London in History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 945

  • 1845-06-01 Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • 1845-11-15 Opera "Maritana" is produced (London)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847-05-24 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is awarded the Patron's Medal by the Royal Geographical Society, London in recognition of 'the increased knowledge of the great continent of Australia' gained by his Moreton Bay-Port Essington journey

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848-02-21 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish "The Communist Manifesto" in London

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx

CommunicationOpening of Euston Station

1849-05-27 Opening of the Great Hall at Euston station in London

  • 1851-03-06 Dion Boucicault's "Love in a Maze" premieres in London
  • 1851-05-01 Great Exhibition opens in the Crystal Palace, London
  • 1851-11-13 Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • 1852-02-02 1st British public men's toilet opens (Fleet St London)
  • 1852-02-11 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • 1852-02-15 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • 1852-11-18 State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
  • 1852-11-20 Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces" premieres in London
  • 1853-01-10 Charles Reade's "Gold" premieres in London
  • 1853-09-24 Northern Daily Times, 1st provincial daily newspaper, starts in London
  • 1853-12-30 A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an Iguanodon (ornithopod dinosaur) created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London.
  • 1856-03-05 Covent Garden Opera House, London, destroyed in a fire
  • 1858-05-15 Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden London
  • 1858-05-28 Dion Boucicault's "Foul Play" premieres in London
  • 1858-06-29 Great fire in London docks
  • 1861-03-23 London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating
  • 1861-11-19 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe leaves Philadelphia, USA, for London, England on the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1862-01-09 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1862-02-08 Opera "Lily of Killarney" premieres in London
  • 1863-01-10 1st underground railway opens in London
  • 1863-07-23 Alexandra Park opens in North London
  • 1864-01-11 Charing Cross Station opens in London
  • 1865-07-02 One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation) as the East London Christian Mission
  • 1865-11-11 Thomas Robertson's "Society" premieres in London
  • 1866-01-11 Steamship London sinks in storm off Land's End, England and kills 220
  • 1866-01-12 The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
  • 1866-07-21 Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
  • 1867-05-11 Treaty of London drawn, concerning Luxembourg
  • 1868-12-09 The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
  • 1870-04-16 Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
  • 1870-08-02 Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871-03-29 Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • 1871-07-13 World's first championship cat show; Organised by Harrison Weir and held in Crystal Palace, London
  • 1872-03-16 1st FA Cup Final: Wanderers defeat Royal Engineers 1-0 at Kennington Oval in London
  • 1873-08-23 Albert Bridge crossing the river Thames in London opens
  • 1874-05-09 London's Victoria Embankment opens
  • 1875-05-01 Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873
  • 1875-08-02 1st roller skating rink opens (London)
  • 1877-04-10 1st human cannonball act performed in London
  • 1877-11-17 Gilbert and Sullivan's operette "Sorcerer" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1878-05-08 David Edward Hughes' paper on the idea for a microphone is read before the Royal Society of London by Thomas Henry Huxley

  • 1878-05-25 Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "HMS Pinafore" premieres in London
  • 1878-09-12 Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • 1879-02-12 News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London
  • 1879-04-20 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
  • 1880-02-02 SS Strathleven arrives in London with first shipment of frozen Australian mutton
  • 1880-06-16 Salvation Army forms in London
  • 1881-04-23 Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience" produced in London
  • 1881-05-24 Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die
  • 1882-03-04 Britain's first electric trams run in East London.
  • 1883-02-17 A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
  • 1884-01-04 The Fabian Society is founded in London.
  • 1884-01-18 General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
  • 1884-04-02 London prison for debtors closed
  • 1884-10-13 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude
  • 1885-02-05 News of the fall of Khartoum reaches London
  • 1885-03-14 Gilbert & Sullivan's comic opera "Mikado" premieres in London at the Savoy Theatre
  • 1885-11-09 Opera "Ermine" premieres in London
  • 1886-02-23 "The Times" of London publishes world's 1st classified ad
  • 1886-09-25 Comedy opera "Dorothy" first produced in London
  • 1887-05-09 Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show opens in London
  • 1887-11-13 Bloody Sunday clashes in central London.
  • 1888-03-21 Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London
  • 1888-08-31 The body of Jack the Ripper's first victim, Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols, is found in Whitechapel , in London's East End.
  • 1888-09-25 Royal Court Theatre, London, opens
  • 1888-09-30 "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London
  • 1889-03-23 The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London
  • 1889-05-14 The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) is launched in London.
  • 1889-12-07 Gilbert & Sullivan's "Gondoliers" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890-04-26 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in London

