Liberian History

Historical Events

  • 1820-02-06 The first 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society started a settlement in present-day Liberia.
  • 1822-01-07 Liberia colonized by Americans
  • 1822-02-04 Free American Blacks settle Liberia, West Africa
  • 1824-08-15 Freed American slaves establish Liberia on the West African coast through the American Colonization Society (ACS)
  • 1847-07-26 The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonization Society
  • 1848-01-03 Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
  • 1871-03-01 J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • 1878-04-21 Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
  • 1878-05-23 Atty John Henry Smyth named US minister to Liberia
  • 1881-06-30 Henry Highland Garnet named minister to Liberia
  • 1885-09-11 Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia
  • 1890-08-16 Alexander Clark, journalist/lawyer, named minister to Liberia
  • 1892-01-11 William D McCoy of Indiana appointed US minister to Liberia
  • 1895-02-23 William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia
  • 1895-03-18 200 blacks leave Savannah, Ga for Liberia
  • 1898-02-11 Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named US minister to Liberia
  • 1910-06-13 William D Crum, a South Carolina physician, appointed minister to Liberia
  • 1913-09-10 George W Buckner, named minister to Liberia
  • 1915-10-25 Atty James L Curtis named minister of Liberia
  • 1918-08-27 Dr Joseph L Johnson named as US minister to Liberia
  • 1921-10-26 Solomon Porter Hood named US minister to Liberia
  • 1927-07-09 William T Francis named US minister to Liberia
  • 1929-03-08 US worker union commission reports of slavery in Liberia
  • 1930-09-10 Charles E Mitchell, named minister to Liberia
  • 1935-07-22 Lester Walton appointed US minister to Liberia
  • 1943-05-26 Edwin Barclay of Liberia becomes first president of a black country to visit US
  • 1964-08-22 Guinee, Liberia & Ivory Coast form joint market
  • 1967-08-24 Liberian flag designed
  • 1976-12-16 Liberian tanker stranded at Nantucket, 180,000 barrels oil in sea
  • 1980-04-12 Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d'etat, ending over 130 years of national democratic presidential succession.
  • 1980-05-09 35 motorists die as a Liberian freighter rams a Tampa Bay Bridge
  • 1985-10-29 Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multiparty election in Liberia.
  • 1989-12-24 Charles Taylor enters Liberia to unseat President Samuel K Doe
  • 1990-07-03 Liberian President, Samuel Kanyon Doe offers to resign in response to rebel incursions in his country; he will later be kidnapped and executed
  • 1990-08-24 3,500 peacekeepers arrive in Liberia
  • 1990-09-09 Liberia president Samuel K Doe is captured by Mr Johnson's forces
  • 1990-11-22 Prof Amos Sawyer installed as interim President of Liberia
  • 1992-10-15 Charles Taylor launches an offensive against Monrovia Liberia
  • 1992-10-20 Mr Johnson surrenders Monrovia, Liberia & is exiled to Nigeria
  • 1993-06-05 Liberian Charles Taylors rebellion kills 550 fugitives
  • 1993-10-28 Dutch Antilles government of Liberia-Peters resigns
  • 1993-11-25 Dutch Antilles government of Liberia-Peters falls
  • 1994-03-07 Charles Taylor resigns as President of Liberia
  • 1994-12-15 Liberia militia kills 48 inhabitants of Monrovia

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2005-11-23 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, elected president of Liberia, is the first woman to lead an African country.

Africa's First Elected Female Head of State Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
Africa's First Elected Female Head of State
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
  • 2006-01-16 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is sworn in as Liberia's new president. She becomes Africa's first female elected head of state.
  • 2013-08-26 25,000 applicants to the University of Liberia fail their university entrance examination
  • 2014-03-28 2 cases of Ebola are reported in Liberia among people who have travelled to Guinea
  • 2014-07-27 Liberia shuts down most of its borders with fears about the spread of Ebola epidemic
  • 2014-09-05 World Health Organization estimates 1,900 people have died from the Ebola virus out of 3,500 infected in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sierra Leone
  • 2014-09-26 World Health Organizations estimates that Ebola death toll has reached 3,091 - with Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone hit hardest

Famous Birthdays

  • 1809-03-15 Joseph Jenkins Roberts, 1st President of Liberia
  • 1895-11-29 William V S Tubman, (Whig), 17th Liberian president (1943-70)
  • 1899-12-08 Sarah Williamson, US missionary in Liberia
  • 1913-05-13 William R Tolbert, president Liberia (1971-80)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1938-10-29 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, President of Liberia (2006 -) and the first elected female head of state in Africa, born in Monrovia, Liberia

Africa's First Elected Female Head of State Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
Africa's First Elected Female Head of State
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
  • 1948-01-28 Charles Taylor, President of Liberia
  • 1951-05-06 Samuel Doe, President of Liberia (d. 1990)
  • 1966-10-01 George Weah, Liberian politician and footballer

Famous Deaths

  • 1876-02-24 Joseph Jenkins Roberts, first President of Liberia (b. 1809)
  • 1882-02-13 Henry Highland Garnet, diplomat, dies in Monrovia Liberia at 66
  • 1971-04-23 William Tubman, President of Liberia (1944-71), dies at 76
  • 1980-04-12 William R Tolbert Jr, Liberian President & 27 others killed in coup
  • 1990-09-09 Samuel Doe, Liberian politician (b. 1951)
  • 1990-09-10 Samuel Kanyon Doe, president of Liberia (1980-90), assassinated