Soviet Union in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 1,238

  • 1933-05-06 Italy & USSR sign trade agreement
  • 1933-07-28 Spain recognizes the USSR
  • 1933-08-17 Soviet Union test GIRD-R1 rocket ("Object 09")
  • 1933-09-03 Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union - Communism Peak (7495 m)
  • 1933-11-16 Roosevelt establishes diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 1933-11-17 United States recognizes Soviet Union, opens trade
  • 1933-11-21 1st US ambassador to USSR, W.C. Bullitt, begins service
  • 1933-11-25 1st Soviet liquid fuel rocket attains altitude of 261' (80m)
  • 1934-01-13 The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
  • 1934-02-13 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
  • 1934-06-10 USSR & Romania re-establish diplomatic relations
  • 1934-09-12 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR
  • 1934-09-17 USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switz & Portugal vote no)
  • 1934-09-18 USSR admitted to League of Nations
  • 1935-07-12 Belgium recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1935-07-24 The world's first children's railway opens in Tbilisi, USSR.
  • 1935-10-22 Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union
  • 1935-12-28 Pravda publishes a letter by Pavel Postyshev, who revives New Year tree tradition in the Soviet Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936-11-05 French writer Andre Gide criticizes Soviet regime

  • 1936-12-05 Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union
  • 1937-03-07 Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937-06-12 USSR executes 8 army leaders as Stalin's purge continues

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1937-08-06 US & USSR sign trade treaty
  • 1938-01-17 Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman
  • 1938-02-19 Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark
  • 1938-03-02 Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939-08-23 Molotov-Ribbentrop pact: USSR & Germany sign a non-agression pact

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939-08-24 Germany & USSR sign 10-year non-aggression pact
  • 1939-09-17 Soviet Union invades Eastern Poland, taking 217,000 Poles prisoner
  • 1939-09-28 Estonia accepts Soviet military bases
  • 1939-09-28 German-Soviet Frontier Treaty is signed by Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov; redraws German and Soviet spheres of influence in central Europe and transfers most of Lithuania to the USSR
  • 1939-10-01 Churchill calls Soviets "riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma"

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1939-10-30 USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Hitler deports Jews

