of Prussia's forces defeat Austrian army
  • 1774-12-18 Empress Maria Theresa expels Jews from Prague, Bohemia & Moravia
  • 1787-10-29 Opera "Don Giovanni" is produced (Prague)

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1791-09-06 Mozart's opera "La Clemenza di Tito" premieres in Prague

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842-05-25 Christian Doppler presents his idea, now known as the Doppler Effect, to the Royal Bohemian Society, Prague

  • 1848-06-02 The Slavic congress in Prague begins.
  • 1866-01-15 Bedrich Smetana's opera "Branibori v Cechach" premieres in Prague
  • 1866-05-30 Opera "Die Verkaufte Braut" premieres (Prague)
  • 1866-08-23 Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
  • 1868-05-16 Bedrich Smetana's opera "Dalibor" premieres in Prague
  • 1872-11-22 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • 1881-05-11 Bedrich Smetana's opera "Libusa" premieres in Prague
  • 1885-11-27 1st photograph of a meteor taken by Austro-Hungarian photographer Ladislaus Weinek in Prague
  • 1903-11-15 Eugen d'Albert's opera "Tiefland" premieres in Prague
  • 1905-10-01 František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
  • 1908-09-19 Gustav Mahler's 7th Symphony premieres in Prague
  • 1912-01-05 The Prague Party Conference takes place.
  • 1920-03-02 Karel Capék's "Loupeznik" premieres in Prague
  • 1920-11-21 Karel Capék's "Vec Makropulos" premieres in Prague
  • 1921-01-25 Karel Capék's "RUR" premieres in Prague
  • 1933-08-22 International Zionists Congress opens in Prague
  • 1938-08-14 BBC's 1st feature film on TV (Student of Prague)
  • 1942-05-27 Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi "Deputy Reich Protector of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia" is shot and mortally wounded in Prague during Operation Anthropoid
  • 1942-05-30 Reichsfuehrer Herman Himmler arrives in Prague
  • 1942-09-27 Reinhard Heydrich, "butcher of Prague," appointed SS-general (Gruppenfuehrer)
  • 1945-02-14 World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • 1945-05-05 Uprising against occupying SS troops in Prague
  • 1945-05-10 Soviet troops occupied Prague
  • 1946-05-26 Darius Milhauds 3rd Concert for piano/orchestra premieres in Prague
  • 1950-04-05 Prague espionage trial against bishops & priests begins
  • 1950-11-27 Trial against RC clergy "imperialistic conspiracy" begins in Prague
  • 1962-10-19 Stalin monument removed in Prague
  • 1968-06-27 Ludvik Vaculik publishes "Manifest of 2000 words" in Prague
  • 1968-07-05 "Manifest of 1000 words" published in Prague
  • 1968-08-09 Yugoslav president Tito visits Prague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968-08-15 Romanian president Nicolae Ceausescu visits Prague

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1968-08-20 During the night 200,00 Warsaw Pact Soviet led troops begin to invade Czechoslovakia in response to the Prague Spring
  • 1968-08-21 Radio Prague (Czechoslovakia) at 12:50 AM announces a Soviet led invasion
  • 1968-08-21 Warsaw Pact forces continue their invasion of Czechoslovakia to end the reform movement known as the Prague Spring
  • 1969-01-26 Police break up a march by hundreds of demonstrators in central Prague
  • 1977-01-07 Human Rights Charter 77 established in Prague
  • 1980-12-07 69th Davis Cup: Czechoslovakia beats Italy in Prague (4-1)
  • 1986-07-27 24th Tennis Fed Cup: USA beats Czechoslovakia in Prague Czech (3-0)
  • 1989-01-16 Police arrest writer Vaclav Havel in Prague
  • 1989-09-30 West German Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher grants escaping East Germans free passage to the West in speech from West German embassy balcony in Prague
  • 1989-11-17 Student demonstration in Prague put down by riot police, leading to an uprising (the Velvet Revolution) that will topple the communist government on Dec. 29
  • 1990-10-19 HCA, Helsinki Citizens Assembly, forms in Prague
  • 1992-06-25 "Les Miserables" opens at Vinorhady Theatre, Prague
  • 1993-03-11 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Prague won by Kurt Browning CAN
  • 1993-03-14 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Prague won by Oksana Baiul (UKR)
  • 1993-03-19 Ice Dance Championship in Prague won by M Usova & A Zhulin (RUS)
  • 1993-03-19 Ice Pairs Championship in Prague won by I Brasseur & L Eisler (CAN)
  • 2000-09-26 Anti-globalization protests in Prague (some 20,000 protesters) turned violent during the IMF and World Bank summits.
  • 2012-11-18 101st Davis Cup: Czech Republic beats Spain in Prague (3-2)

