Cologne in History

Northrhine-Westfalia: Dortmund - Düsseldorf - Essen - Köln

Historical Events

  • 0850-04-20 Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne
  • 0999-12-25 Heribertus becomes bishop of Cologne
  • 1147-03-26 Jewish community in Cologne fasts to commemorate anti-Jewish violence
  • 1205-06-19 Pope Innocent III fires Adolf I as archbishop of Cologne
  • 1248-05-15 Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden lays cornerstone for Cologne cathedral
  • 1248-08-15 Construction of Cologne Cathedral begun
  • 1349-08-24 Jews of Cologne Germany set themselves on fire to avoid baptism
  • 1367-11-19 League of Cologne goes against Danish king Waldemar IV
  • 1579-05-07 Congress of Cologne forms in Netherlands
  • 1633-06-02 Prince Frederik Henry conquerors fort Rhine at Cologne
  • 1647-03-14 Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
  • 1674-05-11 Netherlands & Cologne sign peace treaty
  • 1701-03-09 France, Cologne & Bavaria sign alliance
  • 1702-09-16 Emperor Leopold I declares war on France, Cologne & Bavaria
  • 1703-05-18 Dutch & English troops occupy Cologne
  • 1706-04-29 Emperor Jozef I becomes monarch of Cologne and Bavaria
  • 1842-09-04 Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after 284-year hiatus
  • 1880-08-14 Construction of Cologne Cathedral completed after it was began in 1248 - largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe
  • 1904-10-18 Gustav Mahler's 5th symphony premieres in Cologne
  • 1925-01-10 Allies refuse to evacuate the Cologne area of Germany as agreed
  • 1926-01-01 Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne
  • 1942-05-30 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WW II
  • 1944-07-18 RAF Mosquitos attack Cologne & Berlin
  • 1945-03-05 US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
  • 1945-03-07 Cologne taken by allied armies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954-01-29 Arnold Schoenberg's "De Profundis" premieres in Cologne

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • 1959-12-25 A synagogue in Cologne Germany desecrated with swatstikas
  • 2009-03-03 The building of the Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln (Historical Archives) in Cologne, Germany, collapses.

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

0015-11-07 Agrippina the Younger [Julia Agrippina], Roman Empress (sister of Caligula, wife of Claudius, mother of Nero), born in Oppidum Ubiorum (Cologne) (d. 59)

Roman Empress Agrippina the Younger
Roman Empress
Agrippina the Younger
  • 1554-12-17 Ernst of Bayern, prince/bishop of Liege/archbishop of Cologne
  • 1587-11-16 Joost van den Vondel, Dutch poet/dramatist (Jephtha), born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1819-06-20 Jacques Offenbach, French composer (Tales of Hoffmann), born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1838-01-06 Max Bruch, Koln (Cologne), Germany, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1876-01-05 Konrad Adenauer, chancellor of Germany (BRD, 1949), born in Cologne, Germany

German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
German Chancellor
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1887-02-06 Josef Frings, German Archbishop of Cologne (d. 1978)
  • 1888-11-24 Rudolf Klein-Rogge, actor (Metropolis, Spies), born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1895-01-13 Anton Betzner, German writer, born in Cologne (d. 1976)
  • 1899-08-01 William Steinberg, German-American conductor (Boston Symphony 1969-71), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1978)
  • 1906-04-23 Marcel Hillaire, actor (Adv in Paradise), born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1912-07-27 Hilde Domin, [Hilde Palm], German writer and poet, born in Cologne (d. 2006)
  • 1920-03-22 Werner Klemperer, actor (Col Klink in Hogan's Heroes), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1932-07-10 Jorgen Becker, German writer, born in Cologne
  • 1936-08-12 Hans Haacke, artist (Right to Life, Dripper Boxes), born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1965-04-07 Alexander Mronz, tennis star, born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1965-06-24 Uwe Krupp, NHL defenceman (Colo Avalanche, Germany 98), born in Cologne, Germany

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

1919-09-26 German chancellor Konrad Adenauer (43) weds Auguste Zinsser in Cologne, Germany

German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
German Chancellor
Konrad Adenauer

Famous Deaths

  • 0965-10-11 Bruno I, archbishop of Cologne/duke of Lutheran, dies at about 40
  • 1021-03-16 Heribert of Cologne, Archbishop of Cologne and Chancellor of Emperor Otto III
  • 1075-12-04 Archbishop Anno II of Cologne
  • 1101-10-06 Bruno of Cologne, German founder of the Carthusian order
  • 1167-08-14 Raynald van Dassel, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1191-08-13 Philips van Heinsberg, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1220-04-15 Adolf I, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1225-11-07 Engelbert I, the Saint, archbishop of Cologne, murdered at 40
  • 1261-09-18 Koenraad van Hochstaden, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1274-10-20 Engelbert II of Falkenburg, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1612-02-17 Ernst of Bayern, prince/bishop of Luik/archbish Cologne, dies at 57
  • 1901-09-09 Willem baron of Goltstein of Oldenaller, minister of Cologne dies