Berlin in History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 208

  • 1510-07-19 38 Jews are burned at stake in Berlin, Prussia
  • 1728-12-23 Prussian Emperor Karel VI signs Treaty of Berlin
  • 1757-10-16 Austrian troops occupy Berlin
  • 1760-09-28 Russian & Austrian army occupies Berlin
  • 1760-10-02 Russian/Austrian army evacuates Berlin [NS=10/13]
  • 1760-10-09 7 Years' War: Russian and Austrian forces occupy Berlin [OS=Sep 28]
  • 1760-10-13 Russian/Austrian army evacuates Berlin
  • 1806-10-27 The French Army enters in Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1806-11-21 Decree of Berlin: Emperor Napoleon I bans all trade with Britain

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1817-03-02 1st Evangelical church building dedicated, New Berlin, Penn
  • 1818-10-24 Felix Mendelssohn, 9, performs his first public concert (Berlin)
  • 1821-06-18 Opera "Der Freischutz" is produced (Berlin)
  • 1833-01-10 Felix Mendelssohn's "Die erste Walpurgisnacht" premieres in Berlin
  • 1840-07-06 Christian Hebbel's "Judith" premieres in Berlin
  • 1876-01-01 The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.
  • 1878-06-13 Congress of Berlin redraws the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman empire
  • 1878-07-13 Congress of Berlin discussing division of African colonies ends
  • 1878-07-13 Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
  • 1879-05-31 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition
  • 1881-05-16 World's 1st electric tram enters service in Lichterfelder (near Berlin)
  • 1882-01-15 1st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)
  • 1882-04-29 The "Elektromote" - forerunner of the trolleybus - is tested by Ernst Werner von Siemens in Berlin.
  • 1884-11-15 Colonization of Africa organized at international conference in Berlin
  • 1885-02-26 Congress of Berlin; gives Congo to Belgium & Nigeria to Great Britain
  • 1886-04-06 Declaration of Berlin neutralizes Tonga

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889-10-20 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Vor Sonnenaufgang" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912-11-07 The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven's Fidelio.

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1915-12-25 Irving Berlin & Harry B Smith's musical premieres in NYC

Composer and Lyricist Irving Berlin
Composer and Lyricist
Irving Berlin
  • 1916-01-27 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • 1916-08-23 Military court of Berlin sentences socialist Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • 1916-11-16 I Berlin/V Herbert/H Blossoms musical premieres in NYC
  • 1918-01-28 Strike on Berlin ammunition factory
  • 1918-03-03 Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht" premieres in Berlin
  • 1918-12-17 A conference of workers' and soldiers' councils take control of German government in Berlin, until elections in January selects new national assembly
  • 1919-01-05 Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • 1919-08-30 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung" premieres in Berlin
  • 1921-08-05 Treaty of Berlin: US & Germany sign separate peace treaty
  • 1922-03-05 "Nosferatu" premieres in Berlin
  • 1922-04-27 Fritz Lang's "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premieres in Berlin
  • 1923-02-25 Bread in Berlin rises to 2,000 marks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923-04-10 Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923-07-29 Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1923-09-24 Premiere of 1st celluloid film "Das Leben auf dem Dorfe" (Berlin)
  • 1923-10-24 Gen Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship
  • 1925-01-14 Alban Berg's atonale opera "Wozzeck" premieres in Berlin
  • 1925-02-01 1st national conference of KPD's Rotfrontkämpferbund in Berlin
  • 1927-01-10 Fritz Lang's silent film Metropolis premieres in Berlin
  • 1927-03-19 Bloody battles between communists & nazis in Berlin
  • 1927-05-05 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 1st Symphony premieres in Berlin
  • 1927-05-13 "Black Friday" on Berlin Stock Exchange
  • 1928-01-23 "The Adventure of the Good Soldier Schweik" premieres in Berlin
  • 1928-03-05 Karl Zuckmayer's "Der Hauptmann von Köpenick" premieres in Berlin
  • 1929-01-31 Erich Maria Remarque publishes "Im Westen nichts Neues" in Berlin
  • 1929-05-01 Police kill 19 Mayday demonstrators in Berlin
  • 1930-11-08 Friedrich Wolf's "Die Matrosen von Cattaro" premieres in Berlin
  • 1931-03-20 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • 1933-02-02 Ucicky's "Rotten Morning" premieres in Berlin
  • 1933-02-03 Marinus van der Lubbe departs to Berlin
  • 1933-02-07 Social-Dem meeting in Berlin "As thousands cheer" Marxism is dead
  • 1933-02-15 Social-democratic newspaper "Vorwarts" banned again in Berlin
  • 1933-02-24 Final demonstration of German communist party in Berlin
  • 1933-03-09 Bulgarian communists Dimitrov, Popov & Vassili arrested in Berlin
  • 1933-03-21 Hitler, Goering, Prince Ruprecht, Bruning & top army meet in Berlin
  • 1933-03-23 Kroll Opera in Berlin opens
  • 1933-09-30 Berlin/Hart/Heyman/Myers ballet "As Thousands Cheer," premieres in NYC
  • 1933-10-19 Berlin Olympic Committee vote to introduce basketball in 1936
  • 1934-03-12 Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin
  • 1935-10-17 Pacific Association of AAU votes not to participate in Berlin Olympics
  • 1936-08-01 Adolf Hitler opens 11th Olympic Games in Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936-08-05 At Berlin Olympics, Jesse Owens wins his 3rd Olympic medal

Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 109

  • 1751-02-18 Karl Haack, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1819)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1769-09-14 Alexander von Humboldt, German naturalist and explorer (Kosmos), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1859)

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • 1773-05-31 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1853)
  • 1774-01-24 Karl Moser, German composer and violinist, born in Berlin (1851)
  • 1797-02-22 William I, Berlin, King of Prussia (1861-88)/German Emperor (1871-88)
  • 1810-03-27 Adolf Glassbrenner, German satirical writer, born in Berlin (d. 1876)
  • 1819-07-06 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, German Physician and Physiologist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1843-01-08 Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
  • 1843-09-25 Thomas Chrowder Cham Mattoon Illinois, American Geologist and educator, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1855-10-12 Arthur Nikisch, Szent-Miklos Hungary, conductor (Berlin Philharmonic)
  • 1863-03-21 Hugo Kaun, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1932)
  • 1871-08-01 Oskar Fried, German Russian composer, born in Berlin (d. 1941)
  • 1872-11-03 Paul Panzer, actor (Cat's Paw, Mildred Pierce, Hotel Berlin)
  • 1873-06-29 Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1876-09-15 Bruno Walter, [B W Schlesinger], conductor (NY Phil), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1879-02-06 Carl Ramsauer, professor of physics and a research physicist (Ramsauer-Townsend effect), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1879-09-06 Max Schreck, German actor (Count Orlok-Nosferatu), born in Berlin (d. 1936)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1880-11-01 Alfred Wegener, German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist (continental shift), born in Berlin (d. 1930)

Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist Alfred Wegener
Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist
Alfred Wegener
  • 1883-05-18 Walter Gropius, architect (Bauhaus school of design), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1885-03-10 Hans Luther, politician and German Chancellor (1925-6), born in Berlin (d. 1962)
  • 1885-08-17 Kurt Hiller, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1972)
  • 1887-11-01 Max Trapp, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1971)
  • 1888-01-23 Paul Peter Ewald, German Crystallographer and Physicist who devised the theory of X-ray interference by crystals and pioneered X-ray diffraction methods, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1985)
  • 1888-10-06 Max Butting, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1976)
  • 1891-06-21 Hermann Scherchen, conductor (Nature of Music), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1893-03-31 Clemens Krauss, conductor (Berlin State Orch-1937), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1893-09-20 Hans H B Scharoun, German architect (Berlin Philharmonic)
  • 1893-10-17 Fritz Ascher, German Expressionist artist , born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1894-12-19 Paul Dessau, Hamburg Germany, composer/conducter (Berlin, 1925-33)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1896-12-01 Georgy Zhukov, Russian deputy commander-in-chief of the Red Army during WWII (Battles of Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin) and Minister of Defense, born in Strelkovka, Kaluga (d. 1974)

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • 1898-07-18 Herbert Marcuse, communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1899-04-30 Lucie Mannheim, actress (East Meets West, 39 Steps), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1900-10-15 Fritz Feld, actor (Jack Benny Show, At the Circus), born in Berlin, Germany

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901-12-27 Marlene Dietrich [Maria Losch], singer/actress (Blue Angel), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1992)

