Florence in History

Historical Events


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

0406-08-23 Battle at Florence: Stilicho's Roman army beats Radagaisus' Barbarians

Roman General Stilicho
Roman General
Stilicho
  • 1333-11-04 Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.
  • 1334-07-18 The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
  • 1382-03-15 Conservative "Popolo Grasso" regain power in Florence Italy
  • 1419-12-11 Heretic Nicolaas Serrurier exiled from Florence
  • 1431-07-23 G Cesarini opens Counsil of Basel (Ferrara/Florence)
  • 1466-08-26 A conspiracy against Piero di Cosimo de Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, is discovered.
  • 1494-11-08 Uprising against Piero de' Medici in Florence Italy
  • 1494-11-09 Family de' Medici become rulers of Florence
  • 1494-11-18 French King Charles VIII occupies Florence
  • 1498-04-07 Crowd storms Savonarola's convent San Marco Florence, Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1504-09-08 Michelangelo's statue of David is unveiled in Florence

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter
Michelangelo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1512-11-07 Medici's discharge Niccolo Machiavelli from Florence

Humanist philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli
Humanist philosopher
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • 1526-05-22 Pope Clemens VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence & Milan form Anti-French League of Cognac
  • 1527-05-16 Florence becomes a republic
  • 1530-08-12 Florence surrenders for emperor Karel I
  • 1602-12-05 Giulio Caccini's "Euridice" premieres in Florence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1737-03-12 Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1847-03-14 Premiere of Verdi's "Macbeth" at the Teatro della Pergola, Florence
  • 1887-05-02 Gioacchino Rossini's corpse transfered to Santa Croce, Florence
  • 1911-06-17 25th U.S. Women's National Championship: Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman beats Florence Sutton (8-10, 6-1, 9-7)
  • 1921-02-27 The Fascists incite a riot in Florence, Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-10-28 Meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Florence

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944-08-04 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy
  • 1944-08-13 British 8th Army occupies Florence
  • 1954-10-18 WBTW TV channel 13 in Florence, SC (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1957-10-27 WOWL TV channel 15 in Florence, AL (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1961-05-27 Fiorentina of Italy win 1st European Cup Winner's Cup against Glasgow Rangers 4-2 in Florence (2nd leg)
  • 1967-08-16 WFIQ TV channel 36 in Florence, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967-09-03 WJPM TV channel 33 in Florence, SC (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1981-06-10 Sebastian Coe of England sets 800m record (1:41.73) in Florence
  • 1993-05-27 Mafia bombs Uffizi Museum in Florence, killing 6

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1389-09-27 Cosimo de Medici, Italian banker and de facto ruler of Florence and patron of the arts, born in Florence (d. 1464)

Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron Cosimo de Medici
Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron
Cosimo de Medici
  • 1416-03-27 Antonio Squarcialupi, Italian composer and organist, born in Florence (d. 1480)
  • 1435-10-20 Andrea Della Robbia, Florence, sculptor, nephew of Luca

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1452-04-15 Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter, sculptor, scientist and visionary, born in Vinci, Florence, Italy (d. 1519)

Painter, Scientist & Visionary Leonardo da Vinci
Painter, Scientist & Visionary
Leonardo da Vinci
  • 1452-09-21 Girolamo Savonarola, monk/reformer/dictator of Florence (1494-98)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1454-03-09 Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer (America), born in Florence (d. 1512)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1469-05-03 Niccolo Machiavelli, Italian politician and writer (Prince), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1527)

Humanist philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli
Humanist philosopher
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • 1471-02-15 Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1503)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1475-12-11 Leo X [Giovanni de' Medici], Italian Pope (1513-21), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1521)

Pope Leo X
Pope
Leo X
  • 1479-03-12 Giuliano de' Medici, monarch of Florence
  • 1510-07-22 Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence (d. 1537)
  • 1511-06-18 Ponte Santa Trinita, Florence
  • 1515-07-21 St Philippus Nerius, [Philippo Neri], Italian merchant/priest, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1595)
  • 1519-06-12 Cosimo I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and art patron of Florence (d. 1574)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1564-02-15 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, born in Pisa, Duchy of Florence, Italy (d. 1642)

