Japanese History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 859

  • 0660-02-11 BC Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu
  • 0607-08-01 Ono no Imoko is dispatched as envoy to the Sui court in China (Traditional Japanese date: July 3, 607).
  • 0663-08-27 Battle of Baekgang: Tang Chinese and Silla Korean forces defeat Korean Baekje forces and their Yamato Japanese allies on the Geum River in Korea; - no Japanese invasion of Korea for 900 years
  • 0708-08-29 Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 708).
  • 0781-07-31 The oldest recorded eruption of Mt. Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781).
  • 0794-10-22 Emperor Kanmu relocates Japanese capital to Heiankyo (now Kyoto).
  • 0794-11-18 Japanese emperor Kammu deallocates residence of Nara to Kioto
  • 1156-07-11 Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan.
  • 1180-09-14 Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan.
  • 1181-08-06 Supernova observed by Chinese & Japanese astronomers
  • 1183-08-14 Taira no Munemori and Taira clan take young Emperor Antoku and 3 sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape Minamoto clan (Traditional Japanese date: 25th Day of the 7th Month of the 2nd Year of Juei).
  • 1183-11-17 Battle of Mizushima: Japanese Taira clan defeat the Minamoto
  • 1184-03-18 Battle of Ichi-no-Tani near Kobe, Japan
  • 1185-04-24 Battle at Danoura: Yoshitsune Minamoto's fleet beats the Taira during Japan's Genpei War
  • 1188-03-21 Accession to the throne of Japan by emperor Antoku.
  • 1192-08-21 Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shōgun and the de facto ruler of Japan. (Traditional Japanese date: July 12, 1192)
  • 1221-07-29 Emperor Go-Horikawa aged only 10 years old ascends to the Chrysanthemum Throne of Japan
  • 1232-08-27 The Formulary of Adjudications is promulgated by Regent Hōjō Yasutoki. (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 1232)
  • 1253-04-28 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
  • 1279-10-12 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, founder of Nichiren Buddhism, inscribes the Dai-Gohonzon
  • 1280-07-27 Sogen Mugaku, founder of Engakuji temple, arrives in Japan from China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1281-08-14 During Kublai Khan's Second Invasion of Japan his invading Chinese fleet of 3,500 vessels disappears in a typhoon near Japan

Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty Kublai Khan
Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty
Kublai Khan
  • 1293-05-20 Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed
  • 1308-12-28 The reign of Emperor Hanazono, emperor of Japan, begins.
  • 1335-10-22 Ex-emperor Hanazono (95th Emperor of Japan) became a Zen priest
  • 1536-08-13 Buddhist monks from Kyōto's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).
  • 1541-08-18 A Portuguese ship drifts ashore in the ancient Japanese province of Higo (modern day Kumamoto Prefecture). (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1541)
  • 1549-07-27 Jesuit priest Francis Xavier's ship reaches Japan - 1st Christian missionary in Japan
  • 1549-08-15 Jesuit priest Saint Francis Xavier comes ashore at Kagoshima (Traditional Japanese date: July 22, 1549).

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1573-01-25 Battle of Mikatagahara, in Japan; Takeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu.

