North Korean History

Historical Events

  • 1446-10-09 The Hangul alphabet is published in Korea
  • 1901-11-27 Prince Ito of Japan comes to St Petersburg hoping to get the Russians to grant Japan concessions in Korea, but later drops this goal and decides to make an alliance with Britain
  • 1902-01-30 Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea
  • 1904-03-28 Japanese troops advance in Korea, defeat the Russians at Chengiu, and capture the town
  • 1905-01-26 Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1905-07-29 US Secretary of State William Howard Taft makes secret agreement with Japanese Prime Minister Katsura agreeing to Japanese free rein in Korea in return for non-interference with the US in the Philippines

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1919-03-01 The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
  • 1945-08-08 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea
  • 1946-02-05 The Chondoist Chongu Party is founded in North Korea.
  • 1948-03-27 The Second Congress of the Workers' Party of North Korea is convened.
  • 1948-05-01 North Korea proclaims itself Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • 1950-06-25 Korean conflict begins; North Korea invades South Korea
  • 1950-06-25 UN member states begin using integrated forces against North Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950-06-27 North Korean troops reach Seoul, UN asks members to aid South Korea, Harry Truman orders US Air Force & Navy into Korean conflict

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1950-06-28 North Korean forces capture Seoul, South Korea in opening phase of the Korean War
  • 1950-07-03 1st time US & North Korean forces clash in Korean War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950-07-08 Gen Douglas MacArthur named commander-in-chief, UN forces in Korea

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1950-07-08 Leroy Deans awarded first Order of Purple Heart in Korea
  • 1950-07-14 RE Wayne awarded 1st Distinguished Flying Cross in Korea
  • 1950-08-01 1st Major League baseball player to fight in Korea (Curt Simmons)
  • 1950-09-01 13 North Korean divisions open assault on UN lines
  • 1950-09-26 UN troops in Korean War recapture South Korean capital of Seoul
  • 1950-10-01 South Korean troops cross the 38th parallel into North Korea
  • 1950-10-19 UN forces entered Pyongyang, capital of North Korea
  • 1950-11-04 US troops vacate Pyongyang North Korea
  • 1950-11-06 Chinese offensive halts at Chongchon River, North Korea
  • 1950-11-08 1st jet-plane battle ever, in Korean War
  • 1951-01-01 Massive Chinese/North Korean assault on UN-lines
  • 1951-01-17 China refuses ceases-fire in Korea
  • 1951-02-01 UN condemns People's Republic of China as aggressor in Korea
  • 1951-03-21 2,900,000 US soldiers in Korea
  • 1951-03-31 US tanks exceed 38° of latitude in Korea
  • 1951-05-18 US General Collins predicts use of atom bomb in Korea
  • 1951-11-27 Cease-fire & demarcation zone accord signed in Panmunjon, Korea
  • 1952-10-08 Chinese offensive in Korea
  • 1953-07-13 Battle of the Kumsong River begins - last major battle of the Korean war
  • 1953-07-27 North Korea & UN sign armistice
  • 1961-05-15 36 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • 1962-10-08 North Korea reports 100% election turnout, miraculously 100% vote for the Workers' Party
  • 1963-07-24 124 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • 1968-01-23 Spy ship USS Pueblo & 83-man crew seized in Sea of Japan by North Korea
  • 1968-02-25 430 Unification Church couples wed in Korea
  • 1968-12-23 82 members of US intelligence ship Pueblo released by North Korea
  • 1969-04-15 North Korea shoots at US airplane above Japanese sea
  • 1970-10-21 777 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • 1970-12-15 Ferryboat capsized in Korean Strait drowning 261
  • 1972-12-27 New North Korean constitution comes into effect
  • 1972-12-28 Kim Il-song, becomes president of North Korea
  • 1975-02-08 1800 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • 1977-03-18 US restricts citizens from visiting Cuba, Vietnam, North Korea & Cambodia
  • 1977-07-14 North Korea shoots down US helicopter, killing 3
  • 1982-10-14 6,000 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • 1994-10-21 North Korea signs pact to end their nuclear projects
  • 1997-05-12 14 North Koreans defect to South Korea
  • 1998-08-31 North Korea reportedly launches Kwangmyongsong, its first satellite.

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

2000-06-13 President Kim Dae Jung of South Korea meets Kim Jong-il, leader of North Korea, for the beginning of the first ever inter-Korea summit, in the northern capital of Pyongyang.

