Polish History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 360

  • 0966-04-14 Christianisation of Poland
  • 0972-06-24 Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces; Mieszko I of Poland decisively defeated Odo I of Lusatia
  • 1018-01-30 The Holy Roman Empire and Poland conclude the Peace of Bautzen
  • 1025-04-18 Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.
  • 1079-04-11 Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland.
  • 1227-11-23 Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Polish dukes at Gąsawa.
  • 1241-04-09 Battle of Liegnitz - Mongol armies defeat Poles & Germans
  • 1257-06-05 Kraków, Poland, receives city rights.
  • 1264-09-08 The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.
  • 1320-01-20 Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland
  • 1331-09-27 The Battle of Płowce between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order is fought.
  • 1384-10-16 Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, despite being a woman
  • 1386-03-04 Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) crowned King of Poland
  • 1410-07-15 Battle of Grunwald (2nd Battle of Tannenburg), one of Medieval Europe's largest battles during Poland-Lithuanian Teutonic War. Polish King Władysław Jagiełło and Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas defeat Teutonic Ulrich von Jungingen
  • 1454-03-06 Thirteen Years' War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1454-09-18 In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years' War.
  • 1481-08-30 2 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish king Casimir IV
  • 1487-06-04 Lord Lovell & John de la Poles army land at Furness Lancashire
  • 1514-09-08 Battle of Orsha: Polish/Lithuania army defeat the Russian army
  • 1515-07-22 First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland & Holy Roman Empire - rise of the Habsburgs influence
  • 1518-04-18 Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.
  • 1541-12-29 Isabella of Poland & King Ferdinand of Austria sign Treaty of Gyalu
  • 1561-11-29 Lofland subjects himself on Sigismund August II of Poland
  • 1569-07-01 Latvian Parliament accepts Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland
  • 1570-04-14 Polish Calvinists/Lutherians/Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
  • 1573-01-28 Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
  • 1573-05-09 Polish Parliament selects Duke of Anjou as king
  • 1574-06-18 Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • 1575-12-14 Polish Parliament selects Istvan Bathory as king of Poland
  • 1577-12-16 Danzig surrenders to troops of Polish king Istvan Bathory
  • 1582-01-15 Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
  • 1587-08-18 Saul Wahl is elected King of Poland, according to legend.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1587-08-19 Sigismund III becomes King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania

  • 1594-02-19 Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.
  • 1605-09-27 The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
  • 1610-02-14 Polish king Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 & Romanov family sign covenant against Tsar Vasili Shushki
  • 1610-07-04 Battle of Klushino: King Sigismund III's Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army beats Russia and Sweden
  • 1610-08-27 Polish King Wladyslaw crowned king of Russia
  • 1618-12-11 Russia & Poland signs Peace treaty of Dailino
  • 1620-09-20 Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland
  • 1621-10-09 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin
  • 1629-09-26 Sweden & Poland signs Peace of Altmark
  • 1634-02-19 Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
  • 1634-03-01 Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • 1634-06-14 Russia & Poland sign Peace treaty of Polianov
  • 1635-09-12 Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
  • 1648-04-29 Beginning of the 18 day battle of Zhovti Vody in Ukraine - Polish King Casimir eventually defeated by Cossacks
  • 1648-05-16 Battle of Zhovti Vody: Bohdan Chmielricki's cosacks defeat Polish King John Casimir after 18 days of battle
  • 1648-06-24 Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews & 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine
  • 1651-06-28 Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians starts.
  • 1651-06-30 The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising - the Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory.
  • 1654-09-16 Russian troops occupy Smolensk on Poland
  • 1655-07-31 Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years.
  • 1656-06-20 Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 1656-10-24 Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
  • 1656-11-03 Treaty of Vilnius Russia/Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant [NS]
  • 1656-12-01 Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
  • 1657-09-19 Brandenburg & Poland sign Treaty of Wehlau
  • 1657-11-06 Brandenburg & Poland sign unity of Bromberg
  • 1660-04-23 Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland.
  • 1660-05-03 Sweden, Poland, Brandenburg & Austria sign Peace of Oliva
  • 1667-01-03 Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland
  • 1667-01-20 Treaty of Andrussovo-ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia
  • 1667-01-30 Treaty/Truce of Andrusovo signed between Tsardom of Russia & Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • 1667-02-09 Treaty of Andrussovo: Russia/Poland signs peace treaty
  • 1668-09-16 King John II Casimir of Poland resigns, flees to France
  • 1668-09-19 Polish king John II Kazimierz resigns/goes to France
  • 1669-06-19 Polish parliament selects Litouwer Michael Wisniopwiecki as king
  • 1672-10-18 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz
  • 1673-11-11 Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.
  • 1674-05-21 General John Sobieski chosen King of Poland
  • 1676-10-27 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • 1683-03-31 Emperor Leopold I/Poland signs covenant against Turkey
  • 1683-09-09 Expelled Polish & Lotharings reach Wienerwald
  • 1684-03-05 Emperor Leopold I, Poland & Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
  • 1697-06-27 Polish parliament selects monarch August of Saxony as king
  • 1699-01-26 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire
  • 1699-11-22 Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark/Russia/Saksen/Poland divide Sweden
  • 1704-07-12 Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1716-11-03 Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Tsar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch August I's Polish kingdom

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1719-01-05 Britain, Hannover, Saxony-Poland and Austria sign anti-Prussian/Russian pact
  • 1724-12-07 Tumult of Thorn - religious unrest was followed by the execution of nine Protestant citizens and the mayor of Thorn (Toruń) by Polish authorities.
  • 1733-09-12 Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
  • 1733-09-22 Polish King Lesczynski flees to Danzig
  • 1736-01-26 Stanislaw I of Poland abdicates his throne.
  • 1772-02-17 1st Partition of Poland signed in Vienna by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1772-08-05 1st Partition of Poland between Austria, Prussia and Russia is made public
  • 1772-09-22 1st Partition of Poland is ratified by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1773-10-14 The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.
  • 1775-01-22 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw Poland
  • 1775-02-22 Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw Poland
  • 1775-03-19 Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
  • 1785-09-29 Chasidic sect is excommunicated in Kraków Poland
  • 1791-05-03 The Constitution of May 3 (the first modern constitution in Europe) is proclaimed by the Sejm of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1792-05-19 Russian army enters Poland
  • 1793-01-21 Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.
  • 1793-01-23 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia
  • 1794-03-23 Lt-general Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland
  • 1795-03-28 Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.
  • 1795-10-24 3rd Partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia & Russia

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 461

  • 1016-07-25 Casimir I, Duke of Poland (d. c. 1058)
  • 1226-06-21 King Boleslaus V of Poland (d. 1279)
  • 1257-10-14 King Przemysl II of Poland (d. 1296)
  • 1271-09-17 Wenceslas II, king of Bohemia & Poland (1278-1305)
  • 1286-09-01 Elisabeth Richeza of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1335)
  • 1309-04-30 Kazimierz III de Great, King of Poland (1333-70)
  • 1326-03-05 Louis I, [the Great], King of Hungary (1342-82), Poland (1370-82)
  • 1374-02-18 Saint Jadwiga of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1399)
  • 1424-10-31 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, king of Poland/Hungary
  • 1427-11-30 Kazimierz IV, king of Poland (1447-92)
  • 1458-10-05 Kazimierz de Saint, Polish ruler/saint
  • 1467-01-01 Sigismund I, the old, king of Poland

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1473-02-19 Nicolaus Copernicus, Toruń Royal Prussia, Polish mathematician and astronomer (d. 1543)

