Warsaw in History

Historical Events

  • 1573-01-28 Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
  • 1655-08-29 Warsaw falls without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge.
  • 1656-06-20 Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 1656-07-18 -20] Battle at Warsaw: Swedish King Karel X Gustaaf beats Johan II Kasimir and occupies Warsaw
  • 1676-10-27 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • 1702-05-14 Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Warsaw

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1716-11-03 Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Tsar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch August I's Polish kingdom

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1775-01-22 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw Poland
  • 1775-02-22 Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw, Poland
  • 1784-05-25 Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek
  • 1794-11-09 Russian troops occupy Warsaw
  • 1808-10-17 Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • 1816-11-19 Warsaw University is established.
  • 1861-02-27 Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw
  • 1863-06-17 Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs CSS Atlanta
  • 1905-02-13 -40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)
  • 1905-06-25 Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • 1914-10-15 Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
  • 1914-10-21 Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat
  • 1915-08-05 Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
  • 1920-08-12 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins
  • 1920-08-15 With the strategic help of the French, Polish troops defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)
  • 1920-08-25 Russia suffers a final decisive defeat in the Battle of Warsaw against Poland
  • 1939-09-08 Gen Von Reichenau's panzer division reaches suburbs of Warsaw
  • 1939-09-09 Nazi army reaches Warsaw
  • 1939-09-11 Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
  • 1939-09-25 German Luftwaffe strikes Warsaw with (fire)bombs
  • 1939-09-27 Warsaw surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance
  • 1939-10-01 After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city.
  • 1939-11-15 Nazis begin mass murder of Warsaw Jews
  • 1940-10-16 Warsaw Ghetto is formed by German Governor-General Hans Frank
  • 1940-10-31 Deadline for Warsaw Jews to move into the Warsaw Ghetto
  • 1940-11-26 Nazi Germany began walling off the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw
  • 1942-07-22 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp
  • 1942-12-04 Holocaust: In Warsaw, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Filipowicz set up the Żegota organization

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-01-14 Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1943-01-19 1st Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins
  • 1943-04-17 SS General Jürgen Stroop arrives in Warsaw
  • 1943-04-19 SS General Jürgen Stroop leads the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto
  • 1943-05-16 German troops destroy the synagogue of Warsaw
  • 1943-05-16 SS General Jürgen Stroop orders the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto, ending a month of Jewish resistance. A total of 13,000 Jews died, about half burnt alive or suffocated while German casualties were less than 300.
  • 1944-08-01 Uprising in Warsaw by the Polish resistance Home Army begins
  • 1944-10-02 Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people
  • 1945-01-17 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears the German resistance

BattleExecution

1948-05-25 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1954-07-14 118°F (48°C), Warsaw & Union, Missouri (state record)
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1956-11-01 Nagy government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact
  • 1968-03-08 Students demonstrate in Warsaw
  • 1968-08-20 During the night 200,00 Warsaw Pact Soviet led troops begin to invade Czechoslovakia in response to the Prague Spring
  • 1968-08-21 Warsaw Pact forces continue their invasion of Czechoslovakia to end the reform movement known as the Prague Spring
  • 1968-09-12 Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
  • 1968-09-13 Albania leaves Warsaw pact
  • 1977-12-30 Carter holds 1st news conference by US President in Eastern Europe (Warsaw)
  • 1980-12-15 ZBZ Sangha registered after 5 yrs of administrative hassles in Warsaw
  • 1983-04-17 In Warsaw, police route 1,000 Solidarity supporters
  • 1987-05-09 183 die aboard a Polish jetliner that crashes in Warsaw
  • 1990-01-12 Romania bans Communist party (1st Warsaw Pact member to do so)
  • 1990-09-24 East Germany leaves Warsaw Pact
  • 1991-03-31 Soviet Rep of Georgia endorsed independence; Warsaw Pact dissolves
  • 1991-04-01 Warsaw Pact officially dissolves
  • 1991-08-08 The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses.
  • 1999-03-12 Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.
  • 2005-11-25 Polish Minister of National Defence Radek Sikorski opens Warsaw Pact archives to historians. Maps of possible nuclear strikes against Western Europe, including nuclear annihilation of 43 Polish cities by Soviet-controlled forces revealed
  • 2015-06-21 Hackers ground 1400 passengers by attacking IT system at Warsaw Chopin airport in Poland