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1582-12-23 Severo Bonini, Italian composer and monk, born in Florence (d. 1663)
  • 1632-11-29 Jean-Baptiste Lully, Italian-born French composer, born in Florence, Italy
  • 1642-08-14 Cosimo III de' Medici, monarch of Florence (1670-1723)
  • 1652-04-07 Clement XII, [Lorenzo Corsini], Italian Pope (1730-40), born in Florence (d. 1740)
  • 1697-12-05 Carlo Arrigoni, composer and musician, born in Florence (d. 1744)
  • 1768-02-12 Francis II, Florence Italy, last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806)
  • 1856-01-12 John Singer Sargent, American painter (Wyndham Sisters), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1925)
  • 1881-03-26 Guccio Gucci, Italian founder of Gucci fashion house, born in Florence (d. 1953)
  • 1892-01-05 Francesca Bertini, Italian actress (Odette, Assunta Spina), born in Florence, Tuscany, Italy (d. 1985)
  • 1895-04-03 Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Firenze (Florence) Italy, composer
  • 1899-01-21 Lido Manetti [Arnold Kent], Italian-born American actor (Quo Vardis), born in Florence (d. 1928)
  • 1909-01-09 Herva Nelli, Italian-born American soprano, born in Florence (d. 1994)
  • 1917-09-10 Franfo Fortini [Franco Lattes], Italian poet, born in Florence (d. 1994)
  • 1921-05-12 Giovanni Benelli, archbishop (Florence)/Papal candidate
  • 1923-02-12 Franco Zeffirelli, Italian director (Romeo & Juliet), born in Florence
  • 1928-10-19 Buff Cobb, Florence Italy, actress (Masquerade Party)
  • 1931-05-27 Kenny Price, Florence Ky, country singer (Midwestern Hayride, Hee Haw)
  • 1931-06-14 Marla Gibbs, actress (Florence-Jeffersons, Mary-227), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1951-06-19 Daria Nicolodi, Italian actress (Terror, Shock), born in Florence, Italy
  • 1968-08-27 Christine Schaefer, Florence Ky, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-5th-1994)
  • 1975-01-11 Matteo Renzi, Italian politician, Prime Minister of Italy (2014-), born in Florence

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1956-05-22 Actress Anita Ekberg (24) weds actor and singer Anthony Steel (36) in Florence, Italy

Actress Anita Ekberg
Actress
Anita Ekberg

HeartWedding of Interest

2003-07-19 "Sabrina, The Teenage Witch" actress Melissa Joan Hart (27) weds "Course of Nature" lead singer-guitarist Mark Wilkersonin (26) in Florence, Italy

HeartWedding of Interest

2014-05-24 Rapper and record producer Kanye West (36) weds model Kim Kardashian (33) at Fort di Belvedere in Florence, Italy

TV Personality & Model Kim Kardashian
TV Personality & Model
Kim Kardashian
Rapper Kanye West
Rapper
Kanye West

Famous Deaths

  • 1459-05-02 Pierozzi Antoninus, Italian archbishop of Florence/saint, dies
  • 1459-10-30 Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, chancellor of Florence, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1464-08-01 Cosimo de Medici, Italian de facto ruler of Florence, dies at 74

Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron Cosimo de Medici
Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron
Cosimo de Medici
  • 1469-12-03 Piero de' Medici, ruler of Florence, dies at about 53
  • 1478-04-26 Giuliano de' Medici, Medeheerser of Florence, murdered at about 24
  • 1498-05-23 Girolamo Savonarola, dictator of Florence (1494-98), hanged at 45
  • 1503-12-28 Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (b. 1471)
  • 1516-03-17 Giuliano de' Medici, monarch of Florence, dies at 37
  • 1535-08-10 Ippolito de' Medici, ruler of Florence (poisoned) (b. 1509)
  • 1537-01-07 Alessandro de' Medici, Italian monarch of Florence, assassinated
  • 1723-10-31 Cosimo III de' Medici, monarch of Florence (1670-1723), dies at 81
  • 1982-10-26 Giovanni Benelli, archbishop of Florence/Pope candidate, dies