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1480-06-01 Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (d. 1550)
  • 1494-02-02 Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1557)
  • 1520-08-01 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), born in Kraków, Poland
  • 1526-11-01 Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, queen of Sweden and duchess of Finland (d. 1583)
  • 1533-09-15 Catherine of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1572)
  • 1551-09-19 Henry III, duke of Anjou/king of Poland/France (1573/4-89)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1566-06-20 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), born in Gripsholm Castle, Sweden (d. 1632)

  • 1573-08-16 Anna of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1598)
  • 1585-11-01 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (d. 1652)
  • 1588-12-24 Constance of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1631)
  • 1595-02-24 Matthias C Sarbiewski, [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet
  • 1595-06-09 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), born in Kraków (d. 1648)
  • 1603-11-16 Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior (d. 1673)
  • 1609-03-22 Jan II Kazimierz, cardinal/King of Poland (1648-68)
  • 1609-03-22 John II Casimir Vasa, cardinal/king of Poland (1648-68)
  • 1611-07-16 Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland (d. 1644)
  • 1611-08-18 Ludwika Maria Gonzaga, queen of Poland (d. 1650)
  • 1612-06-25 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop (d. 1634)
  • 1616-02-28 Kaspar Förster, German composer, born in Gdańsk, Poland (d. 1673)
  • 1623-08-23 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer (d. 1675)
  • 1624-06-02 Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96)
  • 1629-08-17 King John [Jan] III Sobieski of Poland. Victor over the Turks in 1683 (d. 1696)
  • 1636-04-29 Esaias Reusner, German lutenist and composer, born in Lwówek Śląski, Poland (d. 1679)
  • 1640-05-31 Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (d. 1673)
  • 1641-06-28 Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (d. 1716)
  • 1653-05-21 Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1697)
  • 1667-11-02 James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (d. 1737)
  • 1670-05-12 Frederick Augustus I/ August II, the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland (reputed to have sired 355 children) (d. 1733)
  • 1677-10-20 Stanislaus I Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)
  • 1696-10-17 August III, king of Poland/monarch Frederik August II of Saksen
  • 1699-12-08 Maria Josepha of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1757)
  • 1700-09-30 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • 1713-10-08 Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist (d. 1793)
  • 1726-10-16 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (d. 1801)
  • 1732-01-17 Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (1764-95)
  • 1746-02-04 Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish, Lithuanian and American National hero and general (d. 1817)
  • 1750-02-28 Ignacy Potocki, Polish foreign minister
  • 1754-11-26 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, born in Nassenhuben (Mokry Dwór), Royal Prussia, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1794)
  • 1756-08-29 Jan Śniadecki, Polish mathematician (d. 1830)
  • 1757-02-06 Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Polish scholar and statesman. (d. 1841)
  • 1763-05-07 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general/marshal of France (d. 1813)
  • 1768-10-26 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1768-11-30 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist and biologist (d. 1838)
  • 1775-06-13 Antoni Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian politician and musician (d. 1833)
  • 1777-03-09 Alexander Orlowski, Polish painter/cartoonist/graphic artist
  • 1777-11-02 Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski, Polish actor (d. 1822)
  • 1778-01-03 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • 1778-12-28 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (d. 1846)
  • 1782-01-29 Franciszek Ścigalski, Polish composer, born in Grodzisk, Wielkopolski

