KwaZulu-Natal in History

KwaZulu-Natal: Durban

Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497-12-16 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama is 1st European to sail along Africa's East Coast, names it Natal

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama
  • 1838-02-16 Weenen Massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulu warriors
  • 1843-05-04 Great Britain annexes Natal
  • 1843-08-08 Natal (in South Africa) is made a British colony
  • 1856-07-15 Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
  • 1881-01-28 Battle at Laing's Neck Natal: Boers beat superior powered British
  • 1881-02-26 -27] Natal: British troops under Major General Colley occupy Majuba Hill
  • 1894-06-28 The Natal Legislature plans to introduce the Indian Franchise Bill, South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894-08-22 Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1897-12-30 Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony
  • 1899-09-08 British government sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal, South Africa
  • 1899-10-13 7,000 layid-off black mine workers of South Africa reach Natal
  • 1899-10-20 Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers
  • 1899-10-21 Battle at Elandslaagte Natal: (Boers vs British army)
  • 1899-10-22 British troops flee Dundee, Natal South Africa
  • 1899-10-30 Battle of Ladysmith, Natal: Boers defeat the British, leading to the Siege of Ladysmith
  • 1899-11-02 Boers begin siege of Ladysmith, Natal
  • 1899-11-12 British troops reach Durban Natal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899-11-15 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill captured by Boers in Natal

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1899-11-22 -23] Battle at Willow Grange, Natal (British vs Boer army)
  • 1899-12-09 Boer War: During Seige of Ladysmith, Boers storm King's Post and Caesar's Camp - driven back
  • 1900-01-29 Boers under Joubert beat British at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
  • 1900-02-05 British troops under Gen Buller occupy Vaal Krantz, Natal
  • 1900-02-07 British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal
  • 1900-02-18 British troops occupy Monte Christo, Natal
  • 1900-02-19 British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal
  • 1900-02-28 General Buller's troops relieve Ladysmith Natal
  • 1900-09-03 With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa
  • 1901-09-26 Boer General Botha fails to capture Fort Itala in Natal
  • 1906-01-01 The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, South Africa, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable.
  • 1906-02-09 Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu uprising
  • 1909-09-20 The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages
  • 1911-01-03 The Government of India announces that emigration to Natal, Southern Africa, is prohibited with effect from 1 July
  • 1913-10-19 At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations
  • 1913-10-21 Transvaal women satyagrahis begin defiance activities, hawking without licenses in Vereeniging; they cross the Natal border and encourage the miners in Newcastle to strike
  • 1921-03-06 The Natal Indian Congress is resuscitated and reorganised at a meeting in Durban, with Ismail Gora as President
  • 1924-01-27 The Natal Indian Congress and the Natal Indian Association jointly organise a mass meeting in Durban, South Africa in opposition to the Class Areas Bill
  • 1954-07-12 ANC President Albert Luthuli banned by South African Minister of Justice from attending public gatherings and confined to the magisterial district of Lower Tugela, Natal
  • 1990-02-13 50 killed at Inkatha-UDF battle in Natal, South Africa
  • 1994-03-08 Train accident at Pinetown, Natal, kills 47

Famous Birthdays

  • 1794-06-28 Allen Frances Gardiner, Berkshire, England, naval officer and missionary in inter alia Port Natal
  • 1832-09-30 Frederick Sleigh "Bobs" Roberts, British gov of Natal (Ireland-Boer war)
  • 1839-12-07 Redvers H Buller, English general/large landowner: Natal
  • 1845-09-01 Paul S Methuen, English fieldmarshal/governor of Natal/Malta
  • 1905-06-29 Alphaeus Hamilton Zulu (Bishop Zulu), Nquthu Natal, Anglican bishop of Zululand and Swaziland
  • 1910-11-26 Cyril Cusack, Durban Natal South Africa, actor (Day of the Jackal)
  • 1925-02-23 Ian Smith, South African cricket leg-spinner (1947-58) who averaged 64.08, born in Durban, Natal (d. 2015)
  • 1925-10-14 Phillip Tobias, Durban, Natal, South Africa, palaeoanthropologist and 3 x Nobel Prize nominee(hominid fossil sites), (d. 2012)
  • 1928-11-12 Robert Holness, Natal, South Africa, English radio and television presenter (BBC), (d. 2012)
  • 1948-03-19 Vintcent Van der Bijl, Natal cricket bowler (superb 2m of 70's & 80's)
  • 1956-06-25 Bongiwe (Bongi) Dhlomo-Mautloa, Vryheid, Natal, South African artist

Famous Deaths

  • 1881-02-27 George Colley, British governor of Natal/general, dies in battle at 46
  • 1893-07-09 George Christopher Cato, Natal pioneer and first mayor of Durban South Africa, dies at 79
  • 1914-11-14 Frederick Sleigh "Bobs" Roberts, governor of Natal, dies at 82
  • 1932-10-30 Paul S Methuen, English baron/fieldmarshal/gov of Natal, dies at 87