Saxony in History

Saxony: Dresden - Leipzig

Historical Events

  • 0919-05-12 Duke Henry of Saxony becomes King Henry I of Oostfrankischreich
  • 1180-04-13 Diet of Gelnhausen; Henry the Lion deprived of the Duchy of Saxony
  • 1526-02-27 Saxony & Hesse form League of Gotha (league of Protestant princes)
  • 1635-05-30 The Peace of Prague signed between the Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand II and the Electorate of Saxony (representing Protestant states of the Holy Roman Empire). It effectively ended the civil war aspect of the Thirty Years' War
  • 1664-04-06 France & Saxony sign alliance
  • 1697-06-02 August, Elector of Saxony becomes Catholic
  • 1697-06-27 Polish parliament selects monarch August of Saxony as king
  • 1700-02-12 The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe between Denmark–Norway, Saxony and Russia and the Swedish Empire.
  • 1719-01-05 Britain, Hannover, Saxony-Poland and Austria sign anti-Prussian Russian pact
  • 1745-01-08 Britain, Austria, Netherlands & Saxony sign anti-Prussian Quadruple Alliance
  • 1760-11-03 Battle at Torgau, Saxony: Prussia beats Austria
  • 1763-02-15 Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign Treaty of Hubertusburg, marking the end of the French and Indian War and of the Seven Years War
  • 1923-10-10 Saxony gets Social Democratic & Communist coalition government

Famous Birthdays

  • 1370-04-11 Frederick I the Warlike, elector of Saxony
  • 1443-01-27 Albert, Duke of Saxony (d. 1500)
  • 1461-12-25 Christina of Saxony, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1521)
  • 1463-01-17 Frederick III, the Wise, elector of Saxony (1486-25), protector Luther
  • 1471-08-27 George the Bearded, Duke of Saxony (1500-39), born in Meissen, Germany (d. 1539)
  • 1473-03-16 Henry IV the Pious, Duke of Saxony (d. 1541)
  • 1473-10-26 Friedrich of Saxony (d. 1510)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1483-11-10 Martin Luther, German theologian and key figure in the Protestant Reformation, born in Eisleben, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1546)

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1494-03-24 Georgius Agricola, German mineralogist (De Re Metallica), born in Glauchau, Saxony (d. 1555)
  • 1495-04-16 Petrus Apianus [Peter Apian], German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, born in Leisnig, Saxony (d. 1557)
  • 1521-03-21 Maurice, Duke and later Elector of Saxony (1547-53), (d. 1553)
  • 1609-10-05 Paul Fleming, German poet, born in Hartenstein, Saxony (d. 1640)
  • 1630-10-14 Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony (d. 1714)
  • 1647-06-20 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91)
  • 1668-10-18 Johan Georg IV, elector of Saxony (1691-94)
  • 1670-05-12 Frederick Augustus I/ August II, the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland (reputed to have sired 355 children) (d. 1733)
  • 1715-07-04 Christian F Gellert, Saxony, poet/novelist (Fables & Tales)
  • 1722-09-05 Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Germany (d. 1763)
  • 1724-11-24 Maria Amalia of Saxony, queen of Spain (d. 1760)
  • 1728-08-29 Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, Electress of Bavaria, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Germany (d. 1797)
  • 1750-12-23 Frederik Augustus I, the Righteous, king of Saxony (1806-27)
  • 1763-01-29 Johann Gottfried Seume, German writer (Spaziergang nach Syrakus), born in Poserna, Saxony-Anhalt, (d. 1810)
  • 1772-05-02 Novalis [Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg], German romantic writer ('Heinrich von Ofterdingen), born in Oberwiederstedt, Saxony (d. 1801)
  • 1797-05-18 Frederick Augustus II, King of Saxony (1836-54)
  • 1801-11-13 Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, queen of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • 1801-12-12 Johann (John), King of Saxony (1854-73) (translated Divina Commedia)
  • 1803-12-07 Maria Josepha of Saxony, queen consort of Spain (d. 1829)
  • 1805-01-27 Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1813-05-22 Richard Wagner, German composer (Ring, Flying Dutchman), born in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany (d. 1883)

Composer Richard Wagner
Composer
Richard Wagner
  • 1833-08-05 Carola of Vasa, Queen consort of Saxony (d. 1907)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1844-10-15 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1859-12-31 Max Fiedler, German conductor and composer, born in Zittau, Saxony, (d. 1939)
  • 1883-08-07 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, born in Wurzen, Saxony (d. 1934)
  • 1913-02-25 Gert Froebe, Saxony Germany, actor (Goldfinger)
  • 1927-12-31 Dieter Noll, German writer (Die Abenteuer des Werner Holt), born in Riesa, Saxony (d. 2008)
  • 1932-02-14 Alexander Kluge, German author and film director (Yesterday Girl), born in Halberstadt, Province of Saxony
  • 1933-08-16 Reiner Kunze, German writer (The Lovely Years), born in Oelsnitz, Saxony

Famous Weddings

  • 1853-05-19 Dutch prince Henry marries princess Amalia of Saxony-Weimar

Famous Deaths

  • 0885-11-17 Liutgard of Saxony, Queen of the Franks (876-882)
  • 0973-03-27 Herman, Duke of Saxony
  • 0984-05-05 Gerberga of Saxony, Queen of Western Francia
  • 1011-02-09 Bernard I, Duke of Saxony
  • 1059-06-29 Bernard II, Duke of Saxony
  • 1072-03-28 Ordulf, Duke of Saxony (1059-1072)
  • 1106-08-23 Magnus, Duke of Saxony
  • 1113-08-04 Gertrude of Saxony (b. 1030)
  • 1428-01-04 Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 'The Warlike' (b. 1370)
  • 1510-12-14 Friedrich of Saxony (b. 1473)
  • 1532-08-16 John the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony (b. 1468)
  • 1539-04-17 George the Bearded, Duke of Saxony (1500-39), dies at 67
  • 1553-07-09 Maurice, Elector of Saxony (b. 1521)
  • 1554-03-03 Johann Friedrich, the Generous, Elector of Saxony (1532-47) and Head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany (the Schmalkaldic League), dies at 50
  • 1680-08-22 Johann Georg II, Elector of Saxony (1656-80), dies at 67
  • 1691-09-12 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91), dies at 44
  • 1694-04-27 Johan Georg IV, elector of Saxony (1691-94), dies at 25
  • 1827-05-05 Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (1806-27), dies at 76
  • 1829-05-18 Maria Josepha of Saxony, queen consort of Spain (b. 1803)
  • 1893-08-22 Ernst II, duke of Saxony-Coburg-Gotha (1844-93) and composer, dies at 75 (b. 1818)
  • 1948-09-16 Ferdinand I MKLM, prince of Saxony-Coburg/tsar of Bulgaria, dies
  • 1974-03-12 George D. Sax, Drive-in bank and instant loan innovator. Owner of the Saxony Hotel. (b. 1904)