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1787-03-08 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1793-07-20 Aleksander Fredro, Polish comedy writer (Pan Jowiolski)
  • 1797-07-20 Sir Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist (d. 1873)
  • 1798-12-24 Adam B Mickiewicz, Poland, national poet (Pan Tadeusz)
  • 1800-05-06 Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat and general (d. 1881)
  • 1800-06-23 Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and social activist (d. 1846)
  • 1806-02-22 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)
  • 1809-08-23 Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (Trip to H Land)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1810-03-01 Frederic Chopin, Polish/French pianist and composer (Concert in F Minor), born in Żelazowa Wola, Duchy of Warsaw (d. 1849) (baptismal records 22nd Feb)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Composer
Frederic Chopin
  • 1819-05-05 Stanislaw Moniuszko, Polish composer
  • 1821-09-24 Cyprian K Norwid, Polish painter/poet/playwright (Wanda)
  • 1822-03-08 Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish inventor (d. 1882)
  • 1822-10-29 Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (d. 1902)
  • 1826-07-24 Ivan Bloch, Polish military theorist and peace activist (d. 1902)
  • 1829-09-06 Marie Zakrzewska, Polish physician (d. 1902)
  • 1834-07-01 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet (d. 1908)
  • 1835-07-10 Henryk Wieniawski, Lubin Poland, violinist/composer (Souv de Moscou)
  • 1840-10-12 Helena Modjeska, Poland, Shakespearian actress (Juliet)/anti-Russian
  • 1841-06-06 Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (d. 1910)
  • 1845-08-20 St. Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic Saint (d. 1916)
  • 1845-10-28 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (d. 1888)
  • 1846-01-29 Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (d. 1915)
  • 1846-05-05 Henryk Sienkiewicz, Poland, author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905)
  • 1847-08-20 Bolesław Prus, Polish writer (d. 1912)
  • 1848-07-27 Friedrich Ernst Dorn, Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland), German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium
  • 1850-01-14 Jean de Reszke, [Jan Mieczyslaw], Polish tenor
  • 1857-09-13 Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant rebel (d. 1937)
  • 1857-11-02 Joseph F F Babinski, Polish/French neurologist (Babinski reflex)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1857-12-03 Joseph Conrad, Polish novelist (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness), born in Berdychiv, Poland (d. 1924)

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Novelist
Joseph Conrad
  • 1859-12-15 Ludwik L Zamenhof, Russian Poland, physician/linguist (Esperanto)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1860-11-18 Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish composer and 1st premier of Poland (1919-20), born in Kuryłówka, Russian Empire (d. 1941)

Panist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Panist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
  • 1863-04-29 Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (d. 1922)
  • 1865-02-12 Kazimierz P Tetmajer, Polish writer/poet (Young Poland)
  • 1865-04-17 Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (d. 1939)
  • 1866-10-07 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • 1866-12-28 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian and diplomat (d. 1935)
  • 1867-10-25 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general (d. 1937)
  • 1867-11-04 Tomasz Arciszewski, Polish Prime Minister 1944-47

Famous Weddings

  • 1404-08-01 Earl Engelbert I of Nassau marries Johanna of Poland
  • 1576-05-01 Stefan Batory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become the co-rulers of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1725-09-05 French King Louis XV marries Polish princess Mary Lesczynski

HeartWedding of Interest

1847-07-28 Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (32) weds noblewoman Johanna von Puttkamer (23) in Kolczyglowy, Poland

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1969-09-08 Polish politician and trade-union organizer Lech Wałęsa (25) weds Danuta Golos (20)

Polish Politician and Labor Activist Lech Wałęsa
Polish Politician and Labor Activist
Lech Wałęsa
  • 2006-07-26 "The Da Vinci Code" actor Jean Reno (58) weds Polish model Zofia Borucka (35) at the city hall in Baux-de-Provence
  • 2013-08-31 "Blue Crush" actress Kate Bosworth (30) weds director Michael Polish (42) in Philipsburg, Montana

