Manchester in History

Historical Events

  • 1644-07-02 Battle of Marston Moor, North Yorkshire: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert
  • 1745-11-29 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army moves into Manchester & occupies Carlisle
  • 1745-12-10 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army reaches Manchester
  • 1794-10-31 John Dalton's first lecture to Manchester Literary/Philosophical Society
  • 1803-10-21 English scientist John Dalton reads his paper on the absorption of gases to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Soc - 1st outline of his atomic theory
  • 1803-10-23 English physicist John Dalton reads his essay on the absorption of gases by water and presents a series of atomic weights for 21 simple and compound elements at a meeting of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society
  • 1819-08-16 Peterloo Massacre, Manchester, England: cavalry charges demonstrators.15 people killed and 400–700 injured
  • 1830-09-15 Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool & Manchester Railway
  • 1831-04-14 Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England, cause it to collapse.
  • 1858-01-30 Charles Halle founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester, England
  • 1867-11-23 The Manchester Martyrs are hung at Salford Gaol, Manchester England for shotting a police officer
  • 1879-08-07 The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
  • 1887-11-11 Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.
  • 1894-01-01 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
  • 1894-09-28 Simon Marks & Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester
  • 1904-05-04 Charles Stewart Rolls meets Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, England. Go on to form Roll-Royce
  • 1919-12-01 AA Milne's "Mr Pim Passes By" premieres in Manchester
  • 1923-12-31 1st transatlantic radio broadcast of a voice, Pittsburgh-Manchester
  • 1926-12-03 Manchester Guardian (German Reichswehr/Red Army work together)
  • 1933-04-08 Manchester Guardian warns of unknown Nazi terror
  • 1936-07-06 A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell.
  • 1948-06-21 1st stored computer program run, on Manchester Mark I
  • 1953-01-14 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • 1956-04-02 Peter Ustinovs' "Romanoff & Juliet" premieres in Manchester
  • 1956-07-27 Jim Laker takes 9-37 in Australia's 1st innings at Manchester
  • 1969-10-30 WXPO (now WNDS) TV channel 50 in Manchester, NH (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1970-03-29 Manchester City of England win 10th European Cup Winner's Cup against Górnik Zabrze of Poland 2-1 in Vienna
  • 1983-07-07 11 year old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for USSR
  • 1985-08-22 Airtours Boeing-737 crashes at Manchester airport, 55 killed
  • 1991-07-24 U of Manchester scientist announce finding a planet outside of solar system
  • 1992-04-14 "Les Miserables" opens at Palace Theatre, Manchester
  • 1996-06-15 IRA bomb in Manchester wrecks city centre at 11.17am, injuring 200
  • 2002-07-25 17th Commonwealth Games open in Manchester, England
  • 2002-08-04 17th Commonwealth Games close in Manchester, England
  • 2003-05-28 11th UEFA Champions League Final: Milan beats Juventus (0-0, 3-2 on penalties) at Manchester
  • 2004-01-13 Harold Shipman, a British GP who is believed to have killed more than 200 of his patients in Manchester, is found hanged in his prison cell
  • 2012-05-13 Manchester City win the English Premier League for the first time
  • 2014-05-16 Paris Saint-Germain F.C. & Manchester City F.C. are each fined €60 million for breaching Fair Play Regulations

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1736-02-29 Ann Lee, American founder of the Shakers, born in Manchester, England (d. 1784)

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee
  • 1849-07-27 John Hopkinson, Manchester, U.K., British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law)
  • 1849-11-24 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-American playwright and children's author ("The Secret Garden"), born in Manchester (d. 1924)
  • 1855-09-28 Thomas F Tout, historian (Manchester school of historiography), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856-12-18 J. J. Thomson, English physicist who discovered the electron (Nobel 1906), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)