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939-11-26 4 soviet soldiers killed on Finnish-Russian border
  • 1939-11-28 Soviet government revokes Russian-Finnish non-aggression treaty
  • 1939-11-29 USSR drops diplomatic relations with Finland
  • 1939-11-30 USSR invades Finland, bombs Helsinki
  • 1939-12-14 Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union
  • 1940-01-07 Winter War: The Finish 9th Division defeats the Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road despite being significantly outnumbered
  • 1940-01-12 World War II: Soviets bombs cities in Finland.
  • 1940-02-01 Soviet Union begins new offensive against Finland
  • 1940-03-02 Soviet armies conquer Tuppura Island Finland
  • 1940-03-31 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes 12th Soviet republic (until 1956)
  • 1940-06-15 Soviet Army occupies Lithuania
  • 1940-06-17 USSR occupies Estonia
  • 1940-06-26 End of USSR experimental calendar; Gregorian readopted 6/27
  • 1940-06-27 Soviet Army attacks Romania
  • 1940-06-27 USSR returns to Gregorian calendar
  • 1940-06-28 Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union
  • 1940-07-21 Soviet Union annexes Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
  • 1940-08-03 Lithuanian SSR is accepted into USSR
  • 1940-08-06 Estonia is annexed into Soviet empire
  • 1940-08-25 Lithuania, Latvia & Estonia incorporated into Soviet Union
  • 1941-04-13 Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • 1941-05-06 Joseph Stalin becomes Premier of the Soviet Union
  • 1941-06-22 Estonians starts armed resistance against Soviet occupation
  • 1941-06-22 Operation Barbarossa: Nazi Germany invades the Soviet Union during WWII
  • 1941-06-22 Germany, Italy and Romania declare war on the Soviet Union
  • 1941-06-25 -26] Soviet counter attack at Rovno
  • 1941-06-25 Finland declares war on Soviet Union
  • 1941-08-02 German 11st Army surrounds 20 Soviet divisions at Oeman
  • 1941-08-03 German troops conquer Roslavl USSR
  • 1941-08-08 20 divisions of Soviet 6th/12th Army surrender at Oeman
  • 1941-08-25 British & Soviet troops attack pro-German Iran
  • 1941-09-17 World War II: A decree issued by the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch "Universal compulsory military training of the citizens of the USSR" in the face of the "Great Patriotic War"
  • 1941-09-23 German air raid on Soviet naval base at Kronstadt (battleship Marat sinks)
  • 1941-10-06 German army occupies Briansk, USSR
  • 1941-10-07 German army occupies Viarma, USSR
  • 1941-10-12 Soviet government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis forces close in on Moscow
  • 1941-10-18 Soviet spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo
  • 1941-11-06 USA lends Soviet Union $1 million
  • 1941-11-27 USSR begins a counter offensive, causes Germany to retreat
  • 1941-12-05 Soviet anti-offensive in Moscow drives out Nazi army
  • 1941-12-12 Soviet 20th army recaptures Soljetsjnogorsk
  • 1942-01-28 Soviet troops under General Timoshenko's troops move into Ukraine
  • 1942-05-26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • 1942-06-11 US & USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II
  • 1942-07-10 Netherland's government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1942-07-22 4th Soviet army forms with 80 tanks
  • 1942-08-08 Soviet anti-offensive of Voronezh under Marshal Timosjenko
  • 1942-08-23 World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry
  • 1942-08-26 Soviet counter offensive begins in Moscow
  • 1942-09-23 Soviet counter offensive at Stalingrad
  • 1942-10-12 Successful Soviet counter attack through 37th Guard division
  • 1942-10-29 Nazis murder 16,000 Jews in Pinsk, Soviet Union
  • 1942-11-19 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Soviet soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army
  • 1942-11-20 26th Soviet Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
  • 1942-11-23 Soviet 21st Army recaptures Kalatsj at Don
  • 1942-12-25 Soviet artillery/tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad
  • 1943-01-10 Soviet offensive against German 6th/4th Armies near Stalingrad
  • 1943-01-13 Soviet offensive at Don under general Golikov
  • 1943-01-15 World War II: The Soviets begin a counter-offensive at Voronezh
  • 1943-01-18 Soviets announce they have broken the long siege of Leningrad by Nazi Germany
  • 1943-01-21 Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
  • 1943-01-21 Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
  • 1943-01-31 General Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Soviet troops at Stalingrad
  • 1943-02-14 Soviets recapture Rostov
  • 1943-02-16 World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov.
  • 1943-03-12 Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
  • 1943-04-27 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 306

  • 1930-02-11 Alevtina Koltschina, USSR, cross coutry relay skier (Oly-gold-1960)
  • 1930-07-04 Yuri Tyukalov, Soviet Olympic rower
  • 1930-07-20 Yuri Petrovich Artyukin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 14)
  • 1930-10-10 Konstantin Vyrupayev, Soviet wrestler (Greco-Roman Bantamweight Olympic Gold 1956), (d. 2012)
  • 1931-01-22 Galina Zybina, USSR, discus thrower (15 world records between 1952-58)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1931-03-02 Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91), born in Stavropol, Russia

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1931-04-29 Aleksei Aleksandrovich Gubarev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 28)
  • 1931-05-04 Gennadi Rozhdestvensky, Russian conductor (USSR State Radio), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1931-11-23 Yevgeni Grischin, USSR, 500m/1500m speed skater (Oly-gold-1956, 60)
  • 1932-02-03 Maria Itkina, USSR, sprinter (9 world records)
  • 1932-03-10 Anatoliy Roschin, USSR, super heavyweight wrestler (Olympic-gold-1972)
  • 1932-05-17 Rodric Braithwaite, British ambassador to USSR
  • 1932-05-25 Georgi Mikhailovich Grechko, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 26, T-14)
  • 1932-06-20 Robert Rozhdestvensky, Soviet poet, born in Kosikhinsky District, Russia (d. 1994)
  • 1932-09-18 Valery Viktorovich Ryumin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 32/34, 35/37)
  • 1932-10-23 Vasily Belov, Northern Krai, USSR, author (Business as Usual, Everything's Ahead), (d. 2012)
  • 1932-12-05 Fazu Aliyeva, Russian poet, novelist and journalist who helped develop Dagestani in Russian literature, born in Khunzakhsky District, Soviet Union (d. 2016)
  • 1933-01-16 Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A, 27, T-3)
  • 1933-04-15 Boris Strugatski, USSR, sci-fi author (Tale of Troika)
  • 1933-06-14 Vladislav Rastorotsky, Soviet gymnastics coach
  • 1933-06-19 Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 11)
  • 1933-09-10 Yevgeny Vassilyevich Khrunov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5)
  • 1933-09-18 Valentina Ponomaryova, Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok 6 backup), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1934-02-08 Galina Bystrova, USSR, pentathelete (1957, 58)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934-03-09 Yuri Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut and 1st man into space (aboard Vostok 1), born in Klushino, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (d. 1968)

