Madrid in History

Historical Events

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1526-01-14 Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders

King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
King Francis I of France
Francis I of France
  • 1579-07-28 Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid
  • 1584-09-15 San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid finished

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1605-01-06 The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid.

  • 1632-07-22 Foundation laid in Madrid for Buen Retiro-palace for king Philip IV
  • 1635-05-28 Zorilla's "El Desafio de Carlos V" premieres in Madrid
  • 1637-02-02 Zorilla's "El más Impropio Verdugo Para Las" premieres in Madrid
  • 1643-04-27 Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez" premieres in Madrid
  • 1721-03-27 France & Spain sign Treaty of Madrid
  • 1721-06-13 England signs Treaty of Madrid
  • 1738-04-18 Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") founded in Madrid.
  • 1808-05-02 Uprising against French occupation begins in Madrid
  • 1808-05-03 Peninsular War: The Madrid rebels who rose up on May 2 are fired upon near Príncipe Pío hill.
  • 1809-01-01 Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid
  • 1812-08-12 Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid
  • 1840-03-14 Jose Zorilla's "El Zapatero y el Rey" premieres in Madrid
  • 1844-03-28 Jose Zorilla's "Don Juan Tenorio" premieres in Madrid
  • 1895-03-26 King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
  • 1906-01-25 Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid
  • 1906-05-31 Attack on King Alfonso XIII & Victoria of Battenberg in Madrid
  • 1910-10-23 Ritz Hotel in Madrid opens: 200 chambers/100 bathtubs
  • 1915-04-15 Manuel de Falla's ballet "El Amor Brujo" premieres in Madrid
  • 1917-02-16 1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid
  • 1917-04-07 De Falla's ballet "El Sombrero de tres Picos" premieres in Madrid
  • 1921-03-08 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.
  • 1923-01-29 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
  • 1927-03-22 Federico Garcia Lorca's "El Maleficio" premieres in Madrid
  • 1929-03-17 Spanish dictator Primo de Rivera closes university of Madrid
  • 1930-12-24 F Garcia Lorca's "La Zapatera Prodigiosa" premieres in Madrid
  • 1934-12-29 Federico Garcia Lorca's "Yerma" premieres in Madrid
  • 1935-10-20 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
  • 1936-11-07 Battle of Madrid begins
  • 1936-11-16 German air force begins bombing of Madrid
  • 1937-08-06 Franco's artillery fires on Madrid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939-03-28 Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to Francisco Franco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1956-06-13 1st European Cup: Real Madrid beats Stade Reims 4-3 at Paris
  • 1957-05-30 2nd European Cup: Real Madrid beats Fiorentina 2-0 at Madrid
  • 1958-05-28 3rd European Cup: Real Madrid beats Milan 3-2 at Brussels
  • 1959-06-03 4th European Cup: Real Madrid beats Stade Reims 2-0 at Stuttgart
  • 1960-05-18 5th European Cup: Real Madrid beats Frankfurt 7-3 at Glasgow
  • 1962-05-02 7th European Cup: Benfica beats Real Madrid 5-3 at Amsterdam
  • 1962-09-05 Atletico Madrid of Spain win 2nd European Cup Winner's Cup against ACF Fiorentina of Italy 3-0 in Stuttgart (replay)
  • 1963-05-15 Tottenham Hotspur of England win 3rd European Cup winner's Cup against Atlético Madrid of Spain 5-1 at Rotterdam
  • 1964-05-27 9th European Cup: Internazionale beats Real Madrid 3-1 at Vienna
  • 1964-06-21 UEFA European Championship: Spain defeat Soviet Union 2-1 in Madrid
  • 1966-05-11 11th European Cup: Real Madrid beats Partizan 2-1 at Brussels
  • 1969-03-29 14th Eurovision Song Contest: Salome for Spain ("Vivo cantando"), Lulu of United Kingdom ("Boom Bang-a-Bang"), Lenny Kuhr of Netherlands ("De troubadour"), and Frida Boccara of France ("Un jour, un enfant") all win in Madrid
  • 1969-05-28 13th European Cup: Milan beats Ajax 4-1 at Madrid
  • 1971-05-21 Chelsea win 11th European Cup Winner's Cup against Real Madrid 2-1 in Athens (replay)
  • 1974-05-17 18th European Cup: Bayern Munich beats Atletico Madrid 4-0 at Brussels
  • 1977-01-24 Massacre of Atocha in Madrid: five labor lawyers murdered by fascists in Madridvduring the Spanish transition to democracy
  • 1980-05-28 24th European Cup: Nottingham Forest beats Hamburg 1-0 at Madrid
  • 1981-05-27 25th European Cup: Liverpool beats Real Madrid 1-0 at Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981-10-24 Pablo Picasso's 1937 painting Guernica goes on display in Madrid Spain to celebrate the centenary of the artist's birth

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
  • 1982-07-11 FIFA World Cup: Italy beats West Germany 3-1 for football's 12th World Cup in Madrid
  • 1983-05-11 Aberdeen of Scotland win 23rd European Cup Winner's Cup against Real Madrid of Spain 2-1 in Gothenburg
  • 1983-11-27 Colombian jetliner Boeing 747 crashes in Madrid killing 181
  • 1983-12-07 2 jets collided at Madrid Airport killing 93
  • 1983-12-17 Disco in Madrid catches fire; 83 die
  • 1986-04-23 Madrid-Nelli Cooman runs world record 60m indoor (7 sec)
  • 1986-04-25 ETA bomb attacks Madrid killing 5
  • 1986-07-14 10 killed & 60 injured at ETA-bomb attack in Madrid
  • 1988-10-21 Boston Celtics beat Yugoslavia 113-85 in Madrid
  • 1988-10-23 Boston Celtics play Spain in Madrid
  • 1991-10-30 Mid East peace conference begins in Madrid Spain
  • 1991-10-31 Palestinians attend US mideast peace talks in Madrid
  • 1991-11-04 Mid East peace conference ends in Madrid Spain
  • 1991-12-21 95 share in Madrid Spain $1.3 billion lottery (#47996)
  • 1992-09-16 "Les Miserables" opens at Nuevo Apolo, Madrid
  • 1998-05-20 6th UEFA Champions League Final: Real Madrid beats Juventus 1-0 at Amsterdam
  • 1999-12-21 The Spanish Civil Guard intercepts a van loaded with 950 kg of explosives that ETA intended to use to blow up Torre Picasso in Madrid.
  • 2000-05-24 8th UEFA Champions League Final: Real Madrid beats Valencia 3-0 at Saint-Denis
  • 2002-05-15 10th UEFA Champions League Final: Real Madrid beats Bayer Leverkusen 2-1 at Glasgow
  • 2003-12-24 Spanish police thwart an attempt by ETA to detonate 50 kg of explosives at 3:55 p.m. inside Madrid's busy Chamartín Station.
  • 2004-03-11 Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid's rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190
  • 2004-04-02 Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt to bomb the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid. Their attack is thwarted.
  • 2004-04-03 Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.
  • 2006-12-30 Madrid Barajas International Airport is bombed.
  • 2008-08-20 Spanair Flight 5022, from Madrid to Gran Canaria, skids off the runway and crashes at Barajas Airport. 146 people are killed in the crash, 8 more die afterwards. Only 18 people survive.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2009-03-07 Despite only being 17 years old, Brazilian soccer star Neymar makes his professional debut for Real Madrid

Footballer Neymar
  • 2010-05-22 18th UEFA Champions League Final: Internazionale beats Bayern Munich 2-0 at Madrid
  • 2011-08-16 World Youth Day 2011, organised by the Catholic church, begins in Madrid
  • 2012-10-27 Thousands demonstrate in Madrid against proposed budget cuts
  • 2014-04-16 Real Madrid defeat Barcelona to win its 19th Copa del Rey trophy
  • 2014-05-17 Atlético Madrid win the 2013–14 La Liga
  • 2014-05-24 22nd UEFA Champions League Final: Real Madrid beats Atletico Madrid 4-1 at Lisbon

Sport awardFootball Awards

2015-01-12 Cristiano Ronaldo of Real Madrid C.F. wins the FIFA Ballon d'Or for the best player of the year

Football Star Cristiano Ronaldo
Football Star
Cristiano Ronaldo

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1485-12-16 Catherine of Aragon, Spanish princess/1st wife of Henry VIII, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1536)

Spanish Princess, Queen of England Catherine of Aragon
Spanish Princess, Queen of England
Catherine of Aragon
  • 1562-11-25 Lope Felix de Vega, dramatist/poet (Angelica, Arcadia), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1600-01-17 Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age, born in Madrid (d. 1681)
  • 1843-01-20 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
  • 1843-02-19 Adelina Patti, opera soprano (Lucio), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1886-02-28 Jose Gutierrez Solana, Spanish painter and author (Madrid Escenas)
  • 1887-09-26 Antonio Moreno, actor/director (It, Careers), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1891-11-27 Pedro Salinas, Spanish writer (Generation of 1927), born in Madrid (d. 1951)
  • 1895-11-09 Mae Marsh, Madrid NM, silent film actress (Birth of a Nation)
  • 1903-12-13 Carlos Montoya, guitarist (Suite Flamenco 1966), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1928-03-16 Ramon Barce, Spanish composer, born in Madrid (d. 2008)
  • 1941-01-21 Placido Domingo, opera tenor (Pinkerton-Mme Butterfly), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1955-10-03 Angela Molina, actress (Streets of Gold, Half of Heaven), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1957-11-12 Marta Figueras-Dotti, LPGA golfer (1994 Hawaiian Open), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1958-05-30 Michael E Lopez-Alegria, Lt Cmdr/astro (STS 73, sk 92), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1959-07-04 Victoria Abril, [Victoria Rojas], actress (Libertarias), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1963-03-14 Pedro Duque, engineer/astronaut (STS 78 alt, sk:95), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1963-09-30 Cristina Marsillach, actress (Barocco), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1965-01-21 Tania Abitbol, LPGA golfer (1994 US Women's Open-4th), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1965-05-23 Manuel Sanchís Hontiyuelo, Real Madrid footballer
  • 1965-05-29 Emilio Sanchez, Tennis player (1988 Olympic bronze), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1971-09-03 Chabeli Iglesias, daughter of Julio Iglesias, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1973-09-21 Virginia Ruano-Pascual, tennis star, born in Madrid, Spain

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1974-04-28 Penélope Cruz, Alcobendas, Spanish actress (Vanilla Sky, Waking Up in Reno), born in Madrid, Spain

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1975-05-08 Enrique Iglesias, Spanish singer-songwriter and King of Latin Pop (Bailamos, Hero), born in Madrid, Spain

King of Latin Pop Enrique Iglesias
King of Latin Pop
Enrique Iglesias
  • 1976-04-01 Clarence Seedorf, Surinam/Dutch soccer player (Ajax, Real Madrid)
  • 1989-08-15 Belinda [Belinda Peregrín Schüll], Mexican singer, songwriter and actress, born in Madrid, Spain

Famous Weddings

  • 2004-05-22 Felipe, Prince of Asturias, of the Spanish Royal Family weds Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano at The Almudena Cathedral in Madrid, Spain
  • 2005-06-24 "Real Madrid" football striker Michael Owen (25) weds Louise Bonsall at Carden Park Hotel in Chester, England

Famous Deaths

  • 1906-05-31 King Alfonso XIII, assassinated in Madrid
  • 1906-05-31 Victoria von Battenberg, assassinated in Madrid
  • 1924-05-29 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid/London), dies
  • 1936-12-20 Baron De Borchgrave, Belgian ambassador, murdered in Madrid
  • 1992-04-01 Juanito, soccer star (Madrid Real 1977-87), dies at 37 in car crash