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1890-05-17 Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London
  • 1890-05-24 Tivoli Theater of Varities opens in London
  • 1890-11-04 Prince of Wales opens first underground station at Stockwell, South London
  • 1891-04-01 London-Paris telephone connection opens
  • 1891-05-06 Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike
  • 1891-07-26 Henry James' "American" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1892-02-22 "Lady Windermere's Fan" by Oscar Wilde premieres at St James Theatre, London

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1892-02-25 James Barrie's "Walker London" premieres in London
  • 1893-05-10 Imperial Institute in London opens
  • 1893-10-14 George Edwarde's "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894-04-21 George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man" premieres in London

  • 1894-06-30 London's Tower Bridge opens
  • 1894-09-10 London taxi driver George Smith is the first to be fined for drunk driving
  • 1895-01-05 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London
  • 1895-01-13 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London
  • 1895-02-14 Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London
  • 1895-10-05 The first individual time trial for racing cyclists is held on a 50-mile course north of London.
  • 1896-01-15 Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael & his Lost Angel" premieres in London
  • 1896-02-17 Muzzling Order on the London County Council enforced
  • 1896-03-07 Gilbert & Sullivan's last operette "Grand Duke" premieres in London
  • 1896-04-25 Sidney Jones & Harry Greenbacks musical premieres in London
  • 1896-05-04 1st edition of London Daily Mail (halfpenny)
  • 1896-05-09 1st horseless carriage show in London (featured 10 models)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897-05-18 "Dracula", by Irish author Bram Stoker is published by Archibald Constable and Company in London

Novelist Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 977

  • 1892-03-13 Alec Rowley, English composer, born in London (d. 1958)
  • 1892-05-11 Margaret Rutherford, English actress (Murder Most Foul, The V.I.P.s), born in London (d. 1972)
  • 1892-06-16 Lupino Lane, English actor (Love Parade), born in London (d. 1959)
  • 1892-12-06 F Osbert S Sitwell, poet/writer (Out of the Flame), born in London, England
  • 1892-12-25 Rebecca West, [Cicely Isabel Fairfield], English author (Meaning of Treason), born in London
  • 1893-04-03 Leslie Howard, [Stainer], actor (Gone With the Wind), born in London, England
  • 1893-05-15 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up, Over She Goes), born in London (d. 1942)
  • 1893-05-26 Eugene Goossens, conductor/composer (Perseus), born in London, England
  • 1894-01-10 Reginald Denham, Broadway director (Obsession, The Bad Seed), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1894-02-10 Harold Macmillan, British Conservative politician, Prime Minister (1957-63), born in London (d. 1986)

