Maori in History

Historical Events

  • 1642-12-18 Abel Tasman's expedition sails around Farewell Spit and into Golden Bay, first sighting local Māori
  • 1642-12-19 4 of Tasman's crew are killed at Wharewharangi (Murderers) Bay by Māori; Tasman's ships depart without landing
  • 1773-12-18 A skirmish at Grass Cove in Queen Charlotte Sound results in the deaths of two Māori and nine members of Cook's expedition, New Zealand
  • 1819-11-04 Māori Chiefs Hongi Hika and Rewa sell 13,000 acres (5260 hectares) at Kerikeri to the Church Missionary Society for 48 felling axes, New Zealand
  • 1835-11-19 A ship carrying 500 armed Maori from Ngati Tama and Ngati Mutunga arrives on the Chatham Islands; those Moriori (indigenous people of the Chatham Islands) that are not killed are enslaved

AgreementTreaty of Waitangi

1840-02-06 The Treaty of Waitangi is signed between 40 Māori Chiefs (later signed by 500) and representatives of the British crown in Waitangi, New Zealand. The treaty was designed to share sovereignty between the two groups.

  • 1845-03-11 The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.
  • 1860-08-03 The Second Maori War begins in New Zealand.
  • 1863-07-12 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • 1863-07-17 Māori forces are defeated by British troops at Koheroa, Waikato, in the New Zealand Wars between Maori tribes and British colonials
  • 1863-10-31 The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato.
  • 1864-04-29 Battle of Gate Pa (Pukehinahina): 1,700 British troops suffer their worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars at the hands of 230 entrenched Maori warriors in Tauranga
  • 1868-07-04 In New Zealand, Maori leader Te Kooti and 300 of his followers captured the schooner Rifleman and sailed for New Zealand; the fugitives landed at Whareongaonga six days later
  • 1869-03-14 Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand.
  • 1881-11-05 1,600 police and volunteers attack Māori settlement at Parihaka in western Taranaki which had become the symbol of protest against the confiscation of Māori land, New Zealand
  • 1888-10-03 New Zealand Natives, a privately organised and mainly Māori rugby team, plays first game in UK; the first national rugby team to wear the silver fern
  • 1916-04-02 57 armed New Zealand police invade the remote Ngāi Tūhoe settlement of Maungapōhatu in the Urewera Ranges to arrest the Māori prophet Rua Kēnana
  • 1987-04-04 141st Grand National: Steve Knight aboard Maori Venture wins
  • 1987-08-01 In New Zealand, the Maori Language Act comes into force, making te reo Māori an official language of New Zealand; it can now be used in some legal proceedings.
  • 1988-07-01 In New Zealand, Bastion Point land returned to the local Maori iwi (tribe), Ngāti Whātua

Famous Birthdays

  • 1874-07-03 Apirana Turupa Ngata, Kawaka NZ, Maori political/cultural leader
  • 1874-07-03 Āpirana Ngata, Te Araroa on the East Coast of New Zealand, a prominent Maori New Zealand politician and lawyer
  • 1931-07-23 Te Atairangi Kaahu, Māori Queen (d. 2006)
  • 1971-01-23 Adam Parore, cricket wicket-keeper (NZ, 1st Maori Test centurion)

Famous Deaths

  • 1860-06-25 Pōtatau Te Wherowhero, The Māori King, Waikato, New Zealand
  • 1894-08-26 Te Wherowhero Tāwhia, Second Māori King and leader of the Waikato tribes in New Zealand, dies at 71 or 72
  • 1898-04-15 Kepa Te Rangihiwinui, Maori military leader
  • 1950-07-14 Āpirana Ngata, a prominent Maori New Zealand politician and lawyer, dies at 76
  • 2006-08-15 Te Atairangi Kaahu, Māori queen (b. 1931)
  • 2006-09-19 Hugh Kawharu, New Zealander Ngāti Whātua Māori chief (b. 1927)
  • 2007-04-13 Don Selwyn, Māori actor and film director (b. circa 1936)
  • 2007-09-03 Syd Jackson, Māori activist and trade unionist (b. 1939)