Moscow in History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 194

  • 1380-09-08 Battle on Kulikovo: Moscow's great monarch Dimitri beats Mongols beginning the decline of the Tatars
  • 1408-12-05 Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow
  • 1448-12-05 Bishop Jona of Moscow chosen as metropolitan of Kiev/Intoxication
  • 1472-06-24 Zoe Paleologa departs Rome for Moscow
  • 1478-01-18 Grand Duke Ivan II of Moscow occupies Novgorod
  • 1547-01-16 Ivan IV the Terrible (17) crowns himself first tsar of Moscow
  • 1547-06-21 Great fire in Moscow, 2-3,000 killed
  • 1552-10-29 Tsar Ivan IV escapes back to Moscow after battle
  • 1589-01-26 Job is elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia
  • 1612-11-01 (22 October O.S.) Time of Troubles in Russia: Moscow, Kitai-gorod, is captured by Russian troops under command of Dmitry Pozharsky
  • 1613-02-21 Michael Romanov, son of Patriarch of Moscow, elected first Russian Tsar of the house of Romanov
  • 1619-06-24 Tsar Michail's father Filaret becomes patriarch of Moscow
  • 1642-03-27 The sixth Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Joseph takes office.
  • 1648-06-10 Moscow's people uprise against regent Boris Morozov
  • 1649-06-01 Russian Tsar Alexis throws English merchants out of Moscow
  • 1665-05-05 Nicolaas Witsen visits patriarch Nikon in Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1698-08-25 Tsar Peter the Great returns to Moscow after trip through Western Europe

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1699-02-04 350 rebellious Streltsi executed in Moscow
  • 1708-09-11 Great Northern war: Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the war
  • 1752-06-03 Moscow houses & churches destroyed by fire
  • 1752-06-06 3rd great fire in Moscow in 2 weeks; 1/3 of city destroyed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755-01-25 Moscow University is established by Elizabeth of Russia and founded by Mikhail Lomonosov on Tatiana Day

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1755-04-26 1st Russian university opens in Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1763-09-01 Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy's plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812-09-14 Napoleon occupies Moscow and the fires start, extinguished by the 19th

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1812-09-15 French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow
  • 1812-09-18 Great Fire of Moscow burns out after 5 days, 75% of the city destroyed and 12,000 killed
  • 1812-10-19 Napoleon's forces begin their retreat from Moscow
  • 1812-10-24 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.
  • 1812-11-17 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi during Napoleon's retreat from Moscow
  • 1854-01-25 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's play "Bednost ne Porok" premieres in Moscow
  • 1859-11-16 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Groza" premieres in Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876-11-17 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's patriotic Slavonic March made its premiere in Moscow to a warm reception by the Russian people.

  • 1877-03-04 Tchaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" premieres in Moscow
  • 1878-11-10 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bespridannitsa" premieres in Moscow
  • 1879-03-29 Tsjaikovski's opera "Jevgeni Onegin," premieres in Moscow
  • 1882-08-20 Tchaikovsky's "1812 Overture" opens in Moscow
  • 1883-05-27 Tsar Alexander III crowned in Moscow
  • 1888-03-20 The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta staged in Moscow, Russia.
  • 1891-04-23 Jews are expelled from Moscow Russia
  • 1892-10-08 Sergei Rachmaninoff first performs "Prelude in C-sharp-Minor" in Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896-05-18 Khodynka Tragedy: A mass panic on Khodynka Field, Moscow, during the festivities of the coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, results in the deaths of 1,389 people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901-01-31 Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902-10-25 Maxim Gorky's "The Lower Depths" premieres in Moscow

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1904-01-17 Anton Chekhov's play "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater
  • 1904-02-06 Japan notifies Russia that in view of Russia's delaying tactics and provocative military action, Japan is ending negotiations and recalling its members from Moscow
  • 1905-12-22 Arrest of St Petersburg Soviet members leads to an uprising of Moscow workers and fighting in the street

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908-09-30 Maurice Maeterlinck's "L'oiseau Blue" premieres in Moscow

Author and Nobel Laureate Maurice Maeterlinck
Author and Nobel Laureate
Maurice Maeterlinck
  • 1914-12-15 Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow
  • 1918-03-11 Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919-03-23 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