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
  • 1894-03-05 Henry Daniell, actor (Camille, Philadelphia Story, Body Snatchers), born in London, England
  • 1894-06-06 Violet Trefusis, English writer and socialite who had a famous affair with writer Vita Sackville-West, born in London England (d. 1972)
  • 1894-07-17 Mary Clare, actress (Evil Mind, Young & Innocent), born in London, England
  • 1894-10-30 Peter Warlock [Philip Heseltine], British composer, born in London (d. 1930)
  • 1895-02-23 Richard Goolden, actor (School for Husbands), born in London, England
  • 1895-07-05 Gordon Jacob, English composer, born in London (d. 1984)
  • 1895-07-18 Marie Ney, actress (Brief Ecstasy, Simba, Witchcraft), born in London, England
  • 1895-07-24 Robert Graves, writer/poet (I Claudius) [or 6/26], born in London, England
  • 1895-07-26 Jerry Verno, actor (River of Unrest, Sweeney Todd), born in London, England
  • 1896-01-11 Eva Le Gallienne, English-American actress and director (Resurrection), born in London, England (d. 1991)
  • 1896-03-10 Nancy Cunard, British writer and activist, born in London (d. 1965)
  • 1896-08-18 Alan Mowbray, actor (Dante, Colonel Flack), born in London, England
  • 1896-10-24 Jack Warner, [Waters], actor (Christmas Carol), born in London, England
  • 1896-11-16 Oswald Mosley, British politician and founder of British Union of Fascists, born in London (d. 1980)
  • 1897-02-01 Denise Robins, romantic novelist (1st Long Kiss), born in London, England
  • 1897-05-18 Jack Raine, actor (Quartet), born in London, England
  • 1897-05-28 Henry Kendall, actor (Amazing Quest, Shadow, Rich & Strange), born in London, England
  • 1897-05-31 Margalo Gillmore, actress (Skirts Ahoy, High Society), born in London, England
  • 1897-11-02 Jacob A B "Jack" Bjerknes, Norwegian/US meteorologist (USAF in London)
  • 1897-12-09 Hermione Ferdinanda Gingold, British actress (Gigi, Music Man), born in London, England (d. 1987)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1898-07-04 Gertrude Lawrence, English actress (Mimi, Rembrandt) and musical performer, born in London (d. 1952)

Actress and Musical Performer Gertrude Lawrence
Actress and Musical Performer
Gertrude Lawrence
  • 1898-07-08 Alec Waugh, English novelist (Island in the Sun); brother of Evelyn, born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1899-01-17 Nevil Shute [Norway], novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice), born in London, England
  • 1899-04-22 Martyn Green, actor (Gilbert & Sullivan, Iceman Cometh), born in London, England
  • 1899-08-07 Rennie Riano, English-born American actress, born in London (d. 1971)
  • 1899-11-23 Norman Hunter, English children's writer (Professor Branestawm), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1899-12-15 Frank Vosper, actor (Man Who Knew Too Much), born in London, England
  • 1900-02-08 John Cameron, Scottish judge, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1900-02-12 Fred Emney, actor (Let the People Sing, Lilac Domino), born in London, England
  • 1900-03-06 John Henry Pyle Pafford, librarian (University of London)
  • 1900-05-07 Ralph Truman, actor (Web of Evidence), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1900-08-04 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, British consort of King George VI and Queen Mother after his death, born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2002)

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
  • 1900-08-31 Roland Culver, actor (Thunderball, Encore), born in London, England
  • 1900-10-08 Geoffrey Jellicoe, English landscape architect, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1900-12-22 Alan Bush, English composer pianist and teacher, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1901-01-02 Rex O'Malley, actor (Camille, Zara, Midnight), born in London, England
  • 1901-02-18 Reginald Sheffield, actor (Second Chance), born in London, England
  • 1901-06-01 John Van Druten, English playwright and theatre director, born in London (d. 1957)
  • 1901-07-14 Gerald Finzi, British composer (Dies natalis), born in London, England
  • 1901-12-21 Robin Irvine, actor (Easy Virtue), born in London, England
  • 1901-12-27 Irene Handl, actress (Riding High, Morgan), born in London, England
  • 1902-04-08 Josef Krips, conductor (London Symph 1954-63), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1902-04-13 Godfrey Kenton, English actor (Well's Theater), born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1902-06-19 Guy Lombardo, London Ontario Canada, orchestra leader (Auld Lang Syne)
  • 1902-10-28 Elsa Lanchester, , actress (Bride of Frankenstien), born in London, England
  • 1903-01-06 Francis L Sullivan, actor (Missing Rembrandt), born in London, England
  • 1903-03-25 Binnie Barnes, actress (Last of the Mohicans, 3 Musketeers), born in London, England (d. 1998)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903-05-29 Bob Hope [Leslie Townes Hope], British born American entertainer, born in London, England (d. 2003)

Entertainer Bob Hope
Bob Hope

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903-07-02 Alec Douglas-Home, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1963-64), born in London (d. 1995)