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Cosmonaut
Yuri Gagarin
  • 1934-04-01 Vladimir Posner, Russian/French/American journalist who represented and explained the views of the Soviet Union during the Cold War, born in Paris
  • 1934-05-30 Alexei A Leonov, Russian cosmonaut (Voskhod II, Soyuz 19), born in Siberia, USSR
  • 1934-07-13 Aleksei Stanislavovich Yeliseyev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 8, 10)
  • 1934-08-25 Valery F Bykovsky, USSR, cosmonaut (Vostok V, Soyuz 22, 31/39)
  • 1934-11-26 Ludmila Shevtsova, USSR, 800m runner (Olympic-gold-1960)
  • 1934-12-03 Viktor Vassilyevich Gorbatko, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 24, 37/36)
  • 1934-12-18 Boris Valentinovich Volynov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 21)
  • 1935-02-01 Vladimir Viktorovich Aksyonov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 22, T-2)
  • 1935-06-06 Misha Mengelberg, Dutch jazz pianist and composer (Reconstruction), born in Kiev, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (d. 2017)
  • 1935-07-08 Vitali Ivanovich Sevastiyanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 9, 18B)
  • 1935-07-19 Vasily Livanov, Russian and Soviet film actor
  • 1935-08-03 Georgi Stepanovich Shonin, Odessa USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 6)
  • 1935-09-11 Gherman Stepanovich Titov, USSR, cosmonaut (Vostok II)
  • 1935-11-22 Ludmila Belousova Protopopov, USSR, pairs skater (Oly-gold-1964, 68)
  • 1935-12-05 Yury Vlasov, Soviet weightlifter
  • 1936-01-14 Ludmila Pinayeva, USSR, 500m kayak (Olympic-gold-1964, 1968, 1972)
  • 1936-06-02 Vladimir Golubnichy, USSR, 20K walker (Olympic-gold-1960, 68)
  • 1937-01-30 Boris Spassky, USSR, world chess champion (1969-72)
  • 1937-02-10 Yuriy Poyarkov, USSR, volleyball player (Oly-2 gold/1 silver-1964-72)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937-03-06 Valentina Tereshkova, Soviet cosmonaut and 1st woman in space (Vostok 6), born in Maslennikovo, Russia

