Taiwan in History

Historical Events

  • 1661-04-29 Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan
  • 1683-10-03 The Qing Dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • 1892-10-10 Entire Hong Kong national cricket team dies in shipwreck off Taiwan
  • 1895-05-08 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • 1910-03-10 Republic of China officailly abolishes slavery
  • 1911-10-10 Sun Yat-sen's revolutionaries overthrow Manchus (Taiwan National Day)
  • 1911-12-29 Sun Yat-sen becomes the first President of the Republic of China.
  • 1911-12-30 Sun Yat-sen elected 1st President of Republic of China
  • 1912-01-01 The Republic of China is established.
  • 1914-03-01 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1915-01-18 Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
  • 1928-06-04 President of the Republic of China Zhang Zuolin is assassinated by Japanese agents.
  • 1928-09-27 The Nationalist Republic of China is recognised by the United States.
  • 1935-06-09 Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognizes Japanese occupations in Northeast China.
  • 1945-09-09 Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-10-25 Japanese surrender Taiwan to Gen Chiang Kai-shek

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1946-12-25 Constitution accepted in Taiwan
  • 1947-02-28 Anti Kuomintang demonstration on Taiwan
  • 1947-02-28 228 Incident: In Taiwan, civil disorder is put down with the loss of 30,000 civilian lives.
  • 1947-12-25 Taiwan passes Human Rights laws (Day of Earth Law)
  • 1947-12-25 The Constitution of the Republic of China comes into effect.
  • 1948-05-18 The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking.
  • 1949-10-01 Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa
  • 1949-11-29 Nationalist regime of China leaves for Taiwan/Formosa
  • 1949-12-07 Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan
  • 1950-03-01 Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Taiwan
  • 1950-07-27 US President Harry Truman promises aid to Taiwan
  • 1954-11-02 Taiwan & US sign military pact
  • 1957-05-24 Anti-American riots breakout in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1958-08-23 Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
  • 1963-09-11 Typhoon Gloria strikes Taiwan killing 330, with $17.5 million damage
  • 1964-02-11 Taiwan drops diplomatic relations with France
  • 1971-10-25 UN votes to expel Chinese Nationalist-ruled Taiwan & admit Red China
  • 1971-10-26 UN votes to replace Taiwan with China
  • 1974-02-28 Taiwan police shoots into crowd
  • 1978-12-31 Taiwan's final day of diplomatic relations with US
  • 1981-02-28 China PR throws out Neth ambassador due to submarine sale to Taiwan
  • 1987-07-14 Taiwan ends 37 years of martial law
  • 1987-07-15 State of siege ends in Taiwan
  • 1991-08-24 Taiwan captures its 15th Little League World Series, 11-0
  • 1992-09-14 1st subway car completed to be exported from US (to Taiwan)
  • 1994-04-26 Taiwan Airbus A-300 crashes at Nagoya Japan, 262 killed
  • 1996-03-23 Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
  • 1998-06-02 The CIH computer virus is discovered in Taiwan.
  • 1998-10-28 An Air China (Mainland China) jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.
  • 1999-09-21 Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead.
  • 2000-10-31 A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan killing 79 passengers and four crew members
  • 2002-01-01 Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei.
  • 2002-05-25 China Airlines Flight 611: A Boeing 747-200 breaks apart in mid-air and plunges into the Taiwan Strait killing 225 people.
  • 2003-03-02 The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at Chung Cheng University.
  • 2004-01-26 A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, Taiwan. A build-up of gas in the decomposing sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.
  • 2004-02-28 Over 1 million Taiwanese participating in the 228 Hand-in-Hand Rally form a 500-kilometre (300-mile) long human chain to commemorate the 228 Incident in 1947
  • 2004-03-19 Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country's presidential election on March 20.
  • 2005-01-29 The first direct commercial flights from the mainland China (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines carrier landed in Beijing.
  • 2006-12-26 The 2006 Hengchun earthquake with 7.1 magnitude hit Taiwan.
  • 2007-02-13 Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted by Taiwan High Prosecutors Office on charges of embezzlement when mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for 2008 presidential election.
  • 2009-01-01 The government of the Republic of China adopts Hanyu Pinyin as its official Chinese romanization (before this time, the most commonly used was Tongyong Pinyin.
  • 2009-01-13 Global shipping experiences a drop in trade, as exports from South Korea dropping an annualised 30%, with Taiwan and Japan experiencing a 42% and 27% drop respectively
  • 2009-02-18 The Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics announced that the Taiwanese economy has contracted an unprecedented 8.36% in the fourth quarter of 2008; thus placing the country in a technical recession
  • 2010-02-22 Taiwan's economy exits from the recession with 9.22% growth in the last quarter of 2009 after increased demand from China and other key markets in the region
  • 2012-01-14 Ma Ying-jeou wins re-election as President of the Republic of China with 51% of the vote
  • 2012-08-01 Typhoon Saola kills 82 people and displaces over 150,000 in the Philippines, Taiwan and China
  • 2012-09-25 50 Taiwanese ships clash with the Japan Coast Guard in waters off the Senkaku Islands
  • 2012-10-23 12 people are killed and 40 are injured in a hospital fire in Tainan, Taiwan
  • 2012-12-09 13 people are killed and 10 are injured after a bus rolls of a cliff and falls 100 meters in Taiwan
  • 2013-01-24 A Japanese Coast guard ship engages a Taiwanese activist ship in the Senkaku Islands dispute
  • 2013-04-10 Japan and Taiwan sign an agreement on fishing rights around the Senkaku Islands
  • 2014-07-23 44 people are killed after TransAsia Airways Flight 222 crashed into buildings in Taiwan
  • 2015-08-23 12 year old boy trips and rips 17th-century painting "Flowers" by Paolo Porpora worth $1.5m at exhibition in Taiwan