  • 1582-06-21 The Incident at Honnō-ji takes place in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1586-12-17 Go-Yōzei becomes 107th Emperor of Japan.
  • 1590-08-30 Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle. (Traditional Japanese date: August 1, 1590)
  • 1592-05-29 Battle of Sacheon: Korean navy led by Admiral Yi Sun Shin repels a Japanese fleet - first use of Korean Turtle ship
  • 1597-02-05 A group of early Japanese Christians are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society.
  • 1598-12-16 Seven Year War: Battle of Noryang Point - in the final battle of the war Korean navy decisively defeats the Japanese
  • 1600-09-15 Battle of Sekigahara, rise of the Tokugawa shogunate in Japan
  • 1600-10-20 Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns)
  • 1609-04-05 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa.
  • 1615-06-04 Siege of Osaka: Forces under the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu take Osaka Castle in Japan.
  • 1635-08-03 Iemitsu, 3rd Tokugawa shogun, establishes alternate attendance (sankin kotai) feudal daimyōs spend 1 year at Edo Castle (Tokyo) and 1 year at their feudal manor, while their families remain in Tokyo as hostages (Traditional Japanese Date: June 21)
  • 1637-12-17 Shimabara Rebellion: Japanese peasants led by Amakusa Shiro rise against daimyo Matsukura Shigeharu.
  • 1689-07-01 Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
  • 1700-01-26 The magnitude 9 Cascadia Earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records.
  • 1707-12-16 Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan.
  • 1792-05-21 Mount Unzen on Japan's Shimabara Peninsula, erupts creating a tsunami, killing about 15,000; Japan's deadliest volcanic eruption
  • 1828-12-28 6.8 earthquake strikes Echigo Japan, 30,000 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853-07-08 Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to Western influence and trade

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry
  • 1853-07-09 Adm Perry & US Navy visit Japan
  • 1853-07-14 Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan
  • 1853-08-08 Russian fleet appears at Nagasaki, Japan
  • 1854-03-08 US Commodore Matthew C. Perry's second trip to Japan
  • 1854-03-31 Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US
  • 1854-08-04 The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.
  • 1856-08-21 America's first consul to Japan, Townsend Harris, arrives in Shimoda. (Traditional Japanese date: July 21, 1856)
  • 1857-03-08 British seismologist John Milne is hired by the Japanese government as a foreign adviser (oyatoi gaikokujin)
  • 1858-07-29 Treaty of Amity and Commerce/Harris Treaty signed between US & Japan opening Japanese ports to trade
  • 1858-08-18 Netherlands & Japan sign trade agreement
  • 1859-08-28 A geomagnetic storm causes the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly that it is seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and even as far afield as Japan.
  • 1860-03-09 1st Japanese ambassador arrives in SF en route to Washington
  • 1860-03-17 Japanese embassy arrives aboard Candinmarruh [sic]
  • 1863-07-11 Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
  • 1863-08-15 The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).
  • 1864-07-08 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken
  • 1864-09-05 British, French & Dutch fleets attacked Japan in Shimonoseki Straits
  • 1867-02-03 Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
  • 1867-10-14 15th and last Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns in Japan
  • 1868-01-03 Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors
  • 1868-04-11 The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.
  • 1868-05-14 Japanese Boshin War: end of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, former Shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikkō.
  • 1868-07-04 Battle at Ueno, Japan: last Tokugawa armies defeated
  • 1869-05-04 The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
  • 1869-05-18 Surrender and dissolution of the Ezo Republic to Japan.
  • 1869-08-15 The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.
  • 1869-09-10 Baptist minister supposedly invents rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan
  • 1871-08-29 Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871).
  • 1872-03-11 The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture.
  • 1872-08-23 1st Japanese commercial ship visits SF, carrying tea
  • 1873-01-01 Origin of Japanese Era
  • 1874-08-05 Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in England.
  • 1875-08-22 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
  • 1876-06-15 Tsunamis after earthquake floods NE coast of Japan, kills 28,000
  • 1877-09-24 Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
  • 1882-08-05 Martial law is imposed in Japan.
  • 1885-02-09 1st Japanese arrive in Hawaii
  • 1885-08-14 Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.
  • 1885-12-22 Itō Hirobumi, a samurai, becomes the first Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1888-07-15 Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years
  • 1889-02-11 Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890
  • 1890-09-19 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540

MurderAssassination Attempt

1891-05-11 The Otsu Scandal: While visiting Japan, Prince Nicholas (later Tsar Nicholas II) survives an assassination attempt

