Saint Petersburg in History

Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1703-05-27 Saint Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Russian Tsar Peter the Great

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1724-01-28 The Russian Academy of Sciences was founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, and implemented in the Senate decree. It was called St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917.
  • 1762-05-05 Russia & Prussia sign Treaty of Saint Petersburg ending the Seven Years War
  • 1768-08-19 Saint Isaac's Cathedral is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
  • 1836-04-19 Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1836-12-30 Lehman Theater in St Petersburg catches fire; 100s die
  • 1845-08-06 The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg.
  • 1852-04-30 Anton Rubinsteins opera "Dmitri Donskoi" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1862-11-11 Opera "La Forza Del Destino" is produced (St Petersburg Russia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867-01-12 Leo Tolstoy's "Smert Ioonna Groznogo" premieres in St Petersburg

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
  • 1874-01-24 Mussorgsky's opera "Boris Godunov" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1875-08-22 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
  • 1875-12-08 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1878-01-24 Revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, Governor of Saint Petersburg.
  • 1887-10-31 Nikolai Rimski-Korsakov's "Capriccio Espagnol" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1890-10-23 Opera "Prince Igor" is produced (St Petersburg)
  • 1892-12-17 Tchaikovski's ballet "Casse-noisette" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1893-01-10 Richard Drigo's ballet "Magic Flute" premieres, St Petersburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895-01-15 Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres, St Petersburg (1/27 NS)

  • 1895-02-08 Tchaikovsky/Petipa's "Swan Lake" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1895-05-07 In Saint Petersburg, Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver. In the former Soviet Union the anniversary of this day is celebrated as Radio Day.
  • 1896-10-17 Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1901-11-27 Prince Ito of Japan comes to St Petersburg hoping to get the Russians to grant Japan concessions in Korea, but later drops this goal and decides to make an alliance with Britain
  • 1902-04-02 Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg.
  • 1905-01-22 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'
  • 1905-10-26 First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1905-10-31 Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St Petersburg
  • 1905-12-15 The Pushkin House is established in St. Petersburg to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin
  • 1905-12-22 Arrest of St Petersburg Soviet members leads to an uprising of Moscow workers and fighting in the street
  • 1907-02-22 Leonid N Andreyev's "Zhizn Cheloveka" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1907-03-05 The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops.
  • 1907-12-22 Saint-Saëns'/Fokine's ballet "Le Cygne" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1908-11-06 Leonid Andreyev's "Dui Nashey Zhizni" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1913-05-07 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War
  • 1914-09-01 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
  • 1917-03-08 Russian 'February Revolution' begins; riots in St Petersburg over food rations and conduct of the war.
  • 1917-03-12 Stalin, Kamenev & Muranov arrives in Petrograd/St Petersburg
  • 1924-01-24 Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad; it was changed back in 1991
  • 1991-09-06 The name Saint Petersburg is restored to Russia's second largest city, which had been renamed Leningrad in 1924.
  • 1991-11-06 Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovitsj returns to St Petersburg
  • 1994-07-23 Goodwill Games open in St Petersburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995-03-05 Graves of Tsar Nicholas II and family found in St Petersburg

  • 2008-11-25 A car bomb in St. Petersburg, Russia, kills three people and injures one

Famous Birthdays

  • 1715-10-23 Peter II Aleksejevitsj, Saint Petersburg, tsar of Russia (1727-30)
  • 1745-07-28 Piotr A von der Pahlen, milt governor (St Petersburg)
  • 1749-08-31 Alexander Radishchev, Russian writer (Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow), born in Moscow (1802)
  • 1811-11-13 Yuri Karlovich Arnold, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Petrograd (d. 1898)
  • 1845-02-26 Alexander III, St Petersburg, Russian tsar (1881-94) (3/10 NS)
  • 1846-09-25 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], St. Petersburg, Russia, German Meteorologist and Climatologist who mapped and classified the climatic regions of the world (Köppen climate classification system)
  • 1850-01-17 Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, St Petersburg Russia, composer
  • 1855-05-10 Anatoli Liadov, St Petersburg, Russia, composer (Enchanted Lake) [NS]
  • 1865-08-10 Alexander K Glazunov, St Petersburg Russia, composer (Chopiniana)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1868-05-18 Nicholas II Alexandrovich, Last tsar of Russia (1894-1917), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

  • 1873-05-03 Nikolay N Tcherepnin, St Petersburg, composer of ballets, songs [OS]
  • 1873-05-15 Nikolay N Tcherepnin, St Petersburg, composer of ballets, songs [NS]
  • 1881-01-31 Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina/choreographer, born in St Petersburg, (d. 1931)
  • 1882-04-23 Albert Coates, St Petersburg Russia, conductor/composer (Eagle)
  • 1889-01-01 Alexander Smallens, St Petersburg, Russia, conductor
  • 1895-04-14 Mary Marquet, St Petersburg Russia, actress (Matter of Resistance)
  • 1895-08-10 Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian author and satirist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1958)
  • 1896-12-22 Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, St Petersburg Russia, poet
  • 1899-01-02 Alexander Tcherepnin, St Petersburg Russia, composer
  • 1899-04-23 Vladimir Nabokov, St Petersburg, Russia, novelist (Lolita, Ada)
  • 1900-06-22 Jennie Tourel, St Petersburg Russia, mezzo-soprano (Met Opera 1943-47)
  • 1900-11-07 Efrem Kurtz, St Petersburg Russia, conductor (Houston Symph 1948-54)
  • 1900-12-21 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1951)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901-06-05 Anastasia Nikolaevna, Daughter of the last Russian Tsar, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

Grand Duchess of Russia Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess of Russia
Anastasia Nikolaevna
  • 1901-12-22 Andre Kostelanetz, St Petersburg Russia, conductor (Lincoln Portrari)
  • 1903-04-18 Leonid Kinskey, St Petersburg Russia, actor (Casablanca)
  • 1903-07-27 Nikolai Cherkasov, St Petersburg Russia, actor (Ivan the Terrible)
  • 1904-12-30 Dmitry B Kabalevsky, St Petersburg Russia, composer (In the Fire) [OS 17 Dec]
  • 1905-02-02 Ayn Rand, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, writer and philosopher (Atlas Shrugged, The Fountainhead)
  • 1905-11-17 Mischa Auer, [Ounskowsky], St Petersburg Russia, actor (My Man Godfrey)
  • 1906-03-17 Tamara Geva, Russian-born dancer and actress, born in St. Petersburg (d. 1997)
  • 1906-09-25 Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich, St Petersburg Russia, composer [NS]
  • 1908-10-23 Ilya Mikhaylovich Frank, Saint Petersburg, Russian Physicist and Nobel Laureate (Cherenkov radiation)
  • 1910-01-08 Galina Ulanova, St Petersburg Russia, ballerina (Bolshoi)
  • 1912-01-19 Leonid V Kantorovich, St Petersburg Russia, economist (Nobel)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

1867-02-15 Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky (45) weds Anna Snitkina at Trinity Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia

HeartWedding of Interest

1894-11-26 Russian emperor Nicholas II (26) weds Alexandra Feodorovna (22) at the Grand Church of the Winter Palace in St Petersburg, Russia

  • 2015-08-09 Model Kate Grigorieva (27) weds her boyfriend Alexander in Saint Petersburg

Famous Deaths

  • 1826-02-25 Piotr A von der Pahlen, military governor of St Petersburg, dies at 60