  • 1921-03-16 Britain signs a trade agreement with the USSR and sends a trade mission to Moscow: this goes against the US, who in the same month refused to sign a trade agreement
  • 1922-05-21 "On the Road to Moscow" is 1st cartoon to receive a Pulitzer Prize
  • 1922-09-17 Radio Moscow begins transmitting (12 KWs-most powerful station)
  • 1922-12-30 Creation of the USSR formally proclaimed in Moscow from the Bolshoi Theatre, Soviet Union organized as a federation of RSFSR, Ukrainian SSR, Belorussian SSR & Transcaucasian SSR
  • 1923-07-06 The Central Executive Committee accepts the Treaty of Union, signed in Moscow in December 1922, and the Russian Empire becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • 1924-01-27 Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow
  • 1924-10-12 Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow
  • 1925-12-21 "Battleship Potemkin", Soviet silent film directed by Sergei Eisenstein, starring Aleksandr Antonov, Vladimir Barksy and Grigori Aleksandrov, premieres in Moscow
  • 1927-01-09 Dmitri Shostakovitch' Octet opus 11 premieres in Moscow
  • 1927-12-04 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 2nd Symphony premieres in Moscow
  • 1928-09-28 Valentin Katayev's "Kvadratura Kruga" premieres in Moscow
  • 1929-02-13 Vladimir Mayakofsky's "Klop" premieres in Moscow
  • 1930-04-21 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Moskva Golid" premieres in Moscow
  • 1933-05-24 Dmitri Shostakovitch's Preludes premieres in Moscow
  • 1935-04-28 Moscow underground railway opens (81 km long)
  • 1935-05-15 The Moscow Metro is opened to public.
  • 1936-05-02 Sergei Prokofiev's musical "Peter and the Wolf" premieres in Moscow
  • 1936-08-19 Trial against Ljev Kamenev & Grigori Zinovjev because of "Trotskyism" opens in Moscow
  • 1937-07-12 -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif
  • 1941-09-30 German assault on Moscow, Operation Typhoon, begins
  • 1941-10-01 D Sjostakovitch plane evacuated in Moscow
  • 1941-10-02 Germans launch attack on Moscow
  • 1941-10-12 Soviet government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis forces close in on Moscow
  • 1941-10-16 Germany advances within 60 miles (96 K) of Moscow
  • 1941-10-25 Germany attacks Moscow
  • 1941-11-12 Germany's drive to take Moscow halted
  • 1941-11-23 German troops conquer Klin, at NW of Moscow
  • 1941-12-05 Soviet anti-offensive in Moscow drives out Nazi army

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1942-08-12 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow, meets Stalin

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1942-08-16 British Premier Winston Churchill travels back to Cairo from Moscow
  • 1942-08-26 Soviet counter offensive begins in Moscow
  • 1943-10-01 Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow
  • 1943-10-19 Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
  • 1943-11-03 Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 8th Symphony premieres in Moscow
  • 1944-10-19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • 1944-12-02 General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
  • 1945-01-13 Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
  • 1945-02-07 London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • 1945-06-24 The Moscow Victory Parade takes place
  • 1948-07-08 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • 1948-10-16 Demonstration by Moscow Jews honoring Israeli ambassador Golda Meir
  • 1949-07-29 Moscow ends the blockade of West Berlin
  • 1952-10-05 19th congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow
  • 1953-01-12 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953-03-09 Josef Stalin buried in Moscow

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1954-06-27 1st atomic power station opens - Obninsk, near Moscow in Russia
  • 1956-02-14 20th Congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
  • 1956-02-23 20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow
  • 1956-06-02 Yugoslav president Tito visits Moscow

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1440-01-22 Ivan III, the Great, Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia (1462-1505) who conquered Lithuania, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1505)

Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia Ivan the Great
Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia
Ivan the Great
  • 1479-03-26 Vasili III, great prince of Moscow (1505-33)/son of Ivan III

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1672-06-09 Peter the Great [Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov],Tsar of Russia (1682-1725), born in Moscow (d. 1725)

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1709-12-29 Elizabeth of Russia [Elizaveta Petrovna], Empress of Russia (1741-62) and daughter of Peter the Great, born in Kolomenskoye, Moscow, Russia (d. 1762)

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1727-11-01 Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov, founder of the Moscow University (d. 1797)
  • 1749-08-31 Alexander Radishchev, Russian writer (Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow), born in Moscow (1802)
  • 1782-12-26 Filaret Drozdov, Metropolitan of Moscow (d. 1867)
  • 1813-06-18 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian (Zametsjatelnoje desjatileti), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1887)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821-10-30 Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russian novelist (Crime and Punishment), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1881)

  • 1832-12-27 Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and patron of art, born in Moscow (d. 1897)
  • 1863-10-09 Alexander Siloti, Russian pianist and composer, born in Kharkiv, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • 1866-12-04 Vassily V Kandinsky, Russian-born German, French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • 1872-01-06 Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (Prometheus) and pianist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1915)
  • 1889-12-24 Vladimir Sokoloff, actor (Road to Morocco), born in Moscow, Russia

