Manchester in History

Historical Events

  • 1644-07-02 Battle of Marston Moor, North Yorkshire: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert
  • 1745-11-29 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army moves into Manchester & occupies Carlisle
  • 1745-12-10 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army reaches Manchester
  • 1794-10-31 John Dalton's first lecture to Manchester Literary/Philosophical Society
  • 1803-10-21 English scientist John Dalton reads his paper on the absorption of gases to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Soc - 1st outline of his atomic theory
  • 1803-10-23 English physicist John Dalton reads his essay on the absorption of gases by water and presents a series of atomic weights for 21 simple and compound elements at a meeting of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society
  • 1819-08-16 Peterloo Massacre, Manchester, England: cavalry charges demonstrators.15 people killed and 400–700 injured
  • 1830-09-15 Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool & Manchester Railway
  • 1831-04-14 Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England, cause it to collapse.
  • 1858-01-30 Charles Halle founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester, England
  • 1867-11-23 The Manchester Martyrs are hung at Salford Gaol, Manchester England for shotting a police officer
  • 1879-08-07 The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
  • 1887-11-11 Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.
  • 1894-01-01 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
  • 1894-09-28 Simon Marks & Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester
  • 1904-05-04 Charles Stewart Rolls meets Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, England. Go on to form Roll-Royce
  • 1919-12-01 AA Milne's "Mr Pim Passes By" premieres in Manchester
  • 1923-12-31 1st transatlantic radio broadcast of a voice, Pittsburgh-Manchester
  • 1926-12-03 Manchester Guardian (German Reichswehr/Red Army work together)
  • 1933-04-08 Manchester Guardian warns of unknown Nazi terror
  • 1936-07-06 A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell.
  • 1948-06-21 1st stored computer program run, on Manchester Mark I
  • 1953-01-14 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • 1956-04-02 Peter Ustinovs' "Romanoff & Juliet" premieres in Manchester
  • 1956-07-27 Jim Laker takes 9-37 in Australia's 1st innings at Manchester
  • 1969-10-30 WXPO (now WNDS) TV channel 50 in Manchester, NH (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1970-03-29 Manchester City of England win 10th European Cup Winner's Cup against Górnik Zabrze of Poland 2-1 in Vienna
  • 1983-07-07 11 year old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for USSR
  • 1985-08-22 Airtours Boeing-737 crashes at Manchester airport, 55 killed
  • 1991-07-24 U of Manchester scientist announce finding a planet outside of solar system
  • 1992-04-14 "Les Miserables" opens at Palace Theatre, Manchester
  • 1996-06-15 IRA bomb in Manchester wrecks city centre at 11.17am, injuring 200
  • 2002-07-25 17th Commonwealth Games open in Manchester, England
  • 2002-08-04 17th Commonwealth Games close in Manchester, England
  • 2003-05-28 11th UEFA Champions League Final: Milan beats Juventus (0-0, 3-2 on penalties) at Manchester
  • 2004-01-13 Harold Shipman, a British GP who is believed to have killed more than 200 of his patients in Manchester, is found hanged in his prison cell
  • 2012-05-13 Manchester City win the English Premier League for the first time
  • 2014-05-16 Paris Saint-Germain F.C. & Manchester City F.C. are each fined €60 million for breaching Fair Play Regulations

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1736-02-29 Ann Lee, American founder of the Shakers, born in Manchester, England (d. 1784)

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee
  • 1849-07-27 John Hopkinson, Manchester, U.K., British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law)
  • 1849-11-24 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-American playwright and children's author ("The Secret Garden"), born in Manchester (d. 1924)
  • 1855-09-28 Thomas F Tout, historian (Manchester school of historiography), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856-12-18 J. J. Thomson, physicist discovered electron (Nobel 1906), born in Manchester, England

Physicist J. J. Thomson
J. J. Thomson
  • 1880-11-02 John Foulds, English composer, born in Manchester (d. 1939
  • 1903-02-21 Eric Fogg, English composer, born in Manchester (d. 1939)
  • 1903-10-01 George Coulouris, actor (Runaway Bus), born in Manchester, England
  • 1905-02-24 Eric Boyland, English biochemist (Cancer research), born in Manchester (d. 2002)
  • 1908-06-30 Winston Graham, British writer (Poldark novels), born in Manchester (d. 2003)
  • 1908-11-20 Alistair Cooke, TV host (Masterpiece Theatre), born in Manchester, England
  • 1919-05-16 Richard Mason, English author (The World of Suzie Wong), born near Manchester (d. 1997)
  • 1920-07-22 Malcolm Hughes, British artist, born in Manchester
  • 1922-04-01 William Manchester, Attleboro Mass, historian (Death of a President)
  • 1923-09-11 Alan Badel, actor (Shogun), born in Manchester, England
  • 1924-10-20 Stanley Eric Francis Booth-Clibborn, bishop (Manchester)
  • 1929-07-22 Vivien Merchant, actress (Under Milk Wood), born in Manchester, England
  • 1932-05-24 James Anderton, Chief constable (Manchester England)
  • 1932-09-29 Mary Moon, Headmistress (Manchester High School for Girls)
  • 1934-09-08 Peter Maxwell Davies, composer (Prolation, Taverner), born in Manchester, England (d. 2016)
  • 1937-01-27 John Ogdon, pianist/composer, born in Manchester, England
  • 1940-06-20 John Mahoney, actor (Fraiser, Frantic, 8 Men Out), born in Manchester, England
  • 1941-04-04 Bill Tarmey, Ardwick, Manchester, actor (Coronation Street), (d. 2012)
  • 1941-05-29 Roy Crewsdon, Manchester, rocker (Freddie & The Dreamers)
  • 1941-06-12 Roy Harper, Manchester, rocker (Folkjokeopus)
  • 1942-12-17 Bernard Hill, Manchester, actor (Bellman & True, New World, Bounty)
  • 1943-12-08 Michael Unger, English editor-in-chief (Evening News, Manchester)
  • 1945-02-25 Elkie Brooks, rocker (Pearl's a Singer), born in Manchester, England
  • 1945-10-07 Kevin Godley, rock vocalist (10cc), born in Manchester, England
  • 1945-10-28 Wayne Fontana, rocker (Groovy Kind of Love), born in Manchester, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945-12-30 Davy Jones, singer (Monkees-Last Train to Clarksville), born in Manchester, England (d. 2012)

Singer Davy Jones
Davy Jones
  • 1946-05-10 Graham Gouldman, bassist (10cc-No Milk Today), born in Manchester, England
  • 1946-09-01 Barry Gibb, guitarist/singer (Bee Gees), born in Manchester, England
  • 1947-03-06 Judy Loe, Urmston Manchester UK, actress (Singles, Meaning of Life)
  • 1947-06-17 Paul Young, English singer and percussionist (Mike + The Mechanics), born in Manchester (d. 2000)
  • 1947-07-31 Karl Greene, Manchester, rock bassist, (Herman's Hermits)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949-12-22 Maurice Gibb, Douglas Isle of Man, rocker (Bee Gees-Saturday Night Fever)

Guitarist of the Bee Gees Maurice Gibb
Guitarist of the Bee Gees
Maurice Gibb

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949-12-22 Robin Gibb, Douglas Isle of Man, rocker (Bee Gees-Saturday Night Fever), (d. 2012)

Singer-songwriter Robin Gibb
Robin Gibb

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1958-03-05 Andy Gibb, singer/TV host (Solid Gold), born in Manchester, England

Singer and TV Host Andy Gibb
Singer and TV Host
Andy Gibb
  • 1958-07-18 Nigel Twist, Manchester, rock drummer (Alarm-In the Summertime)
  • 1961-01-27 Gillian Gilbert, rocker (New Order-Round & Round), born in Manchester, England
  • 1961-08-25 Joanne Whalley-Kilmer, actress (Kill Me Again), born in Manchester, England
  • 1963-03-24 Raimond van der Gouw, Dutch soccer goalie (Vitesse, Manchester)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1967-05-29 Noel Gallagher, English pop musician (Oasis), born in Manchester, England

Musician Noel Gallagher
Noel Gallagher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1968-10-10 Chris Ofili, English painter (Turner prize - elephant dung), born in Manchester

Painter Chris Ofili
Chris Ofili
  • 1976-07-12 Anna Friel, British actress (Pushing Daisies), born in Rochdale, Greater Manchester
  • 1988-08-12 Tyson Fury, British heavyweight professional boxer, born in Manchester

Famous Deaths

  • 1642-11-07 Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, English politician
  • 1981-09-13 William Loeb, publisher of Manchester Union Leader, NH, dies at 75
  • 1995-01-30 George H Poyser, English soccer player (Manchester City), dies at 84