Iraq and Mesopotamia in History (Part 3)

Iraq: Baghdad - Basra - Mosul

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 369

  • 1991-04-11 UN Security Council issues formal cease fire with Iraq declaration
  • 1991-04-25 Iraq expects to resume crude oil and product exports by July
  • 1991-07-15 US troops leave northern Iraq
  • 1991-09-28 UN weapons inspectors ends 5-day standoff with Iraq
  • 1993-01-13 French, British, and US fighter jets launch bombing raids in southern Iraq
  • 1994-04-14 US F-15 accidentally shoots 2 US helicopters down over Iraq, 26 die
  • 1994-07-26 Turkish air force bombs Kurds, struggle in Iraq, 70 killed
  • 1995-02-27 Car bomb explodes in Zakho, North-Iraq (54-80 killed)
  • 1996-01-17 Iraq agrees to talks concerning a UN plan to allow for the Iraqi sale of $1 billion of oil; proceeds from the sale would be used for humanitarian purposes
  • 1996-04-24 The UNand Iraq end a third round of negotiations over Iraq's possible sale of $1 billion of oil for 90 days for a 180-day trial period
  • 1996-05-20 UN and Iraq agree to Resolution 986, which provides Iraq with the opportunity to sell $1 billion of oil for 90 days for a 180-day trial period; proceeds from the sale would be used for humanitarian purposes
  • 1996-07-18 The UN approves an Iraqi aid distribution plan, a major step forward in the direction of allowing Iraq to sell oil under Resolution 986
  • 1996-09-05 Following US cruise missile strikes on Iraq, crude oil prices rise as the market speculates when Iraq will begin exporting oil under UN Resolution 986
  • 1996-12-12 Assassination attempt on Uday (Iraqi's heir to Sadam Hussain)
  • 1996-12-30 UN announces that a total of 21 contracts have been approved for the limited Iraqi oil sales under Resolution 986
  • 1997-06-04 UN Security renews its "oilforfood" initiative whereby Iraq may sell $2 billion worth of oil to buy food, medicine and other necessities to alleviate civilian suffering under the sanctions imposed when it invaded Kuwait in 1990
  • 1997-08-08 The UN approves a sale-price formula for Iraqi crude oil sales under the oil-for-food plan
  • 1997-09-12 The UN passes a resolution allowing Iraq to reach the $2.14 billion oil sales limit under its oil-for-food program
  • 1997-10-29 Iraq's Revolution Command Council announces that it will no longer allow US citizens and US aircraft to serve with UN arms inspection teams
  • 1997-11-13 UN pulls out arms inspection teams from Iraq
  • 1997-11-20 Iraq's Revolution Command Council formally endorses an agreement, arranged by Russia, that enables UN weapons inspection teams to resume operations in Iraq
  • 1997-12-04 Nizar Hamdoon warns that Iraq will not allow oil to flow during a third six-month phase of the UN's oil-for-food sale until the UN approves an aid distribution plan
  • 1998-10-31 Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
  • 1998-12-16 Iraq disarmament crisis: Operation Desert Fox - the United States and United Kingdom bomb targets in Iraq
  • 1998-12-26 Iraq announces its intention to fire upon U.S. and British warplanes that patrol the northern and southern no-fly zones.
  • 2001-06-03 Iraq announces that it will halt crude oil exports in response to the UN's resolution that extends the oil-for-food program by only 1 month, instead of the normal 6-month period
  • 2001-06-11 Saudi Arabia seizes ownership, effective June 7, of the 1.6-million-barrels-per-day IPSA pipeline that had carried Iraqi crude oil to the Saudi Red Sea port of Mu'jiz prior to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait
  • 2001-07-02 UN Security Council, facing an almost certain Russian veto, agrees to postpone indefinitely a vote on the US-led "smart sanctions" package for Iraq
  • 2001-07-03 At a meeting of its oil ministers, OPEC agrees to maintain current production quotas; ministers indicate that, if Iraqi oil returns to the market, they may cut production in response to maintain their desired level of prices
  • 2001-07-11 Iraq resumes oil exports, ending a 5-week halt in protest of a US and British-sponsored UN Security Council resolution
  • 2001-08-10 US and UK reject a proposal by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan to permit the Iraqi government to use $1 billion per year to fund infrastructure improvements and to increase oil production capacity
  • 2001-11-29 UN Security Council unanimously approves a resolution extending the Oil-for-Food program in Iraq for another six-month period