Physicist J. J. Thomson
J. J. Thomson
  • 1880-11-02 John Foulds, English composer, born in Manchester (d. 1939
  • 1903-02-21 Eric Fogg, English composer, born in Manchester (d. 1939)
  • 1903-10-01 George Coulouris, actor (Runaway Bus), born in Manchester, England
  • 1905-02-24 Eric Boyland, English biochemist (Cancer research), born in Manchester (d. 2002)
  • 1908-06-30 Winston Graham, British writer (Poldark novels), born in Manchester (d. 2003)
  • 1908-11-20 Alistair Cooke, TV host (Masterpiece Theatre), born in Manchester, England
  • 1919-05-16 Richard Mason, English author (The World of Suzie Wong), born near Manchester (d. 1997)
  • 1920-07-22 Malcolm Hughes, British artist, born in Manchester
  • 1922-04-01 William Manchester, Attleboro Mass, historian (Death of a President)
  • 1922-06-14 Arthur Jacobs, English musicologist (Penguin Dictionary of Music), born in Manchester (d. 1996)
  • 1923-09-11 Alan Badel, actor (Shogun), born in Manchester, England
  • 1924-10-20 Stanley Eric Francis Booth-Clibborn, bishop (Manchester)
  • 1929-07-22 Vivien Merchant, actress (Under Milk Wood), born in Manchester, England
  • 1932-05-24 James Anderton, Chief constable (Manchester England)
  • 1932-09-29 Mary Moon, Headmistress (Manchester High School for Girls)
  • 1934-09-08 Peter Maxwell Davies, composer (Prolation, Taverner), born in Manchester, England (d. 2016)
  • 1937-01-27 John Ogdon, pianist/composer, born in Manchester, England
  • 1940-06-20 John Mahoney, actor (Fraiser, Frantic, 8 Men Out), born in Manchester, England
  • 1941-04-04 Bill Tarmey, Ardwick, Manchester, actor (Coronation Street), (d. 2012)
  • 1941-05-29 Roy Crewsdon, Manchester, rocker (Freddie & The Dreamers)
  • 1941-06-12 Roy Harper, Manchester, rocker (Folkjokeopus)
  • 1942-12-17 Bernard Hill, Manchester, actor (Bellman & True, New World, Bounty)
  • 1943-12-08 Michael Unger, English editor-in-chief (Evening News, Manchester)
  • 1945-02-25 Elkie Brooks, rocker (Pearl's a Singer), born in Manchester, England
  • 1945-10-07 Kevin Godley, rock vocalist (10cc), born in Manchester, England
  • 1945-10-28 Wayne Fontana, rocker (Groovy Kind of Love), born in Manchester, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945-12-30 Davy Jones, singer (Monkees-Last Train to Clarksville), born in Manchester, England (d. 2012)

Singer Davy Jones
Davy Jones
  • 1946-05-10 Graham Gouldman, bassist (10cc-No Milk Today), born in Manchester, England
  • 1946-09-01 Barry Gibb, guitarist/singer (Bee Gees), born in Manchester, England
  • 1947-03-06 Judy Loe, Urmston Manchester UK, actress (Singles, Meaning of Life)
  • 1947-06-17 Paul Young, English singer and percussionist (Mike + The Mechanics), born in Manchester (d. 2000)
  • 1947-07-31 Karl Greene, Manchester, rock bassist, (Herman's Hermits)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949-12-22 Maurice Gibb, English rocker (Bee Gees-Saturday Night Fever), born in Douglas, Isle of Man (d. 2003)

Guitarist of the Bee Gees Maurice Gibb
Guitarist of the Bee Gees
Maurice Gibb

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949-12-22 Robin Gibb, English rocker (Bee Gees-Saturday Night Fever), born in Douglas, Isle of Man (d. 2012)

Singer-songwriter Robin Gibb
Robin Gibb

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1958-03-05 Andy Gibb, singer/TV host (Solid Gold), born in Manchester, England

Singer and TV Host Andy Gibb
Singer and TV Host
Andy Gibb
  • 1958-07-18 Nigel Twist, Manchester, rock drummer (Alarm-In the Summertime)
  • 1961-01-27 Gillian Gilbert, rocker (New Order-Round & Round), born in Manchester, England
  • 1961-08-25 Joanne Whalley, actress (Scandal), born in Manchester, England
  • 1963-03-24 Raimond van der Gouw, Dutch soccer goalie (Vitesse, Manchester)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1967-05-29 Noel Gallagher, English pop musician (Oasis), born in Manchester, England

Musician Noel Gallagher
Noel Gallagher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1968-10-10 Chris Ofili, English painter (Turner prize - elephant dung), born in Manchester

Painter Chris Ofili
Chris Ofili
  • 1976-07-12 Anna Friel, British actress (Pushing Daisies), born in Rochdale, Greater Manchester
  • 1988-08-12 Tyson Fury, British heavyweight professional boxer, born in Manchester

Famous Deaths

  • 1642-11-07 Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, English politician
  • 1981-09-13 William Loeb, publisher of Manchester Union Leader, NH, dies at 75
  • 1995-01-30 George H Poyser, English soccer player (Manchester City), dies at 84