Free State in History

Free State: Bloemfontein

Historical Events

  • 1854-02-17 Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
  • 1854-02-23 Great Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
  • 1899-10-02 Orange Free state mobilizes
  • 1900-03-12 President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
  • 1900-03-13 British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State
  • 1900-10-06 Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony)
  • 1907-07-01 The Orange River Colony, known as the Orange Free State, is granted self-government by the British
  • 1913-09-23 Women protests take place in the Free State, South Africa, led by Charlotte Maxeke, resisting government attempts to impose passes on women; passes are burnt in front of the municipal offices
  • 1914-01-27 A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women
  • 1914-07-01 Gen. J.B.M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party

Famous Birthdays

  • 1844-10-05 Francis William Reitz, State President of the Orange Free State (d. 1934)
  • 1857-10-02 Marthinus T Steyn, President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902)
  • 1894-12-05 Charles Robberts, Winburg district of the Orange Free State, The first State President of South Africa
  • 1914-06-29 Dr Nnoseng Ellen Kate Khuzwayo, Thaba-Nchu Orange Free State, South African member of parliament (ANC) and noted writer ("Call me Woman")
  • 1915-09-18 Hetta [Hester Henrietta] Empson, artist, born in Orange Free State, South Africa (d. 1996)
  • 1916-01-12 A P[ieter] W Botha, Orange Free State, president of South Africa
  • 1935-05-29 AndrĂ© Brink, South African writer (Dry White Season), born in Vrede, Free State

Famous Deaths

  • 1916-11-28 Marthinus T Steyn, President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902), dies at 59
  • 1934-03-27 Francis William Reitz, 5th State President of the Orange Free State (b. 1844)