1st Woman in Space Valentina Tereshkova
1st Woman in Space
Valentina Tereshkova
  • 1937-03-15 Valentin Rasputin, Russian writer,(To Live and Remember), born in Atalanka, Soviet Union (d. 2015)
  • 1937-03-17 Galina Samsova, Russian ballerina, born in Stalingrad, Soviet Union
  • 1937-04-12 Igor Volk, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-12) and test pilot, born in Zmiiv, Ukraine (d. 2017)
  • 1937-04-18 Tatyana Shchelkanova, USSR, long jumper (Olympic-bronze-1964)
  • 1937-05-10 Tamara Press, USSR, shot putter/discus thrower (Oly-gold-60)
  • 1937-06-18 Vitaly Mikhailovich Zholobov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 21)
  • 1937-09-11 Iosif Kobzon, Soviet singer and Russian businessman
  • 1937-09-16 Aleksandr Medved, USSR, super heavyweight (Olympic-gold-1964 68, 72)
  • 1937-09-26 Valentin Pavlov, Soviet politician (d. 2003)
  • 1937-11-26 Boris Borisovich Yegorov, USSR, doctor/cosmonaut (Voskhod I)
  • 1938-01-23 Anatoly Marchenko, Siberia, Soviet dissident
  • 1938-02-11 Boris Majorov, USSR, ice hockey (Olympic-gold-1964)
  • 1938-02-11 Yevgeniy Majorov, USSR, ice hockey (Olympic-gold-1964)
  • 1938-03-17 Rudolf Nureyev, Russian ballet dancer/choreographer (Kirov), born on a train near Irkutsk, Soviet Union (d. 1993)
  • 1938-05-25 Ludmil Buldakova, USSR, volleyball player (Olympic-gold-1972)
  • 1938-06-24 Boris Lagutin, USSR, light-middleweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1964, 68)
  • 1938-07-30 Vayachselav Ivanenko, USSR, 50K walker (Olympic-gold-1988)
  • 1938-08-19 Valentin Mankin, USSR, finn class yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1968)
  • 1939-02-13 Valery Rozhdestvensky, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 23), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union (d. 2011)
  • 1939-03-08 Lydia Skoblikova, USSR, speed skater (Olympics-6 gold-1960, 64)
  • 1939-03-10 Irina Press, USSR, 80m hurdles/Pentathelete (Olympic-gold-1960, 64)
  • 1939-04-03 Vitaliy Davidov, USSR, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1964, 68, 72)
  • 1939-05-26 Merab Kostava, Georgian anti-Soviet leader
  • 1939-10-02 Yuri Nikolayevich Glazkov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 24)
  • 1939-10-08 Elvira Ozolina, USSR, javelin thrower (Olympic-gold-1960)
  • 1939-11-11 Claudia Boyarskikh, USSR, 5K/10K cross country (Olympic-gold-1964)
  • 1939-11-29 Gennadiy Volnov, USSR, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1972)
  • 1940-03-07 Viktor Petrovich Savinykh, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-4, T-13, TM-5)
  • 1940-05-24 Joseph Brodsky, USSR, author (Less than 1, Nobel 1987)
  • 1940-07-06 Viktor Kuzkin, USSR, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1964, 68, 72)
  • 1940-07-22 Yuriy Klimov, USSR, team handball (Olympic-gold-1976)
  • 1940-09-28 Alekander Sergeyevich Ivanchenkov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 29/31, T-6)
  • 1941-02-01 Anatoliy Firssov, USSR, ice hockey play (Olympic-gold-1964, 68, 72)
  • 1941-02-16 Vitali Kuznetsov, USSR, judo (Olympic-silver-1972)
  • 1941-03-08 Andrei Mironov, Soviet actor (d. 1987)
  • 1941-05-03 Nona Gaprindasvili, USSR, world women's chess champ (1962-78)
  • 1941-05-05 Aleksandr Ragulin, USSR, ice hockey play (Olympic-gold-1964, 68, 72)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941-05-16 Aldrich Ames, CIA officer and spy for the Soviet Union, born in River Falls, Wisconsin

Soviet Union Spy Aldrich Ames
Soviet Union Spy
Aldrich Ames
  • 1941-05-21 Anatoli Semyonovich Levchenko, USSR, cosmonaut (TM-4)
  • 1941-08-05 Leonid Denissovich Kizim, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-3, T-10, T-15)
  • 1941-08-27 Yuri Vassilyevich Malyshev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-2, T-11)
  • 1942-01-01 Gennadi Vassilyevich Sarafanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 15)
  • 1942-01-07 Vasiliy Ivanovich Alekseyev, USSR, weightlifter (Olympic-gold-72, 76)
  • 1942-01-08 Vyacheslav Dmitriyevich Zudov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 23)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942-02-16 Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea (1994-2011), born in Vyatskoye, Soviet Union [disputed birth place and birth date, 1941] (d. 2011)

Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea Kim Jong-il
Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea
Kim Jong-il
  • 1942-04-11 Anatoly Nikolayevich Berezovoi, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-5)
  • 1942-04-29 Galina A Kulakova, USSR, nordic skier (Olympic-3 golds-1972)
  • 1942-05-13 Vladimir A Dzhanibekov, USSR, cosmo (Soyuz 27, 39, T-6, T-12, T-13)
  • 1942-05-14 Valeriy Brumel, Soviet athlete (d. 2003)
  • 1943-03-25 Pavel Lednev, USSR, pentathelete (Olympic-gold-1980)
  • 1943-07-24 Lyudmila Bragina, USSR, 1500m runner (Olympic-gold-1972)
  • 1944-01-23 Sergey Belov, USSR, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1972)
  • 1944-02-15 Aleksandr A Serebrov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-7, T-8, TM-8, TM-17)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1944-04-18 Robert Hanssen, FBI agent and Soviet spy, born in Chicago Illinois

FBI Agent and Soviet Spy Robert Hanssen
FBI Agent and Soviet Spy
Robert Hanssen
  • 1944-06-15 Inna Ryskai, USSR, volleyball player (Olympic-2 gold/2 silver-1964-76)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths