Today in Scotland History

Scotland: Edinburgh - Glasgow

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 233

  • 1034-11-25 Malcolm II, King of Scots (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda) (b. 980) dies; Donnchad, the son of his second daughter Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.

BattleBattle of Interest

1040-08-15 King Duncan I of Scotland killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth (not murdered in his sleep as per Shakespeare's play). The latter does succeed him as King.

King of Scotland Macbeth
King of Scotland
  • 1124-04-27 David I becomes King of Scots.
  • 1138-08-22 English defeated Scots at Cowton Moor Banners of various saints were carried into battle which led to being called Battle of the Standard
  • 1153-05-24 Malcolm IV becomes King of Scots
  • 1174-07-13 William I of Scotland, key rebel in Revolt of 1173-1174, captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
  • 1263-10-02 The battle of Largs fought between Norwegians and Scots.
  • 1291-05-10 Scottish nobles recognize authority of English king Edward I
  • 1292-11-17 (O.S.) John Balliol becomes King of Scots.
  • 1295-07-05 Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England.
  • 1296-03-30 Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.
  • 1296-04-27 Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England.

Victory-in-battleVictory in Battle

1297-09-11 Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace beats English

Scottish nobleman William Wallace
Scottish nobleman
William Wallace
  • 1298-07-22 English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk
  • 1304-07-20 Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war.
  • 1305-08-05 William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.
  • 1305-08-23 William Wallace, Scottish patriot, is executed for high treason by Edward I of England.
  • 1306-03-25 Robert the Bruce crowned Robert I, King of Scots, having killed his rival John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch
  • 1306-06-19 The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Robert Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.
  • 1314-06-24 Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England
  • 1318-04-01 Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
  • 1320-04-06 The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.
  • 1322-03-16 The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence.
  • 1322-10-14 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence
  • 1328-05-01 Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.
  • 1332-08-12 Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle

BattleBattle of Interest

1346-10-17 Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1356-01-20 Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots.
  • 1371-01-22 King Robert II Stuart of Scotland crowned
  • 1388-08-05 Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England.
  • 1411-07-24 Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place.
  • 1472-02-20 Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment.
  • 1484-07-22 Battle of Lochmaben Fair - a 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured.
  • 1488-06-11 Battle of Sauchieburn, Scotland
  • 1492-03-04 King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.
  • 1495-06-01 First written record of Scotch Whisky appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller
  • 1495-11-27 Scottish king James IV receives Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the English trone
  • 1513-09-09 Battle of Flodden Fields; English defeat James IV of Scotland
  • 1520-06-06 France & England sign treaty of Scotland
  • 1522-01-30 Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
  • 1524-05-20 Duke of Albany leaves Scotland
  • 1524-07-26 James V declared by Scottish Parliament fit to govern
  • 1542-11-24 Battle of Solway Moss: English beat Scottish King James V

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1542-12-14 Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father James V and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at 6 days old

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1543-07-01 England & Scotland sign Peace treaty of Greenwich
  • 1543-09-03 Cardinal Beaton replaces the Earl of Arran as regent for Queen Mary of Scotland
  • 1543-09-09 Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
  • 1545-09-08 English Earl of Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland
  • 1546-06-07 England signs Peace of Andres with Scotland/Ireland
  • 1547-09-10 Battle of Pinkie, Midlothian: English beat the Scots
  • 1547-09-10 English demand Edward VI (10) wed Mary Queen of Scots (5)
  • 1548-08-15 Mary queen of Scotland (6) arrives in France
  • 1557-12-03 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form
  • 1559-05-10 Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen mother Mary
  • 1560-07-06 England and Scotland sign Treaty of Edinburgh
  • 1561-08-19 Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith, Scotland to assume throne after spending 13 years in France
  • 1566-03-09 David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • 1567-06-15 Battle at Carberry, Scotland: Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwell's army
  • 1567-06-16 Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison Scotland

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1567-07-24 Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1568-05-19 English queen Elizabeth I arrests Scottish Queen Mary