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910-03-05 Momofuku Ando, Taiwanese-Japanese inventor of instant noodles and cup noodles, born in Wu Baifu, Chiayi County, Taiwan (d. 2007)

Inventor of Instant Noodles Momofuku Ando
Inventor of Instant Noodles
Momofuku Ando
  • 1914-01-10 Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan (d. 2000)
  • 1917-01-18 Wang Yung-ching, Taiwanese businessman
  • 1923-01-15 Lee Teng-hui, president of ROC (Taiwan), head of KMT (1988- )
  • 1933-07-10 Chuan-Kwang Yang, Taiwan, decathlete (Olympic-silver-1960)
  • 1936-11-19 Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937-07-11 Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer
  • 1941-03-17 Wang Jin-pyng, Taiwanese politician
  • 1942-03-16 James Soong, Taiwanese politician
  • 1944-03-15 Chi Cheng, Taiwan, sprinter/80m hurdler (Oly-Bronze-68)
  • 1946-05-18 Frank Hsieh, former Premier of Taiwan
  • 1947-11-06 Edward Yang, Taiwanese film director (Yi Yi), born in Shanghai (d. 2007)
  • 1948-04-25 Yu Shyi-kun, former Premier of Taiwan
  • 1950-07-13 Ma Ying-jeou, President of the Republic of China, former mayor of Taipei, former chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT)
  • 1952-11-03 David Ho, Taiwanese-American AIDS researcher
  • 1953-01-29 Teresa Teng, Taiwanese singer (d. 1995)
  • 1953-07-22 Sylvia Chang, Taiwanese actress
  • 1954-10-23 Ang Lee, Taiwanese-born American filmmaker (Brokeback Mountain, Life of Pi), born in Chaochou, Pingtung
  • 1955-04-08 David Wu, Taiwanese-born American politician
  • 1955-08-20 Ned Overend, Taipei Taiwan, cyclist (Olympics-96)
  • 1958-03-25 Sisy Chen, Taiwanese politician and television commentator
  • 1960-01-29 Cho-Liang Lin, Taiwan, violinist (Queen Sophia 1st prize)
  • 1966-06-23 Richie Ren, Taiwanese musician
  • 1967-01-31 Joey Wong, Taiwanese actress
  • 1967-08-11 Collin Chou, Taiwanese actor
  • 1969-07-11 David Tao, Taiwanese singer-songwriter
  • 1970-10-31 Nicky Wu, Taiwanese actor and martial arts expert
  • 1972-08-09 A-Mei, Taiwanese singer
  • 1973-02-21 Bowie Tsang, Taiwanese singer and TV host
  • 1973-03-21 Chiou Hai Ta, Miss Taiwan ROC Universe (1997)
  • 1973-09-03 Chen Hsiao-Fen, Miss Universe-Taiwan ROC (1996)
  • 1973-10-19 Shi Ting Wang, Tainan Taiwan, tennis star (1994 Taipei)
  • 1974-11-29 Lin Chi-ling, Taiwanese model
  • 1975-03-19 Vivian Hsu, Taiwanese singer, actress and model
  • 1975-06-06 Cheer Chen, Taiwanese singer and musician
  • 1976-01-23 Angelica Lee, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1976-01-27 Ruby Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1976-04-16 Shu Qi, Taiwanese actress
  • 1976-05-17 Lee-Hom Wang, American-born Taiwanese musician and composer