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • 1903-08-14 Ronald Stewart, CEO (London Brick Co)
  • 1903-10-28 Evelyn A Waugh, author (Brideshead Revisited, Scoop), born in London, England
  • 1904-01-13 Richard Addinsell, composer (Taming of Shrew), born in London, England
  • 1904-03-16 Clive Morton, actor (Goodbye Mr Chips, Moonraker), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904-04-14 John Gielgud, actor and director (Arthur, Ages of Man), born in London, England

  • 1904-05-06 Catherine Lacey, actress (Sorcerors), born in London, England
  • 1904-05-08 John Snagge, British newsreader and commentator for the BBC (Oxford-Cambridge Boat Race), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1904-07-04 Angela Baddeley, actress (Ghost Train, Tom Jones), born in London, England
  • 1904-09-30 Frank Lawton, actor (Devil Doll, Invisible Ray), born in London, England
  • 1904-10-20 Anna Neagle, English actress (London Melody, Nurse Edith Cavell), born in London, England (d. 1986)
  • 1904-11-28 Nancy Mitford, English author (Love in a Cold Climate), one of the Mitford sisters, born in London (d. 1973)
  • 1905-03-23 Ralph Perring, Lord Mayor (London)
  • 1905-06-05 John Abbott, actor (Smogasboard), born in London, England
  • 1905-08-09 Leo Genn, actor (Affair in Monte Carlo), born in London, England
  • 1905-08-23 Leonard Constant Lambert, composer (King Pest), born in London, England
  • 1905-09-30 Ralph Forbes, actor (Romeo & Juliet, Daniel Boone), born in London, England
  • 1906-01-16 Diana Winyard, actress (Cavalcade), born in London, England
  • 1906-03-16 Henny Youngman, American comedian and violinist (Take my wife ... please), born in London, England (d. 1998)
  • 1906-08-28 John Betjeman, poet (Mount Zion) and English Poet Laureate (1972-1984), born in London (d. 1984)
  • 1906-09-21 Derrick De Marney, actor (Inheritance), born in London, England
  • 1906-09-25 Phyllis Pearsall, British painter and writer (A to Z Map Company), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1906-10-14 Benita Hume, actress (Vicky-Halls of Ivy), born in London, England
  • 1906-12-30 Carol Reed, motion picture director (3rd Man, Oliver!), born in London, England (d. 1976)
  • 1907-01-19 Lillian Harvey, actress (Invitation to the Waltz), born in London, England
  • 1907-03-11 Jessie Matthews, actress (Gangway, First a Girl), born in London, England
  • 1907-04-14 Phyllis Konstam, actress (Murder, Skin Game), born in London, England
  • 1907-05-18 Clifford Curzon, pianist (MacFarren Gold Medal), born in London, England
  • 1907-06-27 Valerie Cossart, actress (Hartmans), born in London, England
  • 1907-09-26 Ralph Michael, actor (Quest, Doctor in the House), born in London, England
  • 1907-10-31 Helen Lessore, English artist, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1908-01-08 William Hartnell, English actor (first Doctor in Doctor Who, Jackpot), born in London (d. 1975)
  • 1908-01-10 Bernard Lee, English actor (M in James Bond movies), born in London, England
  • 1908-04-10 Aidan Crawley, CEO (London Weekend TV)
  • 1908-05-28 Ian Lancaster Fleming, author (James Bond novels), born in London, England
  • 1908-10-07 Richard Caldicot, actor (Horse's Mouth), born in London, England
  • 1908-10-22 John Sutton, Rawalpindi India, actor (Tower of London, Return of Fly)
  • 1909-02-04 Robert Coote, actor (Timmy-Rogues, Theodore-Nero Wolfe), born in London, England
  • 1909-02-28 Stephen Spender, English poet and critic (Vienna, Edge of Darkness), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1909-03-13 Gilbert Inglefield, Mayor of London (1967-68)
  • 1909-05-10 Harold Collison, British trade unionist (agriculture workers), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1909-05-19 Nicholas Winton, English Humanitarian ('British Schindler' - saved 600 children from Nazis), born in London (d. 2015)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths