Western Cape in History

Western Cape: Cape Town

Historical Events

  • 1652-04-06 Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established by Dutch East India Company under John of Riebeeck
  • 1795-09-15 Cape Colony surrenders to Britain
  • 1806-01-08 Cape colony becomes British colony
  • 1856-07-15 Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
  • 1877-03-12 Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.
  • 1879-07-04 Africaner Union forms by Rev SJ du Toit at Cape colony
  • 1890-07-17 Cecil Rhodes becomes Premier of Cape Colony
  • 1895-11-11 Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony
  • 1896-01-06 Cecil Rhodes resigns as premier of Cape colony
  • 1899-11-23 Battle at Belmont, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers
  • 1899-11-25 Battle at Graspan, Cape colony: General Methuen beats Farmers
  • 1900-05-17 British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)
  • 1900-12-16 Boer army under gen Kritzinger take Cape colony
  • 1901-08-12 Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
  • 1901-08-20 The Fawcett Commission visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony
  • 1901-09-03 Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
  • 1909-09-20 The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages
  • 1938-08-08 Great Trek Centenary Celebrations commence; the Great Trek was a migration involving Boers leaving the Cape Colony and settling in the interior of South Africa

Famous Birthdays

  • 1619-04-21 John A van Riebeeck, colonial director/founder (Cape Colony)
  • 1639-10-14 Simon van der Stel, Dutch governor of Cape colony (1679-99)
  • 1762-10-12 John W Janssens, gov-gen of Cape colony/Dutch-Indies 1811
  • 1787-06-28 Sir Henry George Wakelyn (Harry) Smith, Wittlesea England, governor at the Cape Colony
  • 1792-12-19 [Andries] Hendrik Potgieter, Cape Colony, settled Transvaal
  • 1853-02-09 Leander Starr Jameson, PM of South African Cape colony
  • 1854-03-23 Alfred Milner, Giessen Germany, British governor (Cape colony)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1866-04-03 J. B. M. Hertzog [Barry Hertzog], South African General/Premier (1914-39), born in Wellington, South Africa (d. 1942)

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • 1870-06-24 Horatio Mbelle, Cape Colony, South African interpreter, community leader and politician
  • 1874-05-22 Daniel Fran├žois Malan, Prime Minister of South Africa (1948-54) who began the implementation of apartheid, born in Riebeek-Wes, Cape Colony (d. 1959)

Famous Deaths

  • 1677-01-18 John A van Riebeeck, Dutch founder Cape Colony, dies at 57
  • 1712-06-24 Simon van der Stel, Dutch gov of Cape Colony (1679-99), dies at 72
  • 1723-07-01 Willem van de Pose, gov of Cape Colony (1699-1797), dies at about 59
  • 1838-04-23 John W Janssens, gov-gen of Cape Colony/Dutch-Indies, dies at 75
  • 1838-05-23 John W Janssens, gov-gen (Cape Colony), dies at 75
  • 1902-03-26 Cecil Rhodes, Prime Minister of Cape Colony (1890-96) dies at 48
  • 1925-05-12 Alfred Milner, British governor (Cape Colony)/minister, dies at 71