Iraq and Mesopotamia in History

Iraq: Baghdad - Basra - Mosul

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 369

  • 1374-05-03 BC Solar eclipse (2m07s) seen at Ugarit by Mesopotamian astronomers "On the day of the new moon, in the month of Hiyar, the Sun was put to shame, and went down in the daytime, with Mars in attendance."
  • 0763-06-15 BC Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history
  • 1914-11-06 The British land troops (mostly from the Indian Army) at the head of the Persian Gulf in Mesopotamia, and will begin to move westward in an attempt to draw Turkish troops from other fronts
  • 1914-11-22 Indian troops take Basra in Mesopotamia
  • 1915-09-28 Battle of Kut-el-Amara: British defeat Turks in Mesopotamia
  • 1915-09-29 British army conquerors Chilly al Imara, Mesopotamia
  • 1915-11-23 On the Tigris River in Mesopotamia, the Battle of Ctesiphon between Allied and Turkish forces enters its second day
  • 1917-03-11 British forces occupy Baghdad, the capital of Mesopotamia, after Turkish forces evacuated
  • 1919-01-03 The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization
  • 1920-10-01 Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
  • 1921-01-06 The Iraqi Army is formed
  • 1925-07-16 The first parliament in Iraq opened by King Feisal in Baghdad
  • 1925-08-07 League of Nation advises against Turk/Iraqi division of Mosoelgebied
  • 1927-12-14 Iraq gains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • 1929-08-11 Persia & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1930-07-01 Great Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
  • 1931-03-26 Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • 1931-04-22 Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
  • 1932-10-03 Iraq gains full independence from Britain, joins League of Nations
  • 1933-08-07 The Iraqi Government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Sumail. The day becomes known as Assyrian Martyrs Day.
  • 1935-01-14 Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use
  • 1939-04-04 Faisal II ascends to throne of Iraq
  • 1939-09-11 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany
  • 1941-04-01 Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
  • 1941-04-03 Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
  • 1941-04-17 British troop land in Iraq/Yugoslavia; surrender to nazis
  • 1941-06-01 British troops occupy Bagdad, Iraq
  • 1947-10-26 The British Military Occupation ends in Iraq.
  • 1948-05-15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • 1948-05-28 Iraq captures Ge'ulim settlement
  • 1951-08-13 Great Britain & Iraq sign new oil contract
  • 1953-05-02 Feisal II installed as king of Iraq
  • 1955-02-18 Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
  • 1955-02-24 Pact of Baghdad between Iraq & Turkey signed
  • 1955-04-04 British government signs military treaty with Iraq
  • 1956-07-16 King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
  • 1958-02-14 Arab Federation of Iraq & Jordan forms
  • 1958-03-03 Nuri ash Said becomes premier of Iraq
  • 1958-05-13 Jordan & Iraq form Arab Federation
  • 1958-07-14 General Abdul K Kassem forms a military government in Iraq overthrowing the monarchy
  • 1958-07-17 King Hussein declares himself head of Jordan/Iraqi federation
  • 1958-08-02 Jordan & Iraq disolve their Arab Federation, after 3 months
  • 1959-03-08 Pro-Egyptian coup fails in Mosul Iraq
  • 1959-03-16 Iraq & USSR sign economic/technical treaty
  • 1959-03-24 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact
  • 1959-05-30 Iraq terminates milt assistance pact with US due to neutrality
  • 1959-08-17 USSR & Iraq signs contract for building Iraqi nuclear reactor
  • 1960-03-26 Iraq executes 30 after attack on President Kassem
  • 1960-09-14 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia & Venezuela form Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • 1961-06-24 Iraq demands dominion over Kuwait
  • 1961-06-25 Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees)
  • 1963-02-08 1st transmission of Clandestine Voice of Iraqi People (Communist)
  • 1964-08-14 Egypt/Iraq/Jordan/Kuwait/Syria form common market
  • 1967-06-10 Israel, Syria, Jordan, Iraq & Egypt end "6-Day War" with UN help
  • 1968-02-26 Clandestine Radio Voice of Iraqi People (Communist) final transmission
  • 1968-07-17 Bloodless coup in Iraq led by General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
  • 1968-09-22 Iraq adopts constitution
  • 1970-03-11 Iraq Ba'th Party recognizes Kurd nation
  • 1970-07-16 Iraq's constitution goes into effect
  • 1972-04-09 USSR & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1972-06-01 Iraq nationalizes Iraq Petroleum Company's (IPC) concession owned by British Petroleum, Royal Dutch-Shell, Compagnie Francaise des Petroles, Mobil and Standard Oil of New Jersey
  • 1972-06-09 In a show of support for Iraq, OPEC moves to prevent companies whose interests were nationalized in Iraq from increasing production elsewhere
  • 1973-02-28 Iraq and Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC) reach an agreement on compensation for nationalization
  • 1973-10-07 Iraq nationalizes Exxon and Mobil shares in Basrah Petroleum Company representing 23.75 percent equity in the company.
  • 1973-10-16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent
  • 1973-11-25 3 Palestinians hijack KLM B747 above Iraq, to Dubai
  • 1974-02-10 Iran/Iraqi border fight breaks out
  • 1974-12-22 Iraq announces plans to increase its oil production capacity
  • 1975-01-19 4 mail truck assault on El Al B-747 in Paris, escape to Iraq
  • 1975-03-06 Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement of their border dispute.
  • 1975-03-18 Kurds end fight against Iraqi army
  • 1975-12-09 Iraq completes nationalization by taking over the BP, CFP, and Shell shares of the Basrah Petroleum Company
  • 1977-12-05 Egypt breaks off diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq & South Yemen
  • 1978-07-31 Gunman shoots his way into Iraqi Embassy in Paris
  • 1978-08-01 Commandos occupy Iraqi embassy in Paris, 1 dead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978-09-09 Iraqi Ayatollah Khomeini calls for uprising in Irani army

