Tanzanian History

Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1859-09-16 Lake Nyasa, which forms Malawi's boundary with Tanzania & Mozambique discovered by British explorer David Livingstone

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1954-07-07 Formation of the TANU party (Tanganyika African National Union ) in Tanzania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960-11-02 Mary Leakey and her team discover the first fossils of Homo habilis, an early human ancestor, at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Homo habilis is thought to be one of the earliest species to make stone tools and lived between 1.4 and 2.3 million years ago.

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Mary Leakey
  • 1961-12-09 Tanganyika gains independence from Britain, takes name Tanzania
  • 1964-10-29 The United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar renamed The United Republic of Tanzania
  • 1965-02-26 West Germany ceases military aid to Tanzania
  • 1970-07-12 Tanzania signs contract with China for building Tanzam-railway
  • 1970-10-26 Tanzania begins building railway Lusaka-Drone ash Salaam
  • 1972-09-17 Tanzania troops march in to Uganda
  • 1978-10-30 Uganda troops attack Tanzania
  • 1979-04-11 Ugandan dictator Idi Amin overthrown; Tanzania takes Kampala
  • 1984-03-15 Tanzania adopts constitution
  • 1990-11-09 Tanzania government of Malecela forms
  • 1998-08-20 U.S. embassy bombings: US military launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998-11-20 A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.

Islamic Militant & Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant & Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 2002-06-24 The Igandu train disaster in Tanzania kills 281, the worst train accident in African history.
  • 2012-12-06 A 243 million year old Nyasasaurus fossil is discovered in Tanzania
  • 2013-03-29 36 people are killed after a 16-floor building collapses in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • 2013-04-02 13 people are killed in a quarry accident, in Arusha, Tanzania

Famous Birthdays

  • 1922-04-13 Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1925-05-08 Ali Hassan Mwinyi, president of Tanzania (1985- )
  • 1933-01-13 Nurdin Jivraj, Tanzanian/British hotel magnate (Buckingham Intl)
  • 1950-10-07 Jakaya Kikwete, Tanzanian politician
  • 1953-02-13 Suleiman Nyambui, Tanzanian runner (world record 5k indoor)
  • 1953-06-23 Filbert Bayi, Karatu Tanzania, 3k steeplechase (Olympic-silver-1980)

Famous Deaths

  • 1972-04-07 Abeid Karume, Tanzanian sheik/president, murdered
  • 1994-08-15 Simon R Naoli, Tanzanian marathoner, dies in an accident at 28
  • 1999-10-14 Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2000-11-05 Bibi Titi Mohammed, Tanzanian politician (b.1926)
  • 2013-04-17 Bi Kidude, Tanzanian Taarab singer, dies at c. 100