Singer/Actress Marlene Dietrich
Marlene Dietrich
  • 1902-03-22 Ellin Berlin, [MacKay], Mrs Irving Berlin, writer (Lace Curtain)
  • 1902-05-10 Joachim Prinz, author/Rabbi of Berlin (1926-37)
  • 1902-05-23 Mark Lothar, German composer (The Story of the Lazy Bear), born in Berlin (d. 1985)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902-08-22 Leni Riefenstahl [Helene Bertha Amalie], German film director (Triumph of the Will) and actress (Tiefland), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2003)

Film director Leni Riefenstahl
Film director
Leni Riefenstahl
  • 1902-08-25 Stefan Wolpe, composer (Zeus & Elidco), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1903-04-03 Peter Huchel, German poet, born near Berlin (d. 1981)
  • 1903-05-09 Walter Dehmel, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1960)
  • 1904-08-26 Christopher Isherwood, English novelist (Goodbye to Berlin), born in High Lane, Cheshire (d. 1986)
  • 1906-03-17 Brigitte Helm [Gisele Eve von Kuenheim], actress (Gloria, Gold), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1906-11-24 Eduard Ludwig, German architect (Air Bridge monument Berlin)
  • 1907-03-13 Charles Brink, German-born British classical scholar (Horace), born in Berlin (d. 1994)
  • 1907-07-03 Gene Gutche, German-born composer, born in Berlin (d. 2000)
  • 1907-09-06 John A Kelly, US marathon runner (Berlin 1936, Boston 1935..1991)
  • 1907-11-21 Charles Korvin, Czechoslovakia, actor (Berlin Express, Ship of Fools)
  • 1908-04-05 Herbert von Karajan, Austria, Nazi/conductor (Berlin Philharmonic)
  • 1908-09-05 Joaquin Maria Nin-Culmell, Cuban/Spanish composer, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1910-01-02 Ulrich Becher, German writer and playwright, born in Berlin (d. 1990)
  • 1911-05-10 Bel Kaufman, American author, born in Berlin, Germany, (d. 2014)
  • 1912-06-18 Henry Brandon, actor (Drums of Fu Manchu), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1912-09-19 Kurt Sanderling, Arys Germany, conductor (E Berlin Symph 1960-77)
  • 1914-06-22 Lilo Hardel, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1999)
  • 1916-07-06 Unica Zürn, German writer and artist, born in Berlin (d. 1970)
  • 1917-04-16 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1918-04-06 Karen Verne, actress (Madame X), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1920-10-13 Albert Hague, actor (Mr Shorofsky-Fame), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1921-02-05 Ken Adam, British film production designer (James Bond sets), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2016)
  • 1921-05-04 John van Kesteren, Dutch tenor (Komische Oper, West-Berlin)
  • 1922-08-15 Lukas Foss, [Fuchs], composer (Prairie), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1922-12-08 Lucian Freud, Berlin German, artist (Boy With a Rat)
  • 1925-03-22 Gerard Hoffnung, British artist/humorist/musician, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1959)
  • 1925-04-26 Frank Hahn, British economist (Hahn's Problem), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2013)
  • 1926-03-30 Werner Torkanowsky, conductor (New Orleans Symph), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1928-02-01 Ursula Mamlok, German American avant-garde composer, born in Berlin (d. 2016)
  • 1928-03-16 Christa Ludwig, soprano (Vienna State Opera), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1928-07-03 Günter Bruno Fuchs, German writer, poet and artist, born in Berlin (d. 1977)
  • 1928-11-20 Rex Reason, actor (Man Without a Gun, Roaring 20s), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1929-01-23 John Polanyi, Canadian chemist (Nobel 1986), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1929-04-06 Andre Previn, conductor (London Symphony)/pianist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1929-06-10 Harald Juhnke, actor (Guitars of Love), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1929-10-17 Ram Da-Oz [Abraham Daus], Israeli composer, born in Berlin
  • 1929-12-06 Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Austrian conductor (Early Music Movement), born in Berlin (d. 2016)
  • 1930-07-03 Carlos Kleiber, conductor (Bavarian State Orch 1968), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1930-09-27 Igor Kipnis, harpsichordist/professor (Fairfield), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1931-03-13 Wolfgang Kohlhaase, actor/director/writer (Solo Sunday), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1931-11-06 Mike Nichols[Peschowsky], German-born American director (Catch 22, Biloxi Blues), born in Berlin, (d. 2014)
  • 1931-11-30 Gunther Herbig, Usti-nad-Labem Czech, conductor (East Berlin Orch)
  • 1933-12-04 Horst Buchholz, actor (Magnificent 7, Raid on Entebbe), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1936-04-05 John White, English composer and musical performer (systems music), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1936-04-08 Klaus Lowitsch, actor (Despair, Marriage of Marla Braun), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1936-06-28 Gisela Kraft, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 2010)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937-10-19 Peter Max, American psychadelic artist (Dynamite Chicken), born in Berlin, Germany

Psychedelic Artist Peter Max
Psychedelic Artist
Peter Max
  • 1940-03-07 Rudi [Rudolf] Dutschke, German student leader (Glasnost Berlin)
  • 1940-11-05 Elke Sommer, [Elke Schletz], actress (A Shot in the Dark, The Oscar), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1942-02-21 Margarethe Von Trotta, actress/director (Marianne), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1944-07-06 Byron Berline, American fiddle player, born in Caldwell, Kansas
  • 1945-07-26 Linda Harrison, Berlin Md, actress (Bracken's World, Planet of Apes)
  • 1950-04-26 Peter Schaufuss, director of ballet (Deutsche Opera Berlin)
  • 1953-02-20 Riccardo Chailly, Milan Italy, conductor (West Berlin Symph Orch)
  • 1955-03-11 [Kater]Nina Hagen, East Berlin German DR, actress (Blue Angel)
  • 1956-01-21 Bob Brill, American drummer (Berlin-You Take My Breath Away), born in NYC, New York
  • 1956-08-20 Rick Olsen, rock guitarist (Berlin-Take My Breath Away)
  • 1958-04-15 Matt Reid, rock keyboardist (Berlin-Takes Your Breathe Away)
  • 1959-07-03 Andreas Wisniewski, Berlin German FR, actor (Living Daylights)
  • 1960-01-17 John Crawford, Palo Alto Ca, bass (Berlin-You Take My Breath Away)
  • 1961-01-24 Nastassja Kinski, actress (Tess, Cat People), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1961-06-26 Terri Nunn, American singer (Berlin-Take My Breath Away), born in Los Angeles, California

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

1923-05-17 Actress and singer Marlene Dietrich (21) weds assistant director Rudolf Sieber (26) in Berlin, Germany

Singer/Actress Marlene Dietrich
Marlene Dietrich
  • 1925-04-15 Russian writer ("Lolita") Vladimir Nabokov (26) marries fellow Russian writer Vera Evseevna Slonim (23) in Berlin

HeartWedding of Interest

1935-04-10 Nazi politician Hermann Goering (42) weds Emmy Sonnemann (42) in Berlin

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering

HeartWedding of Interest

1945-04-29 Adolf Hitler (56) marries Eva Braun (33) in the Führerbunker, Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Famous Deaths

  • 1706-03-01 Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin (b. 1632)
  • 1933-04-07 Jan Erik/Eric Jan Hanussen, Berlin astrologist/illusionist, murdered
  • 1934-01-10 Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist, beheaded in Berlin at 24
  • 1960-12-26 Eduard Ludwig, German architect (Hansa quarter, Berlin), dies at 54
  • 1962-08-17 Peter Fechter trying to cross the Berlin Wall (b. 1944)
  • 1972-11-25 Hans H B Scharoun, German architect (Berlin Philharmonic), dies at 79
  • 1979-06-28 Paul Dessau, German composer/conducter (Berlin, 1925-33), dies at 84
  • 1988-07-29 Ellin Berlin, [MacKay], Mrs Irving Berlin, dies at 86
  • 1988-09-30 Joachim Prinz, author/Rabbi of Berlin (1926-37), dies at 86
  • 1991-03-23 Mona Maris, actress (Camila, Berlin Correspondent), dies at 88
  • 1993-05-18 Heinrich Albertz, theologist/mayor of Berlin (1966-67), dies at 78
  • 1997-11-05 Isaiah Berlin, Latvian-born historian of ideas (b. 1909)
  • 2002-04-30 Charlotte von Mahlsdorf, founder of the Gründerzeit Museum in Berlin-Mahlsdorf. (b. 1928)