Libyan History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 111

  • 1740-12-16 Prussian Libya falls to Silezie
  • 1756-08-29 Prussian Libya occupies Saxson: beginning 7 years War
  • 1818-10-09 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 1911-11-05 Italy attacks Turkish North-Africa (Libya), takes Tripoli & Cyrenaica
  • 1912-10-19 Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control
  • 1922-09-13 136.4°F (58°C), El Aziziyah, Libya in shade (world record)
  • 1934-12-03 Italian colonial Tripoli & Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
  • 1940-12-09 British assault on Benghazi, Libya: first major allied offensive in North Africa
  • 1940-12-10 British anti-offensive in Libya (Sidi Barrani)
  • 1941-01-05 British/Australian troops conquer Bardia, Libya
  • 1941-01-21 Australian and British troops attack Tobruk, Libya
  • 1941-01-30 Australian troops conquer Derna, Libya
  • 1941-02-04 British tanks occupy Maus, Libya
  • 1941-02-06 British troops conquer Bengazi, Libya
  • 1941-02-14 German Afrika Korps lands in Tripoli, Libya
  • 1941-02-22 German assault on El Agheila Libya
  • 1941-03-24 German troops occupy El Agheila Libya
  • 1941-04-10 German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica
  • 1941-05-15 British attack Halfaya-pass & Fort Capuzzo in Egypt & Libya
  • 1941-11-22 NZ troops conquer Ft Capuzzo Libya
  • 1941-12-23 British troops overrun Benghazi, Libya
  • 1942-01-28 German troops occupy Benghazi Libya
  • 1942-01-29 German & Italian troops occupy Benghazi, Libya
  • 1942-11-20 British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
  • 1949-06-01 British government grants Cyrenaica (East-Libya) independence
  • 1951-12-24 United Kingdom of Libya gains independence from Italy via UN
  • 1962-01-23 Libya, Morocco, Algeria & Tunisia plan to form United Arab Maghreb

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969-09-01 Colonel Muammar Gaddafi deposes King Idris in the Libyan revolution

Libyan Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 1969-09-08 Suleiman Maghrabi appointed premier of Libya
  • 1969-12-11 Libya adopts constitution
  • 1970-01-15 Muammar Gaddafi is proclaimed premier of Libya
  • 1970-01-16 4 months after leading a coup against monarchy, Muammar Gaddafi takes over rule of Libya
  • 1970-04-15 Libyan leader Gadaffi launches "Green Revolution"
  • 1970-06-11 US leaves Wheelus AFB Libya
  • 1970-07-21 Libya orders confiscation of all Jewish property
  • 1971-04-02 Libya concludes 5 weeks of negotiations with Western oil companies in Tripoli
  • 1971-04-17 Egypt, Libya & Syria form federation (FAR)
  • 1971-12-05 Libya nationalizes British Petroleum concession
  • 1972-03-04 Libya & USSR signs cooperation treaty
  • 1972-09-01 Egypt & Libya form federation
  • 1972-09-20 Libya acquires a 50 percent interest in two ENI oil concessions
  • 1973-02-21 Israeli fighters shoot Libyan aircraft down, killing 108
  • 1973-06-11 Libya nationalizes Bunker Hunt concession; Nigeria acquires 35 percent participation in Shell-BP concession
  • 1973-09-01 Libya nationalizes 51 percent of nine other oil companies' concessions
  • 1973-10-19 Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other Arab states proclaim an embargo on oil exports to the United States
  • 1973-12-13 MPLA/FNLA accord about combat against Portuguese Libya
  • 1974-01-12 Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"
  • 1974-02-11 Libya nationalizes three US oil companies that had not agreed to 51 percent nationalization in September
  • 1977-03-02 Libya amends constitution
  • 1977-03-03 Libyan Socialist Arabs People's Republic forms
  • 1977-07-21 Libyan-Egyptian border fights
  • 1977-11-19 Libya drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
  • 1977-12-05 Egypt breaks off diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq & South Yemen
  • 1979-06-03 Ex-president Idi Amin of Uganda flees to Libya
  • 1979-12-02 Crowds attack US embassy in Tripoli, Libya
  • 1979-12-16 Libya raises crude oil prices, joining four other OPEC nations, which has a dramatic effect on the United States
  • 1980-07-23 Billy Carter admits to being paid by Libya
  • 1980-10-31 Senegal routes troops to Gambia due to Libyan threat
  • 1980-11-04 Libyan invasion in Chad
  • 1981-05-06 US expels Libyan diplomats
  • 1981-08-19 2 US Navy F-14 jet fighters shoot down 2 Soviet-built Libyan SU-22

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982-03-10 US President Reagan proclaims economic sanctions against Libya

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1982-03-10 The United States places an embargo on Libyan petroleum imports because of their support of terrorist groups.
  • 1982-03-11 US boycotts Libyan crude oil
  • 1984-04-17 During Libyan Embassy demonstration in London, British police officer Yvonne Fletcher shot dead
  • 1984-08-13 Morocco & Libya sign "Arabic-African Union" treaty
  • 1985-08-20 Libya throws out 1000s Tunisian/Egyptian gas workers
  • 1985-09-26 Tunisia drops diplomatic relations with Libya
  • 1985-12-27 Terrorists kill 20 and wound 110 attacking El Al at Rome and Vienna airports. President Reagan blames Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
  • 1986-01-07 US President Reagan announces economic sanctions against Libya
  • 1986-02-04 Israeli fighters intercept Libyan passenger airliner
  • 1986-02-17 Libyan bombers attack N'djamena Airport in Chad
  • 1986-03-24 US & Libya clash in Gulf of Sidra
  • 1986-04-14 US aircraft attacks 5 terrorist locations in Libya
  • 1986-04-15 US air raids Libya, responding to La Belle disco, Berlin bombing
  • 1986-04-15 The United States launches Operation El Dorado Canyon against Libya.
  • 1986-08-29 Moroccan King Hassan II signs unity treaty with Libya
  • 1987-01-07 French airplanes harass Libyan positions in Duadi Doum
  • 1989-01-04 US F-14s shoot down 2 Libyan jet fighters over Mediterranean
  • 1989-02-17 Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia & Libya form common market
  • 1990-10-11 Libya's Qadhafi says Israel must be eliminated
  • 1991-11-14 American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103.
  • 1992-01-21 UN serves Libya a resolution to hand over intelligence agents accused of two airliner bombings
  • 1992-03-31 UN Security Council voted to ban flights & arms sales to Libya
  • 1992-04-14 UN imposes embargo against Libya takes effect
  • 1992-12-22 Libyan MIG-23UB attacks Boeing 727 at Souk al-Sabt, 158 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996-08-06 US President Bill Clinton signs a new bill imposing sanctions on non-US companies which invest over $40 million a year in the energy sectors of Iran or Libya

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1997-07-23 The US State Department rules that Turkey's agreement to purchase $23 billion worth of natural gas from Iran does not violate the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act
  • 1998-08-24 The Netherlands is selected as the site for the trial of the two Libyan suspects of the 1988 Pan Am bombing.
  • 1999-04-05 Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands.
  • 2001-01-31 In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001-08-03 US President George W. Bush signs into law the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) Extension Act of 2001

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2002-06-06 A near-Earth asteroid estimated at 10 metres diameter explodes over the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Libya. Resulting explosion estimated to have a force of 26 kilotons, more powerful than the Nagasaki atomic bomb.
  • 2003-09-12 The United Nations lifts sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
  • 2004-02-26 The United States lifts a ban on travel to Libya, ending travel restrictions to the nation that had lasted for 23 years.
  • 2004-04-24 The United States lifts economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years previously, as a reward for its cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction.
  • 2007-07-24 Libya frees all six of the Medics in the HIV trial in Libya.
  • 2011-02-15 Libyan protests begin opposing Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi's rule
  • 2011-08-23 Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi is overthrown after the National Transitional Council forces take control of Bab al-Azizia compound during the 2011 Libyan Civil War.
  • 2011-10-20 The former leader of Libya, Muammar Gaddafi, and his son Moatassem Gaddafi are killed shortly after the battle of Sirte (2011) while in the custody of NTC fighters.

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

0146-04-11 Lucius Septimius Severus, Roman Emperor (193-211), born in Leptis Magna, modern day Libya (d. 211)

Roman Emperor Septimius Severus
Roman Emperor
Septimius Severus
  • 1871-09-28 Pietro Badoglio, Grazzano Monferrato, Italy, General/Libyan Governor (1928-33) and Prime Minister of Italy (1943-44)
  • 1896-06-06 Italo Balbo, Italian pilot/gov-gen of Libya (La marcia su Rome)
  • 1899-01-14 Fritz Bayerlein, German lt-general (WW I, Poland, Libya, St-Lo)
  • 1942-10-09 Shukri Ghanem, Libyan Prime Minister (2003-2006), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2012)
  • 1952-04-01 Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi, Tripoli Libya, bomber (Pan Am 103), (d. 2012)
  • 1956-04-04 Lamen Khalifa Fhimah, Suk Giuma Libya, bomber (Pan Am Flight 103)

Famous Deaths

  • 1904-01-05 Karl A von Zittel, German geologist/paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64
  • 1940-06-28 Italo Balbo, Italian pilot/gov-gen of Libya, dies at 44
  • 2009-10-03 Queen Fatima, former Libyan queen (b. 1918)
  • 2010-01-13 Kalifa Tillisi, Libyan writer and linguist
  • 2011-07-28 Abdul Fatah Younis, Former Libyan Interior Minister, assassinated for pro-Gadaffi ties (b. 1944)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2011-10-20 Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan revolutionary, political theorist and dictator (1969-2011), beaten to death in captivity by a Misratan militia at between 68–71

Libyan Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 2011-10-20 Moatassem Gaddafi, Son of Moammar Gaddafi and National Security Adviser of Libya (b. 1977)
  • 2012-04-29 Shukri Ghanem, Libyan Prime Minister, dies at 69