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979-07-16 Premier/pres al-Bakr of Iraq is succeeded by Saddam Hussein

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 1979-08-08 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein executes 22 political opponents
  • 1980-04-01 Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz
  • 1980-09-17 Iraq under Saddam Hussein signs accord with Algeria
  • 1980-09-17 Iraq breaks 1975 treaty with Iran and proclaims sovereignty over Shatt al-Arab waterway
  • 1980-09-22 Iraq invades Iran in an attempt to control the Shatt al-Arab waterway
  • 1980-09-24 Iraqi troops cross Iran's border, encircling Abadan
  • 1980-09-30 Iran rejects a truce call from Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
  • 1980-10-24 Iraqi troops occupies Khorramshar
  • 1980-11-09 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declares holy war against Iran
  • 1980-11-10 Iraq captures southern port of Khorramshahr
  • 1981-02-01 French government accord sends 60 Mirage fighter jets to Iraq
  • 1981-06-07 Israeli F-15/F-16 destroys alleged Iraqi plutonium production facility
  • 1981-09-27 Iran defends its besieged port of Abadan, driving back Iraqi forces
  • 1982-03-22 Iran offensive against Iraq
  • 1982-05-24 Liberation of Khorramshahr, Iranians recapture of the port city of Khorramshahr from the Iraqis during the Iran-Iraq War.
  • 1982-07-13 Iran launches first attack into Iraq
  • 1982-08-14 Iran "Ramadan-offensive" in Iraq
  • 1983-04-01 Iraq increases missile attacks on Iran
  • 1983-06-20 Iran moves into northern Iraq (casualties top 13,800 in ten days)
  • 1984-02-15 500,000 Iranian soldiers move into Iraq
  • 1984-02-24 Iraq resumes air attack on Iran
  • 1984-03-02 Iran offensive against Iraq fails

Famous Birthdays

  • 1806-11-24 Omar Pasha, [Michael Lats], Croatian governor/viceroy of Bosnia/Iraq
  • 1883-03-23 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria
  • 1912-07-01 Ahmad H al-Bakr, Iraqi fieldmarshal/president/premier
  • 1914-05-04 Abdel Karim Kassem, general/premier/dictator of Iraq (1958-63)
  • 1917-08-17 Safa Khulusi, Iraqi writer and historian, born in Baghdad (d. 1995)
  • 1923-05-14 Adnan Pachachi, Iraqi politician
  • 1934-11-27 Ammo Baba, Iraqi-Assyrian footballer
  • 1935-05-02 Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58)/son of Ghasi I
  • 1936-04-07 Tariq Aziz, Iraqi politician and close adviser to Saddam Hussein, born in Tel Keppe, Iraq (d. 2015)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937-04-28 Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq (1979-2003), born in Al-Awja, Iraq (d. 2006)