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1569-12-15 Westmoreland flees to Scotland
  • 1570-01-23 Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out
  • 1571-09-04 Catholic rebellion in Scotland
  • 1581-01-28 James VI signs 2nd Confession of Faith in Scotland
  • 1582-08-22 King James VI of Scotland captured
  • 1586-10-14 Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth
  • 1587-02-01 Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for her cousin, Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots
  • 1588-08-12 Commander of the English fleet Lord Howard of Effingham calls off chase of the Spanish Armada off coast of Scotland
  • 1590-05-17 Anne of Denmark is crowned Queen of Scotland.
  • 1600-01-01 Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March.
  • 1603-03-24 Scottish King James VI son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes King James I of England in succession to Elizabeth I, thus joining the English and Scottish crowns.
  • 1603-04-05 New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1625-03-27 Charles I, King Of England, Scotland & Ireland, ascends English throne

King Charles I
Charles I
  • 1638-02-28 Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
  • 1639-06-18 Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland
  • 1640-08-28 Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn
  • 1640-08-29 English King Charles I signed a peace treaty with Scotland
  • 1641-08-20 England & Scotland sign Treaty of Pacification
  • 1646-05-05 King Charles I surrenders in Scotland
  • 1647-01-23 Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament
  • 1647-01-30 Scots agree to sell King Charles I to English Parliament for £400
  • 1648-08-17 -20] Battle at Preston, Lancashire: Henry Ireton beats Scottish

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1649-02-05 Prince of Wales proclaimed King Charles II of Great Britian by Covenanter Parliament of Scotland

  • 1650-04-27 The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
  • 1650-09-03 Battle of Dunbar: England vs Scotland
  • 1651-01-01 Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1653-12-16 Parliamentarian General Oliver Cromwell appointed as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1654-04-12 Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State
  • 1657-02-04 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland, grants residency to Luis Caravajal
  • 1659-12-16 General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
  • 1679-06-01 The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog.
  • 1679-06-22 Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scots
  • 1685-02-06 Duke of York becomes King James II of England and VII of Scotland upon the death of his brother Charles II.
  • 1689-03-14 Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen
  • 1689-07-27 Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay
  • 1689-08-21 The Battle of Dunkeld in Scotland.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 590

  • 0521-12-07 Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland (d. 597)
  • 1198-08-24 King Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1249)
  • 1210-07-22 Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)
  • 1240-09-29 Margaret of England, Queen consort of Scotland, (d. 1275)
  • 1241-09-04 Alexander III of Scotland (d. 1286)
  • 1261-02-28 Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway (d. 1283)
  • 1274-07-11 Robert Bruce, King of Scots (1306-29)
  • 1316-03-02 Robert II, the Steward, King of Scots (1371-90)
  • 1321-07-05 Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland (d. 1362)
  • 1324-03-05 David II Bruce, King of Scots (1331..71)
  • 1378-10-24 David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1394-12-10 King James I of Scotland, Dunfermline Palace, Fife, (1406-1437), (d. 1437)

King of Scotland James I
King of Scotland
James I
  • 1430-10-16 King James II of Scotland (d. 1460)
  • 1452-07-10 King James III of Scotland (d. 1488)
  • 1456-06-23 Margaret of Denmark, wife of James III of Scotland (d. 1486)
  • 1473-03-17 James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513)
  • 1489-11-28 Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (d. 1541)
  • 1500-04-23 Alexander Ales, Scottish theologian (d. 1565)
  • 1512-04-10 James V, King of Scots (1513-42)
  • 1515-11-22 Marie Guise, French wife of king James V of Scotland
  • 1515-12-22 Mary of Lorraine, France, pro-French Regent of Scotland
  • 1520-08-10 Madeleine de Valois, wife of James V of Scotland (d. 1537)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1542-12-08 Mary Stuart, Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Queen of Scotland (1560-1587), (d. 1587)

