Polish History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 359

  • 0966-04-14 Christianisation of Poland
  • 0972-06-24 Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces; Mieszko I of Poland decisively defeated Odo I of Lusatia
  • 1018-01-30 The Holy Roman Empire and Poland conclude the Peace of Bautzen
  • 1025-04-18 Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.
  • 1079-04-11 Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland.
  • 1227-11-23 Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Polish dukes at Gąsawa.
  • 1241-04-09 Battle of Liegnitz - Mongol armies defeat Poles & Germans
  • 1257-06-05 Kraków, Poland, receives city rights.
  • 1264-09-08 The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.
  • 1320-01-20 Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland
  • 1331-09-27 The Battle of Płowce between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order is fought.
  • 1384-10-16 Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, despite being a woman
  • 1386-03-04 Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) crowned King of Poland
  • 1410-07-15 Battle of Grunwald (2nd Battle of Tannenburg), one of Medieval Europe's largest battles during Poland-Lithuanian Teutonic War. Polish King Władysław Jagiełło and Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas defeat Teutonic Ulrich von Jungingen
  • 1454-03-06 Thirteen Years' War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1454-09-18 In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years' War.
  • 1481-08-30 2 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish king Casimir IV
  • 1487-06-04 Lord Lovell & John de la Poles army land at Furness Lancashire
  • 1514-09-08 Battle of Orsha: Polish/Lithuania army defeat the Russian army
  • 1515-07-22 First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland & Holy Roman Empire - rise of the Habsburgs influence
  • 1518-04-18 Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.
  • 1541-12-29 Isabella of Poland & King Ferdinand of Austria sign Treaty of Gyalu
  • 1561-11-29 Lofland subjects himself on Sigismund August II of Poland
  • 1569-07-01 Latvian Parliament accepts Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland
  • 1570-04-14 Polish Calvinists/Lutherians/Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
  • 1573-01-28 Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
  • 1573-05-09 Polish Parliament selects Duke of Anjou as king
  • 1574-06-18 Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • 1575-12-14 Polish Parliament selects Istvan Bathory as king of Poland
  • 1577-12-16 Danzig surrenders to troops of Polish king Istvan Bathory
  • 1582-01-15 Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
  • 1587-08-18 Saul Wahl is elected King of Poland, according to legend.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1587-08-19 Sigismund III becomes King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania

  • 1594-02-19 Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.
  • 1605-09-27 The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
  • 1610-02-14 Polish king Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 & Romanov family sign covenant against Tsar Vasili Shushki
  • 1610-07-04 Battle of Klushino: King Sigismund III's Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army beats Russia and Sweden
  • 1610-08-27 Polish King Wladyslaw crowned king of Russia
  • 1618-12-11 Russia & Poland signs Peace treaty of Dailino
  • 1620-09-20 Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland
  • 1621-10-09 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin
  • 1629-09-26 Sweden & Poland signs Peace of Altmark
  • 1634-02-19 Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
  • 1634-03-01 Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • 1634-06-14 Russia & Poland sign Peace treaty of Polianov
  • 1635-09-12 Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
  • 1648-04-29 Beginning of the 18 day battle of Zhovti Vody in Ukraine - Polish King Casimir eventually defeated by Cossacks
  • 1648-05-16 Battle of Zhovti Vody: Bohdan Chmielricki's cosacks defeat Polish King John Casimir after 18 days of battle
  • 1648-06-24 Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews & 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine
  • 1651-06-28 Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians starts.
  • 1651-06-30 The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising - the Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory.
  • 1654-09-16 Russian troops occupy Smolensk on Poland
  • 1655-07-31 Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years.
  • 1656-06-20 Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 1656-10-24 Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
  • 1656-11-03 Treaty of Vilnius Russia/Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant [NS]
  • 1656-12-01 Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
  • 1657-09-19 Brandenburg & Poland sign Treaty of Wehlau
  • 1657-11-06 Brandenburg & Poland sign unity of Bromberg
  • 1660-04-23 Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland.
  • 1660-05-03 Sweden, Poland, Brandenburg & Austria sign Peace of Oliva
  • 1667-01-03 Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland
  • 1667-01-20 Treaty of Andrussovo-ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia
  • 1667-01-30 Treaty/Truce of Andrusovo signed between Tsardom of Russia & Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • 1667-02-09 Treaty of Andrussovo: Russia/Poland signs peace treaty
  • 1668-09-16 King John II Casimir of Poland resigns, flees to France
  • 1668-09-19 Polish king John II Kazimierz resigns/goes to France
  • 1669-06-19 Polish parliament selects Litouwer Michael Wisniopwiecki as king
  • 1672-10-18 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz
  • 1673-11-11 Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.
  • 1674-05-21 General John Sobieski chosen King of Poland
  • 1676-10-27 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • 1683-03-31 Emperor Leopold I/Poland signs covenant against Turkey
  • 1683-09-09 Expelled Polish & Lotharings reach Wienerwald
  • 1684-03-05 Emperor Leopold I, Poland & Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
  • 1697-06-27 Polish parliament selects monarch August of Saxony as king
  • 1699-01-26 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire
  • 1699-11-22 Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark/Russia/Saksen/Poland divide Sweden
  • 1704-07-12 Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1716-11-03 Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Tsar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch August I's Polish kingdom