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2002-01-29 US President George W. Bush in his State of the Union address describes "regimes that sponsor terror" an "Axis of Evil", which includes Iraq, Iran and North Korea

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2002-08-20 A group of Iraqis opposed to the regime of Saddam Hussein take over the Iraqi Embassy in Berlin for five hours before releasing their hostages and surrendering.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2002-11-08 Iraq disarmament crisis: UN Security Council under Resolution 1441 unanimously approves a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences"

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 2002-11-13 Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq agrees to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution 1441.
  • 2002-11-16 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein says that he had to accept UN Resolution 1441 because the United States and Israel had shown their "claws and teeth" and declared unitlateral war on the Iraqi people
  • 2002-11-18 Iraq disarmament crisis: United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.
  • 2002-12-23 A MQ-1 Predator is shot down by an Iraqi MiG-25, making it the first time in history that an aircraft and an unmanned drone had engaged in combat.
  • 2003-02-10 France and Belgium break the NATO procedure of silent approval concerning the timing of protective measures for Turkey in case of a possible war with Iraq.
  • 2003-02-15 An estimated 6-11 million people around the world take to the streets to protest against war with Iraq
  • 2003-03-14 Start of weekend of protests against war in Iraq that are attended by millions
  • 2003-03-16 The largest coordinated worldwide vigil takes place, as part of the global protests against Iraq war.
  • 2003-03-17 British Cabinet Minister Robin Cook, resigns over government plans for the war with Iraq.
  • 2003-03-19 Invasion of Iraq by American and British led coalition begins without United Nations support and in defiance of world opinion
  • 2003-03-23 In Nasiriyah, Iraq, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company as well as 18 U.S. Marines are killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
  • 2003-03-24 The Arab League votes 21-1 in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of U.S. and British soldiers from Iraq.
  • 2003-03-28 In a "friendly fire" incident, two A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft from the United States Idaho Air National Guard's 190th Fighter Squadron attack British tanks participating in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, killing British soldier Matty Hull.
  • 2003-04-09 Baghdad falls to U.S. forces ending the invasion of Iraqi but resulting in widespread looting
  • 2003-05-01 2003 invasion of Iraq: In what becomes known as the "Mission Accomplished" speech, U.S. President George W. Bush declares that "major combat operations in Iraq have ended" on board the USS Abraham Lincoln off the coast of California.
  • 2003-07-22 Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year old son, and a bodyguard.
  • 2003-08-19 A car-bomb attack on United Nations headquarters in Iraq kills the agency's top envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello and 21 other employees.
  • 2003-08-29 Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, is assassinated in a terrorist bombing, along with nearly 100 worshippers as they leave a mosque in Najaf.
  • 2003-09-12 In Fallujah, US forces mistakenly shoot and kill eight Iraqi police officers.
  • 2003-11-12 Iraq war: In Nasiriya, Iraq, at least 23 people, among them the first Italian casualties of the 2003 Iraq war are killed in a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base.
  • 2003-12-13 Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit, during Operation Red Dawn by US forces
  • 2004-03-01 Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum becomes President of Iraq.
  • 2004-03-02 War in Iraq: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.
  • 2004-03-08 A new constitution is signed by Iraq's Governing Council.
  • 2004-03-31 In Fallujah, Iraq, 4 American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed and their bodies mutilated after being ambushed.
  • 2004-04-20 In Iraq, 12 mortars are fired on Abu Ghraib Prison by insurgents, killing 22 detainees and wounding 92.
  • 2004-04-30 U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