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1545-08-01 Andrew Melville, Baldovie, Scottish theologian and religious reformer
  • 1545-12-07 Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, consort of Mary I of Scotland (d. 1567)
  • 1562-01-13 Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (d. 1601)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1566-06-19 James Stuart, King James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-25)

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1580-01-12 Lord Alexander Ruthven, Scottish nobleman (d. 1600)
  • 1582-01-28 John Barclay, Scottish satirist/poet (Euphormio's Satyricon) born Pont-à-Mousson France
  • 1585-12-13 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (d. 1649)
  • 1596-08-19 Elizabeth Stuart, Electress Palatine, Queen of Bohemia and daughter of James IV and I of England and Scotland (d. 1662)
  • 1606-06-19 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (d. 1649)
  • 1608-12-06 George Monck/Monk, English general/gov of Scotland

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1630-05-29 Charles II, St. James's Palace, London, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1660-85)

  • 1633-10-14 James Stuart, King James VII of Scotland / James II of England (d. 1688)
  • 1641-04-15 Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician (d. 1722)
  • 1644-06-16 Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of Scotland, England and Ireland and Duchess of Orléans (d. 1670)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1645-03-23 William Kidd, Pirate Legend From Scotland (d. 1701)

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd
  • 1649-02-11 William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
  • 1652-12-25 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)
  • 1658-07-25 Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor (d. 1703)
  • 1659-06-03 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
  • 1662-08-05 James Anderson, Scottish historian (d. 1728)
  • 1662-12-18 James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, Scottish politician (d. 1711)
  • 1665-12-25 Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (d. 1746)
  • 1667-04-29 John Arbuthnot, Scottish writer (Alexander Pope)
  • 1671-03-07 Robert Roy MacGregor, Scottish folk hero (d. 1734)
  • 1671-04-21 John Law, Scottish economist (d. 1729)
  • 1673-08-08 John Ker, Scottish spy (d. 1726)
  • 1674-12-25 Thomas Halyburton, Scottish theologian (d. 1712)
  • 1676-03-17 Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)
  • 1680-06-22 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
  • 1685-03-18 Ralph Ersine, Scottish minister (d. 1752)
  • 1686-01-17 Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (d. 1766)
  • 1686-10-15 Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (d. 1758)
  • 1687-10-14 Robert Simson, Scotland, mathematician
  • 1688-06-10 James Francis Edward Stuart 'The old Pretender', claimed thrones of England and Scotland as James III/James VIII (d. 1766)
  • 1692-05-01 -31? James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770) born during this month
  • 1695-10-05 John Glas, Scottish minister (d. 1773)
  • 1696-06-11 Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (d. 1758)
  • 1699-04-17 Robert Blair, Scottish poet (Grave)
  • 1701-08-04 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (d. 1757)
  • 1705-03-02 William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (d. 1793)
  • 1710-04-15 William Cullen, Scottish physician (d. 1790)
  • 1710-04-26 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)
  • 1710-06-10 James Short, Scottish mathematician (d. 1768)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1711-04-26 David Hume, Edinburgh, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature)

Philosopher David Hume
David Hume
  • 1713-10-13 Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter (d. 1784)
  • 1714-04-14 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
  • 1718-04-07 Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (d. 1800)
  • 1721-03-19 Tobias Smollett, Scottish writer, baptized
  • 1721-07-14 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • 1722-01-26 Alexander Carlyle, Cummertrees, Dumfriesshire, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770)
  • 1722-09-22 John Home, Scottish writer (d. 1808)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1723-02-05 John Witherspoon, Gifford Scotland, president of the College of New Jersey (signed Declaration of Independence)

Presbyterian Minister John Witherspoon
Presbyterian Minister
John Witherspoon

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1723-06-05 Adam Smith, Kirkcaldy Scotland, economist (Wealth of Nations) (baptized)

Economist and Philosopher Adam Smith
Economist and Philosopher
Adam Smith
  • 1723-06-20 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist/historian
  • 1725-03-17 Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (d. 1806)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1726-06-03 James Hutton, Edinburgh Scotland, geologist

Geologist James Hutton
James Hutton
  • 1728-02-13 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (d. 1793)
  • 1728-04-16 Joseph Zwart, Scottish chemist/physicist
  • 1735-09-07 Thomas Coutts, Scottish banker
  • 1735-10-25 James Beattie, Scotland, poet/philosopher (Essay on Truth)
  • 1736-01-19 James Watt, Scotland, inventor (steam engine)
  • 1740-10-29 James Boswell, Scottish biographer of Samuel Johnson and diarist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1795)
  • 1744-03-13 David Allan, Scottish painter
  • 1744-06-04 Patrick Ferguson, Scots army officer and rifle designer (d. 1780)
  • 1744-10-06 James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1813)
  • 1746-03-27 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (d. 1767)
  • 1748-03-10 John Playfair, Scotland, clergyman/geologist/mathematician
  • 1749-11-03 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (d. 1819)
  • 1750-09-05 Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (Scots poems)
  • 1753-12-22 Dugald Stewart, Edinburgh Scot, philosopher (Scottish common sense)
  • 1754-08-21 William Murdoch, Scottish inventor (d. 1839)
  • 1756-03-04 Sir Henry Raeburn, Scottish painter (d. 1823)
  • 1757-08-09 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (d. 1834)
  • 1758-02-17 John Pinkerton, Scottish historian

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1759-01-25 Robert Burns, Alloway Scotland, poet (Auld Lang Syne), (d. 1796)

Famous Weddings

  • 1100-11-11 Anglo Norman King Henry I marries Princess Matilda of Scotland at Westminster Abbey
  • 1502-08-08 Jacobus IV of Scotland marries Margaretha Tudor

HeartWedding of Interest

1558-04-24 Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland marries French crown prince Francois

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1565-07-29 Mary Queen of Scots marries her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
  • 1567-05-15 Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell
  • 1811-08-28 English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (19) elopes to Scotland with 1st wife Harriet Westbrook (16)
  • 1848-04-10 British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).

HeartWedding of Interest

1949-08-12 Multi-Tony award-winning actress Angela Lansbury (23) weds actor and producer Peter Shaw (31) at St. Columba's Presbyterian Church of Scotland in London, England

  • 1970-10-02 Scottish singer Donovan (24) weds Linda Lawrence at Windsor Registry Office

HeartWedding of Interest

1997-12-28 Actor Robert Carlyle (36) weds makeup artist Anastasia Shirley in Scotland

  • 1997-12-31 Academy Award-winning actress Helen Mirren (52) weds The Devil's Advocate director Taylor Hackford (53) at the Ardersier Parish Church near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands

HeartWedding of Interest

1999-12-11 Scottish actor Robbie Coltrane marries Rhona Gemmell

Actor and Comedian Robbie Coltrane
Actor and Comedian
Robbie Coltrane

HeartWedding of Interest

2000-12-22 Pop singer Madonna (42) weds film director Guy Ritchie (32) at Skibo Castle in Scotland

Pop Star Madonna
Pop Star
  • 2001-12-12 Actress Ashley Judd (33) weds race car driver Dario Franchetti (28) at Skibo Castle in Scotland

HeartWedding of Interest

2001-12-26 "Harry Potter" author J. K. Rowling (36) weds anesthesiologist Neil Murray (30) in Aberfeldy, Scotland

Novelist J. K. Rowling
J. K. Rowling
  • 2003-01-01 "A Beautiful Mind" actress Jennifer Connelly (32) weds actor Paul Bettany in Scotland
  • 2003-06-29 Actress Emma Thompson (44) weds actor Greg Wise (37) in Loch Eck, Scotland
  • 2003-08-30 Daughter of Paul McCartney and fashion designer Stella McCartney (31) weds British publisher Alasdhair Willis on the 300-acre Gothic Estate in Scotland's Isle of Bute
  • 2006-08-26 2004 X-Factor winner Steve Brookstein (37) weds jazz musician Eileen Hunter at King's College Chapel in Aberdeen, Scotland

HeartWedding of Interest

2010-09-25 PayPal founder Elon Musk (39) weds actress Talulah Riley (24) at Dornoch Cathedral in Scotland

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Elon Musk

HeartWedding of Interest

2011-07-30 Granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II and British equestrian Zara Phillips (30) weds England rugby player Mike Tindall (32) at the Canongate Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotland

Daughter of Princess Anne Zara Phillips
Daughter of Princess Anne
Zara Phillips
  • 2011-12-30 Scottish actor David Tennant (40) weds actress Georgia Moffett (27) in London, United Kingdom

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 314

  • 0858-02-13 Kenneth I of Scotland
  • 1040-08-15 King Duncan I of Scotland killed in battle at ca. 39 years

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1057-08-15 Macbeth, King of Scots, slain by son of King Duncan

King of Scotland Macbeth
King of Scotland
  • 1058-03-17 King Lulach I of Scotland
  • 1093-11-13 Malcolm III (Canmore, "Big Head") King of Scots, dies in battle at Alnwick, Northumberland. Historical figure Shakespeare's character based on.
  • 1093-11-17 Margaret, widow of Scottish king Malcolm III, dies
  • 1094-11-12 King Duncan II of Scotland (b. 1060)
  • 1107-01-08 Edgar of Scotland (b. 1074)
  • 1118-05-01 Edith of Scotland, first wife of Henry I of England (b. c. 1080)
  • 1124-04-27 Alexander I, King of Scots (1107-24), dies
  • 1153-05-24 David I, King of Scots (1124-53), dies at about 68
  • 1165-12-09 Malcom IV, King of Scots (1153-65), dies at 24
  • 1214-12-04 William I of Scotland
  • 1238-03-04 Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II (b. 1210)
  • 1249-07-08 Alexander II, King of Scots (1215-49), dies at 51
  • 1286-03-19 King Alexander III of Scotland (b. 1241)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1305-08-23 William Wallace, Scottish patriot, hanged, disemboweled & beheaded at Smithfield London

Scottish nobleman William Wallace
Scottish nobleman
William Wallace
  • 1308-11-08 Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher (coined the word dunce), dies at 42
  • 1316-03-02 Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1296)
  • 1327-10-27 Elizabeth de Burgh, queen of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1289)
  • 1329-06-07 Robert Bruce, King of Scots (1306-29), dies at 53
  • 1330-08-25 Sir James Douglas, Scottish soldier (b. 1286)
  • 1371-02-22 David II Bruce, King of Scots (1331..71), dies at 46
  • 1390-04-19 Robert II, King of Scots, dies
  • 1390-05-13 Robert II the Steward, King of Scots (1371-90), dies
  • 1395-03-13 John Barbour, Scottish poet
  • 1406-04-04 Robert III, King of Scots (1390-1406), dies
  • 1420-09-03 Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, regent of Scotland
  • 1425-05-24 Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, Scottish politician (b. 1362)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1437-02-21 King James I of Scotland dies at 42

King of Scotland James I
King of Scotland
James I
  • 1445-08-16 Margaret of Scotland (Dauphine of France), wife of the future King Louis XI (b. 1424)
  • 1460-08-03 King James II of Scotland (b. 1430)
  • 1485-08-07 Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, Scottish prince
  • 1488-06-11 James III, King of Scots, dies in battle
  • 1493-05-10 Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1511-08-02 Andrew Barton, Scottish naval leader
  • 1513-09-09 James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513), dies in battle at 40
  • 1528-02-29 Patrick Hamilton, Scottish protestant martyr, burned at stake
  • 1537-07-07 Madeleine de Valois, queen of James V of Scotland (b. 1520)
  • 1541-10-18 Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland (b. 1489)
  • 1541-11-24 Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (b. 1489)
  • 1542-12-14 James V, King of Scots (1513-42), dies at 30
  • 1546-03-01 George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer (martyred) (b 1513)
  • 1556-11-10 Richard Chancellor, English explorer, dies in shipwreck off Scotland
  • 1560-06-10 Mary de Guise, queen-mother of Scotland
  • 1560-06-11 Marie Guise, French wife of King James V of Scotland and mother and regent of Mary Queen of Scots, dies at 44
  • 1565-03-17 Alexander Alesius, [Aless/Alane], Scottish theologist/physician, dies at 64
  • 1566-03-09 David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered by Protestant nobles
  • 1567-02-09 Henry Stuart, earl of Darnley/Consort of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered
  • 1571-04-06 John Hamilton, Scottish prelate and politician
  • 1571-09-04 Earl of Lennox, regent of Scotland, murdered
  • 1572-11-24 John Knox, Scottish preacher, dies at about 67
  • 1578-04-14 James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland
  • 1581-06-02 James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, regent of Scotland
  • 1582-09-28 George Buchanan, Scottish historian (b. 1506)
  • 1585-12-04 John Willock, Scottish reformer
  • 1586-03-20 Richard Maitland, Scottish statesman and historian (b. 1496)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1587-02-18 Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (1560-87), beheaded at 44 [OS=Feb 8]

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1599-02-08 Robert Rollock, Scottish educator
  • 1600-12-12 John Craig, Scottish church reformer/James VI's court vicar, dies
  • 1601-04-10 Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (b. 1562)
  • 1609-12-04 Alexander Hume, Scottish poet
  • 1613-04-27 Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit (b. 1532)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1617-04-04 John Napier, Scottish mathematician/inventor (logarithms), dies from effects of gout

Mathematician John Napier
John Napier
  • 1618-03-23 James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish politician
  • 1621-08-15 John Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1582)
  • 1622-06-16 Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Dunfermline, Chancellor of Scotland (b. 1555)
  • 1624-02-12 George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1625-03-27 James VI and I, Scottish born King of Scotland )1657-1625) and King of England and Ireland (1603-25), poet and author, dies at 58

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1625-09-06 Thomas Dempster, Scottish historian (b. 1579)
  • 1636-06-13 George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, Scottish politician (b. 1562)
  • 1639-11-26 John Spottiswoode, Scottish historian (b. 1565)
  • 1645-07-17 Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, Scottish politician
  • 1646-08-19 Alexander Henderson, Scottish theologian
  • 1649-03-09 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (b. 1606)
  • 1649-12-04 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (b. 1585)
  • 1650-05-21 James Graham, Marquis of Montrose "the Great Montrose", Scottish general, hanged at 37
  • 1650-10-29 David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)
  • 1661-04-04 Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier (b. circa 1580)
  • 1661-05-27 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 53
  • 1662-02-13 Elisabeth Stuart, of James I of Scotland and England, dies at 65
  • 1670-06-30 Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1644)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1685-02-06 Charles II, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660-85), dies at 54

  • 1685-06-30 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 55
  • 1688-02-17 Rev James Renwick, hanged in Scotland for being a Presbyterian
  • 1689-08-21 William Cleland, Scottish poet and soldier
  • 1690-10-03 Robert Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1648)
  • 1695-11-29 James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount Stair, Scottish lawyer and statesman (b. 1619)
  • 1696-08-02 Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, Scottish military commander (b. 1630)
  • 1697-03-26 Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)
  • 1699-11-29 Patrick Gordon, Scottish general (b. 1635)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1701-05-23 William Kidd, Scottish pirate, hanged at London's Execution Dock

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd
  • 1701-09-16 James II of England and VII of Scotland (b. 1633)
  • 1707-01-08 John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, Scottish politician (b. 1648)
  • 1708-10-10 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
  • 1712-11-15 James Douglas, 4th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish nationalist (b. 1658)
  • 1713-10-20 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (b. 1652)
  • 1715-03-17 Gilbert Burnet, Scottish Bishop of Salisbury (b. 1643)
  • 1715-12-28 William Carstares, Scottish minister (b. 1649)
  • 1717-03-19 John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Scottish royalist