  • 1891-10-28 Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300
  • 1893-01-01 Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • 1894-06-30 Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
  • 1894-07-16 Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan & England
  • 1894-08-25 Japanese scientist Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet
  • 1894-09-15 Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang
  • 1895-04-17 Treaty of Shimonoseki is signed ending the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
  • 1895-05-08 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • 1895-10-21 The Republic of Formosa collapses as Japanese forces invade.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 1,111

  • 0711-02-13 BC Jimmu, Japanese emperor (d. 585 DC)
  • 0786-09-07 Emperor Saga, 52nd Emperor of Japan (d. 842)
  • 0867-05-05 Uda, Emperor of Japan (d. 931)
  • 0885-01-18 Daigo, Emperor of Japan (d. 930)
  • 0926-06-02 Murakami, Emperor of Japan (d. 967)
  • 0976-02-05 Sanjō, Emperor of Japan (d. 1017)
  • 1008-10-12 Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan (d. 1036)
  • 1009-12-14 Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (d. 1045)
  • 1025-08-28 Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan (d. 1068)
  • 1034-09-03 Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan (d. 1073)
  • 1053-07-07 Emperor Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1129)
  • 1079-08-08 Emperor Horikawa of Japan (d. 1107)
  • 1103-02-24 Emperor Toba of Japan (d. 1156)
  • 1119-07-07 Emperor Sutoku of Japan (d. 1164)
  • 1127-10-18 Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1192)
  • 1139-06-16 Emperor Konoe of Japan (d. 1155)
  • 1143-07-31 Emperor Nijo of Japan (d. 1165)
  • 1147-05-09 Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese founder of bakufu and 1st shogun, born in Atsuta (d. 1199)
  • 1155-05-17 Jien, Japanese poet and historian (d. 1225)
  • 1161-09-23 Emperor Takakura of Japan (d. 1181)
  • 1164-12-28 Emperor Rokujō of Japan (d. 1176)
  • 1178-12-22 Emperor Antoku of Japan (d. 1185)
  • 1180-08-06 Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (d. 1239)
  • 1182-09-11 Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (d. 1204)
  • 1192-09-17 Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (d. 1219)
  • 1196-01-03 Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1231)
  • 1197-10-22 Emperor Juntoku of Japan (d. 1242)
  • 1200-01-19 Dogen Kigen, Japan, Zen teacher, 1st patriarch of the Japanese Soto
  • 1212-03-22 Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (d. 1235)
  • 1218-02-12 Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (d. 1256)
  • 1218-10-30 Emperor Chukyo of Japan (d. 1234)
  • 1220-04-01 Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (d. 1272)
  • 1222-02-16 Nichiren, Japan, Buddhist priest/saint
  • 1231-03-17 Emperor Shijō of Japan (d. 1242)
  • 1239-12-17 Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese Shogun (d. 1256)
  • 1264-05-26 Prince Koreyasu, Japanese shogun (d. 1326)
  • 1265-05-10 Emperor Fushimi of Japan (d. 1317)
  • 1267-12-17 Emperor Go-Uda of Japan (d. 1324)
  • 1276-10-19 Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (d. 1328)
  • 1285-03-09 Emperor Go-Nijō of Japan (d. 1318)
  • 1288-04-05 Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan (d. 1336)
  • 1288-11-26 Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (d. 1339)
  • 1297-08-14 Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Japan (d. 1348)
  • 1301-06-19 Prince Morikuni, Japanese shogun (d. 1333)
  • 1313-08-01 Emperor Kogon of Japan (Ashikaga Pretenders)
  • 1322-01-11 Emperor Komyo of Japan (d. 1380)
  • 1327-11-20 Bassui Tokusho, Zen founder (Kogakuji monastery in Nakamura Japan)
  • 1330-07-04 Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (d. 1367)
  • 1334-05-25 Emperor Sukō, Japanese Emperor of the Northern Court (1348-51)(d. 1398)
  • 1336-04-14 Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan (d. 1374)
  • 1358-09-25 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1408)
  • 1359-01-11 Emperor Go-En'yu of Japan (d. 1393)
  • 1377-08-01 Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan, 100th emperor of Japan
  • 1394-07-12 Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (d. 1441)
  • 1407-08-27 Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun (d. 1425)
  • 1419-07-10 Emperor Go-Hanazono of Japan (d. 1471)
  • 1434-03-19 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1443)
  • 1435-01-20 Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (d. 1490)
  • 1442-07-03 Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1500)
  • 1464-11-19 Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan (d. 1526)
  • 1465-12-11 Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (d. 1489)
  • 1466-09-09 Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (d. 1523)
  • 1476-08-28 Motonoboe, Japanese painter (Kano-school)
  • 1476-08-29 Kano Motonobu, co-founder (Kano school of painting), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1481-01-15 Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (b. 1511)
  • 1493-10-14 Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord (d. 1568)
  • 1497-01-26 Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (d. 1557)
  • 1506-04-07 Francis Xavier, saint/Jesuit missionary to India, Malaya, & Japan
  • 1507-12-18 Ōuchi Yoshitaka, Japanese warlord (d. 1551)
  • 1514-03-08 Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1562)
  • 1517-06-18 Emperor Ogimachi of Japan (d. 1593)
  • 1521-12-01 Takeda Shingen, Japanese warlord (d. 1573)
  • 1530-02-18 Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1578)
  • 1533-02-09 Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai (d. 1611)
  • 1534-06-23 Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (d. 1582)
  • 1535-08-21 Shimazu Yoshihiro, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1619)
  • 1535-10-16 Niwa Nagahide, Japanese warlord (d. 1585)
  • 1536-03-31 Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese shogun (d. 1565)
  • 1537-12-05 Ashikaga Yoshiaki, Japanese shogun (d. 1597)
  • 1538-01-15 Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (d. 1599)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1543-01-31 Tokugawa Ieyasu, Japanese Shogun who founded the first Tokugawa Shogunate and united Japan, born in Okazaki, Japan (d. 1616)

