Baghdad in History

Iraq: Basra - Mosul

Historical Events

  • 1055-12-19 Seldjuken under Toghril Beg occupy Baghdad
  • 1258-02-13 Baghdad falls to the Mongols as the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1401-07-09 Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane (Timur) destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000

Turkic Conqueror Tamerlane
Turkic Conqueror
Tamerlane
  • 1534-12-04 Turkish sultan Suleiman occupies Baghdad
  • 1863-04-21 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden, near Baghdad. Makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during 12 days spent there
  • 1899-12-23 Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
  • 1902-03-18 Turkey grants Germany syndicate the first concession to construct a railroad through Turkish territory to Baghdad, to be linked to Berlin
  • 1903-03-05 Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn up
  • 1907-08-03 Emperor Wilhelm (Germany) meets with Tsar Nicholas (Russia) to discuss Germany's plan to build a railroad to Baghdad; the discussion helps move Russia towards Britain and eventually the Triple Alliance
  • 1917-03-11 British forces occupy Baghdad, the capital of Mesopotamia, after Turkish forces evacuated
  • 1925-07-16 The first parliament in Iraq opened by King Feisal in Baghdad
  • 1941-05-22 British troops attack Baghdad
  • 1941-05-30 British Army enters Baghdad, chasing pro-German coup government
  • 1953-08-16 Shah of Persia & princess Soraya flee to Baghdad & Rome
  • 1955-02-18 Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
  • 1955-02-24 Pact of Baghdad between Iraq & Turkey signed
  • 1955-09-23 Pakistan signs Pact of Baghdad
  • 1955-10-11 Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
  • 1956-01-14 Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad
  • 1959-03-24 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact
  • 1969-01-27 14 spies hanged in Baghdad
  • 1980-11-20 United Nations Gulf War mediator Olof Palme makes first unsuccessful peace shuttle between Tehran and Baghdad
  • 1986-08-12 Iran fires missile at refinery near Baghdad; Iraq raids Iranian terminal at Sirri Island severely disrupting Iranian exports

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-11-30 US President George H. W. Bush offers to send Secretary of State James Baker to Baghdad to meet with Saddam Hussein

US President George H. W. Bush
US President
George H. W. Bush
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 1991-02-13 US air raid on the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad kills more than 408 civilians
  • 1993-06-26 The U.S. launches a cruise missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H. W. Bush in April in Kuwait.
  • 1998-02-20 UN Sec-Gen Kofi Annan lands in Baghdad, for peace negotiations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2003-04-07 U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein's regime falls two days later.

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 2003-04-09 Baghdad falls to U.S. forces ending the invasion of Iraqi but resulting in widespread looting
  • 2003-04-14 U.S. troops in Baghdad capture Abu Abbas, leader of the Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner the Achille Lauro in 1985.
  • 2005-08-31 A stampede on Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad kills 1,199 people.
  • 2005-10-19 Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
  • 2006-03-22 Three Christian Peacemaker Teams Hostages are freed by British forces in Baghdad after 118 days captivity and the death of their colleague, American Tom Fox.
  • 2007-02-03 A Baghdad market bombing kills at least 135 people and injures a further 339.

Conference meetingConference of Interest

2008-12-14 President George W. Bush make his fourth and final trip to Iraq as president and is almost struck by two shoes thrown at him by Iraqi journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi during a farewell conference in Baghdad

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2009-08-19 A series of bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kills 101 and injures 565 others
  • 2009-10-25 The 25 October 2009 Baghdad bombings kills 155 and wounds at least 721.
  • 2009-12-08 Bombings in Baghdad, Iraq kill 127 and injure 448.
  • 2012-06-04 Car bomb kills 26 and injures 190 people in central Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2012-06-16 32 people are killed by a car bomb in Baghdad
  • 2012-06-22 Two Baghdad market bombings kill 14 people and injure 106
  • 2012-07-31 Two car bombs kill 21 people in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2012-10-28 15 people are killed and 33 injured by a series of Baghdad car bombings
  • 2013-01-22 A series of Baghdad car bombings kill 17 people
  • 2013-02-17 37 people are killed and 130 are injured in a series of Baghdad car bombings
  • 2013-02-28 28 people are killed and 60 are injured after a series of bombings across Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-03-14 25 people are killed and 50 are wounded by a series of car bombings in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-04-18 27 people are killed and 65 are injured in a cafe bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-06-18 31 people are killed and 60 are injured by two suicide bombings in al-Qahira, Baghdad
  • 2013-07-05 15 people are killed by a bomb attack on a Shia mosque in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-08-06 25 people are killed and 60 are wounded by a series of car bombs in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-08-23 26 people are killed and 55 are injured by a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-09-13 30 people are killed by a mosque bombing attack in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-09-15 21 people are killed in a series of bombings in Baghdad and Shia provinces, Iraq
  • 2013-09-27 7 people are killed in mosque bombings in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-09-30 54 people are killed by a series of car bombs in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-10-20 37 people are killed in a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-11-06 15 people are killed after a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-11-25 17 people are killed and 37 are wounded in a cafe bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2014-01-30 24 hostages are killed after 6 suicide bombers temporarily take over the Iraqi Ministry of Transportation in Baghdad
  • 2015-08-13 76 people are killed & 212 are wounded by an ISIL truck bomb in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2016-07-02 Large lorry bomb in Baghdad kills at least 125 people and wounds 150, Islamic State claims responsibility

Famous Birthdays

  • 1612-07-27 Murad IV, sultan of Turkey (1623-40)/conquered Baghdad
  • 1887-12-23 Eric Blore, actor (Great Gatsby, Bowery to Baghdad), born in London, England
  • 1895-10-27 John Boles, Greenville TX, singer/actor (Babes in Baghdad)
  • 1917-08-17 Safa Khulusi, Iraqi writer and historian, born in Baghdad (d. 1995)
  • 1936-12-07 Martha Layne Collins, Baghdad Ky, (Gov-D-Ky)
  • 1944-10-30 Ahmed Chalabi, Iragi politician (supported US 2003 invasion), born in Kadhimiya, Baghdad (d. 2015)
  • 1945-01-16 Kabir Bedi, actor (Thief of Baghdad, Terminal Entry)
  • 1948-09-17 Patricia Kluge, Baghdad Iraq, wife of Billionaire John Kluge
  • 1950-10-31 Zaha Hadid, British architect (London Aquatic Centre), born in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 2016)

Famous Deaths

  • 0833-10-10 al-Ma'mun, Abbasid caliph of Baghdad (b. 786)
  • 1063-09-04 Toghrül, Turkish conqueror of Persia and Baghdad
  • 1258-02-20 Al-Musta'sim, last Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad
  • 1520-09-22 Selim I, captured Baghdad/Sultan of Turkey (1512-20), dies at 53
  • 1640-02-09 Murad IV, sultan of Turkey (1623-40), dies in Baghdad at 27
  • 1958-07-14 Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58), assassinated at Baghdad
  • 1961-02-02 Anna May Wong, actress (Thief of Baghdad), dies at about 56
  • 1963-02-08 Abdul Karim Kassem, PM of Iraq (58-63), assassinated in Baghdad at 48

BattleExecution

2006-12-30 Deposed Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein is hanged in Baghdad at 69

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein