The History of Mecca

Saudi Arabia: Jeddah - Medina - Riyadh

Historical Events

  • 0622-07-16 Muslim Era begins - Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra)
  • 0624-03-13 Battle of Badr: Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army
  • 0630-01-01 The Prophet Muhammad sets out toward Mecca with the army that captures it bloodlessly.
  • 1325-06-13 Ibn Battuta begins his travels, leaving his home in Tangiers to travel to Mecca (gone 24 years)
  • 1872-09-26 The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924-10-13 Mecca falls without struggle to Saudi forces led by Abdulaziz Ibn Saud

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1975-12-12 Gas stove explodes & starts fire killing 138 (Mecca Saudi Arabia)
  • 1979-11-20 Sji'ieten occupies great mosque of Mecca, 100s killed
  • 1980-01-09 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1989-07-09 Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others.
  • 1990-07-02 Panic in tunnel of Mecca: 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death
  • 2001-03-05 In Mecca, 35 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
  • 2015-09-11 A large crane collapses killing more than 100 people in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 2015-09-24 Stampede of people during the Hajj kills 717 people during symbolic stoning of the devil at Mina, near Mecca, South Arabia

Famous Deaths

  • 0624-03-13 Abu Sufjan becomes Quraish chief and leader of Mecca after loss at Battle of Badr against Muslim forces
  • 1931-07-04 Hussein ibn-Ali, sjarif Mecca/king/kalief of Hedzjaz (1917-24), dies