  • 1543-02-16 Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (d. 1590)
  • 1546-12-22 Kuroda Yoshitaka, Japanese Daimyo (d. 1604)
  • 1553-01-22 Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (d. 1625)
  • 1556-01-08 Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1623)
  • 1561-12-07 Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese politician (d. 1625)
  • 1562-07-25 Kiyomasa Kato, Japanese warlord, born in Owari Province, Japan (d. 1611)
  • 1567-09-05 Date Masamune, Renowned Samurai and Daimyo in Japan (d. 1636)
  • 1571-05-11 Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (d. 1637)
  • 1572-12-31 Emperor Go-Yozei of Japan, (d. 1617)
  • 1596-06-29 Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (d. 1680)
  • 1602-03-07 Kano Tanju, Japanese painter (palaces, portraits)
  • 1604-08-12 Tokugawa Iemitsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1651)
  • 1610-03-19 Hasegawa Tohaku, Japanese painter
  • 1628-07-11 Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)
  • 1633-04-20 Emperor Go-Komyo of Japan (d. 1654)
  • 1637-02-06 Toyotomi Hideyoshi, unified Japan
  • 1638-01-01 Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
  • 1646-02-23 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (d. 1709)
  • 1654-07-09 Emperor Reigen of Japan (d. 1732)

Famous Weddings

  • 1959-04-10 Japan's Crown Prince Akihito marries commoner Michiko Shoda
  • 1993-06-09 Japanese crown prince Naruhito weds Masaka Owada
  • 2005-11-15 Emperor Akihito's daughter Princess Sayako (36) weds Yoshiki Kuroda (40) at the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo, Japan

HeartWedding of Interest

2006-01-22 Princess of Rock and Roll Lisa Marie Presley (37) weds American guitarist and producer Michael Lockwood (44) at Kyoto, Japan