Famous Birthdays

  • 1297-03-25 Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (d. 1364)
  • 1585-03-05 Johann Georg I, elector of Saxon (1611-56) (Peace of Prague)
  • 1689-09-01 Kilian I von Dientzenhofer, Bavarian master builder (Prague)
  • 1804-10-10 Albin Masek, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1878)
  • 1822-10-05 Hans Hampel, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1884)
  • 1838-04-16 Karel Bendl, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1897)
  • 1850-11-08 Karel Komzák II, Viennese composer, born in Prague (d. 1905)
  • 1862-02-13 Karel Weis, Czech composer and folk song collector, born in Prague (d. 1944)
  • 1876-01-17 Olga Fastrová, Czech writer and editor (National Policy), born in Prague (d. 1965)
  • 1882-11-02 Leo Perutz, Austrian writer and mathematician, born in Prague (d. 1957)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883-07-03 Franz Kafka, Czech author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)

Writer Franz Kafka
Franz Kafka
  • 1884-05-27 Max Brod, Czech-born Israeli composer, writer and biographer of Kafta, born in Prague (d. 1968)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1888-05-28 Jim Thorpe, versatile American athlete (Olympic gold-1912), born in Prague, Oklahoma (d. 1953)

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • 1888-12-29 Joseph Beran, Czech archbishop of Prague/cardinal
  • 1889-12-11 Paul Kornfeld, Czech playwright, born in Prague (d. 1942)
  • 1890-09-16 Ernst Deutsch, [Dorian], actor (Moon is Down, 3rd Man), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1896-01-08 Jaromir Weinberger, composer (Bird's Opera), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1899-06-30 Frantisek Tomasek, bishop of Prague/cardinal
  • 1899-08-19 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), widely used as a disinfectant to sterilize wounds and burns, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1904-07-10 Iša Krejčí, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1968)
  • 1906-11-06 Francis Lederer, actor (Diary of a Chambermaid), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1908-04-05 George Schick, conductor (Chicago Symphony), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1908-04-11 Karel Ancerl, Czech conductor (Prague/Toronto)
  • 1912-01-28 William "Bill" Henson, English diplomat (Prague 1939)
  • 1912-06-22 Vit Nejedly, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1945)
  • 1913-05-01 Walter Susskind, Praha (Prague) Czechoslovakia, conductor
  • 1914-03-12 Jan Kapr, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1988)
  • 1915-05-02 Jan Hanus, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 2004)
  • 1916-04-27 Jan Rychlik, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1964)
  • 1916-06-19 George Pravda, Austria-Hungary, actor (Thunderball, Firefox), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1985)
  • 1919-07-12 Vera Hruba Ralston, actress (Dajkota) [or 6/12/1921], born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1921-08-07 Karel Husa, composer (Trojan Women), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1923-09-24 Ladislav Fuks, Czech writer, born in Prague (d. 1994)
  • 1926-10-07 Ivan Jirko, Czech composer, music critic and psychiatrist, born in Prague (d. 1978)
  • 1928-07-20 Pavel Kohout, Czech and Austrian writer (Poor Murderer) and dissident, born in Prague
  • 1929-08-08 Josef Suk, violinist (Artist of Merit-1977), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1931-12-15 Evald Schorm, director (Courage for Every Day), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1932-04-01 Jiri Smutny, Czech composer, born in Prague
  • 1934-04-18 Jan Klusak [Jan Porges], Czech composer, born in Prague
  • 1935-09-20 Lubos Fiser, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1999)
  • 1936-07-12 Jan Nemec, film director (Diamonds of the Night), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2016)
  • 1937-05-15 Madeleine Albright, American politician and diplomat and 1st female U.S. Secretary of State (1997-2001), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1942-01-27 Petr Kotik, Czech composer, born in Prague
  • 1942-05-03 Věra Čáslavská, Czech gymnast (7 Olympic golds), born in Prague (d. 2016)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956-10-18 Martina Navratilova, Czech tennis star (Wimbledon 1989,79,82-87), born in Prague, Czech Republic