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 1942-11-20 Paulos Faraj Rahho, Iraqi Chaldean Catholic bishop (d. 2008)
  • 1946-08-16 Massoud Barzani, Iraqi Kurdish politician
  • 1948-09-17 Patricia Kluge, Baghdad Iraq, wife of Billionaire John Kluge
  • 1950-10-31 Zaha Hadid, British architect (London Aquatic Centre), born in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 2016)
  • 1952-11-07 David Petraeus, Commanding General of Multinational Force Iraq
  • 1958-03-11 Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, interim President of Iraq
  • 1959-04-30 Kamaran Abdalla, Iraq/Engl/Neth actor (Goede Tijden Selechte Tijden)
  • 1961-07-15 Scott Ritter, UN weapons inspector in Iraq
  • 1961-09-12 Kathem Al Saher, Iraqi singer
  • 1964-03-21 Ahmed Radhi, Iraqi international football star
  • 1964-06-18 Uday Hussein, Iraqi leader (d. 2003)
  • 1970-03-09 Melissa Rathburn-Nealy, US soldier (Iraqi POW)
  • 1971-07-28 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Leader of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), born in Samarra, Iraq
  • 1978-01-21 Faris al-Sultan, German-Iraqi triathlete
  • 1980-08-10 Kaysar Ridha, Iraqi-American reality TV contestant
  • 1981-04-05 Michael A. Monsoor, United States Navy SEAL killed in Iraq and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor, born in Long Beach, California
  • 1984-06-06 Noor Sabri, Iraqi footballplayer

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

1963-05-05 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein (26) weds teacher Sajida Talfah (26)

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein

Famous Deaths

  • 1933-09-08 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria, dies at 50
  • 1937-08-11 Bakr Sidqi, general/dictator of Iraq, dies
  • 1949-02-14 Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi-Assyrian communist leader (b. 1901)
  • 1958-07-14 Abdoel Illah, crown prince of Iraq, murdered
  • 1958-07-14 Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58), assassinated at Baghdad
  • 1958-07-14 Noeri el-Said, premier of Iraq, murdered
  • 1958-07-15 Nuries-Said, Iraqi soldier/statesman, assassinated, dies
  • 1958-12-13 Ahmed Mukhtar Baban, premier of Iraq, executed
  • 1958-12-13 Barhanuddin Bashajan, Iraqi minister of Foreign affairs, executed
  • 1958-12-13 Rafiq Aref, Iraqi chief-staff Arabs Statenbond, executed
  • 1959-03-08 Abdel Wahab Shawwaf, Iraqi colonel/putschist, murdered
  • 1959-10-07 PM Kassem of Iraq, assassinated
  • 1963-02-08 Abdul Karim Kassem, PM of Iraq (58-63), assassinated in Baghdad at 48
  • 1966-04-13 Abdul Salam Arif, Iraqi politician (b. 1921)
  • 1978-07-09 Abdul Razak al-Naif, premier of Iraq, murdered
  • 1982-10-04 Ahmad H al-Bakr, Iraqi fieldmarshal/president/premier, dies
  • 1992-08-08 Abul Qassim Khoei, Iraqi great-ayatollah/leader of Sjiieten, dies
  • 1993-09-21 Kamaran Abdalla, Iraq/Engl/Neth actor (Best Thing in Life), dies at 34
  • 1995-09-08 Safa Khulusi, Iraqi writer and historian, dies at 78
  • 1997-05-25 Muhammad Fadhel, PM of Iraq (1953-54), dies
  • 1999-02-19 Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr, Iraqi Shiite leader (assassinated)
  • 2003-08-29 Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, Iraqi political leader (b.1939)
  • 2003-09-25 Aquila al-Hashimi, Iraqi politician (b. 1953)
  • 2004-05-17 Ezzedine Salim, leader of Iraqi Governing Council (b. 1943)
  • 2004-10-07 Ken Bigley, British civil engineer, kidnapped and murdered in Iraq (b. 1942)
  • 2006-09-29 Michael A. Monsoor, United States Navy SEAL (posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor), killed in Iraq at 25


2006-12-30 Deposed Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein is hanged in Baghdad at 69

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 2007-01-15 Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Iraqi Revolutionary Court (b. 1945) (executed)
  • 2007-01-29 Dia Abdul Zahra Kadim, Iraqi extremist leader (b. 1970)
  • 2007-03-20 Taha Yassin Ramadan, Iraqi politician (b. 1938)
  • 2010-01-25 Ali Hasan al-Majid aka Chemical Ali, Iraqi defense minister and military commander (b. 1941)
  • 2010-07-04 Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, Iraqi-born Lebanese Shiite Muslim cleric and Hezbollah mentor (b. 1935)
  • 2015-06-05 Tariq Aziz, Iraqi politician and close adviser to Saddam Hussein, dies at 79