Princess of Rock and Roll Lisa Marie Presley
Princess of Rock and Roll
Lisa Marie Presley
  • 2007-02-17 Japanese actress Noria Fujiwara weds comedian Tomonori at Jinnai Ikuta Shrine in Kobe, Japan

HeartWedding of Interest

2008-09-14 Actor George Takei (68) weds Brad Altman at the Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 434

  • 0479-08-07 Emperor Yūryaku of Japan
  • 0535-12-17 Emperor Ankan of Japan (b. 466)
  • 0585-09-14 Emperor Bidatsu of Japan (b. 538)
  • 0641-11-17 Emperor Jomei of Japan (b. 593)
  • 0654-11-24 Emperor Kōtoku of Japan (b. 596)
  • 0703-01-13 Empress Jitō of Japan (b. 645)
  • 0721-12-29 Empress Gemmei of Japan (b. 661)
  • 0748-05-22 Empress Genshō of Japan (b. 680)
  • 0756-05-02 Emperor Shōmu, Emperor of Japan (b. 701)
  • 0930-10-23 Daigo, Emperor of Japan (b. 885)
  • 0931-07-19 Uda, Emperor of Japan (b. 867)
  • 0967-05-25 Murakami, Emperor of Japan (b. 926)
  • 1017-06-05 Emperor Sanjō of Japan (b. 976)
  • 1036-05-15 Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan (b. 1008)
  • 1045-02-07 Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (b. 1009)
  • 1068-05-22 Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan (b. 1025)
  • 1073-06-15 Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan, the 71st emperor of Japan, dies at 38
  • 1074-03-31 Regency Yorimichi Fujiwara of Japan (b. 992)
  • 1107-08-09 Emperor Horikawa of Japan (b. 1079)
  • 1129-07-07 Shirakawa, emperor of Japan (1072-86)/budhist monk, dies at 76
  • 1155-08-22 Konoe, Emperor of Japan (b. 1139)
  • 1156-07-20 Emperor Toba of Japan (b. 1103)
  • 1160-02-11 Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)
  • 1164-09-14 Emperor Sutoku of Japan (b. 1119)
  • 1165-09-05 Emperor Nijo of Japan (b. 1143)
  • 1176-08-23 Emperor Rokujo of Japan (b. 1164)
  • 1181-01-30 Emperor Takakura of Japan (b. 1161)
  • 1181-03-21 Taira Kiyomori, Japanese Feudal general (b. 1118)
  • 1185-04-24 Antoku Taira, emperor of Japan (1180-85), drowns
  • 1189-05-17 Minamoto no Yoshitsune, Japanese general (b. 1159)
  • 1192-04-26 Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (b. 1127)
  • 1199-02-09 Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese founder of bakufu and 1st shogun, dies at 51 (b. 1147)
  • 1204-08-14 Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (b. 1182)
  • 1219-02-13 Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1192)
  • 1225-10-28 Jien, Japanese poet and historian (b. 1155)
  • 1227-08-01 Shimazu Tadahisa, Japanese warlord (b. 1179)
  • 1231-11-06 Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (b. 1196)
  • 1234-06-18 Emperor Chukyo of Japan (b. 1218)
  • 1234-08-31 Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (b. 1212)
  • 1239-03-28 Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (b. 1180)
  • 1242-02-10 Emperor Shijō of Japan (b. 1231)
  • 1253-09-22 Dogen Kigen, 1st Zen patriarch of Japanese Soto line, dies at 53
  • 1256-06-13 Tankei, Japanese sculptor (b. 1173)
  • 1256-09-01 Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (b. 1218)
  • 1256-10-14 Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (b. 1239)
  • 1262-11-28 Shinran, founder of Japan's True Pure Land Buddhist sect, dies
  • 1272-03-17 Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (b. 1220)
  • 1274-09-02 Prince Munetaka, Japanese shogun (b. 1242)
  • 1278-08-13 Daikaku, Zen teacher Rinzai line/head of Kenchoji, dies in Japan at 65
  • 1282-10-13 Nichiren Japanese founder of Nichiren Buddhism (b. 1222)
