Saudi Arabian History

Saudi Arabia: Jeddah - Mecca - Medina - Riyadh

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926-01-08 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud becomes King of Nejd and Hejaz; forerunner of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1927-05-20 Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain (Treaty of Jeddah)
  • 1932-09-23 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud merges the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • 1939-09-11 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany
  • 1948-05-15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • 1948-05-18 Saudi Arabia joins invasion of Israel
  • 1950-06-17 Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia & Syria sign security pact
  • 1955-10-26 British troops occupy Saudi Arabian oil field at Boeraimi
  • 1955-10-28 Egypt and Saudi Arabia sign defense treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958-03-22 Under pressure King Saud appoints Faisal Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia

  • 1960-12-23 King Saud of Saudi Arabia takes power
  • 1962-11-06 Saudi Arabia proclaims abolition of slavery
  • 1964-11-02 Faisal succeeds Saud as king of Saudi Arabia
  • 1965-09-24 Saudi Arabian & Egyptian accord over Yemen
  • 1970-05-03 Trans-Arabian Pipeline delivery from Saudi Arabia to the Mediterranean interrupted in Syria, driving oil tanker rates to all time highs
  • 1972-10-27 OPEC approves plan providing for 25 percent government ownership of all Western oil interests operating within Kuwait, Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia
  • 1973-10-16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent
  • 1973-10-19 Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other Arab states proclaim an embargo on oil exports to the United States
  • 1973-12-25 Arab oil ministers cancel January 5 percent production cut; Saudi Arabian oil minister promises 10 percent OPEC production rise
  • 1974-02-12 Heads of state of Algeria, Egypt, Syria, and Saudi Arabia discuss oil strategy in view of the progress in Arab-Israeli disengagement
  • 1974-06-04 Saudi Arabia announces that it will increase its participation in Aramco to 60 percent
  • 1974-06-08 US & Saudi Arabia sign military-economic contract
  • 1974-09-06 Saudi Arabia increases its oil buy-back price from 93 percent to 94.9 percent of posted price
  • 1975-12-12 Gas stove explodes & starts fire killing 138 (Mecca Saudi Arabia)
  • 1979-12-13 Saudi Arabia raises marker crude price to $24 per barrel
  • 1980-01-09 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1980-08-19 Saudi Arabian Lockhead Tristar crashes on landing at Riyadh, 301 die
  • 1982-06-13 Fahd becomes King of Saudi Arabia after King Khalid dies at 69
  • 1983-11-25 Syria & Saudi Arabia announce cease-fire in PLO civil war in Tripoli
  • 1984-03-27 Beginning of "tanker war": over the next 9 months, 44 ships, including Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti tankers, are attacked by Iraqi or Iranian warplanes or damaged by mines
  • 1986-12-26 Captured Iraqi Airways Boeing-737 in Saudi Arabia, about 60 killed
  • 1990-08-02 Iraq invades & occupies Kuwait, Emir flees to Saudi Arabia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-08-02 US President George H. W. Bush orders troops to Saudi Arabia

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1990-08-07 Operation Desert Shield begins - US deploys troops to Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-08-09 12 Arab leaders agree to send pan-Arab forces to protect Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-08-11 Egypt & Morocco troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent Iraqi invasion
  • 1990-09-17 Soviet Union & Saudi Arabia restore diplomatic ties
  • 1990-09-22 Saudi Arabia expels many Jordanian & Yemeni envoys
  • 1990-11-04 US Secretary of State James Baker visits American troops in Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-11-22 George H. W. Bush visits US troops in Saudi Arabia
  • 1991-01-30 Iraqi troops gain control of Al Khafji inside the Saudi Arabian border
  • 1991-02-25 US, barracks in Dhahran Saudi Arabia, hit by scud missile, kills 28
  • 1991-03-13 Saudi Arabia and Iran say OPEC oil production cuts will take effect April 1
  • 1991-07-11 Nigeria Airways DC-8 crashes at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 passengers and crew on board
  • 1995-08-02 Saudi Arabia's King Fahd issues a decree replacing all members of the Council of Ministers who do not have blood ties so the royal Family
  • 1996-06-25 The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia kills 19 U.S. servicemen
  • 2001-05-18 Saudi Arabia selects the eight foreign companies to take part in its "Gas Initiative," three core venture gas projects that have an anticipated worth of $25 billion
  • 2001-06-11 Saudi Arabia seizes ownership, effective June 7, of the 1.6-million-barrels-per-day IPSA pipeline that had carried Iraqi crude oil to the Saudi Red Sea port of Mu'jiz prior to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait
  • 2001-06-21 A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Virginia, indicts 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen
  • 2003-11-09 A suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people.
  • 2004-02-01 251 people are trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
  • 2004-05-29 The Al-Khobar massacres in Saudi Arabia kill 22.
  • 2005-08-03 President Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya of Mauritania is overthrown in a military coup while attending the funeral of King Fahd in Saudi Arabia.
  • 2006-01-12 A stampede during the Stoning the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims.
  • 2009-11-25 Flooding in Jeddah, Saudia Arabia; powerful storm brings 3 years worth of rain in 4 hours, killing over 150 people and sweeping thousands of cars away during Hajj
  • 2011-01-14 Tunisian president Ben Ali, flees to Saudi Arabia after popular protests known as the Jasmine Revolution
  • 2012-06-19 A man is beheaded for witchcraft and sorcery in Saudi Arabia
  • 2012-06-24 Female athletes will be allowed to compete for Saudi Arabia at the Olympics for the first time
  • 2012-09-17 13 people are killed in a bus accident in Jubail, Saudi Arabia
  • 2012-09-28 Nigeria suspends flights to Saudi Arabia after hundreds of Nigerian women travelled without a male escort
  • 2012-11-01 22 people are killed and 111 injured after a fuel tanker explodes in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 2013-05-01 16 people are killed in a flash flood in Saudi Arabia
  • 2013-10-18 Saudi Arabia becomes the first country to turn down a seat on the UN Security Council in protest over Syria
  • 2014-02-08 15 people are killed & 130 injured in a hotel fire in Medina, Saudi Arabia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015-01-23 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud is crowned King of Saudi Arabia, on the death of this half-brother King Abdullah

King of Saudi Arabia Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
King of Saudi Arabia
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
  • 2015-09-11 A large crane collapses killing more than 100 people in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 2015-12-12 First women ever elected in Saudi Arabia in municipal council elections
  • 2016-01-02 Saudi Arabia executes 47 alleged terrorists, including Shia cleric Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1875-01-15 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1902-01-12 Ibn Abdul-Aziz Saud, Kuwait, king (Saudi Arabia)
  • 1902-01-15 Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1953-64), born in Kuwait City (d. 1969)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906-04-14 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa (d. 1975)

  • 1921-03-16 Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1982-2005), born in Riyadh, Sultanate of Nejd (d. 2005)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1935-12-31 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (2015-), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

King of Saudi Arabia Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
King of Saudi Arabia
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1957-03-10 Osama bin Laden, Islamic militant and founder of al-Qaeda, born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (d. 2011)

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 1957-05-05 Lisa Eilbacher, Saudi-American actress (Beverly Hills Cop), born in Dharan, Saudi Arabia
  • 1972-08-02 Mohamed Al-Deayea, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • 1973-09-08 Khamis Al-Owairan, Saudi Arabian footballer

Famous Deaths


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1953-11-09 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), dies of a heart attack at 78

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1975-03-25 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), shot by nephew at 68

  • 1999-05-12 Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz, Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia 1993-1999 (b. 1910)
  • 2005-08-01 Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1982-2005), dies at 84
  • 2015-01-23 King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia (2005-2015), dies at 90
  • 2016-01-02 Nimr al-Nimr, Saudi Shiite religious leader and non-violent critic of the Saudi Arabian government, executed by the Saudi authorities aged 56 or 57