Tennis Player Martina Navratilova
Tennis Player
Martina Navratilova
  • 1958-12-11 Regina Marsikova, Czech tennis player, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1962-02-19 Hana Mandlikova,Czech tennis player (1985 US Open), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia

Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Hana Mandlikova
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Hana Mandlikova
  • 1964-12-09 Petr Briza, hockey goalie (Team Czech Rep), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1965-02-23 Helena Sukova, tennis star (1985 US Open's Double), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-01-23 Petr Korda, tennis star (1993 Doubles-Cincinnati), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-02-03 Frantisek Kucera, NHL defenseman (Vanc Canucks, Oly-G-98), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1970-09-10 Julie Halard, Versailles France, tennis star (1995 Prague)
  • 1970-10-14 Daniela Pestova, [Chameleon], model (1995 SI/L'Oreal), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1971-04-01 Daniel Vacek, tennis star, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1971-11-15 Natalia Medvedeva, tennis star (1993 Prague Essen), born in Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1973-02-02 Radka Bobkova, tennis star (quarter Bournemouth), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1974-01-22 Stephanie Rottier, St Niklaas Belgium, tennis star (1995 semi Prague)
  • 1974-06-09 Jana Nejedly, Canadian tennis player (Olympics-96), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1978-05-08 Sandra Kleinova, tennis star (1995 Futures-Turku-FIN), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1979-02-02 Petra Cada, Canadian table tennis player (Olympics-96), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

1986-07-25 Four-time tennis player champ Hana Mandlikova (24) weds restaurateur Jan Sedlak at Prague's old town hall

Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Hana Mandlikova
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Hana Mandlikova
  • 1997-01-04 Czech Republic's first president Vaclav Havel (60) weds Czech actress Dagmar Havlova (43) in Prague, Czech Republic

Famous Deaths

  • 0997-04-23 Vojtech "Adalbert" of Prague, 2nd bishop of Prague/apostle, dies at 40
  • 1125-10-21 Cosmas of Prague, Bohemian writer
  • 1364-06-30 Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (b. 1297)
  • 1378-11-29 Charles IV, Roman-German King/German emperor (Univ of Prague), dies
  • 1416-05-30 Jerome of Prague, Czech radical Christian teacher burned at the stake for heresy by church Council of Constance
  • 1528-11-11 Lucas van Prague, Czech leader of Bohemian Brothers, dies at about 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1601-10-24 Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer, dies in Prague at 54

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
  • 1609-08-22 Maharal of Prague, Jewish mystic and philosopher (b. 1525)
  • 1630-09-11 John de White, calvinist/banker to Prague, commits suicide
  • 1656-10-08 Johann Georg I, ruler of Saxon (1611-56, Peace of Prague), dies at 71
  • 1751-12-18 Kilian I von Dientzenhofer, builder (Nepomukkerk, Prague), dies at 62
  • 1939-11-11 Jan Opletal, Czech student, victim of Nazi violence in Prague
  • 1969-05-17 Joseph Beran, Czech archbishop of Prague/cardinal, dies at 80
  • 1973-07-03 Charles Ancerl, Czech conductor (Prague/Toronto), dies at 63
  • 1992-08-04 Frantisek Tomasek, archbishop of Prague/cardinal, dies at 93