Eritrea in History

Historical Events

  • 1890-01-01 Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
  • 1895-09-26 Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea
  • 1896-02-25 Italian government decides to attack governor Baratieri of Eritrea
  • 1896-03-05 Italian governor of Eritrea, Gen Baldissera, reaches Massawa
  • 1901-11-26 Italy and Britain sign an agreement fixing the frontier between their colonies of Eritrea and Sudan in East Africa
  • 1941-01-19 British offensive in Eritrea
  • 1950-11-25 UN gives Eritrea to Ethiopia
  • 1952-09-15 UN turns over Eritrea to Ethiopia
  • 1961-09-01 The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate
  • 1975-02-02 Army offensive against rebels in Eritrea
  • 1988-03-20 Eritrean War of Independence: Having defeated the Nadew Command, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front enters the town of Afabet, victoriously concluding the Battle of Afabet.
  • 1993-04-23 Eritrea votes to secede from Ethiopia
  • 1993-05-24 Eritrea achieved independence from Ethiopia after 30-year civil war

Famous Deaths

  • 1896-03-01 Albertone, Italian general (Eritrea), dies in battle
  • 1896-03-01 Arimondi, Italian general (Eritrea), dies in battle
  • 1896-03-01 Vittorio Dabormida, Italian general (Eritrea), dies in battle