Gauteng in History

Gauteng: Johannesburg - Soweto

Historical Events

  • 1852-01-17 British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
  • 1870-07-30 The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics
  • 1877-04-12 British annex Transvaal, in South Africa
  • 1880-12-16 Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
  • 1880-12-20 Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten
  • 1881-02-07 Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
  • 1881-04-05 Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
  • 1881-08-03 Boers signs Convention of Pretoria: Transvaal semi-autonomous
  • 1883-04-16 Paul Kruger chosen as President of Transvaal
  • 1890-06-23 In an effort to solve the "Uitlander" grievances regarding voting rights, President of Transvaal Paul Kruger institutes a Second Volksraad, responsible for controlling local matters
  • 1892-08-20 The Transvaal National Union, a political organisation, is set up with J. Tudhope as president
  • 1893-04-22 Paul Kruger elected President of Transvaal for 3rd time
  • 1897-07-16 The South African Committee, investigating the Jameson Raid releases its report finding that it was conducted almost implicitly through the support and encouragement of Cecil John Rhodes and the mining houses in the Transvaal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899-04-24 Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • 1899-09-28 Transvaal mobilizes its army - leadup to Second Boer War
  • 1900-09-11 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger crosses border into Mozambique
  • 1900-10-19 South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger departs for Europe
  • 1900-10-25 Great Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony
  • 1900-12-01 Exiled South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Flanders and on the same day is declined a visit from the German Kaiser
  • 1900-12-02 Exiled South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger arrives in Germany, though the Kaiser refuses the meet him
  • 1900-12-09 President Paul Kruger of South Africa's Transvaal & Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands have a triumphant procession
  • 1901-01-31 Boer general John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal
  • 1902-03-07 Boers beat British troop in Tweebosch Transvaal
  • 1902-05-31 Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal
  • 1902-10-10 South Africa's President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Utrecht
  • 1906-12-06 The British grant Transvaal self-government
  • 1907-01-12 Britain grants responsible government to former colony of Transvaal
  • 1907-02-26 Louis Botha Het Volk Party wins a majority in the election in Transvaal, South Africa
  • 1907-03-02 General Louis Botha named premier of Transvaal
  • 1907-03-22 The new Boer government in the Transvaal passes an Asiatic Registration Bill, that restricts immigration from India
  • 1907-06-14 Government of Transvaal sends home 50,000 Chinese day workers
  • 1909-09-20 The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913-01-02 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1913-10-21 Transvaal women satyagrahis begin defiance activities, hawking without licenses in Vereeniging; they cross the Natal border and encourage the miners in Newcastle to strike
  • 1914-01-20 The first group of Transvaal Indian women satyagrahis are released from Pietermaritzburg Prison in South Africa after three months imprisonment
  • 1919-05-12 The Transvaal British Indian Association calls a mass meeting to organise opposition to the proposed Asiatics (Land and Trading) Amendment Act; in the Act, Transvaal Indians are prohibited from owning shares in limited companies
  • 1922-01-01 Coal miners in the Transvaal, South Africa, embark on a strike in response to a wage cut, which quickly escalated into a large-scale revolt against the government, known as the Rand Rebellion.
  • 1983-07-13 The Transvaal Attorney General announces that Eugène Terre'Blanche, leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) and three associates will face terrorism charges, South Africa
  • 1984-11-09 1st-class cricket debut for Brian McMillan, Transvaal B v N Tvl B
  • 1986-09-16 Fire in Kinross gold mine, Transvaal South Africa, 177 killed
  • 1988-01-22 1st-class cricket debut of Hansie Cronje, OFS v Transvaal
  • 1993-10-25 Daryll Cullinan hits 337* for Transvaal, SAf 1st-class cricket record
  • 1995-11-04 1st-class Cricket debut of Paul Adams, W Province v N Transvaal
  • 2004-02-14 In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others.

Famous Birthdays

  • 1792-12-19 [Andries] Hendrik Potgieter, Cape Colony, settled Transvaal
  • 1891-02-12 Cecil Dixon, South African cricket off-spinner (1 Test for South Africa, 3-118, pair), born in Potchefstroom, Transvaal (d. 1969)
  • 1901-06-22 Willem Jacobus du Plooy Erlank (Eitemal), Wolmaransstad, Transvaal, poet and professor in Afrikaans and Dutch literature at the University of Stellenbosch
  • 1903-11-09 Edward van der Merwe, South African cricket wicket keeper (2 Tests in 30's), born in Rustenburg, Transvaal (d. 1971)
  • 1903-12-10 William Plomer, Transvaal, author (Paper Houses, I Speak of Africa)
  • 1904-12-12 Jim Christy, righty cricket batter (Transvaal, Queensland & South Africa)
  • 1923-11-20 Nadine Gordimer, South African author (July's people, Nobel 1991), born in Springs, Transvaal, (d. 2014)
  • 1938-07-04 Cyril Mitchley, cricket wicket-keeper (Transvaal, later Test umpire)
  • 1949-07-23 Clive Rice, South African cricket all-rounder (WSC 1978-79, ODI 1991), born in Johannesburg, Transvaal Province (d. 2015)
  • 1963-02-09 Mike Rindel, cricketer (N Transvaal opening bat ODI ton v Pak 1995)
  • 1967-01-02 Francois Pienaar, Vereeniging Transvaal (now known as Gauteng Province), South African rugby player and captain of the Springboks

Famous Deaths

  • 1852-12-16 Andries H Potgieter, South African/Transvaal explorer, dies at 59
  • 1904-07-14 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger, the face of Boer resistance against the British during the South African or Second Boer War (1899–1902), heart failure at 78
  • 1911-02-05 Petrus A Cronjé, Transvaal Boer general, dies