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1787-03-08 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1810-03-01 Frederic Chopin, Polish/French pianist and composer (Concert in F Minor), born in Żelazowa Wola, Duchy of Warsaw (d. 1849) (baptismal records 22nd Feb)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Composer
Frederic Chopin
  • 1841-11-04 Carl Tausig, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw (d. 1871)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1867-11-07 Marie Curie, Polish-French scientist who discovered radium (Nobel 1903, 1911), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1934)

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • 1872-03-18 Anna Held, Polish-born actress and singer, born in Warsaw (d. 1918) date of birth disputed
  • 1873-09-28 Waclaw Rawicz, [Berent], biologist/writer, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1875-04-04 Jozef Szulc, Polish composer, born in Warsaw (d. 1956)
  • 1879-07-05 Wanda Landowska, harpsichordist (Musique Ancienne), born in Warsaw, Poland

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1882-08-17 Samuel Goldwyn [Shmuel Gelbfisz], Jewish Polish American movie producer (MGM), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1974)

Hollywood Mogul Samuel Goldwyn
Hollywood Mogul
Samuel Goldwyn
  • 1888-02-20 Marie Rambert, English ballet producer/director/teacher, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1891-01-15 Osip E Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1895-09-26 Jürgen Stroop, SS General during World War II and commander of Nazi forces during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, born in Detmold, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1897-12-27 Iwan S Konew, Russ marshal/supreme commander pact of Warsaw
  • 1901-11-08 Szymon Laks, Polish composer (head of prisoners orchestra at Auschwitz), born in Warsaw (d. 1983)
  • 1902-01-14 Alfred Tarski, mathematician/logician, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1904-12-11 Joe Coral [Joseph Kagarlitski], British bookmaker (Gala Coral Group), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1996)
  • 1907-01-11 Abraham Joshua Heschel, Jewish American rabbi and theologian (d. 1972), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1907-01-13 Sabine Zlatin, Polish-born French nurse who tried save Izieu children from Nazis), born in Warsaw (d. 1996)
  • 1909-08-18 Miliza Korjus, actress (Great Waltz), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1909-08-19 Jerzy Andrzejewski, Polish writer (Ashes & Diamonds), born in Warsaw (d. 1983)
  • 1914-09-24 Andrzej Panufnik, composer (Tragic Overture), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1915-12-13 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Vilnius, Lithuania, Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
  • 1923-07-03 Baroness Ryder, of Warsaw & Cavendish, worked for sick & disabled
  • 1924-11-20 Benoit Mandelbrot, mathematician (proved Zipf's law), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1926-09-11 Lee Richardson, actor (Sweet Lorraine, Fly 2, Tiger Warsaw), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1928-03-28 Zbigniew Brzezinski, national security advisor (Carter), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2017)
  • 1929-01-11 Wanda Wilkomirska, Polish violinist, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1938-05-05 Jerzy Skolimowski, director (Hands Up, Deep End), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1946-03-03 James C Adamson, Lt Col USA/astronaut (STS 28, STS 43), born in Warsaw, New York
  • 1948-11-28 Agnieszka Holland, actress/director (Europa Europa), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1949-06-18 Lech Kaczyński, Polish president (2005-10), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1949-06-18 Jaroslaw Kaczynski, Polish lawyer and politician (head of Law and Justice party), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1965-02-27 Sandra Cecchini, Bologna Italy, tennis star (1995 Warsaw doubles)
  • 1968-03-03 Diann Roffe-Steinrotter, alpine skier (Oly-gold/silver-92), born in Warsaw, New York
  • 1976-08-29 Kasia Kulesza, Canadian synchronized swimmer (Oly-silver-96), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1988-08-21 Robert Lewandowski, Polish football player (Bayern Munich, Polish national team), born in Warsaw, Poland

Famous Deaths

  • 1905-01-11 Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter, Warsaw, Hasidic rabbi (b. 1847)
  • 1927-06-07 Voikov, Soviet ambassador to Warsaw, murdered
  • 1943-05-08 Mordecai Anielewicz, Jewish commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, killed
  • 1951-09-08 Jürgen Stroop, SS General during World War II and commander of Nazi forces during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, executed by hanging for crimes against humanity at 56
  • 1981-06-17 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, dies at 65
  • 1993-08-08 Roy London, US actor/director (Tiger Warsaw), dies of lymphoma at 50