  • 1304-08-17 Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan (b. 1243)
  • 1305-10-04 Emperor Kameyama of Japan (b. 1249)
  • 1308-09-10 Emperor Go-Nijō of Japan (b. 1285)
  • 1317-10-08 Fushimi, Emperor of Japan (b. 1265)
  • 1324-07-16 Emperor Go-Uda of Japan (b. 1267)
  • 1326-11-25 Prince Koreyasu, Japanese shogun (b. 1264)
  • 1328-11-16 Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (b. 1276)
  • 1333-09-25 Prince Morikuni, Japanese shogun (b. 1301)
  • 1336-05-17 Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan (b. 1288)
  • 1337-12-22 Daito Kokushi, leader of O-To-Kan Rinzai school in Japan, dies at 54
  • 1339-09-19 Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (b. 1288)
  • 1348-12-02 Emperor Hanazono of Japan (b. 1297)
  • 1351-09-30 Muso Soseki, Zen teacher/Rinzai line/head of Nanzenji, dies in Japan
  • 1358-06-07 Ashikaga Takauji, Japanese shogun (b. 1305)
  • 1364-08-05 Emperor Kogon of Japan (b. 1313)
  • 1367-12-28 Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (b. 1330)
  • 1368-03-29 Emperor Go-Murakami, Emperor of Japan (b. 1328)
  • 1374-03-12 Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan (b. 1336)
  • 1380-07-26 Emperor Komyo of Japan (b. 1322)
  • 1382-12-31 Daigaku, Zen teacher/46th head of Engakuji, dies in Kamakura Japan
  • 1384-06-08 Kanami, Japanese actor (b. 1333)
  • 1393-06-06 Emperor Go-En'yu of Japan (b. 1359)
  • 1394-08-27 Chokei, Emperor of Japan (b. 1343)
  • 1408-05-31 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun (b. 1358)
  • 1424-05-10 Go-Kameyama, Emperor of Japan
  • 1425-03-17 Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun (b. 1407)
  • 1428-02-03 Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shogun (b. 1386)
  • 1433-12-01 Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan (b. 1377)
  • 1441-07-12 Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (b. 1394)
  • 1443-08-16 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (b. 1434)
  • 1471-01-18 Emperor Go-Hanazono of Japan (b. 1419)
  • 1481-11-21 Ikkyu Sojun, Zen head of Daitokuji temple, dies in Kyoto, Japan at 87
  • 1489-04-26 Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (b. 1465)
  • 1490-01-27 Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (b. 1435)
  • 1500-10-21 Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado of Japan (b. 1442)
  • 1506-08-08 Sesshu Toyo, Zen monk/painter, dies in Yamaguchi Japan at 86
  • 1511-09-06 Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (b. 1481)
  • 1520-06-24 Hosokawa Sumimoto, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1489)
  • 1523-05-23 Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (b. 1466)
  • 1526-05-19 Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan (b. 1464)
  • 1531-07-17 Hosokawa Takakuni, Japanese military commander (b. 1484)
  • 1546-01-21 Azai Sukemasa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1491)
  • 1550-05-20 Ashikaga Yoshiharu, Japanese shogun (b. 1510)
  • 1551-04-21 Oda Nobuhide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
  • 1551-09-30 Ōuchi Yoshitaka, Japanese warlord (b. 1507)
  • 1553-02-25 Hirate Masahide, Japanese diplomat and tutor of Oda Nobunaga (suicide) (b. 1492)
  • 1556-05-28 Saitō Dōsan, Japanese daimyo (b. 1494?)
  • 1557-09-27 Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (b. 1497)
  • 1560-06-12 Imagawa Yoshimoto, Japanese daimyo (b. 1519)
  • 1560-06-12 Ii Naomori, Japanese warrior (b. 1506)