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 318

  • 0992-05-25 Mieszko I first lord and knight of Poland, duke of Polans (b. circa 935)
  • 0992-11-25 Mieszko I, Polish advisor to Pope John XV, dies
  • 1025-07-17 Boleslaw I Chobry, [the brave], duke/king of Poland, dies
  • 1034-05-10 Mieszko II, King of Poland (1025-34), dies
  • 1058-11-28 Kazimierz I Restaurator, duke of Poland (1034-58), dies
  • 1063-03-21 Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia, venerated in Roman Catholicism, wife of King Mieszko II of Poland
  • 1079-05-09 Stanislaus, Polish bishop of Kraków, murdered
  • 1138-10-28 Boleslaw III Kryzwousty, [scheefmond], duke of Poland, dies
  • 1138-10-29 Bolesław III Krzywousty, Duke of Poland (b. 1086)
  • 1159-05-30 Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland (b. 1105)
  • 1194-05-05 Casimir II, the Just, grand duke of Poland (1177-94), dies. Born 1138
  • 1202-03-13 Mieszko III, the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies
  • 1223-03-08 Wincenty Kadłubek, Polish chronicler (b. 1161)
  • 1238-03-19 Duke Henry I of Poland (b. 1163)
  • 1257-06-04 Duke Przemysl I of Poland
  • 1279-04-14 Boleslaw the Pious, Polish duke
  • 1279-04-14 Boleslaus of Greater Poland
  • 1279-12-07 King Boleslaus V of Poland (b. 1226)
  • 1296-02-08 King Przemysł II of Poland (b. 1257)
  • 1305-06-21 King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland (b. 1271)
  • 1333-03-02 Wladyslaw IV, the Short One/Great, duke/king of Poland, dies
  • 1342-09-26 John I, ruler of Poland, dies
  • 1370-11-05 Kazimierz III, the Great, King of Poland (1333-70), dies at 61
  • 1382-09-10 Louis I, the Great, King of Hungary/Poland, dies
  • 1401-05-18 Władysław Opolczyk (German: Ladislaus von Oppel, count palatine of Hungary 1367-1372, governor of Halych-Volhynia 1372 - 1378, count palatine of Poland
  • 1434-06-01 Władysław II Jagiełło, King of Lithuania and later also Poland, dies (b.1351)
  • 1444-11-10 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, king of Poland/Hungary, dies in battle at 20
  • 1484-03-04 Saint Casimir, Crown Prince of Poland dies at 25
  • 1492-06-07 Kazimierz IV, King of Poland (1447-92), dies at 64
  • 1501-06-17 Jan I Olbracht, King of Poland, dies
  • 1531-05-19 Jan Łaski, Polish statesman and diplomat (b. 1456)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1543-05-24 Nicolas Copernicus, astronomer, dies in Poland aged 70

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1545-08-27 Piotr Gamrat, Polish Catholic archbishop (b. 1487)
  • 1548-04-01 Sigismund I, the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81
  • 1550-10-23 Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (b. 1480)
  • 1557-11-19 Bona Sforza, Queen of Sigismund I of Poland (b. 1494)
  • 1558-11-12 Shalom Shakna ben Joseph, Rabbi (founder of 1st Polish Yeshiva), dies
  • 1560-01-28 John a Lasco, [John Laski], Polish nobleman/reformed theologist, dies
  • 1572-07-07 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), dies at 51
  • 1579-08-05 Stanislaus Hosius, Polish Catholic cardinal (b. 1504)
  • 1584-08-22 Jan Kochanowski, Polish writer (b. 1530)
  • 1586-12-12 Stefan Batory, King of Poland (b. 1533)
  • 1589-08-02 Henry III, king of Poland/France (1573-89), assassinated at 37
  • 1596-09-09 Anna Jagiellon, Polish Queen
  • 1598-02-10 Anna van Bull, 1st wife of Polish/Swedish king Sigismund II, dies
  • 1603-06-27 Jan Dymitr Solikowski, Polish archbishop and diplomat (b. 1539)
  • 1612-09-27 Piotr Skarga, Polish theology/PM (Sanctity of Life), dies at 76
  • 1620-10-07 Stanisław Żółkiewski, Polish military leader (b. 1547)
  • 1620-11-07 Hetman Stanisław Żólkiewski polish commander in the Battle of Ţuţora (1620) (b. 1547)
  • 1621-06-21 Kryštof Harant, Polish soldier, writer, and composer (b. 1564)
  • 1621-09-24 Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, Polish military commander (b. 1560)
  • 1627-03-06 Krzysztof Zbaraski, Polish statesman (b. 1580)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1632-04-30 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), dies at 65