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1890-02-10 Boris Pasternak, Russian novelist and poet (Doctor Zhivago, Nobel 1958), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1960)

Novelist & Poet Boris Pasternak
Novelist & Poet
Boris Pasternak
  • 1893-08-19 Olga Baclanova, Russian actress (Freaks, Docks of NY), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1974)
  • 1896-05-07 Pavel Sergeevich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician (topology), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1896-09-25 Elsa Triolet [Ella Kagan], Russian-French writer and Resistance fighter, born in Moscow (d. 1970)
  • 1899-05-31 Leonid Leonov, Russian writer, born in Moscow (d. 1994)
  • 1899-06-04 Leo Spies, Russian-born German composer, born in Moscow (d. 1965)
  • 1899-12-06 Nikolai Batalov, actor (Mother), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1900-03-21 Eugenie Leontovitch, actor (Homicidal), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1904-02-16 George F Kennan, US ambassador (to Moscow), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1906-02-16 Vera Menchik, Russian 1st official women's world chess champion (1927), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • 1906-09-24 Victor Wong, actor (Mission to Moscow, Son of Kong, King Kong), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1908-09-30 David Oistrakh, Odessa Russia, violinist/prof (Moscow Conservatory)
  • 1913-11-30 John K M McCaffery, Moscow Idaho, TV host (One Minute Please)
  • 1914-03-06 Kirill P Kondrashin, conductor (Hollywood Bowl 1981), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1919-01-27 Nina Milkina, Russian British pianist, born in Moscow (d. 2006)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1921-05-21 Andrei Sakharov, Russian nuclear physicist and an activist for disarmament, peace and human rights (1975 Nobel), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1989)

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov
  • 1923-02-15 Yelena Bonner, soviet disident/wife of Andre Sakharov, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1924-12-06 Sergey Yablonsky, Soviet and Russian mathematician and one of the founders of the Soviet school of mathematical cybernetics and discrete mathematics (d. 1998), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1925-11-20 Maya Plisetskaya, Rusiian prima ballerina (Bolshoi Ballet), born in Moscow
  • 1927-03-16 Vladimir M Komarov, cosmonaut (Voshkod I Soyuz 1), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1927-06-12 Timir Pinegin, sailor (Olympic gold 1960), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2013)
  • 1927-08-08 Yuri Kasakow, Russian writer, born in Moscow (d. 1982)
  • 1928-06-21 Valentin Gavriyilovich Yershov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1928-06-25 Alexei Abrikosov, Russian-born American physicist (Nobel Prize 2003), born in Moscow (d. 2017)
  • 1928-09-06 Evgeny Svetlanov, Russian conductor (Siberian Fantasy), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2002)
  • 1930-04-25 Paul Mazursky, American writer/director (Moscow on the Hudson), born in Brooklyn, New York, (d. 2014)
  • 1931-05-04 Gennadi Rozhdestvensky, Russian conductor (USSR State Radio), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1932-12-16 Rodion Konstantinovich Schedrin, composer (Humpback Horse), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1933-09-18 Valentina Ponomaryova, Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok 6 backup), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1934-03-04 Gleb Yakunin, Russian priest and dissident, born in Moscow
  • 1935-11-23 Vladislav Nikolayevich Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 11), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1936-09-21 Yuriy Luzhkov, Russian politician, mayor of Moscow
  • 1941-07-19 Natalya Bessmertnova, dancer (Bolshoi, Lenin Prize 1970), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1941-11-15 Daniel Manus Pinkwater, American sci-fi author (Magic Moscow)
  • 1943-04-27 Eugene Polyakov, Russian balletmaster (Paris Opera Ballet), born in Moscow (d. 1996)
  • 1945-03-26 Mikhail Voronin, Russian and Soviet gymnast (1968 Olympics: 7 medals including 2 gold, 1972 Olympics: 2 silver medals), born in Moscow (d. 2004)
  • 1950-10-01 Boris Morukov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow, USSR (d. 2015)
  • 1953-10-30 Alexander Fedorovich Poleshchuk, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-16), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1957-03-30 Elena V Kondakova, cosmonaut (STS 84), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1957-06-29 Maria Conchita Alonso, Cuba, actress (Moscow on the Hudson)
  • 1958-04-20 Viacheslav Fetisov, NHL defenseman (Team Russia, Detroit), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1961-07-26 Yolanda Chen, triple jumper (indoor record), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1964-01-14 Sergei Nemchinov, NHL center (NY Islanders, Oly-Silver-98), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1964-07-08 Alexei Gusarov, NHL defenseman (Colorado Avalanche), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1964-08-09 Yuri Khmylev, NHL left wing (Buffalo Sabres), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1965-10-16 German Titov, NHL center (Calgary Flames, Oly-Silver-1998), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1965-10-20 M Shtalenkov, NHL goalie (Anaheim Mighty Ducks), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1965-10-20 Mikhail Shtalenkov, NHL goalie (Team Russia, Anaheim), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1965-12-25 Dmitri Mironov, NHL defenseman (Pitts Penguins, Anaheim), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1966-04-15 Andrei Olhovskiy, tennis pro, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1970-04-07 Alexander Karpovtsev, NHL defenseman (NY Rangers), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1970-07-22 Sergei Zubov, NHL defenseman (Team Russia, Pittsburgh), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1970-09-06 Igor Korolev, NHLer (Team Russia, Winnipeg), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1970-10-01 Alexei Zhamnov, NHL center (Winnipeg Jets, Oly-S-98), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1971-03-23 Alexander Selivanov, NHL right wing (Tampa Bay Lightning), born in Moscow, Russia