Supreme Leader of North Korea Kim Jong-il
Supreme Leader of North Korea
Kim Jong-il

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2002-01-29 US President George W. Bush in his State of the Union address describes "regimes that sponsor terror" an "Axis of Evil", which includes Iraq, Iran and North Korea

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2002-06-29 Naval clashes between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.
  • 2004-04-22 Two fuel trains collide in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.
  • 2004-05-24 North Korea bans mobile phones.
  • 2006-07-04 North Korea tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile, and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly fails in mid-air over the Sea of Japan/East Sea.
  • 2006-07-05 North Korea missle tests: at least two short-range Nodong-2 missiles, one SCUD missile and one long-range Taepodong-2 missile.
  • 2006-07-05 Emergency United Nations Security Council meeting at the U.N in New York City because of North Korean missile tests that day
  • 2006-10-09 North Korea allegedly tests its first nuclear device.
  • 2007-01-17 The Doomsday Clock is set to five minutes to midnight in response to North Korea nuclear testing.
  • 2007-02-23 Japan launches its fourth spy satellite, stepping up its ability to monitor potential threats such as North Korea.
  • 2007-10-02 President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea walks across the Military Demarcation Line into North Korea on his way to the second Inter-Korean Summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il
  • 2009-04-05 North Korea launches its controversial Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket. The satellite passed over mainland Japan, which prompted an immediate reaction from the United Nations Security Council, as well as participating states of Six-party talks
  • 2009-05-25 North Korea allegedly tests its second nuclear device. Following the nuclear test, Pyongyang also conducted several missile tests bulding tensions in the international community.
  • 2010-11-23 The Bombardment of Yeonpyeong occurs on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea. The North Korean artillery attack kills 2 civilians and 2 South Korean marines.
  • 2012-02-20 South Korea angers North Korea as it proceeds with live fire drills in disputed Korean sea borders
  • 2012-04-13 North Korean long range rocket testing ends in failure after the rocket broke up after launch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012-07-18 Kim Jong-un is officially appointed Supreme Leader of North Korea and given the rank of Marshal in the Korean People's Army

Supreme Leader of North Korea Kim Jong-un
Supreme Leader of North Korea
Kim Jong-un
  • 2012-07-26 North Korea is hit by Tropical Storm Khanun, killing 88 people and leaving 60,000 people homeless
  • 2012-07-29 Tropical Storm Khanun kills 88 people and leaves 60,000 homeless in North Korea
  • 2012-09-03 Typhoon Bolaven kills 48 people in North Korea
  • 2013-02-12 North Korea confirms it has successfully tested a nuclear device that could be weaponized
  • 2013-03-07 UN Security Council approves further North Korean sanctions for its nuclear testing
  • 2013-03-08 North Korea terminates all peace pacts with South Korea
  • 2013-03-11 North Korea cuts the phone line with South Korea, breaching the 1953 armistice
  • 2013-03-13 North Korea shreds the Korean Armistice agreement
  • 2013-03-29 UN regulation of international arms trade is blocked by North Korea, Iran, and Syria
  • 2013-03-30 North Korea declares it is at a state of war with South Korea
  • 2013-04-17 North Korea blocks a South Korean supply delegation from the Kaesong joint industrial zone
  • 2015-08-15 North Korea creates its own time zone -moving its clocks back half an hour to GMT+8.5
  • 2016-01-06 North Korea states that they have successfully tested a thermonuclear weapon
  • 2016-03-16 US college student Otto Warmbier is sentenced to 15 years hard labour for trying to steal a political poster, in Pyongyang, North Korea

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1875-03-26 Syngman Rhee, First President of South Korea (1948-60), born in Haeju, North Korea (d. 1965)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1912-04-15 Kim II Sung, Eternal President ("The Great Leader") of North Korea (1945-94)
  • 1929-03-06 Ho Dam, North Korean secretary of State (1970-83)
  • 1931-11-03 Yon Hyong-muk, North Korean politician (d. 2005)
  • 1938-07-03 Shin Geum Dan, North Korea, 400m/800m runner (1962 world record)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942-02-16 Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea (1994-2011) [disputed birthdate, 1941]

Supreme Leader of North Korea Kim Jong-il
Supreme Leader of North Korea
Kim Jong-il
  • 1966-07-13 Myong Hui Choe, North Korea, gymnist (Olympic-1980)
  • 1972-03-04 Pae Gil-Su, North Korean gymnast
  • 1975-02-17 Sung-Hee Park, Pusan Korea, tennis star (1993 Futures-Seoul)
  • 1975-11-19 Ju-Yeon Choi, Pusan Korea, tennis star (1995 Futures-Seoul-KOR II)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1983-01-08 Kim Jong-un, Supreme Leader of North Korea (2011-), born in Pyongyang

Supreme Leader of North Korea Kim Jong-un
Supreme Leader of North Korea
Kim Jong-un

Famous Deaths

  • 1950-07-05 Kenneth Shadrick, Pvt from WV becomes 1st US fatality in Korean War
  • 1983-12-16 Kusan Sunim, found Milae Sa temple/Bulsung Sa Zen in Korea, dies at 74
  • 1994-12-09 Kim II Sung, President of North Korea (1945-94), dies at 82
  • 2007-01-02 Paek Nam-sun, North Korean Foreign Affairs minister (b. 1929)
  • 2010-11-06 Jo Myong-Rok, North Korean military official (b. 1928)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2011-12-17 Kim Jong-il, supreme leader of North Korea (DPRK) 1994-2011, dies of a suspected heart attack at 70

Supreme Leader of North Korea Kim Jong-il
Supreme Leader of North Korea
Kim Jong-il