  • 1634-12-29 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop (b. 1612)
  • 1636-10-19 Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician
  • 1636-12-09 Fabian Birkowski, Polish writer (b. 1566)
  • 1640-04-02 Matthias C Sarbiewski, [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet, dies at 45
  • 1648-05-20 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), dies of kidney stones at 52
  • 1651-11-20 Mikołaj Potocki, Polish soldier (b. 1595)
  • 1652-11-21 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (b. 1585)
  • 1657-05-16 Andrzej Bobola, Polish Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
  • 1657-08-06 Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Polish-Lithuanian noble
  • 1667-05-09 Marie Louise de Gonzague-Nevers, French Queen of Poland (1645-48)
  • 1672-12-13 Jan II Kazimierz, king of Poland (1648-68), dies at 63
  • 1672-12-16 John II Casimir Vasa, cardinal/king of Poland (1648-68), dies at 63
  • 1673-03-20 Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior (b. 1603)
  • 1673-11-10 Michael Korybut Wisniowiecki, king of Poland (16..-73), dies
  • 1673-11-14 Michael Wisniowieki, King of Poland, dies
  • 1675-05-18 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer (b. 1623)
  • 1696-06-17 John [Jan] III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), Victor at Battle Vienna over Turks (1683) dies at 66
  • 1696-07-09 Waclaw Potocki, Polish poet (Wojna Chocimska), dies
  • 1733-02-01 August II, the Strong, King of Poland (355 children), dies at 62
  • 1737-12-19 James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (b. 1667)
  • 1749-05-24 Graf Valentin Potocki, Polish nobleman
  • 1760-05-22 Israel ben Eliezer, Polish-born mystical rabbi (b. 1700)
  • 1763-10-05 August III, king of Poland, dies at 66
  • 1766-02-23 Stanislaw Leszcynski, duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies
  • 1773-08-03 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (b. 1700)
  • 1779-10-11 Casimir Pułaski, Polish born fighter for American independence (b. 1745) dies in Battle of Savannah
  • 1793-04-29 Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi (b. 1713)
  • 1801-02-07 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (b. 1726)
  • 1804-04-03 Jędrzej Kitowicz, Polish priest (b. 1727/1728)
  • 1809-08-30 Ignacy Potocki, Polish Foreign Minister (constitution), dies
  • 1812-02-24 Hugo Kollataj, Polish teacher/minister, dies at 61
  • 1813-10-19 Josef Poniatovski, Polish gen/marshal of France, dies in battle
  • 1814-10-01 Jakob I van Przysucha, Polish hassidic leader, dies
  • 1816-02-06 Maria Ludwika Rzewuska, Polish szlachcianka (b. 1744)
  • 1817-10-15 Tadeusz AB Kosciusko, Polish lt-general/freedom fighter, dies
  • 1822-09-11 Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski, Polish actor (b. 1777)
  • 1833-04-07 Antoni Henryk Radziwill, Lithuanian/Polish composer, dies at 57
  • 1844-12-02 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (b. 1768)
  • 1846-05-23 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (b. 1778)
  • 1846-08-27 Franciszek Ścigalski, Polish composer, dies at 64
  • 1846-11-06 Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and activist (b. 1800)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1849-10-17 Frederic Chopin, Polish/French pianist/composer, dies at 39

Composer Frederic Chopin
Composer
Frederic Chopin
  • 1855-11-26 Adam B Mickiewicz, Polish poet (Polish Legion), dies at 56
  • 1856-01-24 Rabbi Yechezkel of Kuzmir, Polish Hasidic leader (b. 1775)
  • 1859-02-23 Zygmunt Krasiński, Polish Romantic poet (b. 1812)
  • 1861-10-05 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (b. 1778)
  • 1867-08-07 Ira F Aldridge, US actor (Othello/Shylock), dies in Lodes Poland at 63