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1971-03-31 Pavel Bure, NHL left wing (Vancouver Canucks, Florida Panthers), born in Minsk, Soviet Union

Ice Hockey Great Pavel Bure
Ice Hockey Great
Pavel Bure
  • 1971-04-18 Oleg Petrov, NHL right wing (Montreal Canadiens), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1971-06-08 Elena Brioukhovets, Odessa Ukraine, tennis star (finalist 1990 Moscow)
  • 1972-03-21 Boris Mironov, NHL defenseman (Team Russia Oly-S-98, Edmonton), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1972-10-20 Oleg Fediukov, dance skater (& Debbie Koegel), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1973-02-01 Elena Makarova, tennis star (1993 Futures-Val), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1973-02-24 Alexei Kovalev, NHL right wing (NY Rangers), born in Moscow, Russia

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1973-08-21 Sergey Brin, Russian-born American computer scientist and businessman (co-founded Google with Larry Page), born in Moscow, Soviet Union

Co-Founder of Google Sergey Brin
Co-Founder of Google
Sergey Brin
  • 1974-01-13 Sergei Brylin, NHL center (NJ Devils), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1974-06-13 Valeri Bure, NHL right wing (Montreal Canadiens, Oly-S-98), born in Moscow, Russia

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1981-06-07 Anna Kournikova, Russian tennis player, born in Moscow

Tennis Player Anna Kournikova
Tennis Player
Anna Kournikova

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1877-07-06 Composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (37) weds Antonina Miliukova (29) at the Church of Saint George in Moscow, Russia

HeartWedding of Interest

1963-11-03 Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova (26) weds cosmonaut Andriyan Nikolayev (34) at the Moscow Wedding Palace

1st Woman in Space Valentina Tereshkova
1st Woman in Space
Valentina Tereshkova

HeartWedding of Interest

2009-10-10 Ice hockey right winger Pavel Bure (38) weds model Alina Khasanova (23) in Moscow, Russia

Ice Hockey Great Pavel Bure
Ice Hockey Great
Pavel Bure

Famous Deaths

  • 1303-03-04 Daniel of Moscow, Russian Saint, Grand Prince of Muscovy (b. 1261)
  • 1340-03-31 Ivan I of Moscow, Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir (b. 1288)
  • 1359-11-13 Ivan II, great ruler of Moscow & Vladimir, dies
  • 1406-09-16 Cyprian, Metropolitan of Moscow (b. 1336)
  • 1462-03-27 Vasili II of Russia, Grand Prince of Moscow (b. 1415)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1505-10-27 Ivan the Great, Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia (1462-1505) who conquered Lithuania, dies at 65

Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia Ivan the Great
Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia
Ivan the Great
  • 1533-12-03 Vasili III, great prince of Moscow (1505-33), dies at 54
  • 1569-12-23 St Philip II, Metropolitan of Moscow, martyred by Ivan the Terrible
  • 1633-10-01 Filaret, [Fjodor N Romanov], patriarch of Moscow, dies
  • 1671-06-16 Stenka Razin, Cossack rebel leader, tortured & executed in Moscow
  • 1812-11-11 Platon Levshin, Metropoitan of Moscow (b. 1737)
  • 1905-02-17 Serge Alexandrovich, gov-gen Moscow, murdered
  • 1918-07-06 Count von Mirbach, German ambassador to Moscow, dies
  • 1955-05-03 Philips C Visser, explorer/ambassador to Moscow, dies
  • 2015-02-27 Boris Nemtsov, Russian politician, dies at 55, shot four times in Moscow