  • 2004-05-26 The New York Times publishes admission of journalistic failings, claims its flawed reporting and lack of skeptism during buildup to 2003 Iraq War helped promote belief that Iraq possessed large stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction.
  • 2004-05-28 The Iraqi Governing Council chooses Ayad Allawi, a longtime anti-Saddam Hussein exile, to become Prime Minister of Iraq's interim government.
  • 2004-06-28 Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.
  • 2004-10-19 Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan is kidnapped in Iraq.
  • 2004-11-07 War in Iraq: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day "state of emergency" as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
  • 2004-11-08 War in Iraq: More than 10,000 U.S. troops and a small number of Iraqi army units participate in a siege on the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
  • 2004-11-21 The Paris Club agrees to write off 80% (up to $100 billion) of Iraq's external debt.
  • 2005-02-28 A suicide bombing at a police recruiting centre in Al Hillah, Iraq kills 127.
  • 2005-03-04 The car of released Italian hostage Giuliana Sgrena is fired on by US soldiers in Iraq, causing the death of an Italian Secret Service Agent and injuring two passengers.
  • 2005-04-06 Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani becomes the Iraqi president; Shiite Arab Ibrahim al-Jaafari is named premier the next day.
  • 2005-10-15 Iraqi constitution ratification vote
  • 2006-11-05 Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq, and his co-defendants Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar are sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for the role in the massacre of the 148 Shi'as in 1982.
  • 2007-01-15 Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, former Iraqi intelligence chief and half-brother of Saddam Hussein, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Revolutionary Court, are executed by hanging in Iraq.
  • 2007-01-31 Suspects are arrested in Birmingham in the UK, accused of plotting the kidnap, holding and eventual beheading of a serving Muslim British soldier in Iraq.
  • 2008-12-14 President George W. Bush make his fourth and final trip to Iraq as president and is almost struck by two shoes thrown at him by Iraqi journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi during a farewell conference in Baghdad
  • 2009-04-30 The United Kingdom formally ends combat operations in Iraq.
  • 2009-05-11 An American soldier in Iraq opened fire on a counseling center at Camp Liberty in Bagdhad, leaving 5 other US soldiers dead and 3 soldiers wounded.
  • 2009-08-19 A series of bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kills 101 and injures 565 others
  • 2009-12-08 Bombings in Baghdad, Iraq kill 127 and injure 448.
  • 2010-08-19 Operation Iraqi Freedom ends, with the last of the United States brigade combat teams crossing the border to Kuwait
  • 2012-01-14 Suicide bomber kills 53 and injures 130 in Basra, Iraq
  • 2012-02-23 A series of bomb attacks across 12 Iraqi cities kills 60 and injures 200
  • 2012-03-05 27 members of Iraq's security force are killed by gunmen disguised as police in Haditha
  • 2012-03-20 50 people are killed and 240 injured in a wave of terror attacks across 10 cities in Iraq
  • 2012-06-04 Car bomb kills 26 and injures 190 people in central Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2012-06-13 A series of bombings across Iraq kill 93 and wound 300 people
  • 2012-06-18 15 people are killed and 40 injured in a suicide attack in Baquba, Iraq
  • 2012-06-28 A series of car bombs in Iraq kills 14 and injures 50 people
  • 2012-06-29 Three bombs in Balid, Iraq, kill 6 people and injure 45
  • 2012-07-03 Truck bombing kills 25 people and wounds 40 in Diwaniyah, Iraq
  • 2012-07-22 Car bombs kills 20 people and injures 80 in Madaen and Najaf, Iraq
  • 2012-07-23 A series of attacks across Iraq kill 103 people
  • 2012-07-26 Insurgent attack kills 19 people and destroys a helicopter at Baqubah, Iraq
  • 2012-07-31 Two car bombs kill 21 people in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2012-08-16 113 people are killed and over 200 wounded in a series of attacks across Iraq
  • 2012-09-09 100 people are killed and 350 injured after a wave of attacks across Iraq
  • 2012-09-30 Car bomb blasts kill at least 32 people across Iraq
  • 2012-10-27 46 people are killed and 123 injured in Iraq after a series of attacks and bombs

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