  • 1976-10-06 Barbie Hsu, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1978-04-04 Aska Yang, Taiwanese singer
  • 1978-08-07 Vanness Wu, Taiwanese singer
  • 1978-11-20 Freya Lin, Taiwanese singer
  • 1979-01-15 Ken Chu, Taiwanese singer-actor and taichi champ
  • 1979-01-18 Jay Chou, Taiwanese singer and producer
  • 1979-08-24 Elva Hsiao, Taiwanese singer
  • 1979-10-10 Wu Chun, Brunei born Taiwanese actor
  • 1979-12-05 Evonne Hsu, Taiwanese singer
  • 1980-03-31 Chien-Ming Wang, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1980-08-06 Wilber Pan, American/Taiwanese singer
  • 1980-09-15 Jolin Tsai, Taiwanese pop singer
  • 1980-11-10 Calvin Chen, One of the four members of the Taiwanese boy band, Fei Lun Hai/Fahrenhiet
  • 1981-06-02 Chin-hui Tsao, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1981-06-09 Vic Zhou, JVKV band member, Taiwanese actor, singer and model.
  • 1981-06-18 Ella (Jiahua) Chen, member of the Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 1981-08-24 Jiro Wang Dong Cheng, Taiwanese singer, actor
  • 1981-10-02 Toro, Taiwanese singer
  • 1981-10-31 Selina (Jiaxuan) Ren, member of Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 1982-01-19 Angela Chang, Taiwanese singer and actress
  • 1982-06-19 Joe Cheng, Taiwanese actor
  • 1982-10-29 Ariel Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1983-03-30 Hebe Tian, Taiwanese singer (S.H.E)
  • 1983-08-27 Wilson Chen, Taiwanese actor
  • 1983-12-28 Mike He, Taiwanese actor
  • 1984-06-04 Rainie Yang, Taiwanese singer and actress
  • 1985-05-27 Chien-Ming Chiang, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1986-11-12 Evan Yo, Taiwanese pop singer
  • 1986-11-20 Aaron Yan, Taiwanese singer and actor
  • 1987-03-15 Taiwan Brown, video jockey
  • 1988-05-02 Lara Liang, Taiwanese-American Singer
  • 1989-02-09 Wu Chia-ching, Taiwanese pool player

Famous Deaths

  • 1985-09-21 Gu Long, Taiwanese writer of wuxia novels (b. 1937)
  • 1987-10-21 Ying-Chin Ho, Taiwan government official, dies at 88
  • 1988-01-13 Chiang Ching-huo, president of Taiwan (1978-88), dies at 69
  • 1993-12-24 Yen Chia-kan, PM/President of Taiwan (1963-72, 75-78), dies
  • 2000-10-04 Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan (b. 1914)
  • 2003-10-23 Soong May-ling, wife of the President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek (b. 1897)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2007-01-05 Momofuku Ando, Taiwanese-Japanese inventor of instant noodles and cup noodles, die of heart failure at 96

Inventor of Instant Noodles Momofuku Ando
Inventor of Instant Noodles
Momofuku Ando
  • 2007-01-27 Yang Chuan-kwang, Taiwanese athlete (b. 1933)
  • 2007-01-28 Hsu Wei Lun, Taiwanese actress (b. 1978)
  • 2007-06-29 Edward Yang, Taiwanese film director (Yi Yi), dies of cancer at 59