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1719-01-05 Britain, Hannover, Saxony-Poland and Austria sign anti-Prussian/Russian pact
  • 1724-12-07 Tumult of Thorn - religious unrest was followed by the execution of nine Protestant citizens and the mayor of Thorn (Toruń) by Polish authorities.
  • 1733-09-12 Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
  • 1733-09-22 Polish King Lesczynski flees to Danzig
  • 1736-01-26 Stanislaw I of Poland abdicates his throne.
  • 1772-02-17 1st Partition of Poland signed in Vienna by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1772-08-05 1st Partition of Poland between Austria, Prussia and Russia is made public
  • 1772-09-22 1st Partition of Poland is ratified by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1773-10-14 The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.
  • 1775-01-22 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw Poland
  • 1775-02-22 Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw, Poland
  • 1775-03-19 Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
  • 1785-09-29 Chasidic sect is excommunicated in Kraków Poland
  • 1791-05-03 The Constitution of May 3 (the first modern constitution in Europe) is proclaimed by the Sejm of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1792-05-19 Russian army enters Poland
  • 1793-01-21 Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.
  • 1793-01-23 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia
  • 1794-03-23 Lt-general Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland
  • 1795-03-28 Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.
  • 1795-10-24 3rd Partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia & Russia

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 460

  • 1016-07-25 Casimir I, Duke of Poland (d. c. 1058)
  • 1226-06-21 King Boleslaus V of Poland (d. 1279)
  • 1257-10-14 King Przemysl II of Poland (d. 1296)
  • 1271-09-17 Wenceslas II, king of Bohemia & Poland (1278-1305)
  • 1286-09-01 Elisabeth Richeza of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1335)
  • 1309-04-30 Kazimierz III de Great, King of Poland (1333-70)
  • 1326-03-05 Louis I, [the Great], King of Hungary (1342-82), Poland (1370-82)
  • 1374-02-18 Saint Jadwiga of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1399)
  • 1424-10-31 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, king of Poland/Hungary
  • 1427-11-30 Kazimierz IV, king of Poland (1447-92)
  • 1458-10-05 Kazimierz de Saint, Polish ruler/saint
  • 1467-01-01 Sigismund I, the old, king of Poland

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1473-02-19 Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer who theorized that planets revolve around the sun (Heliocentric theory), born in Toruń, Royal Prussia, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1543)

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1480-06-01 Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (d. 1550)
  • 1494-02-02 Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1557)
  • 1520-08-01 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), born in Kraków, Poland
  • 1526-11-01 Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, queen of Sweden and duchess of Finland (d. 1583)
  • 1533-09-15 Catherine of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1572)
  • 1551-09-19 Henry III, duke of Anjou/king of Poland/France (1573/4-89)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1566-06-20 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), born in Gripsholm Castle, Sweden (d. 1632)

  • 1573-08-16 Anna of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1598)
  • 1585-11-01 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (d. 1652)
  • 1588-12-24 Constance of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1631)
  • 1595-02-24 Matthias C Sarbiewski, [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet
  • 1595-06-09 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), born in Kraków (d. 1648)
  • 1603-11-16 Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior (d. 1673)
  • 1609-03-22 Jan II Kazimierz, cardinal/King of Poland (1648-68)
  • 1609-03-22 John II Casimir Vasa, cardinal/king of Poland (1648-68)
  • 1611-07-16 Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland (d. 1644)
  • 1611-08-18 Ludwika Maria Gonzaga, queen of Poland (d. 1650)
  • 1612-06-25 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop (d. 1634)
  • 1616-02-28 Kaspar Förster, German composer, born in Gdańsk, Poland (d. 1673)
  • 1623-08-23 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer (d. 1675)
  • 1624-06-02 Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96)
  • 1629-08-17 King John [Jan] III Sobieski of Poland. Victor over the Turks in 1683 (d. 1696)
  • 1636-04-29 Esaias Reusner, German lutenist and composer, born in Lwówek Śląski, Poland (d. 1679)
  • 1640-05-31 Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (d. 1673)
  • 1641-06-28 Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (d. 1716)
  • 1653-05-21 Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1697)
  • 1667-11-02 James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (d. 1737)
  • 1670-05-12 Frederick Augustus I/ August II, the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland (reputed to have sired 355 children) (d. 1733)
  • 1677-10-20 Stanislaus I Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)
  • 1696-10-17 August III, king of Poland/monarch Frederik August II of Saksen
  • 1699-12-08 Maria Josepha of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1757)
  • 1700-09-30 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • 1713-10-08 Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist (d. 1793)
  • 1726-10-16 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (d. 1801)
  • 1732-01-17 Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (1764-95)
  • 1746-02-04 Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish, Lithuanian and American National hero and general (d. 1817)
  • 1750-02-28 Ignacy Potocki, Polish foreign minister
  • 1754-11-26 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, born in Nassenhuben (Mokry Dwór), Royal Prussia, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1794)
  • 1756-08-29 Jan Śniadecki, Polish mathematician (d. 1830)
  • 1757-02-06 Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Polish scholar and statesman. (d. 1841)
  • 1763-05-07 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general/marshal of France (d. 1813)
  • 1768-10-26 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1768-11-30 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist and biologist (d. 1838)
  • 1775-06-13 Antoni Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian politician and musician (d. 1833)
  • 1777-03-09 Alexander Orlowski, Polish painter/cartoonist/graphic artist
  • 1777-11-02 Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski, Polish actor (d. 1822)
  • 1778-01-03 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • 1778-12-28 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (d. 1846)
  • 1782-01-29 Franciszek Ścigalski, Polish composer, born in Grodzisk, Wielkopolski

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1787-03-08 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1793-07-20 Aleksander Fredro, Polish comedy writer (Pan Jowiolski)
  • 1797-07-20 Sir Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist (d. 1873)
  • 1798-12-24 Adam B Mickiewicz, Poland, national poet (Pan Tadeusz)
  • 1800-05-06 Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat and general (d. 1881)
  • 1800-06-23 Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and social activist (d. 1846)
  • 1806-02-22 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)
  • 1809-08-23 Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (Trip to H Land)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1810-03-01 Frederic Chopin, Polish/French pianist and composer (Concert in F Minor), born in Żelazowa Wola, Duchy of Warsaw (d. 1849) (baptismal records 22nd Feb)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Composer
Frederic Chopin
  • 1819-05-05 Stanislaw Moniuszko, Polish composer
  • 1821-09-24 Cyprian K Norwid, Polish painter/poet/playwright (Wanda)
  • 1822-03-08 Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish inventor (d. 1882)
  • 1822-10-29 Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (d. 1902)
  • 1826-07-24 Ivan Bloch, Polish military theorist and peace activist (d. 1902)
  • 1829-09-06 Marie Zakrzewska, Polish physician (d. 1902)
  • 1834-07-01 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet (d. 1908)
  • 1835-07-10 Henryk Wieniawski, Lubin Poland, violinist/composer (Souv de Moscou)
  • 1840-10-12 Helena Modjeska, Poland, Shakespearian actress (Juliet)/anti-Russian
  • 1841-06-06 Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (d. 1910)
  • 1845-08-20 St. Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic Saint (d. 1916)
  • 1845-10-28 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (d. 1888)
  • 1846-01-29 Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (d. 1915)
  • 1846-05-05 Henryk Sienkiewicz, Poland, author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905)
  • 1847-08-20 Bolesław Prus, Polish writer (d. 1912)
  • 1848-07-27 Friedrich Ernst Dorn, Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland), German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium
  • 1850-01-14 Jean de Reszke, [Jan Mieczyslaw], Polish tenor
  • 1857-09-13 Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant rebel (d. 1937)
  • 1857-11-02 Joseph F F Babinski, Polish/French neurologist (Babinski reflex)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1857-12-03 Joseph Conrad, Polish novelist (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness), born in Berdychiv, Poland (d. 1924)

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Novelist
Joseph Conrad
  • 1859-12-15 Ludwik L Zamenhof, Russian Poland, physician/linguist (Esperanto)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1860-11-18 Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish composer and 1st premier of Poland (1919-20), born in Kuryłówka, Russian Empire (d. 1941)

Panist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Panist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
  • 1863-04-29 Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (d. 1922)
  • 1865-02-12 Kazimierz P Tetmajer, Polish writer/poet (Young Poland)
  • 1865-04-17 Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (d. 1939)
  • 1866-10-07 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • 1866-12-28 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian and diplomat (d. 1935)
  • 1867-10-25 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general (d. 1937)
  • 1867-11-04 Tomasz Arciszewski, Polish Prime Minister 1944-47

Famous Weddings

  • 1404-08-01 Earl Engelbert I of Nassau marries Johanna of Poland
  • 1576-05-01 Stefan Batory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become the co-rulers of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1725-09-05 French King Louis XV marries Polish princess Mary Lesczynski

HeartWedding of Interest

1847-07-28 Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (32) weds noblewoman Johanna von Puttkamer (23) in Kolczyglowy, Poland

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1969-09-08 Polish politician and trade-union organizer Lech Wałęsa (25) weds Danuta Golos (20)

Polish Politician and Labor Activist Lech Wałęsa
Polish Politician and Labor Activist
Lech Wałęsa
  • 2006-07-26 "The Da Vinci Code" actor Jean Reno (58) weds Polish model Zofia Borucka (35) at the city hall in Baux-de-Provence
  • 2013-08-31 "Blue Crush" actress Kate Bosworth (30) weds director Michael Polish (42) in Philipsburg, Montana

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 317

  • 0992-05-25 Mieszko I first lord and knight of Poland, duke of Polans (b. circa 935)
  • 0992-11-25 Mieszko I, Polish advisor to Pope John XV, dies
  • 1025-07-17 Boleslaw I Chobry, [the brave], duke/king of Poland, dies
  • 1034-05-10 Mieszko II, King of Poland (1025-34), dies
  • 1058-11-28 Kazimierz I Restaurator, duke of Poland (1034-58), dies
  • 1063-03-21 Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia, venerated in Roman Catholicism, wife of King Mieszko II of Poland
  • 1079-05-09 Stanislaus, Polish bishop of Kraków, murdered
  • 1138-10-28 Boleslaw III Kryzwousty, [scheefmond], duke of Poland, dies
  • 1138-10-29 Bolesław III Krzywousty, Duke of Poland (b. 1086)
  • 1159-05-30 Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland (b. 1105)
  • 1194-05-05 Casimir II, the Just, grand duke of Poland (1177-94), dies. Born 1138
  • 1202-03-13 Mieszko III, the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies
  • 1223-03-08 Wincenty Kadłubek, Polish chronicler (b. 1161)
  • 1238-03-19 Duke Henry I of Poland (b. 1163)
  • 1257-06-04 Duke Przemysl I of Poland
  • 1279-04-14 Boleslaw the Pious, Polish duke
  • 1279-04-14 Boleslaus of Greater Poland
  • 1279-12-07 King Boleslaus V of Poland (b. 1226)
  • 1296-02-08 King Przemysł II of Poland (b. 1257)
  • 1305-06-21 King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland (b. 1271)
  • 1333-03-02 Wladyslaw IV, the Short One/Great, duke/king of Poland, dies
  • 1342-09-26 John I, ruler of Poland, dies
  • 1370-11-05 Kazimierz III, the Great, King of Poland (1333-70), dies at 61
  • 1382-09-10 Louis I, the Great, King of Hungary/Poland, dies
  • 1401-05-18 Władysław Opolczyk (German: Ladislaus von Oppel, count palatine of Hungary 1367-1372, governor of Halych-Volhynia 1372 - 1378, count palatine of Poland
  • 1434-06-01 Władysław II Jagiełło, King of Lithuania and later also Poland, dies (b.1351)
  • 1444-11-10 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, king of Poland/Hungary, dies in battle at 20
  • 1484-03-04 Saint Casimir, Crown Prince of Poland dies at 25
  • 1492-06-07 Kazimierz IV, King of Poland (1447-92), dies at 64
  • 1501-06-17 Jan I Olbracht, King of Poland, dies
  • 1531-05-19 Jan Łaski, Polish statesman and diplomat (b. 1456)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1543-05-24 Nicolas Copernicus, astronomer, dies in Poland aged 70

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1545-08-27 Piotr Gamrat, Polish Catholic archbishop (b. 1487)
  • 1548-04-01 Sigismund I, the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81
  • 1550-10-23 Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (b. 1480)
  • 1557-11-19 Bona Sforza, Queen of Sigismund I of Poland (b. 1494)
  • 1558-11-12 Shalom Shakna ben Joseph, Rabbi (founder of 1st Polish Yeshiva), dies
  • 1560-01-28 John a Lasco, [John Laski], Polish nobleman/reformed theologist, dies
  • 1572-07-07 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), dies at 51
  • 1579-08-05 Stanislaus Hosius, Polish Catholic cardinal (b. 1504)
  • 1584-08-22 Jan Kochanowski, Polish writer (b. 1530)
  • 1586-12-12 Stefan Batory, King of Poland (b. 1533)
  • 1589-08-02 Henry III, king of Poland/France (1573-89), assassinated at 37
  • 1596-09-09 Anna Jagiellon, Polish Queen
  • 1598-02-10 Anna van Bull, 1st wife of Polish/Swedish king Sigismund II, dies
  • 1603-06-27 Jan Dymitr Solikowski, Polish archbishop and diplomat (b. 1539)
  • 1612-09-27 Piotr Skarga, Polish theology/PM (Sanctity of Life), dies at 76
  • 1620-10-07 Stanisław Żółkiewski, Polish military leader (b. 1547)
  • 1620-11-07 Hetman Stanisław Żólkiewski polish commander in the Battle of Ţuţora (1620) (b. 1547)
  • 1621-06-21 Kryštof Harant, Polish soldier, writer, and composer (b. 1564)
  • 1621-09-24 Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, Polish military commander (b. 1560)
  • 1627-03-06 Krzysztof Zbaraski, Polish statesman (b. 1580)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1632-04-30 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), dies at 65

  • 1634-12-29 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop (b. 1612)
  • 1636-10-19 Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician
  • 1636-12-09 Fabian Birkowski, Polish writer (b. 1566)
  • 1640-04-02 Matthias C Sarbiewski, [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet, dies at 45
  • 1648-05-20 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), dies of kidney stones at 52
  • 1651-11-20 Mikołaj Potocki, Polish soldier (b. 1595)
  • 1652-11-21 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (b. 1585)
  • 1657-05-16 Andrzej Bobola, Polish Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
  • 1657-08-06 Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Polish-Lithuanian noble
  • 1667-05-09 Marie Louise de Gonzague-Nevers, French Queen of Poland (1645-48)
  • 1672-12-13 Jan II Kazimierz, king of Poland (1648-68), dies at 63
  • 1672-12-16 John II Casimir Vasa, cardinal/king of Poland (1648-68), dies at 63
  • 1673-03-20 Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior (b. 1603)
  • 1673-11-10 Michael Korybut Wisniowiecki, king of Poland (16..-73), dies
  • 1673-11-14 Michael Wisniowieki, King of Poland, dies
  • 1675-05-18 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer (b. 1623)
  • 1696-06-17 John [Jan] III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), Victor at Battle Vienna over Turks (1683) dies at 66
  • 1696-07-09 Waclaw Potocki, Polish poet (Wojna Chocimska), dies
  • 1733-02-01 August II, the Strong, King of Poland (355 children), dies at 62
  • 1737-12-19 James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (b. 1667)
  • 1749-05-24 Graf Valentin Potocki, Polish nobleman
  • 1760-05-22 Israel ben Eliezer, Polish-born mystical rabbi (b. 1700)
  • 1763-10-05 August III, king of Poland, dies at 66
  • 1766-02-23 Stanislaw Leszcynski, duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies
  • 1773-08-03 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (b. 1700)
  • 1779-10-11 Casimir Pułaski, Polish born fighter for American independence (b. 1745) dies in Battle of Savannah
  • 1793-04-29 Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi (b. 1713)
  • 1801-02-07 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (b. 1726)
  • 1804-04-03 Jędrzej Kitowicz, Polish priest (b. 1727/1728)
  • 1809-08-30 Ignacy Potocki, Polish Foreign Minister (constitution), dies
  • 1812-02-24 Hugo Kollataj, Polish teacher/minister, dies at 61
  • 1813-10-19 Josef Poniatovski, Polish gen/marshal of France, dies in battle
  • 1814-10-01 Jakob I van Przysucha, Polish hassidic leader, dies
  • 1816-02-06 Maria Ludwika Rzewuska, Polish szlachcianka (b. 1744)
  • 1817-10-15 Tadeusz AB Kosciusko, Polish lt-general/freedom fighter, dies
  • 1822-09-11 Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski, Polish actor (b. 1777)
  • 1833-04-07 Antoni Henryk Radziwill, Lithuanian/Polish composer, dies at 57
  • 1844-12-02 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (b. 1768)
  • 1846-05-23 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (b. 1778)
  • 1846-08-27 Franciszek Ścigalski, Polish composer, dies at 64
  • 1846-11-06 Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and activist (b. 1800)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1849-10-17 Frederic Chopin, Polish/French pianist/composer, dies at 39

Composer Frederic Chopin
Composer
Frederic Chopin
  • 1855-11-26 Adam B Mickiewicz, Polish poet (Polish Legion), dies at 56
  • 1856-01-24 Rabbi Yechezkel of Kuzmir, Polish Hasidic leader (b. 1775)
  • 1859-02-23 Zygmunt Krasiński, Polish Romantic poet (b. 1812)
  • 1861-10-05 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (b. 1778)
  • 1873-10-06 Sir Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist (b. 1797)